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 Life Science Journal 
Acta Zhengzhou University Overseas Edition 
(Life Sci J)
ISSN 1097-8135 (print); ISSN 2372-613X (online), doi:10.7537
Volume 13 - Special Issue 1 (Supplement 1301s), December 25, 2016.
 Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, lsj1301s
 
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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

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1

The identification of genus, species and distribution of hard and soft Ticks collected from livestock and fowl bodies in Aleshtar and Aligodarz counties, Lorestan Province, Iran

 

Mohammad Hassan Kayedi1, Mahmmod Reza Taherian2, Asadolah Hosseini-Chegeni3, Ali Chegeni-Sharafi4, Hamid Mokhayeri4

 

1.Department of Parasitology, School of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran.

2.Department of Public Health, School of Health and Nutrition, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran.

3.Department of Plant Protection, School of Agriculture, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran.

4.Health Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran.

Kayedi78@yahoo.co.uk

 

Abstract: Hard ticks (Ixodidae family) transmit Arboviruses, bacteria and parasites to human and animals. One of the most important viruses that ticks transmit from animals to human is Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, the fact that its importance has been proved. So the study of fauna of ticks in the area, for the control and prevention of the mentioned disease, is of great importance. Ticks were collected from four geographical sites (North, South, West and East) of each county. Bodies of sheep, goats and cows in 30 villages (each village 20 livestock) of Aleshtar and Aligodarz counties were examined and ticks were collected from their bodies. Genus and species of ticks were identified in laboratory. Six hundred livestock were examined and 321 ticks were collected from their bodies. Among them 2 genus including Hyaloma, and Rypicephalus were identified. Two species of genus Hyaloma (Hyaloma anatolicum, and H.asiaticum), and one species of genus Rypicephalus (Rypicephalus sanguineous) were identified. 286 ticks (89.1%) of Rypicephalus sanguineous was collected, so the dominant species of the area was Rypicephalus sanguineous. 35 (10.9%) Hyaloma with two identified species had most population of collected ticks after Rypicephalus sanguineous. Argas persicus was identified as only soft tick in the area that was collected from fowl bodies. In this study two genus and three species of hard ticks (Ixodidae family) were collected from livestock and only one species was collected from fowls. Due to importance of ticks as vectors of diseases to humans, control of these external parasites and campaign against them are important tools in prevention of vector – borne diseases.

[Mohammad Hassan Kayedi, Mahmmod Reza Taherian, Asadolah Hosseini-Chegeni, Ali Chegeni-Sharafi, Hamid Mokhayeri, The identification of genus, species and distribution of hard and soft Ticks collected from livestock and fowl bodies in Aleshtar and Aligodarz counties, Lorestan Province, Iran. Life Sci J 2016;13(1s):1-6]. ISSN 1097-8135 (print); ISSN 2372-613X (online) http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 1. doi:10.7537/marslsj1301s1601.

 

Keywords: Tick, Fauna, Ixodidae, Argazidae, Khorramabad

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2

A survey of home based rehabilitation model performance for movement disorders caused by neurological injuries

 

Amouzadeh Khalili M., Rasoulzadeh M., Mirshja F.

 

Neuromuscular Rehabilitation Research Center, Rehabilitation College, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran

moh35ir@yahoo.co.uk

 

Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of home based rehabilitation model performance for movement disorders caused by neurological injuries. Method: 24 volunteers with movement disorders caused by neurological injuries were included in the study. The participants randomly assigned in one of the two groups, the interventional and the control groups. Intervention program was carried out at home. The average ages of the two groups, interventional and control, were 5.8 and 6.3 years, respectively. Two measurements were applied to determine any alteration in patient improvement: Barthel index was used for measurement of ADL, and EQ-5D (euroqol) was used for quality of life. The assessments for the two groups were carried out twice (pre-tests and post-tests). Reassessments were carried out for the two groups at the end of week 5. Results: Comparison of pre- and post-treatment assessment results of Barthel index in the interventional group indicated a difference in terms of recovery, (P < 0.05). Comparison of pre- and post-treatment assessment results of quality of life in the interventional group indicated a difference in terms of recovery (P < 0.05). The results of the two assessment methods: Barthel index and quality of life, revealed no significant differences between pre and posttests. Conclusion: The results of this study proved that home based rehabilitation model may enhance the function of the patients and improve the family quality of life.

[Amouzadeh Khalili M., Rasoulzadeh M., Mirshja F. A survey of home based rehabilitation model performance for movement disorders caused by neurological injuries. Life Sci J 2016;13(1s):7-13]. ISSN 1097-8135 (print); ISSN 2372-613X (online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 2. doi:10.7537/marslsj1301s1602.

 

Keywords: Home based rehabilitation, movement disorders, Barthel index, and quality of life

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3

Debt Restructuring and Country Risk Assessment for Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines and Indonesia

 

Cheng Fan-Fah, See-Nie Lee, Taufiq Hassan

 

Department of Accounting and Finance, Faculty of Economics and Management,

University Putra Malaysia, 43400 , Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia,

chengfanfah@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: This paper aims to investigate and compare country risk of four ASEAN countries. These countries are geographically related in South Asia. However, they are differences in the economic development and growth. The Two-Limit Tobit Model is use to study empirically the important factors affecting the debt service capacity of borrowing countries. The period is from 1970 to 2013. A quarterly-ahead debt rescheduling ratios are used as the proxy for debt restructuring. Using the debt rescheduling ratios, we emphasize the role of relative sizes of debt rescheduling in predicting external debt crisis. A special emphasis is given to the seven crises, namely, the World Oil Crisis (1973-74), IMF Crisis (1976), Crisis of 1982, Black Monday 1987, the Saving and Loan Crisis (early 1990s), the Asian Financial Crisis (1997) and the Mortgage Crisis (2007) and their predictability. The results show that crises do effect the risk of debt restructuring for Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand, but lesser extend for Indonesia, probably due to less proportion of borrowing in term of the size of Indonesia GDP.

[Cheng Fan-Fah, See-Nie Lee and Taufiq Hassan. Debt Restructuring and Country Risk Assessment for Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines and Indonesia. Life Sci J 2016;13(1s):14-19]. ISSN 1097-8135 (print); ISSN 2372-613X (online) http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 3. doi:10.7537/marslsj1301s1603.

 

Keywords: Country risk; debt crises; ASEAN; debt restructuring

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4

The Role of Corporate Social Responsibility Programs for Saudi Corporations in Sustainable Development "An applied Study on a Sample of Corporations in Jeddah"

 

Mohamed said Abd Elmageed Ibrahim 2

 

Department of Sociology, Faculty of Arts, Tanta University, Egypt

m_said1971@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: This study aims to identify the role of corporate social responsibility programs for Saudi Corporations in sustainable development, and by comparing these programs with programs of corporate social responsibility in advanced countries, and also by applying the questionnaire on a sample size of 90 individual staff departments corporate social responsibility in some Corporations in Jeddah to identify the their vision of social responsibility programs implemented by their Corporations. This study belongs to descriptive studies based on social survey sample and comparative method. Among the most important results of the study, the low awareness of the personnel departments corporate social responsibility Saudi companies sense the real social responsibility and its role in sustainable development, and societal difficulties ranks first as the most important obstacles and difficulties that hinder the implementation and application of corporate social responsibility programs, and administrative difficulties which reflects the failure of the many parties, such as the media and the authorities of educational and cultural role in the publication of a culture of corporate social responsibility which hinders the implementation of social responsibility programs. The respondents gave a number of suggestions for activate the role of companies in the field of social responsibility of the most important laws setting binding big corporations act as a community, and to participate in seminars and conferences, and to provide financial and moral support for corporations implementing social responsibility programs.

[Mohamed said Abd Elmageed Ibrahim. The Role of Corporate Social Responsibility Programs for Saudi Corporations in Sustainable Development "An applied Study on a Sample of Corporations in Jeddah". Life Sci J 2016;13(1s):20-38]. ISSN: 1097-8135 (Print) / ISSN: 2372-613X (Online). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 4. doi:10.7537/marslsj1301s1604.

 

Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility; Sustainable Development

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5

Effectiveness of a language training program using Discrete Trials Training Strategy in improving expressive language for children with autism disorder

 

Ahmad Mousa Al-Dawaideh

 

Department of Special Education, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia

E-mail: drahmad1971@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of a language training program using discrete trials strategy in improving expressive language among a sample of children with autism, has been selected members of the study of autistic children enrolled in the Saudi Autistic Society in Jeddah city in Saudi Arabia. The sample of the study consisted of (20) children of males aged between (6-12 years), and were divided randomly into two groups of equal rate of ten children in each group, has been selected one of the two groups were randomly assigned to be the experimental group and subject to the program of improvement of expressive language, and the other to be the control group. The study results indicated presence of statistically significant differences in the improvement of the expressive language among the children of the experimental group and the control group and these differences in favor of experimental group, and the results indicated a statistically significant differences in the skill of naming vocabulary between children of the experimental group and the control group and these differences in favor of experimental group. With regard to skill of naming the sentences, the results of the study indicated that there were statistically significant differences in favor of the experimental group. Finally, the result of current study indicated that there were no statistically significant differences in the means of naming vocabulary, the naming sentences and the overall score on post –test and follow-up test.

[Ahmad Mousa Al-Dawaideh. Effectiveness of a language training program using Discrete Trials Training Strategy in improving expressive language for children with autism disorder. Life Sci J 2016;13(1s):39-47]. ISSN 1097-8135 (print); ISSN 2372-613X (online) http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 5. doi:10.7537/marslsj1301s1605.

 

Keywords: Language training program; Discrete trials training strategy; Expressive language; Autism

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6

Fertility Capability Classification of Some Flood Plain Soils in Kogi State, Central Nigeria

 

Julius Romiluyi Orimoloye*

 

Department of Agronomy, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

*E-mail: juliusorimoloye@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Sustainable crop production and protection of soil resources requires a proper understanding of the soil resources and limitations as well as allocation of land units to uses that are not adversely affected by the limitations posed by the land area. This study was carried out to evaluate some soils of the floodplains near the confluence area of River Niger in Central Nigeria using the Fertility Capability Classification (FCC) approach. Nine soil types identified in a land area covering a total of 18,750 ha of land straddling the floodplains of River Niger and Benue in Kogi State, Central Nigeria were characterized and classified using the USDA soil taxonomy and World Reference Base (WRB) Soil classification methods. The FCC system was used to evaluate the soils based on physical and chemical fertility constraints and limitations for general arable cropping. The starata and sub-starata types of the soils comprised mainly of Loamy topsoils with three of the pedons showing clayey starata types. Classification of the soils into various FCC units reveals that over 80% of the soils are arable with only one soil type – Leptic Cambisol with FCC unit LR+++ being non arable due to serious limitations of rock outcrops and very high gravel contents. Most of the soils could be effectively utilized for massive production of the common arable crops in the area if the appropriate tillage, soil fertility and land management strategies are applied.

[Julius Romiluyi Orimoloye. Fertility Capability Classification of Some Flood Plain Soils in Kogi State, Central Nigeria. Life Sci J 2016;13(1s):48-55]. ISSN 1097-8135 (print); ISSN 2372-613X (online) http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 6. doi:10.7537/marslsj1301s1606.

 

Keywords: Land evaluation, fertility capability classification, floodplains, soil limitations

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7

Increased Intracranial Pressure: Effect of Educational Nursing Guidelines on Nurses’ Performance in Neuro-Critical Care Unit 

 

Naglaa Elsayed Mahday1, Nahed Ahmed Mersal1 and Zeinab Hessien2 

 

1Assist. prof. Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

2Lecturer Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

dr_hager78@yahoo.com 

 

Abstract: Enhancing competency in the nursing care of patients with increased intracranial pressure is recom­mended to maintain a current knowledge base and practice. Ongoing participation in education on the management of whose patients required for nurses to provide optimal care and optimize patients’ outcomes. Aims: The aim of this study was to assess and evaluate the effect of educational nursing guidelines on nurses’ performance caring for patients with increased intracranial pressure in neuro-critical care unit. Subjects and Methods: Design: A quasi experimental design was used. Setting: The study was conducted in Intensive Care Unit at El-Demerdash University Hospital. Sample: A purposive sample of 30 nurses caring for patients with increased intracranial pressure in the previously mentioned setting. Tools for data collection: A Self administered structured questionnaire and observational checklists. Results: There was a statistically significance differences between pre & post guidelines implementation regarding knowledge, practice and attitude of the studied nurses caring for patients with increased intracranial pressure. Conclusions: educational nursing guideline was helpful on the improvement of knowledge, practices and attitude of the nurses' caring for patients with increased intracranial pressure. Recommendations: Periodic in service – training advanced care programs regarding the nursing care for patients with increased intracranial pressure.

[Naglaa Elsayed Mahday, Nahed Ahmed Mersal and Zeinab Hessien. Increased Intracranial Pressure: Effect of Educational Nursing Guidelines on Nurses’ Performance in Neuro-critical Care Unit. Life Sci J 2016;13(1s):56-70]. ISSN 1097-8135 (print); ISSN 2372-613X (online) http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 7. doi:10.7537/marslsj1301s1607.

 

Key words: Increased intracranial pressure, guidelines, nurses’ performance

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8

Comparative study between molecular and non-molecular methods used for detection of Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci in Tanta University Hospitals, Egypt

 

Marwa Mostafa Shalaby1, Kareman Ahmed Eshra1, and Wageih Salem El-Naghy1, Radwa Mahmoud El-Sharaby2

 

1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Egypt

2 Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Egypt

Wag.salem@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Introduction: Enterococci have become resistant to a wide range of antibiotics which include aminoglycosides and glycopeptides like vancomycin. The rapid increase of vancomycin resistance compromises physicians’ ability to treat infections caused by these strains because the therapeutic options for VRE infections are very limited. Methods: The present study included 112 hospitalized patients having nosocomial infections. Selective culture was done on bile esculinazide agar for all suspicious colonies. Enterococcal species were identified using the VITEK-2 system. Antibiotic susceptibility pattern for enterococcal isolates was done using disc diffusion method. Chromogenic medium used for screening VRE, The MIC of vancomycin was determined by E test and PCR was done for detection of vanA gene. Results: Out of 112 patients, 32 enterococci species (28.6%) were isolated. Most commonly isolated species were E. feacalis (53%), followed by E. facium (40.6%), E. avium (3.1%), and E. durans (3.1%). VRE strains were E. facium (83.3%) and E. feacalis (16.7%). By disc diffusion method, 34.4% of isolated enterococci were VRE. The same percentage was detected by Chrome agar. Lower percentage (18.8%) was detected by Vitek2 and E-test. Van A gene could be detected in 18.8% of enterococci. The highest sensitivity and specificity (100%) was proved by both E-test and Vitek2 and specificity (92%), Chrome agar showed 100% sensitivity but 81% specificity. However, disc diffusion method showed 83.3% sensitivity and 77% specificity. Accuracies of VRE detection by disk diffusion method, chrome agar, E-test method, and Vitek 2 system were 78%, 84%, 100%, 100% respectively. Conclusion: PCR assay are in agreement with E-test and Vitek2 automated system employed for identification and test susceptibility of clinical Enterococcus spp. However, disk diffusion method proved to be less reliable for detection of resistance and should be replaced by routine MIC testing.

[Marwa Mostafa Shalaby, Kareman Ahmed Eshra, and Wageih Salem El-Naghy, Radwa Mahmoud El-Sharaby. Comparative study between molecular and non-molecular methods used for detection of Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci in Tanta University Hospitals, Egypt. Life Sci J 2016;13(1s):71-78]. ISSN 1097-8135 (print); ISSN 2372-613X (online) http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 8. doi:10.7537/marslsj1301s1608.

 

Keywords: Enterococci, Multidrug resistant enterococci, VRE, Chromogenic media, Infection control of VRE, vanA gene, PCR.

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9

Effect of Applying Nesting Technique as a Developmental Care on Physiological Functioning and Neurobehavioral Organization of Premature Infants

 

Nahed Saied Mohamed El-Nagger and Orban Ragab Bayoumi

 

Pediatric Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Ain Shams University, Egypt

E-mail: nahidalngar@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Background: Premature infants are highly vulnerable group of the population. Premature births accounts the highest mortality rate among infants in the first year of life. Behavioral organization is the ability of the infant to maintain a balance between autonomic/ physiologic, motor, state, attention and interaction, and self-regulation via which the infant is in continual interaction with the infant's environment. Whereas, developmental care are interventions taken to support the behavioral organization of each individual infant, enhancing physiological functioning, protecting sleep rhythms and promoting growth and maturation. These interventions include handling and positioning measures, reduction of noxious environmental stimuli, and cue based care. Developmental positioning as nesting technique is a common nursing skill used in the developmental care of premature infant. Whereas, this skill maintain premature infants in a comfortable position; facilitate the monitoring of stable vital signs, and enable spontaneous motor activity for normal neuromuscular and skeletal joint function. Aim: Evaluate the effect of applying nesting technique as a developmental care on physiological functioning and neurobehavioral organization of premature infants. Design: A quasi-experimental study was utilized. Setting: The study was conducted in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) at Maternity and Gynecological Hospital affiliated to Ain Shams University Hospitals. Subjects: A purposive sample composed of eighty premature infants were chosen from previously mentioned hospital and was divided into two identical groups (study and control). Tools: Three tools were used; Premature Infants Assessment Sheet (PIAS), Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Tool (NBAT) and Neonatal Infants Pain Scale (NIPS). Results: There were high statistical significant differences concerning premature infants' physiological, behavioral and neurological outcome as regards temperature, oxygen saturation (SaO2), infant's crying, sleeping, motor activity and primitive reflexes between study and control groups. Conclusion: The current study concluded that applying nesting technique as a developmental care had a positive effect on physiological functioning, and behavioral organization of premature infants. Recommendations: Emphasize on the importance of applying nesting technique for all premature infants in the NICUs as standard of developmental care and further research for implementing training program for all nurses working in the NICUs regarding applying nesting technique as developmental care to improve their quality and proficiency of care for premature infants.

[Nahed Saied Mohamed El-Nagger and Orban Ragab Bayoumi. Effect of Applying Nesting Technique as a Developmental Care on Physiological Functioning and Neurobehavioral Organization of Premature Infants. Life Sci J 2016;13(1s):79-92]. ISSN 1097-8135 (print); ISSN 2372-613X (online) http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 9. doi:10.7537/marslsj1301s1609.

 

Key Words: Nesting Technique, Developmental Care, Physiological Functioning, Neurobehavioral Organization, Premature Infants.

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Aluminum –Induced Oxidative Stress and Hepato -Renal Impairment in Male Albino Rats: Possible Protective trial with Naringenin

 

Tamer S. Imam1, Hesham A. Khalifa2, Mohamed M.A.Hussein3 and Haytham. A. Ali3

 

1Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, Faculty of Vet, Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.

2Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Vet, Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.

3Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Vet, Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig Egypt.

tamerforensic@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Aluminum is widely distributed in the environment and present in various food additives, manufactured foods and therapeutic treatment. Also, it is added to drinking water during purification purposes, thus increasing human and animal exposure risk to this metal. A body of evidence has accumulated implicating the free radical generation with subsequent oxidative stress in the biochemical and molecular mechanisms of aluminum toxicity. Naringenin (NAR) is a naturally occurring plant bioflavonoid, which has been reported to have awide range of pharmacological properties and free radicals scavenging activities. Since liver and kidney considered critical organs for Al toxicity, so this study was conducted to elucidate the effectiveness of naringenin in alleviating Al-induced liver and kidney toxicity in rats. For this, forty male albino rats were allocated into four groups. Group I (control) received normal saline. Group II was administered NAR at a dose of 50 mg/kg b.wt. Group III was orally treated with AlCl3 at a dose of 34 mg/kg b.wt. Group IV was simultaneously treated with AlCl3 and NAR together at the same doses. All treatments were performed daily via oral route and maintained for 70 days. Hepatic and renal dysfunction was evaluated by investigating serum biomarkers. Liver and kidney GPx activity, GSH level and MDA level as indicator of lipid peroxidation were assayed. Histopathological examination of liver and kidney was conducted. Aluminum treatment resulted in a significant increase in serum AST, ALT, ALP activities, billirubin concentration, urea and creatinine level with decreased serum total protein and albumin. AlCl3 significantly inhibited the GPx activity, reduced GSH level and increased MDA level in liver and kidney. Histopathological examination revealed deformities in hepatic and renal tissues due to aluminum exposure which augment the aforementioned results. Co- administration of NAR along with Al significantly restore the serum biomarkers to their near-normal levels and have the ability to overcome Al –induced oxidative stress, manifested by significant reduction in hepatic and renal MDA level, with enhanced cellular antioxidant defense particulary GPx and GSH and preserved normal hepatic and renal histological architecture. From these results, it could be concluded that NAR can mop up Al-induce toxicity, suggesting that the hepatoprotective and nephroprotective potential of NAR in aluminum toxicity may be owed to its antioxidant and metal chelating properties, which may be useful in achieving optimum effects in Al-induced hepatic and renal damage.

[Tamer S. Imam, Hesham A. Khalifa, Mohamed M.A.Hussein and Haytham. A. Ali. Aluminum –Induced Oxidative Stress and Hepato -Renal Impairment in Male Albino Rats: Possible Protective trial with Naringenin. Life Sci J 2016;13(1s):93-104]. ISSN 1097-8135 (print); ISSN 2372-613X (online) http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 10. doi:10.7537/marslsj1301s1610.

 

Keywords Aluminum, naringenin, antioxidants activities, liver, kidney, rats.

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The Integrative Relationship between Conceptual Art and Fashion Design Art

 

Prof. Dr. Nermin Abdel Rahman Abdel Basset1 and Dr. Roaa Suhail Hassan Kaddy2

 

1 Professor of Fashion Design, Faculty of Home Economics - King Abdulaziz University - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

2Instructor, Faculty of Arts and Design, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia

Nermo69@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The research findings suggest that the development of the creative aspect of a fashion designer is an important issue on which it builds the personality of the fashion designer, which must be singular and unique. The ability to innovate in the production or formation of new ideas is one of the most important factors that stimulate design quality. The ability to innovate may rely on recognizing new relationships between different elements, or to give new jobs to them. Fashion design is one of the arts influenced by artistic trends, especially the conceptual art school. This research attempts to introduce researchers and fashion designers how to analyze and link between the school of conceptual art and fashion design, and to look at the design with a conscious eye. This helps the raise of the artistic awareness of those interested in the field of fashion design and arts, in addition of studying some of the pioneers of the conceptual art school, and Fashion designers influenced by that trend.

[Nermin Abdel Rahman Abdel Basset and Roaa Suhail Hassan Kaddy. The Integrative Relationship between Conceptual Art and Fashion Design Art. Life Sci J 2016;13(1s):105-116]. ISSN 1097-8135 (print); ISSN 2372-613X (online) http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 11. doi:10.7537/marslsj1301s1611.

 

Keywords: integrative relationship; conceptual art; fashion design art

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Prevalence of Irritable Bowel Syndrome and its Relation to Self-esteem, Depression, and Quality of Life of Female Students in Health-Related Faculties at Umm Al-Qura University

 

Hanan Said Ali1, Youssreya Ibrahim2, Abdullah A Saati3, Esraa Esam-Eldin1, Muna Ibrahim H Al Harbi4

 

Medical Surgical Nursing1, Critical Care Nursing2, Environmental Health and Toxicology Department of Community Medicine and Pilgrims Healthcare. Faculty of Medicine3, Community Health Nursing4, Umm Al Qura University, Saudi Aribia

dr_hanan10@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a widespread disorder associated with stressful factors among university students. This study aim was to measure the prevalence of IBS among female students in health-related faculties, identify its potential risk factors, and assess associated psychological aspects such as symptoms of depression, self-esteem, and Quality of Life (QoL). This cross-sectional analytic study was conducted on 1351 female students enrolled in all medical faculties, faculty of nursing, pharmacy, applied medical science and faculty of medicine, dentist at Umm Al Qura University, Saudi Arabia. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data regarding IBS (developed by the World Gastroenterology Organization), self-esteem (Rosenberg self-esteem scale), and depression (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale), the IBS-QoL scale, in addition to relevant socio-demographic and health data. Data were collected from December 2013 to May 2014. The prevalence of IBS was 33.7% (95% CI 31.33-36.07); 58.5% had depressive symptoms (95% CI 56.03-60.97); 9.3% had low self-esteem (95% CI 7.85-10.75), and 10.0% had low QoL (95% CI 8.50-11.50). From multivariate analysis, IBS was associated with use of laxatives (OR=4.14), stress (OR=2.14), and drinking tea (OR=1.43), while the intake of fibers was protective (OR=0.65). The presence of IBS was significant independent factor leading to worse QoL, while a higher school year and a higher self-esteem were associated with better QoL. The study concludes that the prevalence of IBS among university students in health-related faculties is high. Its independently associated factors are stress, use of laxatives, and low fiber intake. The disorder is associated with high prevalence of depressive symptoms and low QoL, in addition to low self-esteem. Screening programs for IBS and related psychological problems are recommended.

[Hanan Said Ali, Youssreya Ibrahim, Abdullah A Saati, Esraa Esam-Eldin, Muna Ibrahim H Al Harbi. Prevalence of Irritable Bowel Syndrome and its Relation to Self-esteem, Depression, and Quality of Life of Female Students in Health-Related Faculties at Umm Al-Qura University. Life Sci J 2016;13(1s):117-128]. ISSN 1097-8135 (print); ISSN 2372-613X (online) http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 12. doi:10.7537/marslsj1301s1612.

 

Keywords: Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Self-esteem, Depression, Quality of Life, University students.

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 The manuscripts in this issue are presented as online first for peer-review, starting from January 19, 2016. 

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