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Life Science Journal 
 Acta Zhengzhou University Overseas Edition
 (Life Sci J)
ISSN 1097-8135 (print); ISSN 2372-613X (online), doi:10.7537, Monthly
 
Volume 14 - Number 2 (Cumulated No. 73), February 25, 2017. 
Cover (jpg), Cover (pdf), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, lsj1402
 

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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

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1

The Requirements of Clinical Social Work Practice in the Medical Field

 

Ayed bin Saad Al-Shahrani 1, Khaled Saleh Mahmoud 2

 

1. Department of Sociology and Social Work, Faculty of Arts & Humanities, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

2. Department of Sociology and Social Work, Faculty of Arts & Humanities, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

prof.khaledsaleh@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Social Work covers a huge and broad social services area, where social workers plays many roles during their dealings with their customers, where the social worker work requires the ability and skill of the permanent participation of all disciplines that work with them in the ideas and methods of work, putting in front of him is always the need to develop the ability to contact members of the team work, judging from the rapid development of social work in general and medical social work in private it can be said that the positions that deal with them have become highly complex, multi-faceted which would result in the increasing need of medical social worker to a range of knowledge, expertise and skills in addition to the diversity of strategies used and that relate to the individual and the family environmental relations, in addition to supporting the relationship between the social worker and the physician team. Thus the work of social workers required by the entrances and modern models will enable them to meet the patients and their families' needs, and is the Clinical Social Work, one of modern entrances therapeutic aimed at the adoption of the social worker on the medical model in professional practice, and the current study aimed to identify the practice of clinical social work requirements in the medical field, and through a series of sub-aims, and the study is one of the analytical descriptive studies that relied on comprehensive social survey of the social workers at governmental hospitals in Jeddah, through a Questionnaire, and the study concluded set of results was the most important that there are several requirements that must be available in clinical social worker to work with (the patient - the patient's family - staff – community)..

[Ayed bin Saad Al-Shahrani, Khaled Saleh Mahmoud. The Requirements of Clinical Social Work Practice in the Medical Field. Life Sci J 2017;14(2):1-17]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 1. doi:10.7537/marslsj140217.01.

 

Keywords: Requirements; Clinical Social Work; Clinical social worker; Professional practice

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2

Evaluating Diabetic Foot in King Abdulaziz University Hospital - One year Review (2014-2015)

 

Abdulhaleem A. Norwali1, Hisham AF. Rizk2, Wesam H. Jamal 2, Husain H. Jabbad1, Dareen A. Khawiah3,

Alaa AR.Roublah3, Bushra K. Alhawsa3, Renad M. Nadhreen3, Zahraa I. Alghafi3

 

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, KSA.

Email: hjabbad@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Diabetes mellitus is associated with increased foot problems. Methodology: In King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH) we reviewed the data of 109 patients with diabetic foot problems between 01 May 2014 and 30 April 2015, data included demographic data, duration, and type of diabetes, HBA1C, complications, treatment and compliance to medication. Results: 71.6% were males and 28.4% females. 73.4% were managed through the outpatient while26.6% required hospital admission. Most patients were in the age group 55.1-65 years, 81.7% had type II DM and 18.3% had type I DM, of all patients 64.2% were compliant to their medications and 78.1% had regular follow up. Risk factors included hypertension 65.1%, nephropathy 31.2%, ischemic heart disease 36.7%, retinopathy 63.3%, dyslipidemia 63.3% and morbidly obese 8.3%. 55% had ischemic claudication, 63.4% were uncontrolled with HBA1c >= 8 and 7.1-7.9 in 21.1%. 80.7% had an ulcers, 18.3% of them healed, 67.9% improved and 13.8% got worse. Conclusion: In KAUH diabetic foot is more common in age group 55.1-65 years with high amputation rate; PVD and ulcers. The main risk factors were male gender, elevated HBA1c and age among the different predictors.

[Abdulhaleem A. Norwali, Hisham AF. Rizk, Wesam H. Jamal, Husain H. Jabbad, Dareen A. Khawiah, Alaa AR. Roublah, Bushra K. Alhawsa, Renad M. Nadhreen, Zahraa I. Alghafi. Evaluating Diabetic Foot in King Abdulaziz University Hospital. Life Sci J 2017;14(2):18-24]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 2. doi:10.7537/marslsj140217.02.

 

Key Words: Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetic Foot

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3

The effect of deferent integration method on the textile plain 1/1 & honeycomb weaves on the integrated weave Aesthetic properties

 

Nancy Abdel Maboad Elsawy

 

Faculty of Specific Education, Tanta University, Egypt.

nancyabdelmaboad@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The research aims to conduct experimental study to demonstrate the integration of honeycomb with plain 1/1 weaves in different ways and its effect on the properties of the final product. The following variables has been used: Plain weave 1/1 with honeycomb weave through warp by 1:1; Plain weave 1/1 with honeycomb weave through weft by 1:1;- Integrate by Repeat with weft extrusive movement; Integrate with the weft reverse movement; – integrate by 1:1 through warp and weft (with extrusive Repetition to the weft movement of the second repetition with reverse the plain 1/1 weave in the second repetition); Integrate 1:1 through weft and 1:1 through warp with reverse repetition of weft movement with exchange the plain 1/1 weave in second repetition. The Study concluded the following results: The best integration methods is integrate by 1:1 through weft and by 1:1 through warp with extrusive Repetition to the weft movement With reverse the plain 1/1 weave in the second repetition, followed by integrate by 1:1 through weft and by 1:1 through warp with extrusive Repetition to the weft movement. The lowest integration method is integrate plain 1/1 weave with honeycomb weave through warp.

[Nancy Abdel Maboad Elsawy. The effect of deferent integration method on the textile plain 1/1 & honeycomb weaves on the integrated weave Aesthetic properties. Life Sci J 2017;14(2):25-34]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 3. doi:10.7537/marslsj140217.03.

 

Key words: Textile weaves – integrations method – plain weave – honeycomb weave.

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4

Carnosine Treatment Attenuates Testicular Toxicity Induced by Arsenic in Rats

 

Nouf Kkalifa ALaqeel

 

Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Dammam, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

nalaqeel@uod.edu.sa

 

Abstract: The protective effect of carnosine was investigated in rats exposed to testicular toxicity induced by sodium arsenite (10 mg/kg/day, p.o., for 2 consecutive days). Carnosine (50 mg/kg/day, i.p.) was given for 5 consecutive days, starting three days before sodium arsenite administration. Carnosine significantly attenuated the arsenic-induced decreases of serum testosterone and testicular reduced glutathione levels, and significantly decreased the elevations of testicular malondialdehyde, and nitric oxide resulted from sodium arsenite administration. Carnosine also significantly decreased the arsenic-induced increases of testicular nuclear factor-κB, tumor necrosis factor-α, inducible nitric oxide synthase, cyclooxygenase-2, and caspase-3. It was concluded that carnosine represents a potential candidate to protect against the deleterious effects of arsenic on testicular tissue.

[ALaqeel NK. Carnosine Treatment Attenuates Testicular Toxicity Induced by Arsenic in Rats. Life Sci J 2017;14(2):35-40]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 4. doi:10.7537/marslsj140217.04.

 

Keywords: Carnosine; arsenic; testes; rats

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5

Optimized Web Content Mining

 

* K. Thirugnana Sambanthan** Dr. S.S. Dhenakaran, Professor

 

* Research Scholar, Dept. Computer Science, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, E-mail: shivaperuman@gmail.com

** Dept. Computer Science, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, E-mail ssdarvind@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Web content mining is the mining, integration and extraction of valuable data, information and knowledge from Web page content. It is set of information extraction tools brought forward in order to identify and collect content items, such as Text Extraction and Wrapper Induction. In this present era extracting images, links, html source is becoming a tedious task since there is a large growth in the number of websites. The present day crawlers are not answering the different queries asked by the end user. The aim of this paper is to propose a new optimized web searching technique which can give correct relevant search results. The proposed crawler can search a website and display the results regarding the website accurately.

[K. Thirugnana SambanthanS.S. Dhenakaran, Professor. Optimized Web Content Mining. Life Sci J 2017;14(2):41-47]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 5. doi:10.7537/marslsj140217.05.

 

Key Words - Web Data Extraction, Web Content mining, Optimized Web Content Mining, Crawler, Html Crawler, Link Crawler, Image Crawler.

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6

Summarizing Documents with the Aid of a Knowledge Repository

 

Abdullah Bawakid

 

Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, University of Jeddah, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

abawakid@uj.edu.sa

 

Abstract: This paper describes the problem of information expansion and highlights the need for a knowledge repository that can aid processing information in the field of Natural Language Processing. The focus of this paper is on automatic text summarization. We described the reasons behind our choice of using Wikipedia as a knowledge base. We illustrated how it was pre-processed to make it usable for the task of summarization. Additionally, we explained how it is possible to derive a term concepts vector and why it is useful for the task we have at hand. Also included are the general design steps that were taken into account when building the system and how it was implemented.

[Bawakid A. Summarizing Documents with the Aid of a Knowledge Repository. Life Sci J 2017;14(2):48-51]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 6. doi:10.7537/marslsj140217.06.

 

Keywords: Knowledge repository; Documents Summarization; Extraction

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7

Evaluation of CD36 polymorphisms as predisposition factors for Myocardial infarction among population from Turabah province, Saudi Arabia

 

Adil Mergani1, Osama M. Saleh1,2, Abdelmoneim M. Salim1, Adil M. Mustafa1, Mukhtar A. Mohammed1 and Tamer Askar1

 

1 College of Applied Medical Sciences -Turabah, Taif University, Saudi Arabia.

2 National Center for Radiation Research and Technology, Egypt

ad_merg@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: Acute myocardial infarction (MI) is typically precipitated by thrombosis superimposed upon a ruptured coronary plaque. CD36 is a multifunctional integral-membrane glycoprotein that acts as a receptor for thrombospondin, collagen, long-chain fatty acids, and oxidized LDL and it was be shown that CD36 can account for up to 40% of the binding and internalization of oxidized LDL by macrophages. In a case-control study we evaluate the role of cd36 polymorphisms in predisposition to Myocardial Infarction among population of Tarabah province. Using PCR-RFLP three reported CD36 mutations (C478T, Del539AC and ins1159A) were screening in 120 MI Cases and 120 Healthy controls. None of the three mutations were detected in this study population (MI cases or controls). We concluded that these polymorphisms were not detected in study population and have no role in genetic susceptibility to MI in Saudi population from Turabah in western region of Saudi Arabia. We recommend further large studies are needed to confirm the absence of these polymorphism in Saudi population in Turabah and other regions.

[Mergani A, Saleh OM, Salim AM, Mustafa AM, Mohammed MA, Askar T. Evaluation of CD36 polymorphisms as predisposition factors for Myocardial infarction among population from Turabah province, Saudi Arabia. Life Sci J 2017;14(2):52-56]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 7. doi:10.7537/marslsj140217.07.

 

Keywords: Metabolic syndrome, Myocardial infarction, CD 36 gene polymorphism

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8

[Life Sci J 2017;14(2):57-64]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 8. doi:10.7537/marslsj140217.08.

Withdrawn

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Electro-oculogram based human computer interface system to help handicapped persons

 

M.A. Fkirin 1, A.S. El-Sherbeny 2, El saadany A 3, S. Badawy 4

 

1. Faculty of electronic engineering, Menufia University, Menuf, Egypt, mafkirin@yahoo.com

2. Faculty of electronic engineering, Menufia University, Menuf, Egypt, easayed@gmail.com

3. Faculty of Medicine, Menufia University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt, aelsaadani@hotmail.com

4. Faculty of electronic engineering, Menufia University, Menuf, Egypt, drsamirb@gmail.com

easayed@gmail.com

 

Abstract: This research is concentrated on the eye gaze and the corresponding electroculographic result signal and how to make use of this signal to command the computer. Several previous techniques for eye gaze detection are mentioned, artificial neural network, numerical integration and a new multipoint detection technique for eye signal manipulation are then explained, and the difference and the advantages of this technique are mentioned. Several applications are implemented based on eye movement. The real time work results assure the high quality of the new technique and its ability to be applied to several applications for aiding disabled peoples.

[M.A. Fkirin, A.S. El-Sherbeny, El saadany A, S. Badawy. Electro-oculogram based human computer interface system to help handicapped persons. Life Sci J 2017;14(2):65-69]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 9. doi:10.7537/marslsj140217.09.

 

Keywords: Electrooculograghy, disabled peoples, neural network, numerical integration, LabVIEW.

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10

Modern Agricultural Technology Adoption its Importance, Role and Usage for the Improvement of Agriculture

 

Abdul Rehman 1, Luan Jingdong 1*, Rafia Khatoon 2, Imran Hussain3, Muhammad Shahid Iqbal4

 

1. College of Economics and Management, Anhui Agricultural University, China

2. Business Administration (MBA), the University of Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan

3. Undergraduate Student, Allama Iqbal Open University, Pakistan

4. School of Computer Science, Anhui University, Hefei, China

abdulrehman@ahau.edu.cn *luanjingdong@ahau.edu.cn

 

Abstract: The main purpose of this paper is to introduce the modern technology adoption its importance, usage and role in agriculture improvement. In the last century, the basic agriculture technology like machines has changed a little. Though the modern technology, planters and harvesters do a better job or are slightly tweaked from their predecessors. The US$250,000 combine of today still cuts, threshes, and separates grain in the same way it has always been done. However, the modern technology is changing the way that humans operate the machines, GPS locators, as computer monitoring systems and self-steer programs allow the most advanced tractors and implements to be more precise and less wasteful in the use of fuel, fertilizer or seed. In future, there may be mass production of driverless tractors and other agriculture machinery which use electronic sensors and GPS maps.

[Abdul Rehman, Luan Jingdong, Rafia Khatoon, Imran Hussain. Modern Agricultural Technology Adoption its importance, Role and Usage for the Improvement of Agriculture. Life Sci J 2017;14(2):70-74]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 10. doi:10.7537/marslsj140217.10.

 

Keywords: Modern Technology, Gross Domestic Product, Pesticides, Crop Sensors, Biotechnology and Inorganic Fertilizers

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The Ruqyah Syar’Iyyah Spiritual Method As An Alternative For Depression Treatment

 

Mohd Afifuddin Mohamad 1, Nooraini Othman 2

 

1. Fellow at Advance Medical and Dental Institute (AMDI), Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia

2. Perdana School of Science, Technology and Innovation Policy, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Malaysia

drafifuddin@gmail.com

 

Abstract: This paper aims for an in-depth discussion on the Islamic spiritual method, namely the ruqyah syari’yyah, an increasingly popular method used to treat depression. Ruqyah is spiritual treatment process based on the methods that are in line with other religious practices such as prayer and zikr (divine remembrance The objective of the study is to identify the health level of research samples before the treatment, and after the ruqyah spiritual treatments. Method: Research in this study using qualitative methods that combine the use of interview and observation. The process of determining the degree of depression of the sample is through the beck depression inventory (BDI). Result: The study was carried out involving two samples depressed in serious degrees of depression that are marked as samples X and Y which received a score of 50 (extreme depression) and 42 (extreme depression). After ruqyah shar`iyyah spiritual treatment given sample x and y respectively obtain a score of 15 (mild mood disorder) and 8 (normal). Discussion and conclusion: The finding of the study are expected to educate the public about the correct Ruqyah syar'iyyah spiritual treatment methods, as well as to understand the development of alternative treatments that can produce therapeutic effects to people who get mental depression. [Kharkwal G, Mehrotra P, Rawat YS. The Ruqyah Syar’iyyah Spiritual Method As An Alternative For Depression Treatment. (paper Code: 28967-life-20150705).

[Mohd Afifuddin Mohamad, Nooraini Othman. The Ruqyah Syar’Iyyah Spiritual Method As An Alternative For Depression Treatment. Life Sci J 2017;14(2):75-80]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 11. doi:10.7537/marslsj140217.11.

 

Keywords: Alternative medicine, Spiritual, Ruqyah syar’iyyah, therapeutic, depression

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Catalog-based Conversion from Relational Database into XML Scheme (XSD)

 

Husam Ahmed Al Hamad

 

Department of Information Technology, College of Computer, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia

hhamad@qu.edu.sa, hushamad@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Where we are in the age of information revolution, exchange information, and transport data effectively among various sectors of government, commercial, service and industrial, etc., the uses of a new databases model to support this trend has become very important because inability of traditional databases models to support it. eXtensible Markup Language (XML) considers a new standard model for data interchange through internet and mobiles devices networks, it has become a common language to exchange and share the data of traditional models in easy and inexpensive ways. In this research, we propose a new technique to convert the relational database contents and schema into XML schema (XSD- XML Schema Definition), the main idea of the technique is extracting relational database catalog using Structured Query Language (SQL). We follow three steps to complete the conversion process. First, extracting relation instance (actual content) and schema catalog using SQL query language, which consider the required information to implement XML document and its schema. Second, transform the actual content into XML document tree. The idea of this step is converting table columns of the relations (tables) into the elements of XML document. Third, transform schema catalog into XML schema for describing the structure of the XML document. To do so, we transform datatype of the elements and the variant data constrains such as data length, not null, check and default, moreover define primary foreign keys and the referential integrity between the tables. Overall results of the technique are very promise while the technique is very clear and does not require complex procedures that could adversely effect on the results accuracy. We performed many experiments and report their elapsed CPU times.

[Husam Ahmed Al Hamad. Catalog-based Conversion from Relational Database into XML Scheme (XSD). Life Sci J 2017;14(2):81-90]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 12. doi:10.7537/marslsj140217.12.

 

Keywords: Conversion relational schema into XML schema, Transformation schema, XSD schema, XML schema.

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13

Molecular, Morphological and Anatomical Characterization for Some Egyptian Durum Wheat

 

Osama M. Saleh1, Nahla Hamiedeldin1, Ahmed F. Khafaga1 and Rashad M. Shoaib2

 

1.  National Centre for Radiation Research and Technology (NCRRT), Atomic Energy Authority, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt.

2.  National Research Centre (NRC), Dokki, Giza, Egypt.

 

Abstract: Grains of eight durum wheat cultivars were tested for identification of genetic relationship among molecular, anatomical and morphological levels. On the molecular level, two techniques have been used; Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and Inter Simple Sequence Repeats (ISSR). Amplification of RAPD primers showed different numbers of fragments ranged from six to thirteen fragments. Percentage of polymorphism ranged from 0% to 100%. The highest similarity value recorded was 91%, while the lowest similarity value was 69%. Amplification of ISSR primers showed different numbers of fragments ranged from six to twelve fragments. The highest similarity value recorded was 91%, while the lowest similarity value was 68%. The grains coat morphology was reticulated in all taxa. There were variations with regard to the alignment and the shape of network and architecture of interspaces enclosed by raised line. Stem and leaf are important organs consisting of storage, transportation and mechanical tissues and is closely related to yield. These tissues similarity used for detect the genetic relationship between the cultivars.

[Osama M. Saleh, Nahla Hamiedeldin, Ahmed F. Khafaga and Rashad M. Shoaib. Molecular, Morphological and Anatomical Characterization for Some Egyptian Durum Wheat. Life Sci J 2017;14(2):91-104]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 13. doi:10.7537/marslsj140217.13.

 

Key words: Durum wheat, RAPD, ISSR, Morphology, Anatomy.

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