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Life Science Journal 
 Acta Zhengzhou University Overseas Edition
 (Life Sci J)
ISSN 1097-8135 (print); ISSN 2372-613X (online), doi:10.7537, Monthly
 
Volume 14 - Number 7 (Cumulated No. 78), July 25, 2017. 
Cover (jpg), Cover (pdf), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, lsj1407
 

The following manuscripts are presented as online first for peer-review, starting from July 6, 2017. 

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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

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1

Cervical length measurement by transvaginal ultrasonography versus Bishop score to predict successful labour induction in term pregnancies

 

Hossam El Din Hussien, El Sayed Ahmed El Desouky and Mohammed Fahd Abd El Hakim

 

Department of Obstetrics and Gyencology, Faculty of Medicnie, Al-Azhar University, Egypt.

mohammedfahd2004@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Background: Induction of labor is indicated when benefits to the mother or the fetus outweigh those of continuing the pregnancy. Induction of labor is performed in about 20% of all pregnancies and successful induction is reported to be related to cervical characteristics, or ‘ripeness’. The Bishop score, since its description in 1964, remains the gold standard for assessing favorability for induction of labor. However, the preinduction ‘favorability’ of the cervix as assessed by the Bishop score is very subjective and several studies have demonstrated a poor predictive value for the outcome of induction especially in women with a low Bishop score. Objectives: to assess the effectiveness of transvaginal ultrasound assessment of cervix versus bishop score prior to induction of labor in prediction of successful induction Patient Methods: this prospective observational study was conducted in 120 pregnant women at 37-42 weeks gestational age undergoing induction of labor for various indications. Induction of labor was done using 25g misopristol vaginally. The dose was repeated at 6 hours interval for maximum 24 hours. Before labor induction, we performed the cervical evaluation by transvaginalsonography for length and calculated the value for the Bishop score by pelvic examination. Results: Successful induction of labor correlated significantly with gestational age (p 0.761), indication of induction (p value: 0.044), the Bishop score (p < 0.001) and ultrasonographic cervical length (p < 0.018). As for assessment of the cervix by Bishop Score, Bishop Score of value ≤ 5 showed sensitivity for prediction of successful induction of labor of 76.2% and specificity of 58.97%. As for assessment of the cervix by transvaginal ultra sound, the sensitivity for prediction of successful induction of labor was 30.6% at cervical length value >29 mm and specificity up to 96.2%. Conclusion: Bishop Score and cervical length were both sensitive and specific but the Bishop score is more sensitive for the prediction of successful labor induction.

[Hossam El Din Hussien, El Sayed Ahmed El Desouky and Mohammed Fahd Abd El Hakim. Cervical length measurement by transvaginal ultrasonography versus Bishop score to predict successful labour induction in term pregnancies. Life Sci J 2017;14(7):1-6]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 1. doi:10.7537/marslsj140717.01.

 

Keywords: Bishop score, cervical length, induction of labor, Induction of labor, transvaginal ultrasound

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2

Practice and Methods of Contraception Among Saudi Women Attending king Abdul Aziz University Hospital (KAAUH) in Jeddah 2016

 

Faisal A Kashgari, Eman M Kasim Saif

 

1.              Department of obstetrics & Gynecology, King Abdul-Aziz university hospital, Jeddah Saudi Arabia

2.                     Department of obstetrics & Gynecology, East Jeddah Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

fkashgari@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The use of contraceptives can have an impact on better spacing between children, better child care, improvement children's health and preservation of the mother's health. The current study was conducted in King Abdul Aziz University hospital to describe the contraceptives' utilization among women attending the OBS & GYNE outpatient clinic in 2016. By using a pre-designed questionnaire, a sample of 393 women was interviewed by the researcher. The analysis of the data revealed that the Saudi women constituted (61.6%), and the great majority were literate (93.9%) and they were mainly having higher graduations. Almost two thirds 237 (59.4%) had experienced the utilization of contraceptives which were mostly the oral contraceptive pills followed by IUCD, these findings were in accordance to what was found in most of the countries worldwide and also it is similar to the pattern of contraceptive use in Saudi Arabia twenty years ago. The percentage of contraceptives' users was significantly higher among women in the age group 35-<45. The longer duration for using contraceptives was recorded for the IUCD. The majority of the women who never used contraceptives indicated that it was their own decision. The great majority of the selected women (85.8%) were planning to use contraceptives in the future.

[Faisal A Kashgari, Eman M Kasim Saif. Practice and Methods of Contraception Among Saudi Women Attending king Abdul Aziz University Hospital (KAAUH) in Jeddah 2016. Life Sci J 2017;14(7):7-13]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 2. doi:10.7537/marslsj140717.02.

 

Keywords: contraception method; IUCD; hormonal contraception

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3

Decision support system for Management Fish farms

 

Ahmed M. Attia1, Amr M. Helal2 and Mona M. Mustafa2

 

1Department of Environmental Studies, Institute of Graduate Studies and Research, Alexandria University, Egypt.

2Fish Rearing Lab., Aquaculture Division, National Institute of Oceanography & Fisheries, Alexandria, Egypt.

monamustafa153@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: In Egypt, fish farm has great economic importance as a major source of fish. The present study was conducted on fish farm (14 Feddan) located at Mergam region West of Alexandria. The results revealed that mean season at temperature, pH and salinity are in the convenient level for the culture species (O. niloticus, M. Capito and D. Labrax), while the DO are at minimum level. Mergam's fish farm suffer from high level of BOD, high blooming of phytoplankton represented by low transparency, high value of measured chlorophyll-a and total phosphorus. The proposed Trophic State Index System (TSIS) is an effectiveness Decision Support System (DSS) intended to support decision makers to manage fish farm. The main component of TSIS is the inclusion of TSI model that was implemented in this study to identify different Trophic State Index (TSI). The resulting seasonal showed that the lowest level of eutrophication 67.15 and 69.74 recorded in spring and winter respectively, this mean that extensive macrophyte problem due to dominance of blue-green algae and algal scum probable. While, the highest level of eutrophication 74.36 and 72.07 recorded in summer and autumn respectively, this mean that often hypereutrophic due to heavy algal blooms possible throughout the summer.

 [Ahmed M. Attia, Amr M. Helal and Mona M. Mustafa. Decision support system for Management Fish farms. Life Sci J 2017;14(7):14-21]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 3. doi:10.7537/marslsj140717.03.

 

Keywords: Fish Farm, Management, DSS, Model, Eutrophication

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4

Serum CEA level is associated comorbidity of hemodialysis patients

 

I-Hung Chen1, Jeng-Chuan Shiang2, Ming-Kai Tsai1, Fu-Hsin Chang3, Wen-Sheng Liu4, Chi-Ting Horng5,6, Hsueh-Wei Chang7, Li-Sung Hsu8,9*, Hurng-Wern Huang7*

 

1 Division of Nephrology, Kaohsiung Armed Forces General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

2 Division of Nephrology, Hualien Armed Forces General Hospital, Hualien, Taiwan

3Institute of Biomedical Sciences, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

4 Asia-Pacific Biotech Developing, Inc., Kaohsiung, Taiwan

5Department of Ophthalmology, Kaohsiung Armed Forces General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

6 Department of Pharmacy, Tajan Unversity, Pingtung, Taiwan.

7 Department of Biomedical Science and Environmental Biology, Graduate Institute of Natural Products, College of Pharmacy, Center of Excellence for Environmental Medicine, Cancer Center, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

8 Institute of Biochemistry, Microbiology, and Immunology, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung Taiwan.

9 Clinical Laboratory, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

lshsu405@yahoo.com.tw; sting@mail.nsysu.edu.tw

 

Abstract: Hemodialysis affects biomarkers concentration in blood. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of hemodialysis on commonly used tumor markers. A total of 28 unselected patients (22 men and 6 women) with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), treated with maintenance hemodialysis, were enrolled in this study. GOT and tumor markers such as CA-153, CA-125, and CEA are measured. The mean age was 57.6 12.6 years with 51.0 34.0 months hemodialysis duration. Our results indicated that tumor marker CEA level is correlated to Charlson’s score of hemodialysis patients whereas level of CA153 and CA125 is not correlated to age, duration of dialysis and Charlson’s score. GOT level is correlated to age, and Charlson’s score. In conclusion, concentration of CEA is correlated with Charlson’s score which strongly correlated with hemodialysis outcome. GOT value is correlated with age and Charlson’s score which implies liver function drop in long term hemodialysis patients.

[I-Hung Chen, Jeng-Chuan Shiang, Ming-Kai Tsai, Fu-Hsin Chang, Wen-Sheng Liu, Chi-Ting Horng, Hsueh-Wei Chang, Li-Sung Hsu, Hurng-Wern Huang. Serum CEA level is associated comorbidity of hemodialysis patients. Life Sci J 2017;14(7):22-25]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 4. doi:10.7537/marslsj140717.04.

 

Keywords: biomarkers, End-Stage Renal Disease, hemodialysis, serum.

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5

The mechanisms of reproductive toxicity induced by MCs

 

Haohao Liu1, Wenjun Wang2, Donggang Zhuang1, Xuemin Cheng1, Huizhen Zhang1

 

1. College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, 450001, China

2. School of Public Health, Jining Medical University, Jining, Shangdong, 272013, China

Huizhen18@126.com

 

Abstract: Microcystins (MCs) are the most common cyanobacteria toxins and endocrine disruptors that can cause hormonal disorders and affect the normal reproduction of humans, fish and mammals. In this review, we summarized the possible toxicity mechanisms of MCs in reproductive system. MCs could inhibit activity of protein phosphatase 2APP2A and induce a great quantity of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which cause reproductive toxicity via apoptosis, autophagy, cytoskeletal destruction, reproductive tumors and endocrine disrupting. At the same time, we proposed that the mechanisms of absorption, transport pathways, distribution and toxic effects of MCs in the gonad need to be studied in detail.

[Liu HH, Wang WJ, Zhuang DG, Cheng XM, Zhang HZ. The mechanisms of reproductive toxicity induced by MCs. Life Sci J 2017;14(7):26-34]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 5. doi:10.7537/marslsj140717.05.

 

Keywords: microcystins; reproductive toxicity; molecular mechanism

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6

Naturally occurring radioactive nuclides from cereal grains, legumes and some foodstuffs consumed in Saudi Arabia

 

Shadiah S. Baz and Zain M. Alamoudi*

 

* Physics Department, Girls Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

SBAZ@KAU.edu.Sa

 

Abstract: Twenty samples of different types of Legumes, cereal grains and foodstuffs were collected from the local markets in Saudi Arabia (Jeddah City). The average activity concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K radionuclides were measured using gamma spectrometry .These twenty samples fall under five food groups. The annual ingestion dose "D" for 226Ra, 232Th and 40K ranged from 2.85(Coffee beans) to 168.78Sv/y (Cereal grains), 2.05(Coffee beans) to 145.13Sv/y (Vegetables) and 1.99(Coffee beans) to 95.31Sv/y (Cereal grains) respectively. The corresponding mean values of the three nuclides 226Ra, 232Th and 40K are 81.47, 58.31 and 47.14Sv/y. These values are less than the recommended limit. The total annual ingestion dose "DT" were varied from 6.88 (Coffee beans) to 369.02Sv/y(Vegetables) with an average value of 219.57Sv/y. The mean of the total annual ingestion dose for all food groups were within the global value (290 Sv/y). The calculated values of cancer risk "R" for the total annual ingested dose for the five food groups were 1.22x10-3, 2.076x10-4, 2.409x10-5, 1.29x10-3 and 5.27x10-4 respectively. The results show that the calculated mean of the cancer risk "R" was 6.54x10-4. This calculated value was less than the ICRP value by a factor of 5.4, so our studied food groups pose no significant risk to general public's health.

[Shadiah S. Baz and Zain M. Alamoudi. Naturally occurring radioactive nuclides from cereal grains, legumes and some foodstuffs consumed in Saudi Arabia. Life Sci J 2017;14(7):35-39]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 6. doi:10.7537/marslsj140717.06.

 

Keywords: Natural radioactivity, NaI (TI) detector, cereal grains, legumes, foodstuffs, ingestion dose, cancer risk

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7

Benefic Effect of Apple Vinegar Cider on Lipid Profile in Streptozotocin-Diabetic Rats

 

Ben Hmad Halima 1, Khlifi Sarra 1, Ben Jemaa Houda 1, Gara Sonia 2, Benzarti Anis 1, Aouidet Abdallah 1

 

1. Research Unit on nutrition, regulation of metabolic systems and atherosclerosis, High School of Health Sciences, University of Tunis El Manar, Bab souika, 1007, Tunis, Tunisia.

2. Laboratory of clinical biochemistry, Institute of Salah Azaiz, Bab Saadoun, Tunis, Tunisia.

ahlem2014benhmad@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The benefic effects of vinegar have been known for more than a century and have been demonstrated in animal as well as human studies. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of apple cider vinegar on lipid profile, biomarkers of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases. Male albino rats were used for the present investigation. The animals were fasted overnight and diabetes mellitus (DM) was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of freshly prepared streptozotocin (STZ) (65mg/kg) in citrate buffer. Vinegar cider was orally administrated to the diabetic rats. Control rats were injected with citrate buffer only and the animals were considered as diabetic, if their blood glucose values were above 250mg/dl on the third day after STZ injection. The treatment had started on the fourth day after STZ injection and this day was considered as the first day of treatment that was continued for 4 weeks. In the plasma of the animals we determined the total cholesterol (CT), HDL cholesterol (HDL-C), LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglyceride (TG) levels, alanine amino transferase (ALT) and aspartate amino transferase (AST) activities. We evaluated also CT/HDL-C, TG/HDL-C and LDL/HDL-C ratios and the atherogenic index (AI). Our treatment significantly reduced the CT values, LDL-C levels, TG levels, CT/HDL-C ratio, TG/HDL-C ratio, LDL/HDL-C ratio, AI, ALT and AST activities but increased HDL-C levels. These results indicate that apple cider improved the serum lipid profile related to the cardiovascular risk in diabetes mellitus.

[Ben Hmad H, Khlifi S, Ben Jemaa H, Gara S, Benzarti A, Aouidet A. Benefic Effect of Apple Vinegar Cider on Lipid Profile in Streptozotocin-Diabetic Rats. Life Sci J 2017;14(7):40-44]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 7. doi:10.7537/marslsj140717.07.

 

Keywords: Vinegar cider; diabetes mellitus; lipid profile

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8

Studies on G x E Interaction and Combining Abilities for Earliness and Yield Characters in Nigeria Maize (Zea mays L.)

 

Oloyede, H. T.1 and Oyekale, K. O.2

 

1Department of Plant Breeding and Seed Technology, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State

2Department of Agronomy and Landscape Design, Babcock University, Ilishan – Remo, Ogun State

*Corresponding Author: kentaiwo2002@yahoo.com, kenoye3@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Identifying suitable parental materials is an important phase in the development of hybrid seeds. Experiment was carried to determine the relative importance of the effects of general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) in the expression of earliness and yield- related characters as well as analyze the influence of G x E interaction on grain yield using a diallel set of 55 F1 crosses among 10 inbred maize cultivars, The experiment was carried out during the early and late cropping seasons of 2009/2010 at three locations (Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta research farm, Institute for Agricultural Research and Training (IAR & T) Research Farms at Eruwa and Ikenne South West Nigeria). The experiment involved evaluation of F1 hybrids produced from half-diallele crosses among parental inbred lines at each location for earliness and yield related traits.. Analysis of variance showed that effects of GCA and SCA were significant (P < 0.01) for almost all traits studied. Estimate of GCA showed that parents TZSTR 147 (3), TZEI 11 (5) and TZEI 15 (7) possessed the best general combining ability, while F1 hybrids 2 x 9, 3 x 5 and 7 x 8 possessed the best specific combining ability for yield and earliness traits. Estimate of GCA was better than SCA in nearly all the traits indicating that additive gene action was more important than non-additive gene action in the inheritance of the traits.

[Oloyede, H. T. and Oyekale, K. O.. Studies on G x E Interaction and Combining Abilities for Earliness and Yield Characters in Nigeria Maize (Zea mays L.). Life Sci J 2017;14(7):45-51]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 8. doi:10.7537/marslsj140717.08.

 

Keywords: Maize cultivar, Hybrid seed, Combining ability, Inheritance, G x E Interaction.

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Validation of the new index OUES (slope ΔV02, VE) in the functional reserve assessment of cardiorespiratory system of children

 

Farzad Nazem (PHD)a٭, Akbar Sazvar (Phd student)b

 

a-       Department of exercise physiology, Faculty of physical education, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.

Tel: +98-08138292614; Email: farzadnazem2@gmail.com

b- Department of exercise physiology, Faculty of physical education, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.

Tel: 09183140981; Email: a_sazvar@Yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the validity of the new index OUES for evaluating the performance of the cardiorespiratory system of Iranian children against the traditional index of VO2max with method of gas analyzers. The minimum time required to perform a submaximal test which will help to study, in the shortest time possible with the high sensitivity of exhaustive protocol, cardiorespiratory fitness in adolescent boys with high reliability. 72 healthy young males with a mean age (13.95 1.84) and body mass index of 19.913.4kg /m2 participated in an exhaustive test and VO2max test using gas analyzer (VE, VO2, VCO2) was measured. Then pattern of the predictor line between OUES and VO2max was measured. Results showed that with consideration of agreement diagram of Bland-altman, OUES index has high validity for evaluating the performance of children's cardiorespiratory functional reserve (R2 = 0.90, SEE=292.2). A Significant relationship between the two indices QUES VO2max at different times of children`s GXT during maximal aerobic test (GXT) was obtained (R = 0.81- 0.95). In studies of screening and clinical diagnosis of cardiovascular system, the protocol of OUES index during ergometry lower than lactate threshold is usable for Iranian healthy boys. Application of this sensitive index to compare the performance of the cardiorespiratory functional reserve of healthy children with counterpart patients can be also significant in submaximal exercise rather than exhaustive protocols.

[Farzad Nazem, Akbar Sazvar. Validation of the new index OUES (slope ΔV02, VE) in the functional reserve assessment of cardiorespiratory system of children. Life Sci J 2017;14(7):52-58]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 9. doi:10.7537/marslsj140717.09.

 

Key words: Oxygen Uptake Efficiency Slope (OUES), Vo2max, boys

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10

Clinical Pharmacy Services in Oncology-Hematology Unit, Peshawar, Pakistan

 

Iftikhar Ali1, Jehanzeb Khan2

 

1. Department of Pharmacy services, Northwest General Hospital and Research Centre Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

2. Department of Pharmacy, University of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

 

Abstract: Drug therapy problems are frequent and major challenge to health care providers that are related with morbidity, mortality and patient’s quality of life. This study aimed to identify drug related problems and to highlight the role of clinical pharmacist at ward level in tertiary care hospitals. A total of 45 patient’s case histories were recorded in medical oncology-hematology unit at Hayatabad Medical Complex, on the standard designed questionnaire. The percentage occurrence of different disease like aplastic anemia 15(33.33%), leukemia 30 (66.66%) were documented. The identified drug related problems were, drug interactions 6 (42.85) %, therapeutic duplication 2 (14.28%), inappropriate dosage 2 (14.28%), poly pharmacy 4(28.57%). Pharmacists can assume an imperative part in distinguishing and teaching the patients in regards to the treatment. Pakistan Pharmacist has not been educated for a patient-care role. With the focus on individual patients, extensive and responsible clinical pharmacy services will be an crucial segment of modern-day health care.

[Iftikhar Ali, Jehanzeb Khan. Clinical Pharmacy Services in Oncology-Hematology Unit, Peshawar, Pakistan. Life Sci J 2017;14(7):59-61]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 10. doi:10.7537/marslsj140717.10.

 

Keywords: drug related problems, clinical pharmacy, drug interactions

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Effect of some heavy metals on germination and early seedling growth of Atriplex halimus subsp. Schweinfurthii

 

MESNOUA Mohammed* 1.2 and LOTMANI Brahim2

 

1. Scientific and Technical Research Centre for Arid Areas (CRSTRA), Biskra, Algeria.

2. Laboratory of Plant Protection, University of Abdelhamid Ben Badis of Mostaganem, Algeria.

*Corresponding author: email: mohamesnoua@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Seed is a developmental stage that is highly protective against external stresses in the plant life cycle. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of Cadmium (Cd), Copper (Cu) and Zinc (Zn) on germination and early seedling growth of Atriplex halimus subsp. Schweinfurthii. Different concentrations (50-4000 M) of each heavy metal were analyzed. Results show that seed germination was not influenced by Zn or Cu. Whereas Cd reduced significantly seed germination at 1500 M. Seedling growth was more sensitive to heavy metals in comparison to seed germination and was reduced significantly with increasing metal concentration. Among heavy metals, Cd showed more toxicity to seed germination and seedling growth followed by Cu than Zn. Root was the most sensitive parameter and may be used as indicators of heavy metal pollution.

[MESNOUA Mohammed and LOTMANI Brahim. Effect of some heavy metals on germination and early seedling growth of Atriplex halimus subsp. Schweinfurthii. Life Sci J 2017;14(7):62-67]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 11. doi:10.7537/marslsj140717.11.

 

Keywords: Cadmium, Copper, Zinc, Atriplex halimus subsp. Schweinfurthii, Germination.

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The Effect of Some Environmental Factors on the Milk Yield of Frisian- Bunaji Cross Bred Raised In the Northern Guinea Savanah of Nigeria

 

1Muhammad U.R, 2Adamu H.Y 1Dahiru U, 1Idris. D.Y, 2Rabiu M and *3Bala A. G

 

1Department of Animal Health and Production Technology, Federal College of Agricultural Produce Technology, Kano state, Nigeria

2Department of Animal Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Kaduna State, Nigeria.

3Division of Agricultural Colleges, College of Agriculture and Animal Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Mando, Kaduna State, Nigeria.

balaaminu@gmail.com; mdrabiu@yahoo.com; +2348068928548

 

Abstract: This study seeks in understanding the effects and interaction of some environmental stressors (temperature, rainfall, and relative humidity) on milk yield. Six hundred and twenty five (625) lactation records for milk yield of Frisian- Bunaji crossbred cows were obtained from the dairy herd of National Animal Production Research Institute, Shika, Zaria. The records were kept from 2005- 2009. The data were analyzed to determine the effect of some environmental factors (month, season and year of calving) on milk yield of the cows. The result revealed that month, season and year of calving had significant effect (P<0.05) on milk yield of the cows. This suggests that the environment has significant role to play in the milk yield of these crossbred cows. The correlation between temperature, rainfall, relative humidity and milk yield were positive and significant (P<0.05; P<0.01). In conclusion, there is need for physical modification of environment through shading and cooling, genetic development of heat tolerant breeds and improved nutritional management practices for effective dairy cows production.

[ Muhammad U.R, Adamu H.Y Dahiru U, Idris. D.Y, Rabiu M and Bala A. G. The Effect of Some Environmental Factors on the Milk Yield of Frisian- Bunaji Cross Bred Raised In the Northern Guinea Savanah of Nigeria. Life Sci J 2017;14(7):68-72]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 12. doi:10.7537/marslsj140717.12.

 

Keywords: Cows, Environmental stressors, milk yield, significant

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Study of the preventive potential of Zingiber officinale, against myelotoxicity and against the development of leukemia, induced by benzene.

 

OTMANINE Khaleda,*, Oumouna-Benachour Kb, TERKI Nadjiac, HANINI Salahd, BEKRI Razika e, AMROUN Karimf, BENAYED Hayetg.

 

a,b,d LBMPT Biomaterials and Transport Phenomena Laboratory, Yahia Fares University, Department of Pharmaceutical Processes Engineering, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, University Dr. Yahia FARES of Medea, Algeria.

c Laboratory of Pathological Anatomy, CENTRE PIERRE ET MARIE CURIE, MUSTAFA PASHA hospital, Algiers, Algeria.

e Laboratory of Hematology, Mohamed BOUDIAF hospital, Medea, Algeria.

f,g Laboratory of Pathological Anatomy, Mohamed BOUDHIEF hospital, Medea, Algeria.

corresponding author: otmaninegpp@gmail.com

 

Abstract: This study aims at revealing the preventive potential of Zingiber officinal against leukemia (blood cancer), we were based mainly on the benzene injection subcutaneously in a group of rabbits to cause disease by a chemical method. In parallel we subjected another group of rabbits to the injection of benzene under the same conditions with the feeding ginger to very specific doses, where it was found that the benzene-induced myelotoxicity was significantly counteracted. The histological study also reveals the hepato-protective power of Zingiber officinal.

[OTMANINE Khaled, Oumouna-Benachour K, TERKI Nadjia, HANINI Salah, BEKRI Razika, AMROUN Karim, BENAYED Hayet.. Study of the preventive potential of Zingiber officinale, against myelotoxicity and against the development of leukemia, induced by benzene.. Life Sci J 2017;14(7):73-87]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 13. doi:10.7537/marslsj140717.13.

 

Keywords: Zingiber officinale, leukemia, Benzene, Bone Marrow, Myelotoxicity.

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Diabetes mellitus and its complications in Najaf city, Iraq

 

B. A. Almayahi

 

School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Penang, Malaysia

basimnajaf@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Background: In this study focused on studying diabetes and its complications on the number of patients. Methods: Blood samples of 200 patients with statistical questionnaires form are collected from the Center of Diabetes and Endocrinology at Al Sadr Hospital in Najaf city. The statistical questionnaires form designed especially for this study contains the age, weight, height, sex, marital status, occupation, type of diabetes, family history, and the period of the disease, housing, environment and complications of diabetes. Results: Statistical data from 2007 to 2013 years found that diabetes is growing significantly in Najaf city. The highest glucose concentration was 464 mg dl-1, whereas the lowest was 60 mg dl-1 in male blood samples. The average glucose concentration in male blood was 238.43 9.58 mg dl-1, whereas that in female blood was 229.13 7.55 mg dl-1. The result illustrates the increasing rates of diabetes in interval from 2007 to 2013 with good correlation coefficient of R = 0.93. Conclusions: This study showed that one hundred thirteen patients are dependence on insulin medication (antihypertensive of diabetes) and the effect of genetic factor for patients with diabetes is non-hereditary. The results showed that the neuropathy is more vulnerable to damage, followed by retinopathy for male and female. Heart diseases have no relationship with diabetic.

[B. A. Almayahi. Diabetes mellitus and its complications in Najaf city, Iraq. Life Sci J 2017;14(7):88-92]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 14. doi:10.7537/marslsj140717.14.

 

Keywords: Diabetes, blood, Najaf, statistical questionnaires, Sadr hospital

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Correlation analysis of maize genotypes under saline stress and its impact on morphological characteristics

 

Wajeeha Batool Chaudhary1, Muhammad Azam Ali1, Kamran Shahzad Bajwa1, Adnan Iqbal1, Muhammad Azmat ullah Khan2, Ahmad Ali Shahid1, Muhammad Aslam3

 

1 Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, 87-West Canal Bank Road, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

2 University of Central Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

3 University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

wajihabatool67@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Screening of salt tolerant genotypes of agricultural crops is a necessary aspect for future food security. In this study, fifteen genotypes of maize were used to analyze their performance under saline condition. An experiment was performed as factorial under Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with three replications. Estimation of genetic variations of yield and yield related contributing traits under saline environment was done. Seeds of fifteen genotypes were grown on saline soil (0ds/m, 5ds/m and 10ds/m) under field condition. At seedling stage all of the genotypes were used for correlation analysis between shoot fresh weight, shoot dry weight, root fresh weight, and root dry weight. Root fresh weight and shoot length was positive and highly significant at genotypic level under various saline conditions. On the base of significant results, seven selected genotypes were used for measurement of morphological characteristics like plant height (PH), Number of leaves per plant (LPP), number of cob per plant (CPP), cob length (CL), cob diameter (CD), number of grains per row (GPR), number of grain rows per cob (GRPC), 100-grain weight (GW) and seed yield per plant (SYPP). Genotypic and phenotypic correlation indicated that plant height was highly significant with cob length, cob diameter, and grain yield per plant. Path coefficient regression analysis also indicated that same factors were positive having direct effect on grain yield. Results indicated that salinity causes adverse effect on maize plant and with the increase of salinity stress on maize genotypes there was significant decrease in root shoot length and root shoot weight. While correlation and path coefficient studies concluded that number of grains per cob and 100-grain weight could be used as important characters to improve maize grain yield.

[Wajeeha Batool Chaudhary, Muhammad Azam Ali, Kamran Shahzad Bajwa, Adnan Iqbal, Muhammad Azmat ullah Khan, Ahmad Ali Shahid, Muhammad Aslam. Correlation analysis of maize genotypes under saline stress and its impact on morphological characteristics. Life Sci J 2017;14(7):93-101]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 15. doi:10.7537/marslsj140717.15.

 

Keywords: Salinity, genotypes, correlation analysis, genotypic correlation, phenotypic correlation

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2017. Marsland Press, Zhengzhou University