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 Life Science Journal 
Acta Zhengzhou University Overseas Edition 
(Life Sci J)
ISSN 1097-8135 (print); ISSN 2372-613X (online), doi:10.7537/j.issn.1097-8135
Volume 12 - Special Issue3 (Supplement 1203s), May 25, 2015. life1203s
 Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, Author Index, lsj1203s
 
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CONTENTS

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

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1

Depression and Anxiety in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome from Pakistan

 

Sitwat Zehra1, Afsheen Arif1, Nargis Anjum2, Abid Azhar1, Masood Qureshi3

 

1.The Karachi Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering (KIBGE), University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan

2.Department of Physiology, Karachi Medical and Dental College (KMDC), Karachi Pakistan.

3.Department of Physiology, Dow University of Health Sciences, Ojha Campus (DUHS), Karachi Pakistan.

afsheen.arif@kibge.edu.pk.

 

Abstract: Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex and heterogeneous disorder of young female. It is related to reproductive, metabolic and psychological abnormalities. The aims of the study were to estimate the prevalence of depression in PCOS patients compared with controls and to evaluate the correlation between depression, obesity, clinical marker of hyper-androgenism and other metabolic markers. Materials and Methods: It is a Case- Control study, 2.25 years (Dec’ 2010- Mar’ 2013). A total of 225 women who presented with PCOS based on the 2003 Rotterdam criteria were assessed for clinical levels of anxiety and depression along with socio demographic and clinical profiles. All data were analyzed by using SPSS version 17. Statistical significance was defined as p<0.05. Results: The study results showed that 42% of PCOS women had anxiety, 31% had depression and 20% had both depression and anxiety. In comparison 11% of control women had anxiety, 9% had depression and 3.5% had both anxiety and depression. Discussion: Depression and anxiety scores were higher in PCOS patients than controls (p<0.000) in Pakistan. Depression scores were significantly increase with increase in insulin resistance and lipid profile. The results concluded that depression and anxiety is highly prevalent in PCOS patients as compared to controls. This disorder seems to be related with obesity, infertility, hirsutism, menstrual irregularities and insulin resistance.

[Zehra S. Arif A. Anjum N, Azhar A, Qureshi MA. Depression and Anxiety in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome from Pakistan. Life Sci J 2015;12(3s):1-4]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 1

doi:10.7537/marslsj1203s15.01

 

Key words: polycystic ovary syndrome, depression, anxiety, infertility, obesity, hirsutism, menstrual cycle.

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Implementation LGD model in assessment process of credit risk in regional banks

 

Natalia Nikolaevna Kunitsyna, Elena Alekseevna Serebryakova

 

North Caucasus Federal University, Pushkina Street, 1, Stavropol, 355009, Russia

natkun2004@mail.ru

 

Abstract: The importance of risk management of commercial banks and quality of their assessment don't lose the importance in modern conditions as the probability of approach of a risk situation essentially affects the got profit, determines the size of the regulatory and economic capital, and also is one of criteria of financial stability. The capital carries out a role of the stimulating element of development of the credit organization and expansion of its functions, and also promotes confidence in it from persons and entities. In article methodical approach to a risks assessment in a management system by a capital of commercial bank with use of LGD model is proved and recommendations about its adaptation to regional conditions are formulated. Using the device of the structural, dynamic and system analysis, economical, statistical, abstract and logical methods the empirical materials of regional banks in the field of a risks assessment and distribution of capital is carried out. The mechanism of risks assessment and capital allocation of commercial bank which is based on requirements of the Basel III and the experience which is saved up in world practice and attempts of Bank of Russia on its adaptation to domestic conditions is developed. The practical importance of the offered approaches is that they are capable to constitute a basis of the mechanism of development and decision making, directed on implementation in regional banks of a management system by the capital, and also to be useful by optimization of technologies of risk management.

[Kunitsyna N., Serebryakova E. Implementation LGD model in assessment process of credit risk in regional banks. Life Sci J 2015;12(3s):5-11]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 2

doi:10.7537/marslsj1203s15.02

 

Keywords: capital, Basel III, bank, risk management, risk assessment, client's default.

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Towards Validating Diagnosed Respiratory Sounds Using Dynamic Time Warping at Alexandria University Children Hospital (AUCH) – Egypt

 

Nader A. Fasseeh1, Doaa A. Heiba1, Mohamed M. Abougabal1, Bassem S. Abdel Meguid2 and Mohamed Rizk M. Rizk2

 

1 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alexandria, Egypt

2 Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Alexandria, Egypt

mmsabougabal@yahoo.com, bassemsabri@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to illustrate a new method that is suggested in order to validate the diagnosis of pulmonary diseases, in infants and children, within high accuracy. Avery large database is constructed containing 500 adventitious respiratory sounds of 3 different categories, namely wheezes, stridor and rattle, in addition to 100 normal breath sounds. Sounds were collected from infants and young children till the age of 12 years old. All samples were acquired from AUCH-Egypt. Dynamic Time Warping using Short Time Fourier Transform is employed in the proposed technique, and the validation results were found to be over 85%.

[Nader A. Fasseeh, Doaa A. Heiba, Mohamed M. Abougabal, Bassem S. Abdel Meguid and Mohamed Rizk M. Rizk. Towards Validating Diagnosed Respiratory Sounds Using Dynamic Time Warping at Alexandria University Children Hospital (AUCH)–Egypt. Life Sci J 2015;12(3s):12-23]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 3

doi:10.7537/marslsj1203s15.03

 

Keywords: Dynamic Time Warping, Wheezes, Stridor, Rattle, Short-time Fourier Transform

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Comparison of oxidative stress, carotid intima-media thickness in patients with lupus nephritis and normal population

 

Mohammad Reza Jafari Nakhjavani1, Sima Abedi Azar2*,

 

1. Assistant Professor of Rheumatology, Connective Tissue Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran.

2. Associate Professor of Nephrology, Kidney Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

sima-abedi@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Introduction: The risk of atherosclerosis is described to be increased in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Mortalities and morbidities due to the accelerated atherosclerosis are elevated in these patients. Early diagnosis of this premature atherosclerosis can help to better management of vascular complications of this disease. Carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) appeared to be useful in assessment of vascular atherosclerosis. Also biomarkers of oxidative stress are appeared to be in relation with premature atherosclerosis especially in autoimmune disorders like SLE. This study aims at evaluating relation of oxidative stress biomarkers with CIMT in lupus nephritis patients and in normal population. Methods & Materials: In an analytic-descriptive setting, 60 persons (including 30 patients with documented lupus nephritis as the case group and 30 healthy persons as the control counterparts) were recruited in Tabriz Imam Reza Hospital during a 12- month period. Color Doppler ultrasound of carotid for CIMT was done in the two groups and also serum levels of Malondialdehyde (MDA) and Hemocysteine as biomarkers of oxidative stress were measured and other conventional risk factors of atherosclerosis also evaluated in the both groups. The results were compared between the two groups. Results: 30 patients with mean age of 30.48.65 years including 28 (93.3%) females and 2 (6.66%) males compared with 30 healthy persons as control group with mean age of 28.84.61 years including 29 (96.66%) female and one (3.33%) male. There was no difference according sex and age between two groups. There was statistically significant difference in MDA and Hemocysteine levels and CIMT between patients and healthy controls (P=0.001). In comparing between stages of lupus nephritis and level of oxidative stress biomarkers and CIMT, strongest relation was with stage 4 lupus nephritis. Multivariate analysis of several risk factors of atherosclerosis that appeared to be meaningful in the two group in this study, like creatinine, hemoglobin, albumin, CRP, ESR, MDA, Hemocysteine, showed that only increased level of Hemocysteine was statistically important in CIMT measurement and development of atherosclerosis. Conclusion: This study showed that atherosclerosis is more prevalent in lupus nephritis patients. And appeared that more severe disease is associated with more CIMT measures and more increase in oxidative stress biomarkers. We prominently concluded that level of Hemocysteine is strongly related with development of atherosclerosis.

[Jafari Nakhjavani MR, Abedi Azar S. Comparison of oxidative stress, carotid intima-media thickness in patients with lupus nephritis and normal population. Life Sci J 2015;12(3s):24-28]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 4

doi:10.7537/marslsj1203s15.04

 

Keywords: Oxidative Stress, Carotid Intima-media Thickness, Atherosclerosis, Hemocysteine, Malondialdehyde (MDA).

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The effect of intravenous iron on protein oxidation hemodialysis patients

 

Sima Abedi Azar1, Mohammad Reza Jafari Nakhjavani2*

 

1. Associate Professor of Nephrology, Kidney Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

2. Assistant Professor of Rheumatology, Connective Tissue Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran.

dr_mrjn@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Introduction: Parenteral iron (IV Iron) as a choice treatment of iron deficiency may aggregate oxidative stress already present in hemodialysis(HD) patients. Inflammation induced and IVIR-induced protein oxidations were shown in HD patients. Oxidative stress related inflammation in HD patients can induce activation of oxidative burst enzymes in phagocytes and contribute significantly to high prevalence and severity of atherosclerosis and infections and can decrease the survival rate and affect the quality of life of HD patients. This study aimed to clarify the role of IVIR therapy on protein oxidation and its relation to inflammation in these patients. Patients and methods: We examined the effect of IVIR administration on markers of protein oxidation and inflammatory factors as high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in 30 HD patients(16=M,14 =F, mean age:52.371.20 years)given I.V iron(100 mg of iron sucrose for half hour immediately after HD) and 30 HD patients whom not received iron(m=16,f=14,mean age:48.279.59) as control group. Blood samples were drawn Pre-HD, Pre-IVIR, and post-IVIR (30 minute after dialysis) for iron, transferrin, ferritin, markers of free radical activities: thiol groups, Malondialdehyde (MDA) and hs-CRP. Results: hs-CRP in Iron group increased from7.277.9to 7.547.47 immediately after HD and to 8.348.22 after IVIR administration. Thiols level in Iron group decreased from 35.8117.29 to 27.5413.10 (p<0.001) immediately and increased to 37.1015.60 (p<0.04) after IVIR. MDA in Iron group decreased from 3.001.24 to2.100.77 (p<0.001) after HD and increased to 3.28 0.98 (p<0.001) after IVIR. In control group Thiols and hs-CRP and MDA decreased immediately and 30 minutes after HD. MDA levels before and end of HD and 30 minutes after HD were significantly higher in Iron group(p<0.05).There was significant meaningful correlation between MDA and hs-CRP after HD (p<0.001) and after IVIR therapy (p<0.001)in Iron treated group. Conclusion: IVIR treatment increases oxidative stress in HD patients and it positively correlates with inflammatory factors like hs-CRP.

[Abedi Azar S, Jafari Nakhjavani MR. The effect of intravenous iron on protein oxidation hemodialysis patients.. Life Sci J 2015;12(3s):29-32]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 5

doi:10.7537/marslsj1203s15.05

 

Keywords: Intravenous Iron, Protein Oxidation, Hemodialysis.

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Prevalence of infectious complications causes to admission in the renal transplant recipients and their Time-Grouping

 

Mojtaba Varshochi1, Sima Abedi Azar2*

 

1 Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Faculty Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

2 Associate Professor of Nephrology, Kidney Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

sima-abedi@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Introduction: Use of immunosuppressive drugs in patients after kidney transplantation is the main causes of increasing infection rate in these patients. UTI is most common and pneumonia is the most sever infection in patients after kidney transplantation. The aim of this study was evaluation of infection in patients after kidney transplantation. Methods: In a cross-sectional and descriptive study causes and results of infection in patients after kidney transplantation at admitted patients in the kidney transplantation ward, infectious disease and kidney wards of Imam hospital of Tabriz that have infection after kidney transplantation selected and evaluated. Results: Eighty three patients with post transplantation infection were enrolled to study and 39 of patients were male and 44 of them were female. Mean age of male patients was 36.97 13.67 year and mean age of female patients was 39.52 9.46 year (P=0.322). Mean transplantation infection interval of male patients was 36.10 42.35 month and mean transplantation infection interval of female patients was 46.86 47.87 year (P=0.294). Fever in 51 of patients was the most common compliant and 54 of patients having fever Cytomegalovirus infection in 20(24%) of patients was the most common infectious complication and UTI and sepsis in 17 patients and pneumonia in 13 patients were the other common infections. 56 of patients discharged with becoming well, 10 of patients were died and 17 of patients have rejection of kidney transplantation and affiliated to hemodialysis. Type of transplant in 5 patients was relative, in 44 of patients was irrelative and in 34 of them was unclear in patients` records. Conclusion: Considering of primary infection or reactivation of Cytomegalovirus was common and life treating after transplantation and UTI and sepsis were in next level of prevalence, although infectious complications in transplantation patients sometimes could be without fever, but importance to fallow up fever, which was the most common complaint in this study, for early diagnosis of infectious complications even non infectious complications such as rejection did not forget.

[Varshochi M, Abedi Azar S. Prevalence of infectious complications causes to admission in the renal transplant recipients and their Time-Grouping. Life Sci J 2015;12(3s):33-39]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 6

doi:10.7537/marslsj1203s15.06

 

Keywords: Species richness; beta-diversity; taxonomic diversity; forest.

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The effect of intravenous iron on bacterial infection in hemodialysis patients

 

Sima Abedi Azar1*, Mohammad Reza Jafari Nakhjavani2

 

 1. Associate Professor of Nephrology, Kidney Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

2. Assistant Professor of Rheumatology, Connective Tissue Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran.

dr_mrjn@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The aim of the present research was to study the effect of iron infusion in different dosages on these two factors and to determine the prevalence and type of bacterial infections in dialysis patients. In a clinical trial that was conducted in the internal diseases department of Tabriz Medical Sciences University on hemodialysis patients, the effect of iron infusion on hemodialysis patients. The effect of iron infusion in different dosages on the two factors was also examined and the prevalence and type of bacterial infections in dialysis patients were also investigated. In this study 60 hemodialysis patients were classified in to two groups (an experimental and a control group) and the effects of iron injection on the infection and oxidative stress of the two groups was studied. During this period, 3 patients received renal transplant and were excluded from the study. One patient also passed away. Therefore, infections of the 26 patients in the experimental group and 30 patients in the control group were compared. A total of 70 instances of were observed in the experimental group. Of the 70 instances of infection, 26 (37%) were associated with pneumonia. Moreover, 26 (37%), 16 (22.8%), 1 and another one of the infections were upper respiratory tract infection, UTI, tooth infection, and foot infection, respectively. Among the patients in the control group 5 patients demonstrated no signs of infection within 150 days while 5 patients (16.6%) experienced infections more than two times. A total of 47 instances of infection were seen in the control group. Of the 47 infections, 27 (57.4%), 8 (17%), 8 (17%), 3 (6.3%) and 1 were pneumonia, upper respiratory tract infection, UTI, pyelonephritis, and abdominal infection, respectively. Analysis of infections in patients showed that the average incidence of infections in the experimental group was significantly higher than the control group. However, no relationship was observed between the infection type and iron intake. In this study 60 hemodialysis patients, who received dialysis three times a week, were included in the research. 30 patients were classified into the experimental group and 30 were put into the control group. Patients aged between 30 and 60 years and the age and gender of the patients in the control and experimental groups were matching. Each group included 14 female and 16 male patients.

[Abedi Azar S, Jafari Nakhjavani MR. The effect of intravenous iron on bacterial infection in hemodialysis patients. Life Sci J 2015;12(3s):40-42]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 7

doi:10.7537/marslsj1203s15.07

 

Keywords: Intravenous Iron, Bacterial Infection, Hemodialysis.

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Study on the effect of Mycophenolate Mofetil in lupus nephritis treatment

 

Mohammad Reza Jafari Nakhjavani1, Sima Abedi Azar2*

 

1. Assistant Professor of Rheumatology, Connective Tissue Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran.

2. Associate Professor of Nephrology, Kidney Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

sima-abedi@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Introduction: Lupus nephritis is one of the most common and important complications of SLE. Regimens of glucocorticoids combined with cytotoxic drugs are effective for the treatment of severe lupus nephritis, however they have adverse effects. Mycophenolate mofetil acid (MMF) is an effective and immunosuppressive drug that has been used in renal and other organs grafts. Recently this drug has been used in treatment of lupus nephritis and limited studies show more benefits in comparison with currently used treatments. Objective: to study the effect of MMF in treatment of lupus nephritis. Methods and materials: this study has been performed prospectively on 15 patients with lupus nephritis symptoms that SLE was established in them. Patients with grade 3 & 4 lupus nephritis after receiving of 3 pulse of Methylprednisolone have been treated with MMF. At first, third, sixth and twelfth months after initiation of treatment patients have been examined clinically and also CBC-diff, ESR, CRP, BUN, Cr, serum protein and albumin levels, urinary analysis, complement components such as C3,C4, Ch50 levels, titers of ANA and anti-dsDNA, cryoglobulins, anticardiolipin and antiphospholipids was measured and finally all data analyzed statically. Results: All symptoms except of cerebritis were improved in 6 months after initiation of treatment. As well as inflammatory indicators such as ESR and CRP were decreased during treatment period. BUN, Cr and studied antibodies measurements were decreased significantly that shows improvement in renal function. Also improvement in condition of blood pressure of patients is another characteristic of improvement in renal function. Complement components (C3, C4 and Ch50) levels were increased significantly during treatment procedure. By other side amounts of blood cells never decreased under normal limits during treatment period and even in case of hemoglobin, results of this study show that its amounts increased during treatment period. Conclusion: treatment with MMF is as effective as Cyclophosphamide in regression of clinical symptoms and improvement of renal function, additionally serious adverse effects such as pancytopenia and opportunist infections are not seen in treatment with MMF.

[Jafari Nakhjavani MR, Abedi Azar S. Study on the effect of Mycophenolate Mofetil in lupus nephritis treatment. Life Sci J 2015;12(3s):43-48]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 8

doi:10.7537/marslsj1203s15.08

 

Keywords: Lupus, Nephritis, MMF.

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A survey on knowledge about care label on garments by Residents in Egypt

 

Heba Assem El-Dessouki

 

Associate Professor, Home Economics Dept, Faculty of Specific Education, Ain Shams University, Egypt.

Dr.heldessouki@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the knowledge of consumers on the care labels found on garments products. Considering that the comprehension of care labels is highly dependent on their symbols, the process of symbol comprehension becomes very important. This study is conducted to shed light on the performance of Egyptian women in knowing that care labels exist on garments, besides following instructions of care label when laundering garments. A questionnaire was used to collect data from 156 participants. Data was collected through the interview and questionnaire. Analyses were done to show the effects of age on awareness of the existing of care labels on garments and following care labels when laundering garment products. It was also established that most of women are not aware, do not understand or know care labels on garments, also did not follow information on the care labels due to they don't care and the lack of knowledge on their meanings and application. The study recommends community based teaching programs on care labels.

[Heba Assem El-Dessouki. A survey on knowledge about care label on garments by Residents in Egypt. Life Sci J 2015;12(3s):49-53]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 9

doi:10.7537/marslsj1203s15.09

 

Keywords: Care label, care information, Textile Wearing Apparel

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Role of PGPR to improve potential growth of tomato under saline condition: An overview

 

Mariyam Zameer 1, Bushra Tabassum2, Qurban Ali2, Muhamad Tariq2, Hina Zahid1, Idrees Ahmad Nasir2, Waheed Akram3 and Mujtaba Baqir 1

 

1. College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of the Punjab, Pakistan,

2. Center for Excellence In Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab, Pakistan,

3. Institute of Agriculture Sciences, University of the Punjab, Pakistan

Corresponding author: saim1692@gmail.com, qurban.ali@cemb.edu.pk

 

Abstract: Salinity is an important and potential abiotic stress that caused reduction in yield and potential of crop plants throughout the world. It has been reported from various studies that as salinity is increased, the morphological trait like leaf length, leaf weight, number of leaves, leaf surface area; physiological traits, like transpiration rate, stomata conductance, photosynthetic rate, leaf temperature; chemical (anthocyanin, Chlorophyll-a, Chlorophyll-b, carotenoids) and biological (gene expression) are mostly effected that cause the death of the crop plants. Findings of results show that PGPR exhibits a pondering effect on tomato plants and targets the plant growth by its constraints. Various strains of Bacillus megaterium has been used by different researchers with different concentrations of salt. It’s an elicit swapper which enhances via hormones to plunk in salt stresses. Research says PGPR is an admirable and diverse model system, instead of using artificial fertilizers using PGPR is momentous eco-friendly and upholds safe agriculture resulting in improved yield crop because of phytohormone production (organic acids) and their biocontrol nature. Therefore Bacillus megaterium strains can be used in saline condition to make plants tolerant.

[Zameer, M, B Tabassum, Q Ali, M Tariq, H Zahid, IA Nasir, W Akram and M Baqir. Role of PGPR to improve potential growth of tomato under saline condition: An overview. Life Sci J 2015;12(3s):54-62]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 10

doi:10.7537/marslsj1203s15.10

 

Keywords: PGPR, abiotic, tomato, salinity, transpiration rate, stomata conductance, carotenoids

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An overview of genetic improvement for drought tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa L.)

 

Syed Ahtisham Masood1, Zain Naseem1, Madiha Anum1,3, Sovaiba Arshad1, Anum Jamshaid1, Abdul Samad1,4 and Qurban Ali2

 

1. Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

2. Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab Lahore Pakistan

3. National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agriculture University, Wuhan, 430070 P.R. China

4. College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agriculture University, Wuhan, Hubei, P.R. China

Corresponding author: saim1692@gmail.com, qurban.ali@cemb.edu.pk

 

Abstract: Plant growth and productivity of rice (Oryza sativa) is significantly affected by numerous biotic and abiotic stress inducing factors. Water deficit is regarded as one of the major abiotic stresses that adversely affect growth and yield of this crop. Drought stress is a restrictive factor for agricultural crops, preventing them from attaining maximum theoretical yield as determined by genetic factors. In plants, development of new varieties having high yield and better performance under water stress conditions demands the proper understanding of their genetic basis. This review describes some major characteristics of water deficit induced effect of drought stress on biological yield and its related traits in indica species of rice.

[Masood SA, Zain N, Madiha A, Arshad S, Anum J, Samad A and Qurban A. An overview of genetic improvement for drought tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa). Life Sci J 2015;12(3s):63-70]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 11

doi:10.7537/marslsj1203s15.11

 

Key words: Oryza sativa, abiotic, biological yield, genetic factors, morpho-physiological, rice, water deficit

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Genetic Association of transcriptional factors (OsAP2 gene family) to incorporate drought tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa L. ssp. indica): An overview

 

Syed Ahtisham Masood1, Sofia Jabeen1, Madiha Anum1, Zain Naseem1, Anum Jamshaid1 and Qurban Ali2

 

1. Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

2. Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab Lahore Pakistan

Corresponding author: saim1692@gmail.com, qurban.ali@cemb.edu.pk

 

Abstract: Abiotic stresses like drought, salinity and high temperature are the major problems, which reduce rice crop yield world-wide. Among them drought is most yield limiting factors, which significantly affect its growth, development and lower its yield. Developing drought tolerant rice genotypes is dire need of the time, pre-requisite of which is availability of genetic variation and diversity. The present review describes the methodologies to devise easy, quick and cost effective screening protocols for assessment of genetic variation against drought stress to know stress responsive traits while keeping in view the erratic nature of this crop against abiotic stress drought. The role of various transcriptional factors will also be discussed to understand the mechanism of control against drought.

[Masood SA, Sofia J, Madiha A, Zain N, Anum J and Qurban Ali. Genetic Association of transcriptional factors (OsAP2 gene family) to incorporate drought tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa L. ssp. indica): An overview. Life Sci J 2015;12(3s):71-76]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 12

doi:10.7537/marslsj1203s15.12

 

Keywords: Oryza sativ, drought, high temperature, genetic diversity, genetic variation

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Appraisal of various floral species biodiversity from Iskandarabad, Pakistan

 

Maryam Zameer1, Sidra Munawar1, Bushra Tabassum2, Qurban Ali*2, Naila Shahid2, Hassan Bin Saadat1 and Saman Sana1

 

1. Postgraduate College of Earth and Environmental Science, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan.

2. Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan.

E-mails: qurban.ali@cemb.edu.pk, saim1692@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The present study was conducted at ten different sites; Site 1 (cotton field irrigated by sewage water), Site 2 (wheat field with citrus trees irrigated by sewage water), Site 3 (wheat field irrigated with fresh water), Site 4 (cotton field irrigated by fresh water), Site 5 (wheat crop near railway track; irrigated with sewage water), Site 6 (barren land; waste water of Pak – American fertilizers factory id disposed here), Site 7 (cotton field irrigated by waste water of Pak – American fertilizers factory), Site 8 (undisturbed land with wild plant species growing), Site 9 (botanical garden and park), Site 10 (barren land near maple – leaf cement factory) in Iskandarabad located in North east of Mianwali city. The study was done on the seasonal basis and the results showed diversity for all sites. The study revealed occurrence of Anagalis arvensis, Dactylotenium aegyptium, Cynodon dactylon Oxalis corniculata, Acacia Arabica, Amaranthus viridis, Euphorbia pilulifera- species of plants to be found in abundance. Vegetation found there, was denser in mild winters as compared to summers because of dry, hot climate. Drought was found commonly. In winters Absolute frequency of vegetation is maximum 100% and minimum is 10%. Relative frequency is maximum 20% and minimum is 1.42% in all 10 sites. In summers Absolute frequency is maximum 90% and minimum is 10%, Relative frequency is maximum 19.51% and minimum is 1.12% in all 10 sites. In addition to the floristic composition, soil and water analysis of the sites was also done. Loamy soils are the best for crops which is common in that area.

[Zameer, M, S Munawar, B Tabassum, Q Ali, N Shahid, HB Saadat and S Sana. Appraisal of various floral species biodiversity from Iskandarabad, Pakistan. Life Sci J 2015;12(3s):77-87]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 13

doi:10.7537/marslsj1203s15.13

 

Key words: Biodeiversity, absolute frequency, floristic composition, soil and water analysis.

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[Life Sci J 2015;12(3s):88-98]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 14

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How to improve Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench production: An Overview

 

Zarish Khalid Awan1, Zain Naseem1, Syed Ahtisham Masood1, Bukhtawar Nasir1, Fareeha Sarwar1, Etlasm Amin1 and Qurban Ali2

 

1. Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

2. Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab Lahore Pakistan

Corresponding author: qurban.ali@cemb.edu.pk

 

Abstract: The sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) plant has been grown for food and fodder purpose throughout the world. Being a plant of African origin it is mostly cultivated in the northern hemisphere. Sorghum bicolor plays pivotal role as a food crop for millions of tenants in the semi-arid tropic temperate regions of Asia and Africa. Sorghum has become one of the most imperative crops in Pakistan as a multicup crop. In this review article, our main focus was to highlight starring role of studying heritability, genotypic and phenotypic association, and their direct and indirect effects along with the part sorghum plays in economy as a green fodder.

[Awan ZK, Naseem Z, Masood SA, Nasir B, Sarwar F, Amin E and Qurban Ali. How to improve Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench production: An Overview. Life Sci J 2015;12(3s):99-103]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 15

doi:10.7537/marslsj1203s15.15

 

Key words: Correlation, path analysis, Sorghum bicolor, variability, green fodder yield, grain yield

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Critical study of gene action and combining ability for varietal development in wheat: An Overview

 

Zain Naseem1, Syed Ahtisham Masood1, Soviba Arshad1, Nazish Annum1, Muhammad Kashif Bashir1, Rafia Anum1, Qurban Ali2, Arfan Ali2 and Naila Kanwal1

 

1. Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

2. Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab Lahore Pakistan

Corresponding author: qurban.ali@cemb.edu.pk

 

Abstract: A review of research work done on Triticum aestivum, at individual as well as multiple environments, was taken to study general and specific combining ability (GCA and SCA) for grain yield and its related traits. High SCA variance than GCA variance was reported in many experiments which indicating the non-additive genetic inheritance of these agronomic traits. However, in various other research experiments GCA variances and SCA variances indicated equal importance of additive and non-additive gene action. The reviewed results indicated the significance of studying combining ability and gene action governing yield, to identify potential parental genotypes and crosses that can help the breeders to plan a strong crop improvement strategy.

[Naseem Z, SA Masood, S Irshad, N Annum, MK Bashir, R Anum, Qurban A, Arfan A, Naila K, Nazar HK. Critical study of gene action and combining ability for varietal development in wheat: An Overview. Life Sci J 2015;12(3s):104-108]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 16

doi:10.7537/marslsj1203s15.16

 

Key words: Gene action, combining ability, additive, non-additive, Triticum aestivum

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Study of genetic variability in Helianthus annuus for seedling traits: An Overview

 

Zain Naseem1, Syed Ahtisham Masood1, Qurban Ali2, Arfan Ali2 and Naila Kanwal1

 

1. Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

2. Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab Lahore Pakistan

Corresponding author: qurban.ali@cemb.edu.pk

 

Abstract: Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) is an important oilseed crop that contributes a major share in edible oil production globally because it is short duration crop, tolerant to drought and high in oil contents and yield potential. Present review described the importance of studying genetic variability and heritability of various traits among sunflower accessions in to improve its agronomic performance. Moreover, the objective of this review was to define relationship among various traits and direct and indirect effects of these traits on achene yield. That could help us in formulation of principles for the assortment of high yielding sunflower genotypes in forthcoming breeding program.

[Naseem Z, Masood SA, Ali Q, Ali A and Kanwal N. Study of genetic variability in Helianthus annuus for seedling traits: An Overview. Life Sci J 2015;12(3s):109-114]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 17

doi:10.7537/marslsj1203s15.17

 

Keywords: Helianthus annuus

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 The manuscripts in this issue are presented as online first for peer-review, starting from March 6, 2015. 

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