Loading

Life Science Journal 
 Acta Zhengzhou University Overseas Edition
 (Life Sci J)
ISSN 1097-8135 (print); ISSN 2372-613X (online), doi prefix:10.7537, Monthly
 
Volume 15 - Number 1 (Cumulated No. 84), 25, 2018. 
 Cover (jpg), Cover (pdf), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, lsj1501
 

The following manuscripts are presented as online first for peer-review, starting from December 20, 2018. 

All comments are welcome: editor@sciencepub.net or contact with author(s) directly.

 

You can use the message in end of the article abstract to cite it.

To get Microsoft Documents: After you open the "Full Text" for each article, change the last 3 characters of the web address from .pdf to .doc (or .docx)

Welcome to send your manuscript to: lifesciencej@gmail.com

When you submit manuscript(s), please mention that it is submitted to Life Science Journal

 

CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

Full Text

No.

1

Impact of Using Thinking Maps in Teaching Algebra on Cognitive Achievement among Second Year Preparatory Students

 

Prof. Gamal Hamid Mohamed Mansoor1, Prof. Abd-Elazeem Mohamed Zahraan2, Nahla Esmaieel Hamed Ahmed3

 

1.Curriculum & Methods of Teaching Department, Faculty of Education, Bisha University, Bisha, Saudi Arabia

2.Curriculum & Methods of Teaching Department, Faculty of Education, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt

3Mathematics’ Teacher, Saqulta Educational Demonstration, Sohag, Egypt

Corresponding author: gamalhamid57@gmail.com, gamalhamid77@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the impact of using thinking maps in teaching "real numbers" unit on the cognitive achievement for second year preparatory students. The study sample comprised 110 students from the second year in Saqulta Preparatory School for Girls in Saqulta, divided into two groups; an experimental group that studied “real numbers” unit using thinking maps, while the other studied the same unit in the ordinary way. The study concluded that there are statistically significant differences between the means of marks of the experimental group students who studied “real numbers” unit using the thinking maps and those of the control group who studied the same unit in the ordinary way in the post-test of cognitive achievement at the levels of knowledge, comprehension and application in favor of the experimental group. In addition, using thinking maps in teaching “real numbers” unit to the experimental group students had a significant impact on the total cognitive achievement and on the levels of knowledge, comprehension and application, where the impact value reached 0.964.

[Gamal Hamid Mohamed Mansoor, Abd-Elazeem Mohamed Zahraan, Nahla Esmaieel Hamed Ahmed. Impact of Using Thinking Maps in Teaching Algebra on Cognitive Achievement among Second Year Preparatory Students. Life Sci J 2018;15(1):1-11]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 1. doi:10.7537/marslsj150118.01.

 

Keywords: Thinking Maps; teaching algebra; cognitive achievement; preparatory students

Full Text

1

2

Synthesis of silver nanoparticle using Juniperus procera and it's larvicidal activity against dengue and zika viruses vector Aedes aegypt imosquito

 

Hanan S. Alyaha1, Jazem A. Mahyoub1*4, Khalid Al Ghamdi1, Hamed A. Ghramh2*3and N. A. Alkenani1

 

1Department of Biology Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, KSA

2Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, King Khalid University, Abha 61413, P.O. Box 9004, KSA

3Research Center for Advanced Materials Science, King Khalid University, Abha 61413, P.O. Box 9004, KSA

4IBB University, Ibb, Republic of Yemen

jazem2009@gmail.com,

 

Abstract: The present study was planned to use the ethanolic leaves extract of Juniperusprocera as a bio-factor to the reduction of silver nitrate to silver nanoparticles and evaluate the larvicidal activity of plant extracts only and plant extracts with silver nanoparticles against Aedes aegypti. UV-Vis spectrum, Scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy were used to characterized the silver nanoparticles. According to LC50 values (concentration which to kill 50% of larvae), The results showed that the plant extracts with silver nanoparticles (30.49 ppm) proved to be more effective against the mosquito Ae. aegypti than the plant extracts alone (111.17 ppm) by about 3.65 times. It is evident that from our results that the extract of the J. procera and the silver nanoparticles could be used on a safety method of control on the larvae of the dengue fever and Zika viruses vector.

[Hanan S. Alyaha, Jazem A. Mahyoub, Khalid Al Ghamdi, Hamed A. Ghramh and N. A. Alkenani. Synthesis of silver nanoparticle using Juniperus procera and it's larvicidal activity against dengue and zika viruses vector Aedes aegypt imosquito. Life Sci J 2018;15(1):12-16]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 2. doi:10.7537/marslsj150118.02.

 

Keywords: Dengue and zika virus, Juniperus procera. silver nanoparticle, Ae. aegypti

Full Text

2

3

H epatocellular Carcinoma Treatment with Transarterial Chemoembolization: Complications and Impact on Size of Esophageal Varices

 

Anwar Mohamed, Ashraf Eljaky1, Hassan Elshenawey1, Mohamed Al-Warraky2

 

1Hepatology Department, National liver institute, Menoufia University, Shebeen Elkom, Egypt

2Radiology Department, National liver institute, Menoufia University, Shebeen Elkom, Egypt

anwarabdelaliem@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Introduction: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is an optimal treatment for HCC patients with unresectable intermediate stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) without significant hepatic synthetic dysfunction. TACE may be associated with many injurious complications although it may be associated with increased survival in some patients. TACE produces elevation in portal blood flow and increased intra-variceal pressure and in rare instances may precipitate variceal bleeding in patients with coexisting portal Hypertension. This study aimed to detect TACE complications with especial emphasis in changes in variceal size after treatment. Patients and Methods: Our study was conducted on 77 nave HCC patients with small sized esophageal varices with no history of upper gastrointestinal bleeding or prophylactic beta-blocker treatment. These HCC patients were diagnosed according to the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases 2010 (hepatic focal lesion with CT or MRI criteria of HCC wash in arterial phase and washout in portovenous- delayed phases). The patients were conducted on liver function tests, renal functions tests, INR, CBC and AFP and viral markers. They were treated with TACE according Barcerlona–Clinic Liver Cancer. Upper GI- endoscope was done in these patients within one week before TACE and 3 months after TACE. Results: Complications within 3 months after TACE were recorded as follow: Postembolization syndrome is seen in (84.1%) 65 out of 77 cases, portal vein thrombosis was developed in (11.68%) 9 from 77 patients, hepatic decompansation in (7.79%) 6 patients, non-responders to one cession of TACE was detected in 39 patients 58.2% of cases and variceal bleeding were recorded in (5.19%) 4 cases out of 77 HCC cases. Renal impairment was detected in 5 HCC cases but with careful fluid replacement improvement was noticed in 4 of them. Rare complications such hepatic abscess (one patient) and arteriovenous fistula in (one patient) were seen. 10 (12.98 %) HCC Patients included in our study had esophageal varices changed from small to large sized esophageal varices and the rate of this change was a statistically significant P<0.03). In our study variceal changes from small to large varices were obviously detected in patients who had developed portal vein thrombosis (5 cases out of 9 cases), hepatic decompensations (4 cases out of 6 patients) (p<0.005). Conclusion: TACE is associated with injurious complications such as PVT, hepatic decopmpenations and increased esophageal size thus careful selection of HCC patients who will be treated with TACE is mandatory to avoid injurious complications especially hepatic decompensations and GI- bleeding.

[Anwar Mohamed, Ashraf Eljaky1, Hassan Elshenawey, Mohamed Al-Warraky. Hepatocellular Carcinoma Treatment with Transarterial Chemoembolization: Complications and Impact on Size of Esophageal Varices. Life Sci J 2018;15(1):17-24]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 3. doi:10.7537/marslsj150118.03.

 

Keywords: HCC, TACE; Transarterial Chemoembolization

Full Text

3

4

Cause Analysis and Prevention Countermeasure of Air Pollution in Zhengzhou city

 

Le Yuan1, Lijian Xue2, Wenqian Huo1, Yueqin Wang1, Quanjun Lv1, Yang Li1, Huizhen Zhang1*

 

1. College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, 450001, China

2. Kaifeng Center For Disease Control & Prevention, Kaifeng, Henan, 475004, China

Huizhen18@126.com

 

Abstract Objective: To analyze the causes of air pollution in Zhengzhou and put forward measures for preventing and controlling air pollution. Methods: Based on the data of ambient air quality monitoring in Zhengzhou from 2013 to 2016 and the emission of air pollutants from 2011 to 2015 in Zhengzhou, the energy utilization structure of Zhengzhou, the fuel type of urban residents, the fuel structure change, the emission intensity of the harmful material produced by combustion and the management measures were investigated and analyzed; Results: The energy consumption structure dominated by coal is the main cause of air pollution in Zhengzhou. The exhaust emissions, construction dust and straw burning aggravated the air pollution. It is recommended to adjust the energy structure, improve the law enforcement of environmental protection, develop the eco-industrial and recycling economy, and strengthen the eco-city planning.

[L Yuan, LJ Xue, WQ Huo, YQ Wang, QJ Lv, Y Li, HZ Zhang. Cause Analysis and Prevention Countermeasure of Air Pollution in Zhengzhou city. Life Sci J 2018;15(1):25-30]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 4. doi:10.7537/marslsj150118.04.

 

KeywordsZhengzhou cityAir pollutionPrevention and control measures

Full Text

4

5

Study of chicken PMEL17 gene polymorphism using DNA sequencing method in chicken and their effects on protein function

 

Amer Ajeel Rashid Alhateemi1,2, Mostafa Sadeghi1, Mohammed Moradi Shahrbabak1, Hossain Moradi Shahrbabak1

 

1Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran.

2Department of Animal Production, College of Agriculture, University of Karbala, Karbala, Iraq.

Corresponding author. Tel: +98 2632248082. Fax: +98 2632246752. E-mail address: sadeghimos@ut.ac.ir (M. Sadeghi).

 

Abstract: The premelanosome protein 17 gene (PMEL17) plays an important role in plumage/coat pigmentation in a variety of taxa. The transmembrane protein encoded by PMEL17 is responsible for the formation of amyloid fibrils in melanosomes, the striations upon which melanin is deposited. In this paper, the genetic diversity of a partial coding region of PMEL17 gene was investigated in Iraqi native chicken breeds using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) method. DNA was extracted from 117 blood samples and a 428-bp fragment of PMEL17 gene was sequenced following PCR amplification. A total of eight SNPs, including four nonsynonymous (AY636125:g.1981C>T, AY636125:g.2128C>A, AY636125:g.2140C>T, and AY636125:g.2167A>T) and four synonymous (AY636125:g.1928C>T, AY636125:g.1992C>T, AY636125:g.2127C>T, and AY636125:g.2162G>A) mutations were detected with an allelic frequency of 0.92/0.08, 0.66/0.34, 0.95/0.05, 0.89/0.11, 0.97/0.03, 0.96/0.04, 0.28/0.72, and 0.32/0.68, respectively. The possible impacts of amino acid substitutions on physicochemical properties and three dimensional structures of translated proteins were also investigated. According to the results, one of the nonsynonymous mutations (AY636125:g.2162G>A) significantly altered the isoelectric point and net charge, while the others did not have significant effect on these indices. Given the high genetic diversity of PMEL17 gene in Iraqi chickens and potential effects of at least one SNP on protein function, this gene may be a suitable marker to investigate its association with plumage color in domestic chicken.

[Amer Ajeel Rashid Alhateemi, Mostafa Sadeghi, Mohammed Moradi Shahrbabak, Hossain Moradi Shahrbabak. Study of chicken PMEL17 gene polymorphism using DNA sequencing method in chicken and their effects on protein function. Life Sci J 2018;15(1):31-36]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 5. doi:10.7537/marslsj150118.05.

 

Keywords: PMEL17 gene, Chicken, DNA sequencing, SNP, Polymorphism, Mutation

Full Text

5

6

 The Degradation of Starch in Transgenic Wheat Seeds with Antisense Trx s during Germination

Yao Guo1, Yangyang Sheng2, Chao Ding2, Chunpu Li2, Yongchun Shi2, Hongxiang Guo2*

1 Zhengzhou Foreign Language School-New Fengyang Campus, Zhengzhou, Henan 450000, China
2 Henan Agricultural University, College of Life Sciences, Zhengzhou, Henan 450002, China
* Corresponding author:
guohongxiang06@126.com

 

Abstract: Thioredoxin h (trx h) in plant seeds has an important role in seeds germination. The degradation of storage starch was retarded in transgenic wheat seeds with antisense trx. The aim of this study was to clarify the mechanism on the slow degradation of starch in transgenic wheat seeds during germination. The results show that the activities of α-amylase and β-amylase were markedly slowed in transgenic wheat seeds, and that the activity of amylopectase has no distinct change. XIP-I can interact with trx h, so it can be reduced into XIP-I precursor by trx h. It had been proved that the content of XIP-I in transgenic wheat seeds is more than that in control wheat seeds. Therefore, the interaction between XIP-I and trx h is an important reason for the lower activity of α-amylase in transgenic wheat seeds.
[Guo Y, Sheng YY, Ding C, Li CP, Shi YC, Guo HX. The Degradation of Starch in Transgenic Wheat Seeds with Antisense Trx s during Germination. Life Sci J 2018;15(1):37-39]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 6. doi:10.7537/marslsj150118.06.

Keywords: Starch degradation; seeds germination; transgenic wheat; antisense trx s

Full Text

6

7

Surgical treatment for inguinal Hidradenitis suppurativa and management of the defect

Ahmed Rezk Elnagger, Rami Makkar and Tarek Ashour

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Faculty of Medicine; Cairo University, Cairo. Egypt.
ahmedrezk1000000@gmail.com
 

Abstract: Chronic inflammation of the apocrine sweat glands is known as suppurative hidradenitis, without definite causes. It is usually take place in the axillae and groins, while the disease may be affect some regions in the body. A few cases can be controlled by episodic antibiotic treatment through flare ups. A number of cases need repeated opening and drainage of abscesses. In some advanced cases it is necessary to perform radical excision of the affected region as a best treatment. Due to the large size of incision during evacuation of the abscesses it is not easily to closed primarily, and in most of cases (up to 70%) need secondary incisions, in the same time, the removal of dead tissues and pus must be not minimized to allow the healing at the normal rates. Reconstruction of the defect using regional flaps usually offers the best surgical results especially if compared with split thickness grafting or primary closure. Eight patients with various soft tissue defects in the inguinal region after radical excision of moderate to sever hidradenitis suppurativa were reconstructed with pedicled anterolateral thigh flap and the outcome was evaluated.
[Ahmed Rezk Elnagger, Rami Makkar and Tarek Ashour. Surgical treatment for inguinal Hidradenitis suppurativa and management of the defect. Life Sci J 2018;15(1):40-44]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 7. doi:10.7537/marslsj150118.07.

Keywords: Surgical; treatment; inguinal Hidradenitis; suppurativa; management; defect

Full Text

7

8

Botox injection for treatment of refractory vaginismus in Egyptian Women

Ashraf Hamdy1and Maged Elsheikh2

1Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Assuit, Egypt
2Department of Dermatology & Venerology, Military Medical Academy, Egypt
ashraf.hamdy@live.com

 

Abstract: Background: Vaginismus is associated with negative psychological, reproductive, sexual and marital impacts. It is a poorly understood condition, often misdiagnosed and represents a therapeutic challenge. Botox, a drug derived from a botulinum toxin, interferes with the transmission of acetylcholine that is responsible for muscle activation. Intravaginal injections of Botox appears to be a promising treatment for vaginismus. Methods: This is a cohort study on 42 Egyptian married women with vaginismus grade 3 or more who underwent an intravaginal injections of Botox and bupivacaine, followed by progressive dilation. The primary end point was the ability to achieve painless intercourse after treatment. Treated patients were followed for a minimum of 1 year. Female sexual function index (FSFI) scores were compared before and after treatment. Adverse effects were monitored throughout the study and recorded. Results: After treatment, 37 patients (88.1%) achieved painless intercourse, which was achieved at a mean of 5.3 weeks as noted by personal communications and FSFI scores. The average increase in FSFI scores from the baseline measurement to after treatment was statistically significant (9.6, P <0.001). Conclusion: Botoxappears to be safe and effective in the treatment of vaginismus.
[Ashraf Hamdy and Maged Elsheikh. Botox injection for treatment of refractory vaginismus in Egyptian Women. Life Sci J 2018;15(1):45-50]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 8. doi:10.7537/marslsj150118.08.

Key Words: Vaginismus, Female Sexual Pain, Penetration Disorders, Dyspareunia

Full Text

8

9

Spatial distribution of marine invertebrates as bioindicator of water quality at intertidal zone of sandy shore habitat

 

Abd Allah, A.T.*, Sumaili, I.A., Gathmy, M.Y. and Awaf, B.A.

 

Biology Department, Faculty of Science, Jazan University

abd_allaht@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: Marine invertebrates successfully inhabited all types of marine ecosystem. The present study dealt with identification and determination of abundance of marine invertebrates at intertidal zone of sandy shore at Jazan University coast and Almarjan coast. The gastropod Patella, the prosobranch snails Nerita, Littorina, Murex, polyplacophore mollusk Acanthochiton, shells of cephalopod Sepia, the bivalve Cardium, isopod Ligia, cirriped Balanus and the macruran crab were defined at both investigated sites. Based on abundance data benthic invertebrates can be arranged at Almarjan coast as follows; Balanus> Ligia > Nerita> Littorina> Murex> bivalve Cardium> Crab> Patella> Acanthochiton> Sepia. Species richness was 10. At Jazan University coast Balanus> Ligia> Nerita> Littorina> Murex> crab> Patella> Sepia. Water quality criteria values; water temperature, pH, conductivity and oxygen concentration were normal at both studied sites. Species richness was 8. Data were discussed to highlight the possibility of using marine invertebrates as bioindicators for water quality at marine ecosystem.

[Abd Allah, A.T., Sumaili, I.A., Gathmy, M.Y. and Awaf, B.A. Spatial distribution of marine invertebrates as bioindicator of water quality at intertidal zone of sandy shore habitat. Life Sci J 2018;15(1):51-55]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 9. doi:10.7537/marslsj150118.09.

 

Keywords: spatial distribution, marine invertebrates, bioindicators, water quality, sandy shore

Full Text

9

10

An Association between Chronic Khat Chewing and the Development of Type 2 Diabetes

 

Abdulrahman Hummadi1, Ahmed M. Al-Hadrani1, Mohammed A. Al-Hoot1, Mosleh Jabari2

 

1Ministry of Health, Samtah General Hospital, Jizan, Saudi Arabia

2Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

hadhrani@yahoo.com hadrani.ah@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Hypothesis: Chronic khatchewing might be one of main risky factors which causing or play a main role in the appearance of diabetes mellitus (type 2) among khat chewers for long period of administration. Aims: the main target from the present investigation was to study the relationship between some people`s habit such as khat chewing in some Arabic countries and the appearance of diabetes mellitus disease (DM -type 2) chewing khat for long time. Methods and Subjects: Three hundred ninety two patients (224 men, 168 women) where entered into a prospective controlled study. Patients where divided into two groups: G1 (=205) chronic khat chewers, G2 (= 187) non-khat chewers. Medical history, clinical examination, and investigations were performed and recorded on all subjects. Fasting plasma glucose was used to diagnose diabetes employing American Diabetes Association criteria. Results: Diabetes mellitus was found in 65 (31.7%) khat chewers compared to 20 (10.7%) in non-chewer subjects. The P-value is 0.000 which indicates that the two groups are significantly different. The odds of exposure (diabetics) in cases are 0.46 and that in the control cases is 0.12, yielding that the odds ratio is 3.88. khat chewing increases the odds of having diabetic disease by 3.88 times among this population. Almost 100% of these diabetes cases were type 2 diabetes. Conclusions: The results of this study have shown for the first time that there is an association between chronic khat chewing and the development of type II diabetes. The abuse in Pesticides application on khat trees, the sedentary lifestyle and smoking might be an important risk factors in the development of type 2 diabetes among khat chewers. Further studies are needed.

[Abdulrahman Hummadi, Ahmed M. Al-Hadrani, Mohammed A. Al-Hoot, Mosleh Jabari. An Association between Chronic Khat Chewing and the Development of Type 2 Diabetes. Life Sci J 2018;15(1):56-59]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 10. doi:10.7537/marslsj150118.10.

 

Keywords: khat, type 2 diabetes, pesticides

Full Text

10

11

The Role of Fetal Hemoglobin in Predicting Preeclampsia in Early Pregnancy

 

Khulood Sami Hussein

 

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

khulood.Hussein@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: Background: Hypertensive disorders are among the most serious complications of pregnancy and diagnosing them early is an important part of prenatal care. Using the hemoglobin test results along with any risk factors seen in the patient’s history and physical examinations, including blood pressure measured early in pregnancy, may be effective in forming a predictive model for women likely to develop preeclampsia (PE). This study aimed to investigate the association between fetal Hemoglobin (HbF) and PE in the first and early second trimester of pregnancy. Subjects and Methods: This control case study, carried out at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, between March and October 2015, included 80 pregnant women at 11-16 weeks of gestation (40 women with normal pregnancies and 40 women who subsequently developed preeclampsia). Patient data including age, blood pressure, and HbF concentration were recorded. Results: Analysis of venous maternal blood found elevated serum HbF levels in a significant number of women with PE compared to the control group. There was a significant difference in blood pressure measurements (diastolic) between the groups and a significant positive association between HbF and blood pressure parameters (both systolic and diastolic) existed in the case group only. Conclusion: As expected, this study found a significant difference in gestational length at the time of delivery, with shorter gestation in the preeclamptic women than in the women with normal pregnancies. Antenatal care clinics can carry out important risk assessment for the prediction and early diagnosis of preeclampsia by including fetal Hb in their screening tests.

[Khulood Sami Hussein. The Role of Fetal Hemoglobin in Predicting Preeclampsia in Early Pregnancy. Life Sci J 2018;15(1):60-66]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 11. doi:10.7537/marslsj150118.11.

 

Keywords: Preeclampsia, Pregnancy, Fetal Hemoglobin, first trimester, Blood pressure, Saudi Arabia.

Full Text

11

12

Association between Musculoskeletal Pain and Vitamin D Deficiency in Female Nurses

 

Rawda M. Elsheikh

 

Assistant professor of Occupational Health and Industrial Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

drrawda@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Objectives: Most of the problems which affecting the nurses is the complain from musculoskeletal pain. The current work was aimed to study the association between vitamin D insufficiency and the pain in the muscles and bones among the nursing girls work in Sayed Galal University’s Hospital in Cairo, Egypt. Subjects and Methods: Three hundred of female nurses who agree to be included in the research (cross –sectional study). The serum of female subjects was assayed for estimation of 25-hydroxy vitamin D level [25-OH] and musculoskeletal non-specific pain. In this research we applied the extended Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire [NMQ-E] for detection any pain in nine definite places in the body. Detection of the correlation between the pain in each of the previously determined area and vitamin D level was estimated by using of both Mann– Whitney U and chi-square tests. Results: The average ages of the participating nurses was reached 32.07 years. Whereas, the average level of 25-OH vitamin D in the serum was averaged 16.96 ng/ml. The number of nurses which were deficient in vit D and complain from pain at least in one region (within 1month) was 267, which represent 89%, of which 45.5% (91/267) was categorized as sever vit D deficiency. It was found a relation between deficiency in vit.D and the pains which affecting the upper and lower back, ankles and feet. It is concluded that musculoskletal pain symptoms was widespread among nurses and was significantly connected with vit. D deficiency.

[Rawda M. Elsheikh. Association between Musculoskeletal Pain and Vitamin D Deficiency in Female Nurses. Life Sci J 2018;15(1):67-73]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 12. doi:10.7537/marslsj150118.12.

 

Keywords: Association; Musculoskeletal; Pain; Vitamin D; Deficiency; Female; Nurse

Full Text

12

13

Non-epithelial malignant tumors of GIT, our centre experience (Middle East).

 

Wael Al-shelfa1, Shymaa Yahia2, Mohamad S Marie3, Amr Ibrahim6, Hazem Nour6, Tamer El-Shahidy6, Salina Saddick4, Ehab Al-nakoury5

 

1Department of Surgery, Zagazig University, Egypt. SGH, Jeddah

2 Department of Microbiology, Zagazig University, Egypt.

3Endemic Hepatogastroenterology Department, Cairo University, Egypt. SGH, Jeddah,

4 Department of Biological science, faculty of science, King Abdul-Aziz University, KSA.

5Department of Medical Oncology, Cairo University, Egypt. SGH, Jeddah

6Department of Surgery, Zagazig University, Egypt.

Waelshel74@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Background and Aims: In countries like Saudi Arabia where multiple nationalities are present in the same place, the rare and uncommon diseases are to be considered. In this study we recorded the real incidence of different types of GIT tumors among 100 cases. Patients and Methods: From January 2014- January 2016, a retrospective study included one hundred patients suffering from GIT malignant tumors admitted to hospital of Zagazig and Cairo universities and Saudi-German Hospital, Jeddah. We exclude esophagus and anal canal tumors. Results: Among 100 cases of different types and different sites of GIT malignant tumors, 42 cases (42%) were colorectal, 14 cases (14%) were gastric, 12 cases (12%) were pancreatic, 8 cases (8%) were hepato-biliary. Their ages were averaged 52 13 years, ranged from 17-88 years old. The cases included both males and females in a ration of 1.7-1.0. The average duration of the presenting symptoms was 4 months. In nearly 87% of operated cases, the tumors were resected. The histopathology in 84% of operated cases showed a predominance of adenocarcinomas. Conclusions: This study underlines the existence, within the GIT malignant tumors, of many different entities with various clinical and pathological forms and prognosis, whose detection is essential for choosing suitable therapeutic approach.

[Wael Al-shelfa, Shymaa Yahia, Mohamad S Marie, Amr Ibrahim, Hazem Nour, Tamer El-Shahidy, Salina Saddick, Ehab Al-nakoury. Non-epithelial malignant tumors of GIT, our centre experience (Middle East). Life Sci J 2018;15(1):74-79]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 13. doi:10.7537/marslsj150118.13.

 

Keywords: Epithelial, malignant, tumor

Full Text

13

14

 

Full Text

14

15

 

Full Text

15

16

 

Full Text

16

17

 

Full Text

17

18

 

Full Text

18

19

 

Full Text

19

20

 

Full Text

20

21

 

Full Text

21

22

 

Full Text

22

23

 

Full Text

23

24

 

Full Text

24

25

 

Full Text

25

26

 

Full Text

26

27

 

Full Text

27

28

 

Full Text

28

29

 

Full Text

29

30

 

Full Text

30

31

 

Full Text

31

32

 

Full Text

32

33

 

Full Text

33

34

 

Full Text

34

35

 

Full Text

35

36

 

Full Text

36

37

 

Full Text

37

38

 

Full Text

38

39

 

Full Text

39

40

 

Full Text

40

41

 

Full Text

41

42

 

Full Text

42

43

 

Full Text

43

44

 

Full Text

44

45

 

Full Text

45

46

 

Full Text

46

47

 

Full Text

47

48

 

Full Text

48

49

 

Full Text

49

50

 

Full Text

50

51

 

Full Text

51

52

 

Full Text

52

53

 

Full Text

53

54

 

Full Text

54

55

 

Full Text

55

56

 

Full Text

56

57

 

Full Text

57

58

 

Full Text

58

59

 

Full Text

59

60

 

Full Text

60

61

 

Full Text

61

62

 

Full Text

62

63

 

Full Text

63

64

 

Full Text

64

65

 

Full Text

65

66

 

Full Text

66

67

 

Full Text

67

68

 

Full Text

68

69

 

Full Text

69

70

 

Full Text

70

71

 

Full Text

71

72

 

Full Text

72

73

 

Full Text

73

74

 

Full Text

74

75

 

Full Text

75

76

 

Full Text

76

77

 

Full Text

77

78

 

Full Text

78

79

 

Full Text

79

80

 

Full Text

80

81

 

Full Text

81

82

 

Full Text

82

83

 

Full Text

83

84

 

Full Text

84

85

 

Full Text

85

86

 

Full Text

86

87

 

Full Text

87

88

 

Full Text

88

89

 

Full Text

89

90

 

Full Text

90

91

 

Full Text

91

92

 

Full Text

92

93

 

Full Text

93

94

 

Full Text

94

95

 

Full Text

95

96

 

Full Text

96

97

 

Full Text

97

98

 

Full Text

98

99

 

Full Text

99

100

 

Full Text

100

101

 

Full Text

101

102

 

Full Text

102

103

 

Full Text

103

104

 

Full Text

104

105

 

Full Text

105

106

 

Full Text

106

107

 

Full Text

107

108

 

Full Text

108

109

 

Full Text

109

110

 

Full Text

110

111

 

Full Text

111

112

 

Full Text

112

113

 

Full Text

113

114

 

Full Text

114

115

 

Full Text

115

116

 

Full Text

116

117

 

Full Text

117

118

 

Full Text

118

119

 

Full Text

119

120

 

Full Text

120

121

 

Full Text

121

122

 

Full Text

122

123

 

Full Text

123

124

 

Full Text

124

125

 

Full Text

125

126

 

Full Text

126

127

 

Full Text

127

128

 

Full Text

128

129

 

Full Text

129

130

 

Full Text

130

131

 

Full Text

131

132

 

Full Text

132

133

 

Full Text

133

134

 

Full Text

134

135

 

Full Text

135

136

 

Full Text

136

137

 

Full Text

137

138

 

Full Text

138

139

 

Full Text

139

140

 

Full Text

140

141

 

Full Text

141

142

 

Full Text

142

143

 

Full Text

143

144

 

Full Text

144

145

 

Full Text

145

146

 

Full Text

146

147

 

Full Text

147

148

 

Full Text

148

149

 

Full Text

149

150

 

Full Text

150

151

 

Full Text

151

152

 

Full Text

152

153

 

Full Text

153

154

 

Full Text

154

155

 

Full Text

155

156

 

Full Text

156

157

 

Full Text

157

158

 

Full Text

158

159

 

Full Text

159

160

 

Full Text

160

161

 

Full Text

161

162

 

Full Text

162

163

 

Full Text

163

164

 

Full Text

164

165

 

Full Text

165

166

 

Full Text

166

167

 

Full Text

167

168

 

Full Text

168

169

 

Full Text

169

170

 

Full Text

170

171

 

Full Text

171

172

 

Full Text

172

173

 

Full Text

173

174

 

Full Text

174

175

 

Full Text

175

176

 

Full Text

176

177

 

Full Text

177

178

 

Full Text

178

179

 

Full Text

179

180

 

Full Text

180

181

 

Full Text

181

182

 

Full Text

182

183

 

Full Text

183

184

 

Full Text

184

185

 

Full Text

185

186

 

Full Text

186

187

 

Full Text

187

188

 

Full Text

188

189

 

Full Text

189

190

 

Full Text

190

191

 

Full Text

191

192

 

Full Text

192

193

 

Full Text

193

194

 

Full Text

194

195

 

Full Text

195

196

 

Full Text

196

197

 

Full Text

197

198

 

Full Text

198

199

 

Full Text

199

200

 

Full Text

200

201

 

Full Text

201

202

 

Full Text

202

203

 

Full Text

203

204

 

Full Text

204

205

 

Full Text

205

206

 

Full Text

206

207

 

Full Text

207

208

 

Full Text

208

209

 

Full Text

209

210

 

Full Text

210

211

 

Full Text

211

212

 

Full Text

212

213

 

Full Text

213

214

 

Full Text

214

215

 

Full Text

215

216

 

Full Text

216

217

 

Full Text

217

218

 

Full Text

218

219

 

Full Text

219

220

 

Full Text

220

221

 

Full Text

221

222

 

Full Text

222

223

 

Full Text

223

224

 

Full Text

224

225

 

Full Text

225

226

 

Full Text

226

227

 

Full Text

227

228

 

Full Text

228

229

 

Full Text

229

230

 

Full Text

230

231

 

Full Text

231

232

 

Full Text

232

233

 

Full Text

233

234

 

Full Text

234

235

 

Full Text

235

236

 

Full Text

236

237

 

Full Text

237

238

 

Full Text

238

239

 

Full Text

239

240

 

Full Text

240

241

 

Full Text

241

242

 

Full Text

242

243

 

Full Text

243

244

 

Full Text

244

245

 

Full Text

245

246

 

Full Text

246

247

 

Full Text

247

248

 

Full Text

248

249

 

Full Text

249

250

 

Full Text

250

251

 

Full Text

251

252

 

Full Text

252

253

 

Full Text

253

254

 

Full Text

254

255

 

Full Text

255

256

 

Full Text

256

257

 

Full Text

257

258

 

Full Text

258

259

 

Full Text

259

260

 

Full Text

260

261

 

Full Text

261

262

 

Full Text

262

263

 

Full Text

263

264

 

Full Text

264

265

 

Full Text

265

266

 

Full Text

266

267

 

Full Text

267

268

 

Full Text

268

269

 

Full Text

269

270

 

Full Text

270

271

 

Full Text

271

272

 

Full Text

272

273

 

Full Text

273

274

 

Full Text

274

275

 

Full Text

275

276

 

Full Text

276

277

 

Full Text

277

278

 

Full Text

278

279

 

Full Text

279

280

 

Full Text

280

281

 

Full Text

281

282

 

Full Text

282

283

 

Full Text

283

284

 

Full Text

284

285

 

Full Text

285

286

 

Full Text

286

287

 

Full Text

287

288

 

Full Text

288

289

 

Full Text

289

290

 

Full Text

290

291

 

Full Text

291

292

 

Full Text

292

293

 

Full Text

293

294

 

Full Text

294

295

 

Full Text

295

296

 

Full Text

296

297

 

Full Text

297

298

 

Full Text

298

299

 

Full Text

299

300

 

Full Text

300

301

 

Full Text

301

302

 

Full Text

302

303

 

Full Text

303

304

 

Full Text

304

305

 

Full Text

305

306

 

Full Text

306

307

 

Full Text

307

308

 

Full Text

308

309

 

Full Text

309

310

 

Full Text

310

311

 

Full Text

311

312

 

Full Text

312

313

 

Full Text

313

314

 

Full Text

314

315

 

Full Text

315

316

 

Full Text

316

317

 

Full Text

317

318

 

Full Text

318

319

 

Full Text

319

320

 

Full Text

320

321

 

Full Text

321

322

 

Full Text

322

323

 

Full Text

323

324

 

Full Text

324

325

 

Full Text

325

326

 

Full Text

326

327

 

Full Text

327

328

 

Full Text

328

329

 

Full Text

329

330

 

Full Text

330

331

 

Full Text

331

332

 

Full Text

332

333

 

Full Text

333

334

 

Full Text

334

335

 

Full Text

335

336

 

Full Text

336

337

 

Full Text

337

338

 

Full Text

338

339

 

Full Text

339

340

 

Full Text

340

341

 

Full Text

341

342

 

Full Text

342

343

 

Full Text

343

344

 

Full Text

344

345

 

Full Text

345

346

 

Full Text

346

347

 

Full Text

347

348

 

Full Text

348

349

 

Full Text

349

350

 

Full Text

350

351

 

Full Text

351

352

 

Full Text

352

353

 

Full Text

353

354

 

Full Text

354

355

 

Full Text

355

356

 

Full Text

356

357

 

Full Text

357

358

 

Full Text

358

359

 

Full Text

359

360

 

Full Text

360

361

 

Full Text

361

362

 

Full Text

362

363

 

Full Text

363

364

 

Full Text

364

365

 

Full Text

365

366

 

Full Text

366

367

 

Full Text

367

368

 

Full Text

368

369

 

Full Text

369

370

 

Full Text

370

371

 

Full Text

371

372

 

Full Text

372

373

 

Full Text

373

374

 

Full Text

374

375

 

Full Text

375

376

 

Full Text

376

377

 

Full Text

377

378

 

Full Text

378

379

 

Full Text

379

380

 

Full Text

380

381

 

Full Text

381

382

 

Full Text

382

383

 

Full Text

383

384

 

Full Text

384

385

 

Full Text

385

386

 

Full Text

386

387

 

Full Text

387

388

 

Full Text

388

389

 

Full Text

389

390

 

Full Text

390

391

 

Full Text

391

392

 

Full Text

392

393

 

Full Text

393

394

 

Full Text

394

395

 

Full Text

395

396

 

Full Text

396

397

 

Full Text

397

398

 

Full Text

398

399

 

Full Text

399

400

 

Full Text

400

401

 

Full Text

401

402

 

Full Text

402

403

 

Full Text

403

404

 

Full Text

404

405

 

Full Text

405

406

 

Full Text

406

407

 

Full Text

407

408

 

Full Text

408

409

 

Full Text

409

410

 

Full Text

410

411

 

Full Text

411

412

 

Full Text

412

413

 

Full Text

413

414

 

Full Text

414

415

 

Full Text

415

416

 

Full Text

416

417

 

Full Text

417

418

 

Full Text

418

419

 

Full Text

419

420

 

Full Text

420

421

 

Full Text

421

422

 

Full Text

422

423

 

Full Text

423

424

 

Full Text

424

425

 

Full Text

425

426

 

Full Text

426

427

 

Full Text

427

428

 

Full Text

428

429

 

Full Text

429

430

 

Full Text

430

431

 

Full Text

431

432

 

Full Text

432

433

 

Full Text

433

434

 

Full Text

434

435

 

Full Text

435

436

 

Full Text

436

437

 

Full Text

437

438

 

Full Text

438

439

 

Full Text

439

440

 

Full Text

440

441

 

Full Text

441

442

 

Full Text

442

443

 

Full Text

443

444

 

Full Text

444

445

 

Full Text

445

446

 

Full Text

446

447

 

Full Text

447

448

 

Full Text

448

449

 

Full Text

449

450

 

Full Text

450

451

 

Full Text

451

452

 

Full Text

452

453

 

Full Text

453

454

 

Full Text

454

455

 

Full Text

455

456

 

Full Text

456

457

 

Full Text

457

458

 

Full Text

458

459

 

Full Text

459

460

 

Full Text

460

461

 

Full Text

461

462

 

Full Text

462

463

 

Full Text

463

464

 

Full Text

464

465

 

Full Text

465

466

 

Full Text

466

467

 

Full Text

467

468

 

Full Text

468

469

 

Full Text

469

470

 

Full Text

470

471

 

Full Text

471

472

 

Full Text

472

473

 

Full Text

473

474

 

Full Text

474

475

 

Full Text

475

476

 

Full Text

476

477

 

Full Text

477

478

 

Full Text

478

479

 

Full Text

479

480

 

Full Text

480

481

 

Full Text

481

482

 

Full Text

482

483

 

Full Text

483

484

 

Full Text

484

485

 

Full Text

485

486

 

Full Text

486

487

 

Full Text

487

488

 

Full Text

488

489

 

Full Text

489

490

 

Full Text

490

491

 

Full Text

491

492

 

Full Text

492

493

 

Full Text

493

494

 

Full Text

494

495

 

Full Text

495

496

 

Full Text

496

497

 

Full Text

497

498

 

Full Text

498

499

 

Full Text

499

500

 

Full Text

500

501

 

Full Text

501

502

 

Full Text

502

503

 

Full Text

503

504

 

Full Text

504

505

 

Full Text

505

506

 

Full Text

506

507

 

Full Text

507

508

 

Full Text

508

509

 

Full Text

509

510

 

Full Text

510

511

 

Full Text

511

512

 

Full Text

512

513

 

Full Text

513

514

 

Full Text

514

515

 

Full Text

515

516

 

Full Text

516

517

 

Full Text

517

518

 

Full Text

518

519

 

Full Text

519

520

 

Full Text

520

521

 

Full Text

521

522

 

Full Text

522

523

 

Full Text

523

524

 

Full Text

524

525

 

Full Text

525

526

 

Full Text

526

527

 

Full Text

527

528

 

Full Text

528

529

 

Full Text

529

530

 

Full Text

530

531

 

Full Text

531

532

 

Full Text

532

533

 

Full Text

533

534

 

Full Text

534

535

 

Full Text

535

536

 

Full Text

536

537

 

Full Text

537

538

 

Full Text

538

539

 

Full Text

539

540

 

Full Text

540

541

 

Full Text

541

542

 

Full Text

542

543

 

Full Text

543

544

 

Full Text

544

545

 

Full Text

545

546

 

Full Text

546

547

 

Full Text

547

548

 

Full Text

548

549

 

Full Text

549

550

 

Full Text

550

551

 

Full Text

551

552

 

Full Text

552

553

 

Full Text

553

554

 

Full Text

554

555

 

Full Text

555

556

 

Full Text

556

557

 

Full Text

557

558

 

Full Text

558

559

 

Full Text

559

560

 

Full Text

560

561

 

Full Text

561

562

 

Full Text

562

563

 

Full Text

563

564

 

Full Text

564

565

 

Full Text

565

566

 

Full Text

566

567

 

Full Text

567

568

 

Full Text

568

569

 

Full Text

569

570

 

Full Text

570

571

 

Full Text

571

572

 

Full Text

572

573

 

Full Text

573

574

 

Full Text

574

575

 

Full Text

575

576

 

Full Text

576

577

 

Full Text

577

578

 

Full Text

578

579

 

Full Text

579

580

 

Full Text

580

581

 

Full Text

581

582

 

Full Text

582

583

 

Full Text

583

584

 

Full Text

584

585

 

Full Text

585

586

 

Full Text

586

587

 

Full Text

587

588

 

Full Text

588

589

 

Full Text

589

590

 

Full Text

590

591

 

Full Text

591

592

 

Full Text

592

593

 

Full Text

593

594

 

Full Text

594

595

 

Full Text

595

596

 

Full Text

596

597

 

Full Text

597

598

 

Full Text

598

599

 

Full Text

599

600

 

Full Text

600

601

 

Full Text

601

602

 

Full Text

602

603

 

Full Text

603

604

 

Full Text

604

605

 

Full Text

605

606

 

Full Text

606

607

 

Full Text

607

608

 

Full Text

608

609

 

Full Text

609

610

 

Full Text

610

611

 

Full Text

611

612

 

Full Text

612

613

 

Full Text

613

614

 

Full Text

614

615

 

Full Text

615

616

 

Full Text

616

617

 

Full Text

617

618

 

Full Text

618

619

 

Full Text

619

620

 

Full Text

620

621

 

Full Text

621

622

 

Full Text

622

623

 

Full Text

623

624

 

Full Text

624

625

 

Full Text

625

626

 

Full Text

626

627

 

Full Text

627

628

 

Full Text

628

629

 

Full Text

629

630

 

Full Text

630

631

 

Full Text

631

632

 

Full Text

632

633

 

Full Text

633

634

 

Full Text

634

635

 

Full Text

635

636

 

Full Text

636

637

 

Full Text

637

638

 

Full Text

638

639

 

Full Text

639

640

 

Full Text

640

641

 

Full Text

641

642

 

Full Text

642

643

 

Full Text

643

644

 

Full Text

644

645

 

Full Text

645

646

 

Full Text

646

647

 

Full Text

647

648

 

Full Text

648

649

 

Full Text

649

650

 

Full Text

650

651

 

Full Text

651

652

 

Full Text

652

653

 

Full Text

653

654

 

Full Text

654

655

 

Full Text

655

656

 

Full Text

656

657

 

Full Text

657

658

 

Full Text

658

659

 

Full Text

659

660

 

Full Text

660

661

 

Full Text

661

662

 

Full Text

662

663

 

Full Text

663

664

 

Full Text

664

665

 

Full Text

665

666

 

Full Text

666

667

 

Full Text

667

668

 

Full Text

668

669

 

Full Text

669

670

 

Full Text

670

671

 

Full Text

671

672

 

Full Text

672

673

 

Full Text

673

674

 

Full Text

674

675

 

Full Text

675

676

 

Full Text

676

677

 

Full Text

677

678

 

Full Text

678

679

 

Full Text

679

680

 

Full Text

680

681

 

Full Text

681

682

 

Full Text

682

683

 

Full Text

683

684

 

Full Text

684

685

 

Full Text

685

686

 

Full Text

686

687

 

Full Text

687

688

 

Full Text

688

689

 

Full Text

689

690

 

Full Text

690

691

 

Full Text

691

692

 

Full Text

692

693

 

Full Text

693

694

 

Full Text

694

695

 

Full Text

695

696

 

Full Text

696

697

 

Full Text

697

698

 

Full Text

698

699

 

Full Text

699

700

 

Full Text

700

701

 

Full Text

701

702

 

Full Text

702

703

 

Full Text

703

704

 

Full Text

704

705

 

Full Text

705

706

 

Full Text

706

707

 

Full Text

707

708

 

Full Text

708

709

 

Full Text

709

710

 

Full Text

710

The following manuscripts are presented as online first for peer-review, starting from December 20, 2018. 

All comments are welcome: editor@sciencepub.net or contact with author(s) directly.

For previous issues of the Life Science Journal, click here. http://www.lifesciencesite.com

Emails: editor@sciencepub.net; sciencepub@gmail.com; lifesciencej@gmail.com

39-06 Main Street, #202, Flushing, NY 11354, USA. 718-404-5362, 347-321-7172

 

2018. Marsland Press, Zhengzhou University

 

 

 

Impact Factor 2010: 0.158 / 2011: 0.073 / 2012: 0.165 (Thomson Reuters); ICV 2013: 7.14 (Copernicus); IF A2016: 5.32; h5-index: 10, h5-mediam: 11 (Google Scholar Metrics 2014); h5-index: 12, h5-mediam: 17 (Google Scholar Metrics - February 28, 2016); h5-index: 16, h5-mediam: 20 (Google Scholar Metrics - August 10, 2016); Global Impact Factor: 0.203 (2012), 0.389 (2013), 0.572 (2014), 0.683 (2015); InfoBase Index IBI Factor: 4.7 (2015); Root Indexing; MedSci Index: 43.4; 12.622 / 5 Year Index: 11.538

Publication ethics and malpractice statement

Terms of Service  | 

2018. Marsland Press, Zhengzhou University