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Life Science Journal 
Acta Zhengzhou University Overseas Edition 
(Life Sci J)
ISSN 1097-8135 (print); ISSN 2372-613X (online); doi:10.7537/j.issn.1097-8135, Monthly
 
Volume 11 - Number 12 (Cumulated No. 47), December 25, 2014. life1112
 Cover (oniline), Cover (print), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, Author Index, lsj1112
 

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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

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1

Hybrid artificial immune system approach for dynamical agent-based monitoring

 

Andrey Chernov 1, Maria Butakova 2, Valentina Gorgorova 1

 

1 Department of Applied Mathematics and Computers, Rostov State Civil Engineering University, Rostov-on-Don, 344022, Russia

2 Department of Informatics, Rostov State Transport University, Rostov-on-Don, 344038, Russia

a.v.chernov@pmvt.ru

 

Abstract: The paper presents a new class of intellectual agent’s models for artificial immune system with multi-agent platform. The fuzzy artificial immune system is used to design a general hybrid approach to monitoring system. The paper proposes multilevel structure of hybrid monitoring system with multi-agent cooperation and classification of fault event processing. On high level, artificial immune system produces agents, which are equipped with fuzzy classification algorithms. On low level, proposed system behave itself as fuzzy-dynamical system for registering and processing a sequence of fault events. The detailed structure and mathematical model of proposed fuzzy-dynamical system is developed. Fuzzy dynamical model of autonomous intelligent agent using nonlinear autoregression model is developed.

[Chernov A, Butakova M, Gorgorova V. Hybrid artificial immune system approach for dynamical agent-based monitoring. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):1-5]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 1. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.01

 

Keywords: artificial immune system; fuzzy-dynamical system; autoregression model; fault monitoring

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2

Residual Effects Of Organic Manures With Different Levels Of Chemical Fertilizers On Rice

 

M. M. J. Liza1, M.R. Islam1, M. Jahiruddin1, M. M. Hasan2, Md. Amirul Alam2, S. M. Shamsuzzaman3, and Samsuri, A. W.4

 

1Department of Soil Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh

2Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

3Bangladesh Soil Resource Development Institute, Dhaka-1215, Bangladesh

4Department of Land Management, University Putra Malaysia, 43400UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. Corresponding author’s email: samsuri@agri.upm.edu.my

 

Abstract: A field experiment was conducted to evaluate the residual effects of organic manures and different level of recommended fertilizer dose (RFD) on the yield and nutrient uptake of BBRI dhan29 at the Soil Science Field Laboratory of Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh. The experiment containing seven treatments were laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The treatments were T0 (Control), T1 (100% RFD), T2 (75% RFD + residual effect of CD 5 t ha-1), T3 (75% RFD + residual effect of PM 3 t ha-1), T4 (75% RFD + residual effect of residual effect of Com. 5 t ha-1), T5 (75% RFD + residual effect of CD 2.5 t ha-1, PM 1.5 t ha-1, and Com 2.5 t ha-1) and T6 (50% RFD + residual effect of CD 2.5 t ha-1, PM 1.5 t ha-1, and Com. 2.5 t ha-1). The manures viz. cowdung (CD), poultry manure (PD) and compost (Com.) was applied to the previous crop (T. Aman rice). The recommended doses of fertilizers were used to supply N, P, K and S @ 140, 15, 60 and 15 kg ha-1, respectively to the present crop. Residual effects of organic manure with inorganic fertilizers significantly increased the yield attributes as well as grain and straw yields of rice. Treatment T6 (50% RFD + residual effect of CD 2.5 t ha-1, PM 1.5 t ha-1, and Com. 2.5 t ha-1) produced the highest grain yield (6.87 t ha-1) and straw yield (7.24 t ha-1). The lowest grain yield (3.22 t ha-1) and straw yield (4.55 t ha-1) were found in T0 (Control) treatment. Further, it was observed that T2 (75% RFD + CD 5 t ha-1) performed better compared to T3 (75% RFD + PM 3 t ha-1) and T4 (75% RFD + Com 5 t ha-1) in exerting residual effects. The NPKS contents and uptake were markedly influenced by residual effects of manures and fertilizers. Therefore, treatment T6 receiving 50% RFD along with the residual effect of 2.5 t ha-1 cowdung, 1.5 t ha-1 poultry manure and 2.5 t ha-1 compost was found to be the best combination of organic and inorganic fertilizers for obtaining the maximum yield of BRRI dhan29.

[M. M. J. Liza, M.R. Islam, M. Jahiruddin, M. M. Hasan, Md. Amirul Alam, S. M. Shamsuzzaman, and Samsuri, A. W. Residual Effects Of Organic Manures With Different Levels Of Chemical Fertilizers On Rice. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):6-12]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 2. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.02

 

Key words: Cowdung, Poultry manure, Compost, Recommended fertilizer dose, Residual effect, Rice yield, Nutrient uptake, and Marginal benefit cost ratio.

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3

Characterization of recombinant protein of Pasteurella multocida serotype B

 

Jamal Hussaini 1,2, Noor Masyitah Jumahat 1

 

1 Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sungai Buloh Campus, Jalan Hospital,  47000 Sungai Buloh Selangor, Malaysia.

2 DDH CoRe, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.

jamalh@salam.uitm.edu.my

 

Abstract: Haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS) is an acute, fatal septicaemic bacterial disease, mainly in South and Southeast Asia, Africa and India which caused by Pasteurella multocida, a gram negative coccobacilli bacterium. The effectiveness and safety of available treatment and vaccines are limited due to antimicrobial resistance. The objective of this study was to characterize recombinant protein of Pasteurella multocida in developing vaccine against HS. Results: Bacterial culture strain was cultured in brain heart infusion (BHI) medium. Soluble proteins were extracted and separated electrophoretically using 12% gradient sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Immunogenic soluble proteins were detected by western blotting using anti-Pasteurella serum raised in rabbit against whole cell antigens of Pasteurella multocida and anti-rabbit antibody and identified. Recombinant protein was then expressed and transformed in E.coli. Expression and purification of recombinant protein was analyzed using SDS-Page.    The separation of soluble proteins showed various molecular weights on the gel, ranging from 10kDA to 170kDA. According to the western blot analysis, the most intense band detected was of approximately 28kDA and identified as lipoprotein B. Immunogenicity study of soluble protein will be carried out in response to immunogenic roles against HS and potential role in vaccine development. Purified recombinant protein size was obtained approximately 39kDa after electropherically separated using 12% SDS-Page. Conclusion: According to the immunoblotting analysis, intensity band of purified recombinant protein treated with antisera from immunized rabbit detected on film was 5398.78 with p-value equal to 0.0006 (p-value < 0.05). Expression and purification of recombinant protein of P.multocida was characterized and indicated. Further study on the immunogenicity study of recombinant protein will be carried out in response to immunogenic roles against HS and potential role in vaccine development.

[Jamal H, Masyitah J. Characterization of recombinant protein of Pasteurella multocida serotype B. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):13-19]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 3. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.03

 

Keywords: Pasteurella multocida serotype B; immunogenic; recombinant protein; vaccine

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4

Assessment of value of resource curse concept for a practical solution of the problem of industrial and innovative development of Kazakhstan

 

Ainur O. Ongdash, Raushan Elemesov, Mara Gubaldullina, Klara Makasheva, Galiya A. Movkebayeva

 

Department of International Relations and World Economy, al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty 050040, Kazakhstan (GSM: +7-7012284808; e-mail: ainukon84@mail.ru)

 

Abstract. Abundance of natural resources has to be a basis of creation of national wealth in connection with growth of export which allows to import bigger number of means of production and to use a rent from natural resources for capital investments. However in many cases and in many regions of the world the return situation is observed. In this regard research of economy of Kazakhstan, being characterized high security with natural resources is of special interest. It is important to define, whether the resource wealth can influence development of industrial and innovative development of the country. It makes an essential contribution to a current situation explanation, allows to predict development of economy of Kazakhstan and to correct the directions of economic policy in the country rich with natural resources. In article is given the assessment of value of resource curse concept for a practical solution of the problem of industrial and innovative development of Kazakhstan.

[Ainur O. Ongdash, Raushan Elemesov, Mara Gubaldullina Klara Makasheva Galiya A. Movkebayeva. Assessment of value of resource curse concept for a practical solution of the problem of industrial and innovative development of Kazakhstan. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):20-26]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 4. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.04

 

Keywords: resource curse; paradox of plenty; Dutch disease; industrial and innovative development; oil and gas sector

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5

Production of bioflocculant by the marine actinomycete Nocardiopsis aegyptia sp. nov.

 

Mona E. M. Mabrouk

 

Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Damanhour University, Damanhour, Egypt

E-mail: mona_mabrouk_eg@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: Bioflocculants are biopolymers produced by microrganisms and used for the removal of colloidal particles from solution. This research aimed to explore the potentiality of marine actinobacteria to produce biofloculants. Nocardiopsis aegyptia sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from marine sediment of Alexandria was assessed for its bioflocculant-producing potential. Some factors affecting its production were investigated. The favorable carbon and nitrogen sources were glucose and peptone, with an optimal initial pH of 7. The highest flocculating efficiency achieved for kaolin suspension was 89 %, after 96 h of cultivation. The high activity of Nocardiopsis aegyptia bioflocculant suggests its potential application on a commercial scale. It has the advantage of good performance under high salinity and alkaline condition. The bioflocculant was purified to homogeneity by ethanol precipitation. The chemical analysis of the purified product revealed that it contained mainly polysaccharide (85%) and protein (7%). FTIR analysis indicated the presence of carboxyl, hydroxyl and amino functional groups. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of the purified biofocculant showed a porous crystal-linear flute-like structure.

[Mona E. M. Mabrouk. Production of bioflocculant by the marine actinomycete Nocardiopsis aegyptia sp. nov. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):27-35]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 5. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.05

 

Keywords: Bioflocculant; Nocardiopsis aegyptia sp. nov. DSM 44442T; Flocculating activity; SEM.

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6

The level of tlr-2 and tlr-9 genes expression at polysensitization.

 

Ludmila Akhmaltdinova, Dmitriy Babenko

 

Shared Laboratory, Karaganda State Medical University, Gogol st. 100017 Kazakhstan

immunol.lab@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The study of innate immunity at allergies is vital; however, there are not enough data on the role innate immunity in polysensitization or drug hypersensitivity. Five groups of patients with different nature of the hypersensitivity were studied: a group with a proved hypersensitivity to one drug (n =49); a group with multiple drug hypersensitivity (n=18); a group with a non-drug hypersensitivity (n=37); a group with multiple non-drug hypersensitivity (n=53) and the control group with no any signs of drug and no-drug hypersensitivity (n = 39). The level of TLR-2 and TLR -9 gene expressions were assessed in peripheral blood mononuclears by relative quantification PCR compared with Beta-actin gene as a reference. As a result, expression of the TLR-9 gene was down-regulated in the group with multiple drug hypersensitivity. There were no significant differences in TLR2 and TLR9 gene between other groups.

[Akhmaltdinova L, Babenko D. The level of tlr-2 and tlr-9 genes expression at polysensitization. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):36-38]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 6. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.06

 

Keywords: drug allergy; multiple drug hypersensitivity, polysensitization, TLR-2, TLR -9

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7

Learning Management Systems and Content Management System: Definitions and Characteristics

 

Nabeel Alassaf 1, Osama Harfoushi 2, Ruba Obiedat2  and Tamara Hammouri 3

 

1. Department of Computer science, The University of Jordan, Amman-Jordan

2. Department of Business Information Technology, The University of Jordan, Amman-Jordan

3. Department of Computer Information Technology, The University of Jordan, Amman-Jordan

o.Harfoushi@ju.edu.jo

 

Abstract: The development of computers and the highly usage of technology all over the world increase the ability of using the e-learning methodology. E-learning becomes an essential part of any classroom. Continuous researches are taken place in the field of E-learning technology, virtual class rooms and virtual learning environment. So it is very important to have such a learning management system application for administration, documentation, and reporting of training programs. This paper summarizes the most important characteristics of Learning Management System (LMS). Moreover, it shows the major differences between LMS and Learning Content Management System (LCMS). 

[Nabeel Alassaf, Osama Harfoushi, Ruba Obiedat  and Tamara Hammouri. Learning Management Systems and Content Management System: Definitions and Characteristics. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):39-41]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 7. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.07

 

Keywords: Learning Management system (LMS) ;Learning Content Management System (LCMS); Moodle

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8

Phylogenetic Position of Selembu and other Cattle via Paternal Marker Comparison

 

Md-Zain BM*, Majid S, Rosli MKA, Yaakop S

 

School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

*Corresponding author: abgbadd@ukm.edu.my, abgbadd1966@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The Selembu (Bos frontalis) is an interspecific hybrid of the Gaur and domestic cattle. Here, we identified the phylogenetic position of the Selembu with other cattle via nuclear DNA sequence data using the Prolactin Receptor (PRLR). The genetic samples consisted of 25 cattle DNA samples from 5 Selembu, 4 Malayan Gaurs, 1 Banteng, 5 Bali, 4 Taurine and 6 Zebu cattle. DNA sequences of 890 bp were analyzed using Neighbor Joining (NJ) and Maximum Parsimony (MP). The tree topologies indicated that the Selembu deposited in a clade of domestic cattle consisting of Zebu and Taurine cattle. The PRLR gene showed its effectiveness in explaining the phylogenetic position of the Selembu with other cattle.

[Md-Zain BM, Majid S, Rosli MKA, Yaakop S. Phylogenetic Position of Selembu and other Cattle via Paternal Marker Comparison. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):42-46]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 8. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.08

 

Keywords: Selembu, Malayan gaur, Bos frontalis, Bos gaurus

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Novel machine learning based models for estimating minimum surface roughness value in the end milling process

 

Sarosh Hashmi, Omar M. Barukab, Amir Ahmad and Iftikhar A. Tayubi

 

Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, King Abdul Aziz University, Rabigh, Saudi Arabia.

Sarosh.hashmi@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Average surface roughness value (Ra) is an important measure of the quality of a machined work piece. Lower the Ra value, the higher is the work piece quality and vice versa. It is therefore desirable to develop mathematical models that can predict the minimal Ra value and the associated machining conditions that can lead to this value. In this paper, real experimental data from an end milling process is used to develop models for predicating minimum Ra value. Two machine learning techniques, Model Tree and Sequential Minimal Optimization based Support Vector Machine, which have not been used before to model surface roughness, were applied to the training data to build prediction models. The developed models were then applied to the test data to determine minimum Ra value. Results indicate that both techniques reduced the minimum Ra value of experimental data by 4.2% and 2.1% respectively compared to the previously reported values. Model trees are found to be better than other approaches in predicting minimum Ra value.

[Sarosh Hashmi, Omar M. Barukab, Amir Ahmad and Iftikhar A. Tayubi. Novel machine learning based models for estimating minimum surface roughness value in the end milling process. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):47-56]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 9. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.09

 

Keywords: Surface roughness, Model trees, SVM, End Milling

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A follow-up Study of some Technical Performance Amongst the Jordanian National Team Players of the Basket Ball

 

Ziad Ermeley1, Arabi Almoughrabi2, Husam Barakat3

 

Depatement Of Health And Recreation, Faculty Of Physical Education, The University Of Jordan, Jordan

Ziad669@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: This study aims at evaluating the level of technical performance of the Jordan National Team of the Basket ball players for the years (2010/2011/2012). Moreover it aims at getting acquainted knowledg of the difference in the level of technical performance amongst these players due to the variable of the year. Data were statistically analyzed by extracting the arithmetic means, standard deviations, and analyzed the multi-ANOVA to the finding differences among the three years of the study. Our results revealed that there is a significant decline of the technical performance level amongst the basket ball national team players, and non-development of the technical level starting from the first year (the subject of study) until the following years, in addition to non-existence of differences, with statistical indication of some technical performances amongst the indicated three years. In light of deductions of the study, researchers recommend the necessity of looking for specialized trainers in the basket ball game, and motivate players by increasing salaries and financial rewards. Also we recommend the saving possibilities concerning play grounds and tools, and also showing concern with the local player following the example of the foreign player.

[Ziad Ermeley, Arabi Almoughrabi, Husam Barakat. A follow-up Study of some Technical Performance Amongst the Jordanian National Team Players of the Basket Ball. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):57-61]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 10. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.10

 

Key words: Basket ball, Technical performance, Jordanian National Team, Jordan.

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Developing and Calibrating Single-Regime Traffic Flow Models for Urban Multi-Lane Roads

 

Mohammad Naser1), Adli Balbissi2), Hossam Faris3) and Mahmoud Khazaleh4)

 

1) Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, The University of Jordan

2) Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, The University of Jordan

3) Assistant Professor, Business Information Technology Department, King Abdulla II School for Information Technology, The University of Jordan

4) Ph.D. Research Student, Institute for Transport Studies (ITS), Faculty of Environment, University of Leeds

 

Abstract: The development of accurate mathematical relationships between the primary traffic flow parameters has a significant effect on the ability to accurately capture the operational characteristics on the roadway segment under different demand conditions. The focus of this research was on developing the functions relating those traffic flow parameters for multi-lane roadways. After the functions were developed, their output was compared to results provided by the Highway Capacity Manual (HCM) in addition to other models available in the literature and the results of the comparison are presented in this paper. The model output comparison showed that models developed by this research performed well for multi-lane roadways with speed limits of 60km/h and 80km/h compared to other models. However, the models also showed very high traffic density values compared to what is available in the literature. The results from this research could be used mainly for the calibration of the speed-flow model that could be used to enhance the accuracy of traffic simulation models and their different related applications.

[Mohammad Naser, Adli Balbissi, Hossam Faris  and Mahmoud Khazaleh. Developing and Calibrating Single-Regime Traffic Flow Models for Urban Multi-Lane Roads. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):62-68]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 11. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.11

 

Keywords: Traffic flow; traffic density, free-flow speed; single-regime models; speed-flow diagram

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Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy In Pregnancy: Personal Experience And Review Of The Literature

 

Shawki M.K Sharouda1, Emad Abdellatif Daoud 1, Ahmed Hamdy1, Gamal Abbass1, Ahmed Farouk4, Dalia Dalam4, Soha El-Attar2, Mohammed Taema3, Yasser Fathi5

 

1General surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt.

2Obstetric and Gynecology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University Egypt.

3Obstetric and Gynecology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University,Egypt.

4Radiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt.

5 Anasthesia Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt.

emsurg@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Introduction: Symptomatic gallbladder disease is the second most common abdominal emergency in pregnant women. Laparoscopic surgery in pregnant women was considered to be a contraindication. However, the safety of laparoscopy in this population has been widely accepted. This study shows our experience of laparoscopic cholecystectomy during pregnancy in 11 patients. Material and Methods: Patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy between January 1, 2008 to April 30, 2014 were selected from databases of three private hospital in Jeddah, KSA, only 11 were performed during pregnancy. Medical records were then analyzed to identify estimated gestational age at surgery and delivery, operative data, postoperative follow up and complications from surgery. We also reviewed the literature regarding this topic. Results: Out of the 11 pregnant patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy, one patient was in the first trimester, 9 patients were in the second trimester and one was in the third trimester. Eight patients were operated for recurrent attacks of biliary colic, two patients for acute cholecystitis and one patient for gallstone pancreatitis. Tocolytic agents was used in one patient and all the patients went on to deliver at the full term. There was no abortion or fetal loss, and no maternal mortality. Conclusion: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be safely conducted in pregnant patients, in any trimester. It has to be done by an experienced surgeon in cooperation with an obstetrician. However the indications should be restricted to patients with complications or to those suffering from repeated and persistent symptoms not responding to medical management.

[Shawki M.K Sharouda, Emad Abdellatif Daoud, Ahmed Hamdy, Gamal Abbass, Ahmed Farouk, Dalia Dalam, Soha El-Attar, Mohammed Taema, Yasser Fathi. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy In Pregnancy: Personal Experience And Review Of The Literature. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):69-73]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 12. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.12

 

Keywords: Cholelithiasis, Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, pregnancy

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Study of Genetic Variability and Heterosis of Selected F1 Rice

 

Md. Saikat Hossain Bhuiyan1,  Nasrin Akter Ivy2, Hossain Kausar3, Sheikh Hasna Habib4 and Mohd Razi Ismail3

 

1Scientific officer, Soil Science division, Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture

2Department of Genetic and Plant Breeding, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Agricultural University

3Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

4Department of Agriculture Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

 

Abstract: Genetic variability and heterosis was studied for the characters of no. of effective tiller, no. of ineffective tiller, initial flowering, no. of filled grain/panicle and no. of unfilled grain/panicle for six newly developed hybrids. In this study high heritability with high genetic advance (GA) was found for the character of initial flowering, no. of effective tiller/hill and no. of filled grain/panicle. Therefore considerable scope for improvement of rice exists by selecting of those characters. In case of hybrids the cross RGBU010 A X LP70 R, RGBU012 A X LP70 R, and RGBU013 A X Gold R were found promising for developing improved rice variety as they shown vigor for yield contributing character including initial flowering, no. of effective tiller/hill and no. of filled grain/panicle.

[Md. Saikat Hossain Bhuiyan, Nasrin Akter Ivy, Hossain Kausar, Sheikh Hasna Habib and Mohd Razi Ismail. Study of Genetic Variability and Heterosis of Selected F1 Rice. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):74-77]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 13. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.13

 

Key word: Variability, Hrertability, Genetic advance and Heterosis

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Resistin Hormone A Possible Marker of Insulin resistance in chronic HCV and Type 2 Diabetic patients

 

Abdelsattar E. Eldib, Khaled M. Makboul, Maram M. Mahdy, Doaa Z. Zaky, Mervat E. Seddik

 

Internal Medicine Department, Diabetes Unit 3rd Floor, Faculty Of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt.

maramromia@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: Background: Insulin resistance is a state in which a given concentration of insulin produces a less than expected biological effect. Chronic (HCV) infection triggers a multistep vicious cycle of insulin resistance (IR) and hyperinsulinaemia that gradually progress to frank type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). HCV induces several complex mechanisms that lead to inflammation, insulin resistance, steatosis, fibrosis, apoptosis, altered gene expression, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Up to one third of patients with chronic (HCV) develop type 2 DM. This prevalence is much higher than that observed in the general population and in patients with other chronic liver diseases such as hepatitis B virus, alcoholic liver disease and primary liver cirrhosis. Resistin, an adipose-derived polypeptide hormone, offers a novel application potential as a clinical biomarker in the assessment of liver cirrhosis. Elevated resistin may contribute to insulin resistance in advanced liver dysfunction. Objective: To assess the level of resistin hormone in patients with chronic HCV and in Type 2 diabetic patients and its possible relation to insulin resistance and severity of liver disease in HCV patients. Study design: This study was conducted on sixty patients recruited from the Hepatology Clinic and Internal Medicine out-patients clinic of Ain Shams University Hospitals. Patients were divided into 4 groups, Group (1): This group included 15 patients with type 2 DM and compensated chronic HCV infection (child A), Group (2) This group included 15 patients with type 2 DM and decompensated chronic HCV infection (child C), Group (3) This group included 15 patients with type 2 DM and normal liver function tests (clinical, biochemical and by ultra sound). Group (4) this group included 15 normal subjects as a control group without any metabolic or liver diseases. Results: serum Resistin was significantly higher among group (2) Diabetic patients with decompensated liver disease (19.20±3.19 ng/ml) than group (1) (15.68±3.42 ng/ml) group (3) (15.29±3.04) and group (4) (5.09±2.00) (P<0.01). Group 2 had significant higher FBG, Fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, AST, ALT, PT, Bilirubin and significant lower serum albumin when compared to other groups.Correlation studies showed a significant direct correlation between Resistin and FBG (r = 0.780), fasting insulin(r = 0.839) and HOMA-IR (r = 0.685) in group 1,and a significant direct correlation between resistin and FBG (r = 0.847), and HOMA-IR (r = 0.812) in group 2, in group 3 there was a significant direct correlation between resistin and fasting insulin (r = 0.937), HOMA-IR (r = 0.784) and a direct significant correlation between resistin and Fasting insulin (r = 0.910), HOMA-IR (r = 0.905) and a significant indirect correlation between Resistin and serum albumin (r = - 0.519) in group 4.Conclusion: Resistin is increased in IR cases like type 2 DM and HCV patients and is related to the severity of liver disease.

[Abdelsattar E Eldib, Khaled M Makboul, Maram M Mahdy, Doaa Z Zaky, Mervat E Seddik. Resistin Hormone A Possible Marker of Insulin resistance in chronic HCV and Type 2 Diabetic patients. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):78-84]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 14. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.14

 

Key words: Resistin, insulin resistance, HCV, Diabetes

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Higher-Order Iterative Methods for Solving Nonlinear Equations

 

I.A. Al-Subaihi 1, A. J. Al-qarni2

 

1. Department Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Taibah University, KSA.

2. Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, King Khaled University, KSA.

aw-aw910@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: In this report, we presented three high-order iterative methods for solving nonlinear equations of the form . These proposed iterative methods are obtained by combining a fourth-order iterative method with the classical Newton’s method and approximating the first derivative in the third step by three different approaches of combinations of previously evaluated function values. The convergence analyses of the new methods are discussed, and several examples are given to illustrate the methods’ efficiency.

 [Al-Subaihi IA., Al-qarni AJ. Higher-Order Iterative Methods for Solving Nonlinear Equations. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):85-91]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 15. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.15

 

Keywords: Newton’s method; Iterative methods; Efficiency index; Order of Convergence; Optimal Iterative methods.

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Aged Garlic Extract Protects Against Cisplatin-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Adult Male Rats: Biochemical and Ultrastructure Study

 

Ashraf Youssef Nasr

 

Anatomy Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt

E-mail: ashrafnaeem2013@gmail.com; ashrafnaeem2013@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Background: Cisplatin (CP) is one of the most active cytotoxic drugs. However, it has several side effects that are associated with increased oxidative stress. Aged garlic extract (AGE) is a natural product containing different compounds with antioxidant activity. This study aimed to evaluate the protective effects of AGE against cisplatin-induced hepatotoxicity. Material & Methods: Twenty four adult male Wistar rats were divided into four equal groups: control, AGE -treated, CP-treated, combined AGE and CP-treated. All rats were weighed once every three days. On the 22th. day, the rats were anesthetized by ether inhalation then blood samples were collected to assess liver biomarkers and the liver of each rat was excised, cleaned and weighed. Examination of liver was performed using light and electron microscopy. Results: CP-treated rats exhibited a significant increase in the serum levels of liver enzymes in addition to the significant reduction in the body and liver weights. Also, livers of CP-treated rats showed different histopathological and ultrastructural changes in the form of necrotic changes, dilatation and congestion of central vein, blood sinusoids and portal venules, hyperplasia of bile canaliculi, rarified cytoplasm containing dilated RER, pleomorphic mitochondria and many lysosomes and different apoptotic nuclear changes. However, animals pretreated with AGE showed significant decrease in the serum level of liver biomarkers and an improvement in the histopathological and ultrastructural changes of hepatocytes induced by CP. Conclusion: AGE has an ameliorative effect against cisplatin-induced hepatotoxicity and could be used as a dietary supplementation to reduce cisplatin toxic side effects.

Ashraf Youssef Nasr. Aged Garlic Extract Protects Against Cisplatin-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Adult Male Rats: Biochemical and Ultrastructure Study. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):92-101]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 16. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.16

 

Key words: Cisplatin, Aged garlic extract, Liver, Histopathology, Ultrastructure, Rat

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The Pattern of Otolaryngological Problems that Affect Syndromic Patients at King Abdulaziz University. A Retrospective Study.

 

Talal A Al-Khatib1, Zainab A Bakhsh1, Jumana Y Al-Aama2,3, Basem S El-deek 4, Mohieddin M Mandura1, Saad M Al-Muhayawi1, Khalil S Sendi1, Khaled I Al-Noury1, Tarek S Jamal1, Khalid B Al-Ghamdi1, Hisham B Alem1

 

1Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

2Department of Genetic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University.

3Princess Al Jawhara Al-Brahim Center of Excellence in the Research of Hereditary Disorders, King Abdulaziz University.

4Department of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

talkhatib@kau.edu.sa; zabakhsh@kau.edu.sa; jalama@kau.edu.sa

 

Abstract: Background: To date, there have been no published studies on the pattern of otolaryngological (ORL) problems in syndromic patients in Saudi Arabia. Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the significant otolaryngological problems that affect the most common syndromic patients attending to the Medical Genetic Clinic (MGC) at King Abdulaziz University (KAU) and to reveal the implications of routine ORL screening to help in the evaluation and management of affected patients. Method: This retrospective study was conducted among 124 syndromic patients at the MGC in KAU. All individulas with a syndromic diagnosis known to have ORL problems or who sufferd from speech delay were refered routinely from the MGC to the ORL clinic. The data were collected from medical records and focused on airway, otological and speech abnormalities. The following investigations were reviewed: lateral neck X-ray, tympanogram, audiogram, auditory brainstem response (ABR), and ORL surgeries. Results: The most common syndrome was Down syndrome (90.3%) followed by the 22q11 spectrum disorder (5.6%). The most common otological problem was conductive hearing loss (21%), and the most common airway problem was mouth breathing (15%). Adenoidectomy was the most common surgery (12.5%) followed by tonsillectomy (10.7%). Of the syndromic patients who were reffered for screening without any complaints, 42.5% had an incidental finding of otological defects, and 37% had airway problems. Conclusion: A significant proportion of syndromic individuals suffered from ORL issues even in the absence of clinical symptoms. Recommendation: All individuals with facial dysmorphic features should receive a comprehensive ORL evaluation. This evaluation will lead to timely intervention and better clinical and learning outcomes.

[Al-Khatib T, Bakhsh Z, Al-Aama J, El-deek B, Mandura M, Al-Muhayawi S, Sendi K, Al-Noury K, Jamal T, Al-Ghamdi K, Alem H. The Pattern of Otolaryngological Problems that Affect Syndromic Patients at King Abdulaziz University. A Retrospective Study. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):102-108]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 17. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.17

 

Key Words: Otolaryngological (ORL). King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Medical Genetic Clinic (MGC).

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Design of an Hybrid Battery/Super-capacitors Energy Storage System for Hybrid Electric Vehicles

 

Hayet Slimani Khaldi1, Ahmed Chiheb Ammari1,2

 

1. Matériaux, Mesures et Application (MMA) Laboratory, INSAT Institute Carthage University, Tunis, Tunisia

2. Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

hayet.slimani@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Hybrid Energy Storage Systems (HESS) used for Electric Vehicles (EV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV) are capable for achieving superior storage performances to that of any of its single storage components. This paper presents the design of an HESS that enables for the desired performance characteristics of an HEV in terms of power and energy requirements. The HESS is composed with Lithium-ion battery and super-capacitors packs. Each single storage element is connected via a particular DC/DC power converter to a common DC-link. The design aims to find the optimal parameters of the different devices according to a proposed set of specifications. A comparison between two DC/DC converter topologies interfacing the HESS to the DC link is also performed. The studied topologies concern classic and Three Level (TL) DC/DC boost and buck/boost converters. The obtained results show that the TL converters enables for a reduced cost, weight and volume and allows for the best utilization of battery and super-capacitor technologies for both high energy and high power densities. Matlab/Simulink models of battery, super-capacitors and of the different DC/DC converter topologies are developed. The system behaviour and performance results are obtained and discussed.

[Hayet Slimani Khaldi, Ahmed Chiheb Ammari. Design of an Hybrid Battery/Super-capacitors Energy Storage System for Hybrid Electric Vehicles. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):109-118]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 18. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.18

 

Keywords: Lithium-ion battery; super-capacitor; DC/DC converter topologies; system sizing; energy storage

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The content of innovations and structural analysis of their features in the formation of information economy

 

Rasim M. Alguliyev1, Alovsat G. Aliyev2, Roza O. Shahverdiyeva3

 

1Director of Institute of Information Technology of ANAS,  active member of ANAS, doctor of Technical sciences, Professor

2 Head of department of  the Institute of Information Technology of ANAS, Ph.D. in economics, as. professor

3 Senior scientist of Institute of Information Technology of ANAS

1,2,3Institute of Information Technology ANAS, Baku, AZ1141, Azerbaijan

1rasim@science.az2alovsat_qaraca@mail.ru3roza02@rambler.ru

 

Abstract: The paper presents the relevance of economic development of the information society on the basis of ICT and innovation. Socio-economic essence of innovation, as well as various scientific and theoretical approaches to innovation and formation of innovation theory are analyzed. The types, objectives, content and definitions of innovation are studied. Generalized classification features of innovations are explained, some additions are made in accordance with the new economic conditions. Some factors influencing, accelerating and slowing down the development of innovations and presented. In accordance with the requirements of the information society, content and composition of new electronic innovation based on the achievements of the ICT sector are analyzed. The concept of e-innovation is proposed for the mass dissemination and application of innovation in other areas.

[Rasim M. Alguliyev, Alovsat G. Aliyev, Roza O. Shahverdiyeva. The content of innovations and structural analysis of their features in the formation of information economy. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):119-125]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 19. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.19

 

Keywords: innovation, innovative development, product and process innovations, innovatics, innovation theory, innovation management, classification aspects of innovation, electronic innovation concept.

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The current state of traditional socio-cultural practices of indigenous peoples of the North (on the example of cultures of Selkups, Nenets and Essey Yakuts)

 

Ksenia V. Reznikova, Julia S. Zamaraeva, Anastasia V. Kistova, Natalia N. Pimenova

 

Department of Cultural Studies, Institute for the Humanities, Siberian Federal University, 79, Svobodny, Krasnoyarsk, 660041

seredkinann@mai.ru

 

Abstract: The article examines traditional socio-cultural practices for reproduction of cultures of indigenous peoples and specifies the criteria for their analysis. The study of the current state of traditional cultures of Selkups, Nenets, and Essey Yakuts with the emphasis on funeral rites of these ethnic groups is conducted. The authors try to discover the factors, contributing to preservation of traditional culture. It is suggested that the most appropriate step to preserve the uniqueness of indigenous cultures might be fixation of their current state, which should be started as soon as possible, before the irreversible changes, caused by globalization, have completely adsorbed traditional cultures.

[Reznikova K.V., Zamaraeva J.S., Kistova A.V., Pimenova N.N. The current state of traditional socio-cultural practices of indigenous peoples of the North (on the example of cultures of Selkups, Nenets and Essey Yakuts). Life Sci J 2014;11(12):126-132]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 20. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.20

 

Keywords: indigenous peoples of the North, traditional socio-cultural practices, reproduction of ethnic culture, funeral rites, Selkups, Nenets, Essey Yakuts

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Modern practices of regional and ethnic identity of the Yakuts (North Asia, Russia)

 

Natalia M. Libakova, Alexandra A. Sitnikova, Ekaterina A. Sertakova, Maria A. Kolesnik, Maria I. Ilbeykina

 

Department of Cultural Studies, Institute for the Humanities, Siberian Federal University, 79, Svobodny, Krasnoyarsk, 660041

sitnikova_aa@inbox.ru

 

Abstract: Numerous attempts to find the “key” to the identity of a people, sooner or later lead to the need for the analytical approach to mythological-poetical, epic and cultural heritage of peoples studied. This paper presents the analysis of the traditional Yakut epos Olonkho, which is considered by the group of researchers as a mechanism for establishing and maintaining ethnic integrity of the people. The presented results of the research, including the data obtained by the authors in field research, are based on the methods of linguistic and cultural analysis and social constructivism, and serve as key positions, forming a special, integrated self-perception of Yakuts – this process is assisted by the unique properties inherent in the epos itself, such as: fixating the special place of this ethnic group in human history, presence of heroes of universal importance, with supreme physical and spiritual qualities, given by gods; and the sacral connection with the traditional features of everyday life. The content and features of performance of Olonkho is a model illustrating these properties.

[Libakova NM, Sitnikova AA, Sertakova EA, Kolesnik MA, Ilbeykina MI. Modern practices of regional and ethnic identity of the Yakuts (North Asia, Russia). Life Sci J 2014;11(12):133-140]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 21. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.21

 

Keywords: the North, the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), indigenous peoples, Yakuts, ethnic identity.

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Modeling organizational changes in modern organizations

 

Svetlana Igorevna Ashmarina and Gabibulla Rabadanovich Khasaev

 

Samara State Economic University, Sovetskoi Armii Street, 141, Samara, 443090, Russia

 

Abstract. This article presents a way to systematize stages in modeling organizational changes in modern organizations. The author brings to light the content of each stage, presents a technology for planning changes, and marks out criteria for the assessment of the efficacy of implementing changes.

[Ashmarina S.I., Khasaev G.R. Modeling organizational changes in modern organizations. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):141-147] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 22. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.22

  

Keywords: organizational changes; modeling; stages in modeling; planning organizational changes

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Model of management harmonization during organizational changes of corporation in the process of diversification 

 

Svetlana Igorevna Ashmarina and Elena Aleksandrovna Kandrashina 

 

Samara State Economic University, Sovetskoy Armiy Street, 141, Samara, 443090, Russia

 

Abstract. The article presents the author's approach to organizational changes of corporation due to the process of diversification. Organizational changes are aimed at building target organizational structure, which should meet the requirements of management harmonization under potential conflict of corporation’s interests and business units combined in the process of diversification.

[Ashmarina S.I.,  Kandrashina E.A. Model of management harmonization during organizational changes of corporation in the process of diversification. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):148-152] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 23. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.23

 

Keywords: corporation, diversification, organizational changes, management harmonization, vertical and horizontal harmonization, alignment of interests and actions

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Main focuses of state support to development of touristic and recreational complex of Volgograd region 

 

Olga Vladimirovna Fetisova, Vladimir Victorovich Kurchenkov, Elena Sergeevna Matina 

 

The Volgograd State University, Pr. University, 100, Volgograd, 400062, Russia

 

Abstract. Necessity of rising of state support to development of touristic and recreational complex is shown in the article on an example of Volgograd region. Assessment of touristic and recreational complex of the region has been made. Main directions and possibilities of development of new types of tourist services in Volgograd region have been analyzed, measures to support and develop these services by regional and municipal authorities have been proposed. Problems of the industry of tourism development have been revealed with the most pressing problems such as insufficient state of transport infrastructure and hospitality services. Interest of regional authorities and adequate approach to working out complex of measures to develop touristic and recreational services may promote attraction of considerable number of new tourists and growth of the share of the industry of tourism in the economy of the region.

[Fetisova O.V., Kurchenkov V.V., Matina E.S. Main focuses of state support to development of touristic and recreational complex of Volgograd region. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):153-156] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 24. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.24 

 

Keywords: touristic and recreational potential, touristic and recreational complex, regional concept, state support, Volgograd region

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Factor analysis of labor satisfaction of the managerial staff working in an organization

 

Irina Aleksandrovna Kabasheva, Elvina Rustamovna Kovaleva, Irina Anatolevna Rudaleva

 

Kazan (Volga region) Federal University. The Kremlin Str., 38 Kazan, 420008,Republic of Tatarstan, Russia

 

Abstract. In the course of the study, there was confirmed a hypothesis for greater labor satisfaction of employees being lawfully married compared to unmarried ones. Administrative and managerial staff having a family and being married, having achieved the desired, occupies more powerful positions, and their desire for stability leads to higher labor satisfaction. There was revealed a significant positive correlation between age of the managerial personnel in the organization and labor satisfaction. Simultaneously there was rejected the hypothesis of the influence of the labor process content and working conditions on the interest of managerial staff in exercising their powers in the organization.

[Kabasheva I.A., Kovaleva E.R., Rudaleva I.A. Factor analysis of labor satisfaction of the managerial staff working in an organization. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):157-161] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 25. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.25

 

Keywords: Labor satisfaction, administrative and managerial staff, working conditions, labor process, and organization.

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Interrelation between Stress and Communicative Peculiarities of Teacher’s Personality

 

Rezeda Munirovna Khusainova

 

Kazan Federal University, 18 Kremlyovskaya St., Kazan, 420008, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The article regards peculiarities of the interrelation between professional stress and emotional, communicative characteristics of the teacher’s personality. It is determined that there is a definite level of professional stress during the whole pedagogical activity of the teacher being a core indicator. It is defined the peculiarity of the teacher’s interpersonal communication includes the domination of confirming affirmation, congruence in contacts with others. It is displayed that professional stress is interrelated both with communicative and emotional and personal indicators.

[Khusainova R.M. Interrelation between Stress and Communicative Peculiarities of Teacher’s Personality. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):162-164] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 26. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.26

 

Keywords: professional stress, pedagogic activity, communicative features of the teacher’s personality

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Development of ethnography in Kalmykia in XX century

 

Alexander Narmaevich Komandzhaev and Valery Vladimirovich Batyrov

 

Federal State Government-financed Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education “Kalmyk State University”. Pushkin Str., 11, Elista City, 358000, Republic of Kalmykia, Russia

 

Abstract: in this research the development of ethnography in Kalmykia of XX century is analyzed. It is noticed that in the reviewed period the ethnography had come a long way from a simple description of life of contemporaries to a scientific analyses of ethnogenesis and ethnic history, evolution of material and spiritual culture of the Kalmyks. The authors paid attention to works, which are significant milestones in research of various problems of Kalmyk ethnography. As required the authors were beyond the timeframe. This research is based on using of wide range of literature.

[Komandzhaev A.N., Batyrov V.V. Development of ethnography in Kalmykia in XX century. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):165-169] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 27. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.27

 

Keywords: history of science, the Kalmyks, ethnography, material and spiritual culture, rituals and customs

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Informal communication as a linguocultural phenomenon of the new Russia

 

Alla Yuryevna Larionova

 

Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin, Mira Str., 19, Yekaterinburg, 620002, Russia 

 

Abstract. The goal of research is to find language special aspects of informal communication. Informal communication is a communicative sphere where speech-creating behavior of communicants meets the natural need not to be constrained in means of self expression and interaction with other people. The language novations of this communicative sphere can not be self consistent and included to written official sources. The novelty of informal communication discourse is determined by the next principles of language and text manipulation: first, the principle of refusing known planes of expression (by using occasional and potential units which correlate with several producing words; by using potential of infringed orthographical norms); second, the principle of contrast which basic function is determined by mechanism of joint realization of methods in one context. These methods create contradictory meanings, combinations, communicative effects.

[Larionova A.Y. Informal communication as a linguocultural phenomenon of the new Russia. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):170-173] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 28. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.28

 

Key words: informal communication, new generation, new formation, language self-identification

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The interpretation of anti-utopia genre in foreign and native literary studies 

 

Svetlana Nikolayevna Mashkova 

 

Kostanai Branch of Chelyabinsk State University, Borodina Street, 168 “а”, Kostanai, 110006, Kazakhstan 

 

Abstract. The author tries to interpret the genre specificity of anti-utopia in its modern transformation, to reveal the problematics of specificity of the anti-utopia literary genre. This genre proved its urgent character at different stages of literary process, its ideologic-aesthetic role has especially increased in recent times. Having a wide experience of traditions, anti-utopia is notable for active innovations and a search for new genre varieties and artistic principles. In the process of study of this topic, the author comes to conclusion that the anti-utopia of the beginning of XXI century presents a complex artistic phenomenon, revealing not only traditional for this genre topics, but also a wide spectrum of other humanitarian problems, urgent for modern reality. It is conditioned by the dynamic character of anti-utopian discourse in the context of modern cultures: widening of spreading area in the beginning, bloom in the second half and genre transformation in the end of the XX century. This material provides an opportunity to make the ideas about modern existence of anti-utopia more profound.

[Mashkova S.N. The interpretation of anti-utopia genre in foreign and native literary studies. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):174-177] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 29. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.29

 

Keywords: anti-utopia, literary process, genre, motive, genre transformations, conflict, hero, utopia

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Force control optimization in force compensation systems with elastic mechanical gears

 

Georgy Yakovlevich Pyatibratov, Oleg Aleksandrovich Kravchenko, Nikolay Aleksandrovich Sukhenko

 

Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education, Platov South-Russian State Polytechnic University (NPI), Prosveshcheniya Street, 132, Novocherkassk, 346428, Russia

 

Abstract. For a determination of limits in a provision of required quality of force control in the discussed electromechanical force compensation systems (FCS), it is proposed to perform synthesis of control devices in optimal statement with an implementation of a linearized model. The objective of the presented study is a solution, in optimal statement, of a problem of a force regulator’s synthesis in FCS, which comprises elastic mechanical gears, significant force of friction and inertia, which are additionally attached to weight relieved object of masses. It is reasonable to solve problems of synthesis of forces' optimal control in gears' elastic elements in FCS, which compensate force of gravity of weight relieved object, using methods of classical variations calculus. An application of integral criterion of forces' control quality will allow to determine a rational structure and synthesize optimal parameters' values a force regulator, during an operation of FCS in a context of uncertain perturbation actions. Performed theoretical and experimental studies demonstrated effectiveness of the synthesized force regulator in FCS in a case of changes in uniform perturbation actions. The synthesized force regulator allows reduce static error of force control in 36.5 times, and overcontrol of force in elastic mechanical gear - in 5.5 times as compared with the initial mechanical system without an electric drive. The proposed method for a synthesis of optimal force regulator in FCS was tested during a creation of training simulator "Exit 2", which was designed to train astronauts in a spacesuit with total weight of 250 kg for a work in a condition of zero gravity, and during a creation of balanced type manipulators MP100 with 100 kg load-carrying capability.

[Pyatibratov G.Y., Kravchenko O.A., Sukhenko N.A. Force control optimization in force compensation systems with elastic mechanical gears. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):178-184] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 30. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.30

 

Keywords: synthesis, optimization, variational methods, elasticity, forces, electric drive

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Pedagogical technique of a leader

 

Ludmila Mickhailovna Sverdlova

 

Kazan (Volga region) Federal University. Kremlevskaya Str., 18, Kazan, 420001, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. This article analyzes the concept of “pedagogical technique” of a leader, identifying the reasons why graduates of technical universities do not own this technique, however work with people assumes that a leader has a vocation for pedagogical activity, the possession of special knowledge in the field of psychology and pedagogy, a wide arsenal of facilities and techniques of teaching art.

[Sverdlova L.M. Pedagogical technique of a leader. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):185-188] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 31. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.31

 

Key words: pedagogical technique, pedagogical technique facilities, pedagogical skills, methods of pedagogical techniques, personality of the leader

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Semantic space of the word-formative nests high / low in the comparative aspect (on the material of the Russian and English languages) 

 

Marina Sergeevna Achaeva 

 

Kazan Federal University (Yelabuga), Kazanskaya str, 89, Yelabuga, 423600, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The article depicts the results of the analysis of derivational-semantic organization of the word-formative nests high / low in the comparative aspect in the Russian and English languages. Some universal and specific features of word building and semantic structure of the Russian and English derivatives have been determined in the research. The analysis shows that the same concept, the same fragment of reality in the Russian and English languages receives different derivational determination, i.e. it has different forms of linguistic expression.

[Achaeva M.S. Semantic space of the word-formative nests high / low in the comparative aspect (on the material of the Russian and English languages). Life Sci J 2014;11(12):189-192] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 32. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.32

 

Keywords: comparative aspect, word-formation, word-formative nest, derivative, semantic structure, semantic space, metaphoric meaning

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Characteristics of a transformative model for multicultural education, based on research in Russia and Germany

 

Vladimir Nikolaevich Aniskin1, Vladimir Igorevich Bogoslovskiy2, Kirstin Louise Bebell3, Tatiana Valeryanovna Dobudko1, Svetlana Anatolyevna Pisareva2, Tatiana Anatolyevna Zhukova1

 

1Samara State Academy of Social Sciences and Humanities, Maxim Gorky St., 65/67, Samara, 443099, Russia

2Herzen State Pedagogical University, Naberezhnai reki Moika St.48, 191186, Russia

3International Education Professional, USA

 

Abstract. Many countries around the world are discussing the development of multicultural education within their educational systems. There is increasing focus on transforming multicultural education, which leads to the need for a transformative model of educational development. Comparative studies are taking the lead in addressing this goal and recommending specific steps to incorporate multicultural pedagogy more systematically into an existing education system. This paper presents conclusions from Russian and German scientific inquiries in addressing multicultural pedagogy.

[Aniskin V.N., Bogoslovskiy V.I., Bebell K.L., Dobudko T.V., Pisareva S.A., Zhukova T.A. Characteristics of a transformative model for multicultural education, based on research in Russia and Germany. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):193-197] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 33. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.33

 

Keywords: national system of multicultural education, adaptive model, transformative model, stages of comparative research, characteristics related to developing a national educational system based on multicultural pedagogy

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Kazakhstan model of sustainable development management: view from the environmental Governance perspective

 

Marina Alexandrovna Assanova

 

Karaganda Economic University of Kazpotrebsoyuz, Akademicheskaya str. 9, Karaganda, 100009, the Republic of Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. Sustainable development management includes three major components: environmental, social, economic. This paper is focused on environmental part. The article discusses result-oriented budgeting approach in the analysis of environmental governance in the Republic of Kazakhstan on the way to sustainable development.  With this paper we attempt to estimate the environmental governance in the Republic of Kazakhstan based on this new for Kazakhstan approach. We find that according to the Strategic plan of Ministry of environment and water resources in Kazakhstan for 2014-2018 key indicators are difficult to estimate as they are not adequate. There is lack of sufficient and precise indicators which need to be implemented in Strategic documents and programmes of development on regional and country levels in Kazakhstan.

[Assanova M.A. Kazakhstan model of sustainable development management: view from the environmental Governance perspective. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):198-202] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 34. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.34

 

Keywords: sustainable development, management, environmental governance, Kazakhstan model, Strategic Plan, indicators of sustainable development

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Use of renewable energy sources as a way to reduce the cost of production of milk and cultured milk products

 

Khalit Mamedovich Gassanov and Oleg Stepanovich Verechshagin

 

Kazakh National Agrarian University, Abay ave., 8, Almaty, 050000, the Republic of Kazakhstan

E-mail: info@kaznau.kz

 

Abstract. The subjects of the article are the problem of provision of people with healthy milk products and ways of solving this problem and development of milk processing in villages. A facility for primary milk processing and production of cultured milk products is suggested. There are the results of analysis of yoghurt samples of four different manufacturers including yoghurt produced with the use of the proposed production equipment. There are also conclusions based on the analysis results.

[Gassanov K.M., Verechshagin O.S. Use of renewable energy sources as a way to reduce the cost of production of milk and cultured milk products. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):203-206] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 35. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.35

 

Keywords: milk, cultured milk products, processing, renewable energy sources

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Engine technical performance influence on car exhaust microparticles grading

 

Kirill Sergeyevich Golokhvast, Valery Valeryevich Chernyshev, Pavel Alexandrovich Nikiforov, Vladimir Victorovich Chaika, Sergey Maksimovich Ugay, Alexander Nickolayevich Minaev, Alexander Tevyevich Bekker, Valery Ivanovich Petukhov, Anvir Amrulovich Fatkulin, Nikita Grigoryevich Ostapenko, Alexander Ivanovich Agoshkov

 

Far Eastern Federal University, Sychanova Street, 8, Vladivostok, 690950, Russia

 

Abstract. Present work demonstrates the influence of the engine size, car production year and fuel type on suspended solid particles of the car exhaust. The investigated machine group (N = 21) showed no influence on the particle size distribution caused by engine displacement and type of fuel. It is shown that almost new cars (less than 400 km travelled) are the most frequent source of the particles with an average diameter of about 10 microns or less.

[Golokhvast K.S., Chernyshev V.V., Nikiforov P.A., Chaika V.V., Ugay S.M., Minaev A.N., Bekker A.T., Petukhov V.I., Fatkulin A.A., Ostapenko N.G., Agoshkov A.I. Engine technical performance influence on car exhaust microparticles grading. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):207-210] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 36. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.36

 

Keywords: suspended solid material, microparticles, exhausted gas, laser granulometry

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Research of the qualitative composition of ice exhaust particulates, produced by the cars with mileage over 100 000 kilometers

 

Kirill Sergeyevich Golokhvast, Valery Valeryevich Chernyshev, Vladimir Victorovich Chayka, Sergey Maksimovich Ugay, Alexander Nickolayevich Minaev, Alexander Tevyevich Bekker, Valery Ivanovich Petukhov, Anvir Amrulovich Fatkulin, Nikita Grigoryevich Ostapenko, Alexander Ivanovich Agoshkov

 

Far Eastern Federal University, Sychanova Street, 8, Vladivostok, 690950, Russia

 

Abstract. This work presents the results of investigation of particulate emissions, produced by the cars with mileage over 100 000 km and actually run under Vladivostok city conditions. The study has been conducted by means of scanning electron microscopy with energy-disperse analysis. It was shown that soot particles, natural (silicate) and metal-containing (Fe, Pb, Cr, Sr) formations predominate among the studied particles.

[Golokhvast K.S., Chernyshev V. V., Chayka V.V., Ugay S.M., Minaev A.N., Bekker A.T., Petukhov V.I., Fatkulin A.A., Ostapenko N.G., Agoshkov A.I. Research of the qualitative composition of ice exhaust particulates, produced by the cars with mileage over 100 000 kilometers. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):211-214] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 37. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.37

 

Keywords: microparticles, car exhaust, electron microscopy

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Financial mechanism of the venture capital investment: an analysis of the effectiveness in the Russian economy

 

Lyudmila Lazarevna Igonina

 

Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Krasnodar branch, Oilers highway/ Fedor Luza str., 32/34, Krasnodar, 350051, Russia

 

Abstract. The paper analyzes effectiveness of the financial mechanism of venture capital investment in the Russian economy by identifying the correlation between parameters of venture financing and innovative economic development. The presence of a significant dependence of the volume of innovative products and services from the financial costs revealed, while the impact of venture capital financing to improve innovation performance in the economy is lower than that of direct investment in innovation. The ways of improvement of the financial mechanism of venture investment in Russia substantiated.

[Igonina L.L. Financial mechanism of the venture capital investment: an analysis of the effectiveness in the Russian economy. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):215-220] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 38. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.38

 

Keywords: financial mechanism, venture capital investment, innovation, development, venture capital funds, econometric estimations

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Various types of lexical innovations in political discourse

 

Kuralay Kenzhekankyzy Kenzhekanova and Bagdan Kataikyzy Mamynova

 

Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, al-Farabi ave., 71, Almaty, 050038, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. The article comprises the analysis of lexical innovations which source of origin lies in the political sphere. Different approaches to definition of such terms as “discourse” and “political discourse” are discussed here and a number of works related to this subject are reviewed. And also structural and semantic analysis of lexical innovations is made. The majority of the lexical formations, investigated within this article, represent compound and abbreviated structures. New lexical formations or neo-lexical units, political ideologems or ideological units with political character, polysemants or polysemantic words and foreign-language borrowings are discussed as the types of lexical innovations in political discourse which influence on the perception of political information.

[Kenzhekanova K.K., Mamynova B.K. Various types of lexical innovations in political discourse. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):221-225] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 39. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.39

 

Keywords: discourse, political discourse, lexical innovations, word-formation, new lexical formations, ideological units, polysemantic words, foreign-language borrowings

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The role of the Communist party in national district emergening (based on the sample of Bystrinky district)

 

Alina Igorevna Kirillova

 

Vitus Bering Kamchatka State University, Pogranichnaya Street, 4, Pertopavlovsk-Kamchatskii, 683032, Russia

 

Abstract. The article analyzes different opinions of historians and documents to reveal the role of the Communist party in national districts formation in 1920-s on the sample of Bystrinsky district, Kamchatka. The author used archive materials, books and collected documents and materials of Ethnographic expedition of Vitus Bering Kamchatka State University to Anavgay in 2005. The basic methods are analysis and classification. The topic of the article is actual because of modern re-estimation Soviet period of Russian history and the role of the Communist party in different historical processes. Based on Soviet and Russian authors’ books.

[Kirillova A.I. The role of the Communist party in national district emergening (based on the sample of Bystrinky district). Life Sci J 2014;11(12):226-229] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 40. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.40

 

Keywords: Bystrinsky district, Bystrinsky Even, national district, historiography, Kamchatka in 1920-s

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The effect of the taste sensations upon the perceived consumer value of a consumer, non-food related trade offer

 

Vladimir M.Kiselev1, Yulia V.Syaglova1, Larisa V.Plushcheva2

 

1The Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Stremyannyy Per., 36,  Moscow, 117997, Russia

2The Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, The Kemerovo Institute (Affiliated Branch), Kuznetsky Prospect, 39, Kemerovo, 650992, Russia 

 

Abstract. The Article presents an innovative tool for marketing communications at the points of sale. A taste sensation was picked as a channel to transmit a marketing message at the time of choosing and testing of consumer, non-food related goods. The focus of this research became a non-food related item. Whereby two consumer behaviour parameters were measured, namely the emotional state of the respondent as well as the retail price of the tested item acceptable for him. We arrived at the conclusion that the use of the sensory channel under scrutiny as a channel for marketing communications at the points of sale is viable and help to modify the perceived consumer value of the trade offer through a targeted alteration of the emotional perception of the clients.

[Kiselev V.M., Syaglova Y.V., Plushcheva L.V. The effect of the taste sensations upon the perceived consumer value of a consumer, non-food related trade offer. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):230-233] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 41. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.41

 

Keywords: Multi-Sensory Marketing Communications, Emotional Charge of the Buyers, Formation of Values at the Points of Sale, Competitive Advantage

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Creative abilities development of future engineers by means of drama at foreign language extracurricular activities

 

Marina Valeryevna Kuimova and Denis Alexandrovich Polyushko

 

National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Lenin Avenue, 30, Tomsk, 634050, Russia

E-mail: mkuimova@mail.ru

 

Abstract. One of the challenges of modern education is to strengthen the fundamentals of science, develop students’ communication and teamwork skills, critical and creative thinking skills. The approach presented in this paper outlines the benefits of drama while teaching a foreign language. Drama has the potential to make the learning process funny and memorable for students, gives opportunities for developing their communication skills, builds confidence in foreign language speaking, encourages self-expression, develops curiosity and creativity. The paper represents the authors’ experience of using drama at foreign language extracurricular activities while teaching technical university students.

[Kuimova M.V., Polyushko D.A. Creative abilities development of future engineers by means of drama at foreign language extracurricular activities. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):234-236] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 42. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.42

 

Keywords: foreign language teaching; drama; creativity; engineering education

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Cultural heritage of Kazakhstan in the context of values the East -West

 

Bauyrzhan Eskalievich Moldagaliyev1, Aidos Bauyrzhanuly Altynbekov1, Altynay Mustafayevna Kadyraliyeva1, Mukhanbet Asem1, Julduz Azimhanovna Saparova2, Sholpan Zhajdakbaevna Тurdalieva2

 

1Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Al-Farabi Street, 71, Almaty, 050040, Kazakhstan

2M.O. Auezov South Kazakhstan State University, Tazhibaev Street, 2, Shimkent, 004813, Kazakhstan

e-mail: Baurkz_8888@mail.ru

 

Abstract. The purpose of the research is to identify the values of the Kazakh culture in the context of the dialogue between East and West. This article discusses some aspects of the approach to pre-Islamic cultural heritage in the history of the spiritual quest of the Turkic peoples. There has been given comparative data analysis of the relationships of various ethnic cultures of their spiritual heritage. It has emphasized that respect for cultural heritage is a sign of civilization. Subjected to critical analysis of a variety of negative attitude towards the cultural heritage of the Kazakh people (Eurocentrism, ethnonihilism, particularism, fundamentalism, etc.).

[Moldagaliyev B.E., Altynbekov A.B., Kadyraliyeva A.M., Asem M., Saparova J.A., Тurdalieva S.Z. Cultural heritage of Kazakhstan in the context of values the East West. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):237-241] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 43. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.43

 

Keywords: Cultural heritage, value, East and West, globalization, dialogue of cultures, Kazakh culture

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Economic aspects of innovation-oriented market economy formation

 

Ivan Stepanovich Sandu1, Natalya Evgenyevna Ryzhenkova1, Michail Yakovlevich Veselovsky2, Andrey Yuryevich Solovyov2

 

1All-Russia Research Institute of Agricultural Economics of the Federal Agency of Scientific Organizations

2State Institution of Higher Academic Education of Moscow Region “Financial Technology Academy”, Gagarin Street, 42, Korolev, 141070, Moscow Region, Russia

 

Abstract. Currently, the society is to move to innovative development and implementation of real modernization of the economy. In these circumstances, active search for tools of encouraging of innovative and investment activity of private capital and providing for more efficient combination of the interests of the state and businesses takes place. Public and private partnership can be used as one of such tools. The article determines the practicability of using public and private partnership, identifies the objectives of its creation as well as the benefits of the state at its usage. It considers the world experience of public and private partnership in the sphere of innovations. The authors have identified the tools of formation and development of public and private partnership.

[Sandu I.S., Ryzhenkova N.E., Veselovsky M.Y., Solovyov A.Y. Economic aspects of innovation-oriented market economy formation Life Sci J 2014;11(12):242-244] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 44. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.44

 

Keywords: formation of the national innovative system, public and private partnership, innovative development

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Provincial Russia in transition. The rise of urban culture at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries

 

Mikhail Yurjevitch Semenov and Eugeniy Vladimirovitch Dvoretskiy

 

Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education “Belgorod National Research University”, Pobedi str., 85, Belgorod, 308015, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The current research results are based on the using different historical sources which contain information about cultural life of the certain towns in the European part of the Russian Empire during the period from the end of the XIX until the beginning of the XX. The analysis involved historical sources led to a number of assumptions regarding the formation and development of urban culture in the Russian province in the turn of the XIXth – XXth centuries.

[Semenov M.Y., Dvoretskiy E.V. Provincial Russia in transition. The rise of urban culture at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):245-251-] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 45. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.45

 

Keywords: russian province, historical urbanistic, cultural periphery, urban culture

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Main lines of innovative management in the Moscow Region

 

Mikhail Yakovlevich Veselovsky, Irina Vladimirovna Kirova, Ada Vladimirovna Reznikova, Oleg Anatolievich Rybchicnhuk

 

State Institution of Higher Academic Education of Moscow Region, “Financial Technology Academy”, Gagarin Street, 42, Korolev, Moscow Region, 141070, Russia

 

Abstract. The article deals with the main lines of innovative management of the Moscow Region included in the Governor's program "Our Moscow Region. The Leadership Ideology". The suggested model of innovative management of the region contains detailed description of mechanisms of this management and is based on the principles of practicability, efficiency, and personal responsibility. To facilitate implementation of this model, the article describes the methodology of innovative management of the region accompanied by detailed consideration of resources and mechanisms of management for each line of the Governor's program.

[Veselovsky M.Y., Kirova I.V., Reznikova A.V., Rybchicnhuk O.A. Main lines of innovative management in the Moscow Region Life Sci J 2014;11(12):252-254] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 46. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.46

 

Keywords: The Moscow Region, innovations, innovative management, control mechanisms

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On the stability of circular and spiral orbits in nonstationary gravitational field

 

A.A. Bekov1, K.S. Astemessova2, D.I. Ussipbekova2

 

1Joint Stock Company “National Center of Space Researches and Technologies, Shevchenko street, 15, Almaty, 050010, Kazakhstan

2Kazakh National Technical University named K.I. Satpayev, Satpayev street, 22, Almaty, 050013, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. In nonstationary gravitating systems with axial symmetry, there is a certain class of the сircular and spiral orbits, which play a special role in the dynamics of such systems. The stability of the сircular and spiral orbits in the motion of a material point in this nonstationary axially symmetric gravitational field is investigated. The conditions of existence and stability of a wide class of circular and spiral orbits are obtained. The variety of the considered circular and spiral orbits determined by the law changes and the rate of change in the function of time, which characterizes the nonstationarity of the system, the size of the sector velocity of a material point, a set of initial parameters of the orbits.

[Bekov A.A., Astemessova K.S., Ussipbekova D.I. On the stability of circular and spiral orbits in nonstationary gravitational field. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):255-] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 47. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.47

 

Keywords: stability, circular orbits, spiral orbits, nonsationarity, axially symmetric gravitational field, the parameters of the orbits

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Psychological aspect of taking the use procedure

 

Farit Masgutovich Yusupov

 

Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kremlevskaya str., 35, Kazan, 420008, Russian Federarion

Phone: 89178907826; Email: yusupov.farit.m@mail.ru

 

Abstract. the paper presents results of an experimental study on the mental state of high school graduates preparing to pass the USE (the Unified State Exam). There are showed the components of this state and the relationship that exists between them. There are the factors analyzed and highlighted, that are likely to generate increasing mental tension of school graduate in preparation for the exam. Based on this, recommendations are made to reduce these tensions.

[Yusupov F.M. Psychological aspect of taking the use procedure. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):258-261] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 48. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.48

 

Keywords: school graduate, the USE, mental tension, anxiety, depression, stiffness, frustration and stress

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Politician`s image of the world: graph-semantic modelling

 

Natalia Lvovna Zelyanskaya1, Konstantin Igorevich Belousov1, Tatiana Nikolaevna Galinskaia2

 

1National Research University ‘Perm State University’, Bukireva street, 15, Perm, 614046, Russian Federation

2Orenburg State Teachers` Training University, Sovetskaia street, 19, Orenburg, 460014, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. Image of the world lies at the heart of the worldview as a structuring base of a person`s consciousness. Boris Nemtsov is a professional Russian politician, former Deputy Chairman of the State Duma and nowadays leader of the opposition. Nemtsov`s image of the world reconstruction is a corpus-based research performed by means of the graph-semantic modelling in the Information System Semograph on the text material of his public appearances in 2011. The obtained graph-semantic model reveals the hierarchy of relations between semantic fields and detects Nemtsov`s current communication and activity strategies and ways of embedding himself in contemporary political discourse.

[Zelyanskaya N.L., Belousov K.I., Galinskaia T.N. Politician`s image of the world: graph-semantic modeling. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):262-267] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 49. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.49

 

Keywords: Image of the world; worldview; political discourse; corpus; graph-semantic model; Russia

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Competitiveness assessment of Russian universities under the conditions of globalisation  

 

Leonid Bragin, Galina Selyanskaya, Irina Stukalova 

 

Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Stremyanny per. 36, Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation 

 

Abstract. The article is dedicated to the problems of competitiveness assessment of Russian universities under the conditions of globalisation. The authors have studied different methodical and methodological approaches to the ranking of universities. The authors have conducted the comparative analysis of the ratings of leading Russian universities using QS World University Rankings methodology; the analysis of the national monitoring of higher educational establishments effectiveness was also conducted.

[Bragin L., Selyanskaya G., Stukalova I. Competitiveness assessment of Russian universities under the conditions of globalization. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):268-273] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 50. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.50

 

Keywords: education, national system of education, globalisation, competitiveness of universities, universities ranking methodology

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Technology of recording spectra of bioactive drugs secondary radiation and mathematical treatment thereof

 

Vladimir Semenovich Gorelik1, Maksudjon Fayzuloevich Umarov2, Anton Alexandrovich Sinitsyn2

 

1P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Ave., 53, Moscow, GSP-1, 119991, Russia

2Vologda State University, Lenin str., 15, Vologda, 160000, Russia

 

Abstract. Technology of recording spectra of secondary radiation of bioactive specimens that makes it possible to perform express analysis of molecular structures of various classes was developed. The FSD Soft software package has been proposed for analyzing fluorescence spectra and mathematical treatment thereof. The software used made it possible to choose the scan mode (discrete or continuous) directly from the application window; to set exposure time for optical sensor; and to average measured spectrum in case of strong noise in measured radiation. Correlation functions have been built for identifying drugs from various manufacturers. Corresponding correlation coefficients have been calculated for analyzed drugs in relation to the standard. It has been shown that the calculated correlation functions make it possible to obtain highly accurate information about conformity of the sample analyzed to the standard.

[Gorelik V.S., Umarov M.F., Sinitsyn A.A. Technology of recording spectra of bioactive drugs secondary radiation and mathematical treatment thereof. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):274-277] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 51. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.51

 

Keywords: spectrum, secondary radiation, bioactive drugs, laser, ultraviolet radiation

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Features of photoluminescence of biologically active drugs excited by ultraviolet laser radiation

 

Vladimir Semenovich Gorelik1, Maksudjon Fayzuloevich Umarov2, Anton Alexandrovich Sinitsyn2

 

1P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Ave., 53, Moscow, GSP-1, 119991, Russia

2Vologda State University, Lenin str., 15, Vologda, 160000, Russia

 

Abstract. A method of identifying biologically active drugs by manufacturers has been developed on the example of aspirin, citramonum, analgin, paracetamol and caffeine. The method is based on fiber-optical detection of the photoluminescence spectra using optical channels - photon traps, compact spectrometer and a data processing system that makes it possible to compare analyzed spectrum with the spectrum of reference substance. Difference has been established between photoluminescence spectra of aqueous solutions of pharmaceutical drugs and their pill form. With that, transition effect has been observed in the spectra from the mode of spontaneous photoluminescence to the superluminescence mode. It has been found that the nature of superluminescence is similar to the well-known mechanism in dye lasers. Based on the established superluminescence effect, it is possible to create new types of lasers with tunable frequency of generation in the ultraviolet region of the spectrum.

[Gorelik V.S., Umarov M.F., Sinitsyn A.A. Features of photoluminescence of biologically active drugs excited by ultraviolet laser radiation. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):278-282] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 52. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.52

 

Keywords: photoluminescence, pharmaceutical objects, biologically active preparations, laser, correlation function

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The process of implementation of the Tatar language as a state language in 1920-1930

 

Zoya Nikolaevna Kirillova

 

Kazan Federal University, Kremlevskaya Street, 18, Kazan, 420008, Russia

 

Abstract. This research investigates the implementation of the Tatar language as a state language in 20-30-of the XX century in comparison with today’s language policy of the Republic of Tatarstan. The main emphasis is at the functioning of the Tatar language in various educational institutions of the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialists Republic (Tatarstan), and also at the research of the activity of the Academic center and Scientific Society of the study of the Tatars. The main difficulties that hampered the process of the implementation of the Tatar language as a state language in a given historical moment were indentified. Language policy as a part of national policy is implemented according to interests and commitments of State and is based on doctrines which may differ significantly in their structure and ideological orientation. Language policy and language planning in multinational Tatarstan are a conceptual aspect, which impacts momentum to linguistic processes as in other ethnic region of Russia as in the whole Federation.

[Kirillova Z.N. The process of implementation of the Tatar language as a state language in 1920-1930. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):283-286] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 53. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.53

 

Keywords: The Tatar language, state language, implementation of language, language policy, language situation

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Organization of volunteering for the prevention of using psychoactive

 

Alexey Nikolaevich Panfilov, Vilya Rustemovna Bildanova, Lubov Fedorovna Isaeva, Gallia Mikhaelovna Ljdokova, Irina Anatolevna Talysheva, Guzalia Rasikhovna Shagivaleeva

 

Kazan Federal University, Kazanskaya Street, 89, Elabuga, 423600, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The problem of drug abuse and use of other psychoactive substances (PAS) in children, adolescents and young adults is extremely pressing both in Russia and abroad. The spread of drug addiction in Russia is a global threat to public health, state economy, law enforcement and national security. A number of addicts are tending upwards, while their average age is reduced. Both in foreign countries and in Russia, society starts to recognize and evaluate the resources of young people in social preventive work. In this paper, we describe the practical experience of students of Elabuga Institute affiliated at the Kazan Federal University (KFU), who served as volunteers of the ''Volunteer'' voluntary center (VC) in the city of Elabuga, preventing school children against the use of psychoactive substances.

[Panfilov A.N., Bildanova V.R., Isaeva L.F., Ljdokova G.M., Talysheva I.A., Shagivaleeva G.R. Organization of volunteering for the prevention of using psychoactive. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):287-290] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 54. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.54

 

Keywords: the drug habit, psychoactive substances, prevention, addiction, volunteering, volunteers community, volunteers

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The process of implementation of the Tatar language as a state language in 1920-1930

 

Zoya Nikolaevna Kirillova

 

Kazan Federal University, Kremlevskaya Street, 18, Kazan, 420008, Russia

 

Abstract. This research investigates the implementation of the Tatar language as a state language in 20-30-of the XX century in comparison with today’s language policy of the Republic of Tatarstan. The main emphasis is at the functioning of the Tatar language in various educational institutions of the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialists Republic (Tatarstan), and also at the research of the activity of the Academic center and Scientific Society of the study of the Tatars. The main difficulties that hampered the process of the implementation of the Tatar language as a state language in a given historical moment were indentified. Language policy as a part of national policy is implemented according to interests and commitments of State and is based on doctrines which may differ significantly in their structure and ideological orientation. Language policy and language planning in multinational Tatarstan are a conceptual aspect, which impacts momentum to linguistic processes as in other ethnic region of Russia as in the whole Federation.

[Kirillova Z.N. The process of implementation of the Tatar language as a state language in 1920-1930. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):291-294] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 55. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.55

 

Keywords: The Tatar language, state language, implementation of language, language policy, language situation

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Enhancement of Kazakhstani technical university students’ foreign language competence with the use of copyrighted e-learning courses in multilingual environment

 

Aigul Bekturovna Raissova1,2, Irina Rudolfovna Lazarenko1,2, Mergul Sabitovna Kulakhmetova1,2, Gulnara Dzhumabayevna Yergazinova1,2, Gulnar Muratovna Kazhikenova1,2

 

1S.Toraighyrov Pavlodar State University, Lomov Street, 64, Pavlodar, 140000, Republic of Kazakhstan

2Altai State Pedagogical Academy, Molodezhnaya Street, 55, Barnaul, 656031, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. This work is devoted to the solving of one of the most important and urgent problems in the methodology of studying a foreign language – raising the level of students’ foreign language competence on the basis of different language systems phenomena comparative analysis with the use of teaching aids for intensification. The problem is to study the scientific basis, practical development and implementation of pedagogical support, including trilingual electronic resources, multimedia course, in the conditions of multilingual environment at the Kazakhstani technical university. The paper discusses the factors of multilingual environment at the technical university of Kazakhstan. The study combines the traditional and the innovative technological approaches. The article describes pilot implementation of copyrighted trilingual (English-Kazakh-Russian) training courses in the process of English language teaching as one of the conditions for the enhancement of students’ foreign language competence.

[Raissova A.B., Lazarenko I.R., Kulakhmetova M.S., Yergazinova G.D., Kazhikenova G.M. Enhancement of Kazakhstani technical university students’ foreign language competence with the use of copyrighted e-learning courses in multilingual environment. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):295-299] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 56. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.56

 

Keywords: multilingual environment, trilingual training complex, ethnolinguistical, technical university, enhancement of foreign language competence

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Key processes management in development and implementation of management systems at food enterprises

 

Igor Vladimirovich Surkov, Evgeniya Olegovna Ermolaeva, Alexander Yurievich Prosekov, Galina Anatol'evna Gorelikova, Valery Mikhailovich Poznyakovskiy

 

Federal State-owened Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Vocational Education “Kemerovo Institute of Food Science and Technology”, Stroiteley boulevard, 47, Kemerovo, 650056, Russia

 

Abstract. The goal of this paper is to analyse key processes management of biologically active additives (BAA) production by identification of the production’s life cycle processes and assessment of their productivity. Following conclusions were drawn according to the conducted researches.  The authors have been done the analytical review of scientific and technical literature on the process approach in development and implementation of the quality management system at food enterprises in domestic and foreign practice. They have done the analysis of a life cycle of BAA production and developed principles of identification of the quality management system’s processes in accordance with ISO 9001:2008 standard requirements “Quality management system. Requirements”. They determined responsible ones for processes, gave power for taking administrative decisions. They established an order in interaction between interfacing divisions participating in realization of processes. They identified key processes of a life cycle of BAA production, determined backbone factors in their decomposition.

[Surkov I.V., Ermolaeva E.O., ProsekovA.Y.,  Gorelikova G.A., Poznyakovskiy V.M. Key processes management in development and implementation of management systems at food enterprises. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):300-304] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 57. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.57

 

Keywords: process, quality management system (QMS), food enterprise, biologically active additives, development of quality management system

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Automated knowledge monitoring with intellectual handling of the students' answers in a natural language

 

Dauren Imanbekovich Kabenov, Gulbarshyn Sharapidenovna Nurgazinova, Bibigul Shamshanovna Razahova

 

L. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Munaitpasov str., 5, Astana, 010000, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. A framework for design and developing the intelligent system of knowledge monitoring and evaluation using an answer in a natural language is suggested in the article. Using the conventional tests involves the answer selection based on a dual logic, only in case of the strictly formal questions asked. This results in quite simple questions. But acquiring knowledge includes not only (and not so much) remembering a priori true facts, but also the ability to understand the common phenomena and trends. The open test tasks (without any given answer) are more effective for managing the knowledge. Hence, we have presented an approach to analysing the ontology-based text for automatic evaluation of the students' answers in a natural language (the Kazakh language).

[Kabenov D.I., Nurgazinova G.S., Razahova B.S. Automated knowledge monitoring with intellectual handling of the students' answers in a natural language. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):305-310] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 58. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.58

 

Keywords: intelligent system, ontology, text analysis, knowledge monitoring, test systems

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Heritage of elements of folk tales in Russian and Kazakh literary fairy tales

 

Zh.A Aimukhambet and K.A. Aubakirova

 

L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Munaitpasov Str.,5, Astana, 0100008, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. The article describes the process of penetration of elements of folk tales in Russian literary tales, genre features, distinctive features of literary fairy tale. The article shows, that the literary and folk tales despite of their relationship are independent genres. There are shown here the following features of the literary fairy tale genre: the using of folk traditions, the presence of the author’s image, the fusion of real and fantasy.

[Aimukhambet Zh.A., Aubakirova K.A. Heritage of elements of folk tales in Russian and Kazakh literary fairy tales. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):311-314] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 59. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.59

 

Keywords: literary fairytale, folk tale, plot, character of author

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Research of metaphor in the Ural linguistic school

 

Larissa Mikhailovna Alekseeva1, Svetlana Leonidovna Mishlanova1, Yelena Anatolyevna Nakhimova2, Anatoly Prokopyevich Tchudinov2

 

1Perm State University, Bukirev Street, 15, Perm, 614990, Russia

2Ural State Pedagogical University, Cosmonauts Avenue, 26, Yekaterinburg, 620017, Russia

 

Abstract. The article deals with the perspectives of metaphor theory development. The main aim is to present the results of metaphor research within the Ural linguistic school, known by its views on language as a dynamic process. We try to show the evolution of views on metaphor from the assumption that it is analogous to communicative syntax, to the conceptual and discursive views on metaphor. We suggest that metaphor is the main mechanism of discourse formation, since it provides professional knowledge development. Such view would differ from traditional ones by being dynamic, cognitive and anthropocentric. In this research we also set out to discuss the role of political metaphor as a type of knowledge transfer. We do not concern only with metaphor theory, but also with metaphor pragmatics, seen in persuasive character of political metaphors. The study of metaphor by means of cognitively oriented views makes it possible to enrich the subject of research and develop the foundation of metaphorology.

[Alekseeva L.M., Mishlanova S.L., Nakhimova Y.A., Tchudinov A.P. Research of metaphor in the Ural linguistic school. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):315-319] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 60. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.60

 

Keywords: metaphor, metaphor mechanism, text-formation, contamination, compression, derivation, discourse, political metaphor, cognition, model

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The advance reflection phenomenon of the birth and self-affirmation of the new artistic-aesthetic and axiological paradigms in culture 

 

Anna Iosifovna Shcherbakova 

 

Russian State Social University, Wilhelm Pieck str., 4, Moscow, 129226, Russia

 

Abstract. The investigation is dedicated to the study and analysis of the advance reflection phenomenon as a factor which contributes to the birth of the new artistic worlds, new senses and values and new artistic-aesthetic and axiological paradigms in culture. The urgency and importance of the problem are hard to be overestimated since we constantly come across this phenomenon and every time there appears a discussion between the "conservatives" and the "innovators" who deny or prove the validity of the current changes. These discussions are characterised by the fierce opposition. That's why it is very important to study the essence of the advance reflection phenomenon in the wide historical prospective. This comprise the content of this work, the main goal of which is the attraction of the scientific community attention to the revealing the essence, content and mechanisms of the advance reflection phenomenon, which affect the change of the artistic-aesthetic and axiological paradigms in culture. The author gradually exposes the origins of the phenomenon and its peculiarities, presents its interpretation in the modern humanities knowledge. The author reveals the consistent pattern which allows the author to claim that the art which has the constant advance reflection phenomenon is the ambassador of the new aboring senses and values through the whole historical development of culture. The work represents the author concept according to which the advance reflection phenomenon is the expression of the self-developing culture essence. The art plays here the role of the active engine directed to the artistic creation and further world modelling that complies with the human-as-a-creator nature and culture creation.

[Shcherbakova A.I. The advance reflection phenomenon of the birth and self-affirmation of the new artistic-aesthetic and axiological paradigms in culture. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):320-324] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 61. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.61

 

Keywords: advance reflection phenomenon, aesthetic experience, aesthetic energy

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Problems and prospects of the Russian IT sector in the world market of high-technology products

 

Tat'jana Valer'evna Tverdokhlebova 1, LadaVladislavovna Danilova 1, Marina Urevna Zdanovich 1, Alena Aleksandrovna Stupina 1,2, Margarita Vladimirovna Karaseva2, Larisa Nikolaevna Korpacheva1

 

1Siberian Federal University, Vuzovsky Lane, 3, Krasnoyarsk, 660025, Russia

2Siberian State Aerospace University, Krasnoyarskiy Rabochiy Avenue, 31, Krasnoyarsk, 660014, Russia

 

Abstract. The article gives a brief overview of the status of the world and Russian market of high-technology products, in particular, innovation and information technology products. The ways of development and support of high-technology sector of developed countries’ economy were explored. It presents the analysis of special-purpose programs of support, protection, patenting and licensing high-tech products in these countries and also the analysis of development of world’s scientific and technical trends. The preliminary prediction about technological development of Russian economy on the present stage was made and the state of the national Russian economy on the world market of innovative products was assessed. Special attention was paid to protection of intellectual property in Russia in the sphere of support of high-technology export and also key directions of enhancement of cooperation in Russia’s and China’s high-tech sector.

[Tverdokhlebova T.V., Danilova L.V., Zdanovich M.U., Stupin A.A., Karaseva M.V., Korpacheva L.N. Problems and prospects of the Russian IT sector in the world market of high-technology products. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):325-329] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 62. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.62

 

Keywords: Innovations, high-technology products, intellectual property, information technology sector, development strategy

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Classification of Russian Internet users: preliminary results of cluster analysis

 

Vladimir Dmitrievich Nechaev1, Elena Victorovna Brodovskaya1, Yurij Vladimirovich Kairа2, Anna Yurievna Dombrovskaya1

 

1Moscow State University for the humanities M.A. Sholokhov, Verkhnyaya radishchevskaya street, 16-18, Moscow, 109240, Russia

2Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (Oryol branch), Bulvar Pobedy, 5a, Oryol, 302028, Russia

 

Abstract. The paper presents the preliminary results of the cluster analysis devoted to the database research of «World Internet Project in Russia – 2012». The purpose of cluster analysis is to classify the respondents in accordance with the characteristics of the Internet content they use and the dominant roles they play in Internet communication. Social profiles of different user groups in Russia can help to identify different strategies of their online behavior.

[Nechaev V.D., Brodovskaya E.V., Kairа Y.V., Dombrovskaya A.Y. Classification of Russian Internet users: preliminary results of cluster analysis. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):330-335] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 63. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.63

 

Keywords: Internet communication, cluster analysis, social profiles of users

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Small business in Russia: need for state financing backing (International Conference on Applied Economics (ICOAE) 2014)

 

Nadia Mikhailovna Sabitova and Alina Ilsurovna Khayrullova

 

Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kremlyovskaya St., 18, Kazan, 420008, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. In Russia small business is underdeveloped compared to other countries although unemployment rate is high, especially in some constituents of the Russian Federation. The authors have analyzed financial environment of small business performance. The analysis of this environment has revealed the need for state financing backing of small business entities. Tax remissions, public contract quotas, service tariffs benefits, state guarantee, etc. are financial backing tools. However current forms of state financing backing are insufficient. The need for additions to forms of state financing backing enabling to develop small business is substantiated in this article.

[Sabitova N.M., Khayrullova A.I. Small business in Russia: need for state financing backing (International Conference on Applied Economics (ICOAE) 2014). Life Sci J 2014;11(12):336-342] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 64. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.64

 

Keywords: Small business; state control; forms of state financing backing; special tax treatments; tax remissions; insurance; loan services; federal budgets; small business support programs

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Potentials of cooperation between school and family for education of gifted children  

 

M. Absatova1, Toleuzhan Baybolovna Nurpeissova2, A. Turalbayeva1, D. Tektibayeva1, A. Moshkalov1, A. Marshalkhan3 

 

1RSE on PEA Kazakh National Pedagogical University named after Abai

2B. Goncharov Kazakh Road Academy

3Kazakh National Medical University named after S.D. Asfendiyarov

Tel/fax: +7 (727) 2916339, 2938642; E-mail: rector@kaznpu.kz; Website: www.kaznpu.kz

E-mails: absatovamar@mail.ru, tektibyevadiana@mail.ru

 

Abstract. In this article there is a focus on the development of qualitatively new partnership between society, family and school that enables the entire conscious self-development of a gifted person at the present time. The theoretical basis of the problem of talent, cooperation of family and school are considered. The authors presented a redefined concept of a gifted person, as an integrative system of abilities; who differs from the surrounding due to the personal qualities and high level of theoretical and practical knowledge in several fields of knowledge, has the ability to reach the final result quickly and in a special way. The role of family in education of gifted children is shown especially. It should be noted that the inclusion of family in the activities of school educational system should be based on a humanistic style of communication and interaction; on respectful attitude of family and school to a child and to each other; on systematic improvement of psycho-pedagogical level (of teachers and parents); on the ability to respond constructively to the resolution of conflicts.

[Absatova M., Nurpeissova T., Saudabayeva G., Turalbayeva A., Tektibayeva D., Moshkalov A. Potentials of cooperation between school and family for education of gifted children. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):343-347] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 65. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.65

 

Keywords: cooperation, talent, talented children, education of talented children, family, family education, school, abilities

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Culturological paradigm of education as a humanistic base of pre-school aged children education

 

Lyudmila Vladimirovna Kolomiychenko

 

Perm State Humanitarian Pedagogical University, Sibirskaya Str., 24, Perm, 614000, Russia

 

Abstract. In the article it is being revealed the main states of culturological paradigm as humanistic orientation of modern multy-paradigmal educational space; it is being identified the correlation of education and culture; it is being concretized the main conceptual grounds of pre-school aged children education in relation to program-targeted, technological and monitoring components of the educational process. Realization of the stated paradigm predetermines the opportunity of the main requirements implementation, provided at the federal state educational standard of pre-school education in Russia.

[Kolomiychenko L.V. Culturological paradigm of education as a humanistic base of pre-school aged children education. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):348-351] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 66. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.66

 

Keywords: multy-paradigmal educational space, culture, culturological paradigm, pre-school childhood, methodological approaches, components of educational process

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Engineering solutions for an autonomous power unit’s prime engines

 

Lev Lezhnev, Denis Ivanov, Fedor Shustrov

 

Federal State Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education "Moscow State University of Mechanical Engineering (MAMI)" Bolshaya Semenovskaya st., 38, Moscow, 107023, Russian Federation

E-mail: daivanov2012@yandex.ru

 

Abstract. Nowadays trends in a development of autonomous sources of energy, as well as positive results of a multi-year design and improvement of free-piston engines with the external feed of heat, which are working on Stirling cycle (FPSE), created prerequisites for a successful commercialization of that type of engines. Obtained characteristics of FPSE, a degree of constructive elements' elaboration and an optimization of thermodynamic cycle's parameters, will allow engines of that type in the nearest future to take steady positions on the market, especially in a segment of an autonomous power units. The presented paper is dedicated to a search of engineering options for an implementation of a primary engine for an autonomous low-power power units and a comparative analysis of main technical characteristics of FPSE with parameters of kinematic engines with an external feed of heat (EEFH).

[Lezhnev L., Ivanov D., Shustrov F. Engineering solutions for an autonomous power unit’s prime engines. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):352-359] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 67. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.67

 

Keywords: autоnоmоus power unit, free-piston Stirling engine, efficiency

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About new opportunities of using results of criminal investigation activity within the territory of the Eurasian Economic Union: Russia, Kazakhstan and Belorussia

 

Renat Amangeldyevich Mediyev

 

Karagandy Academy Ministry of Internal Affairs Republic of Kazakhstan

Yermekova street, 124, Karaganda, 100021, Republic of Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. In May, 2014, a treaty establishing the Eurasian Economic Union upon the basis of the existing Customs Union including Russia, Kazakhstan and Belorussia, was signed. Thus, this article studies the legal status of criminal investigation results in criminal legal proceedings in the framework of the Customs Union. Law scholars’ viewpoints and standpoints concerning including the criminal investigation results in the criminal legal proceedings are analyzed, since during developing and accepting the treaty establishing the Eurasian Police these issues become of present interest. Basing on legal analysis the author has worked out his own stand and made specific offers. Besides, relying on the above stated and with regard to the practice of the European Union, conclusions are made concerning new opportunities of using the criminal investigation results within the territory of the European Economic Union.

[Mediyev R.A. About new opportunities of using results of criminal investigation activity within the territory of the Eurasian Economic Union: Russia, Kazakhstan and Belorussia. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):360-364] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 68. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.68

 

Keywords: non-public investigative actions, use of the results of criminal investigation in criminal legal proceedings in the framework of the Eurasian Economic Union, the practice of the European Union, the Eurasian Police (EurasPol)

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Definition of the bank operating income in estimating of the cost of commercial bank, taking into account  amendments on bank risks 

 

Olga Valerievna Musina  

 

Samara State Aerospace University Moskovskoye Shosse, 34, Samara, 443086, Russia

 

Abstract. Definition of the bank operating income is discussed in the article, in making an assessment of its cost, and also the risks arising during its operating activities. We will consider types of risks and criteria of their classification. Bank risks are more socially responsible processes. Risking is not only own but mainly loan resources. In case of bank crisis the consequences can be much more notable, than manufacturer's crisis.

[Musina O.V. Definition of the bank operating income in estimating of the cost of commercial bank, taking into account amendments on bank risks. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):365-370] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 69. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.69

 

Keywords: commercial bank, bank risks, operating income, market cost

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Diagnosis of the level of assimilation of the social experience by younger schoolchildren

 

Tatiana Ivanovna Shukshina, Irina Alexsandrovna Neyasova, Larisa Alexsandrovna Serikova

 

Mordovian State Pedagogical Institute Named After M.E. Evseviev, Studencheskaya Str., 11a, Saransk, 430007, Russia

 

Abstract. The article is about the diagnosis of the level of assimilation of the social experience by younger schoolchildren. The author analyzes the main directions of research in this problem field. Based on the analysis of theoretical sources we mark out some criteria, indicators and levels of the assimilation of social experience of children of primary school age. This article describes the results of an experimental study, aimed at identifying the level of assimilation of social experience of younger students; we formed a conclusion on the dynamics of this process in the target age group of children.

[Shukshina T.I., Neyasova I.A., Serikova L.A. Diagnosis of the level of assimilation of the social experience by younger schoolchildren. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):371-374] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 70. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.70

 

Keywords: social experience, younger schoolchild, the assimilation of social experience, the criteria of assimilation of social experience

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Personal savings: controversial role in extended reproduction

 

Arsen A. Tatuev and Tatiana V. Bahturazova

 

Moscow State University of Food Production Volokolamskoye, 11, Moscow, 125080, Russia

 

Abstract. The authors of the article mainly focus their attention on assessing the current role of investments and first of all personal savings in development of the economy. Nowadays the major problem is speculative use of investment resources in the economy which is mediated by the system specificity of modern financial markets characterized by market liberalization and deregulation. It is underlined that stock market tools are foremost aimed at making a price profit rather than profit from actual production which has a direct impact on saving preferences of population.

[Tatuev A.A., Bahturazova T.V. Personal savings: controversial role in extended reproduction. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):375-379] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 71. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.71

 

Keywords: investment, financial markets, accumulation funds, personal savings, stock market tools

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Characteristic features of process control of students professional education

 

V.V. Ygorov, I.I. Yerakhtina, S.M. Udartseva, G.M. Smirnova, E.G. Ogoltsova

 

Karaganda State Technical University Mira Boulevard 56, Karaganda, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. In the article there are considered peculiarities of process control of the students professional education of the higher educational institutions, level functions of education process management. The analysis of management process of professional education of the student from a system-functional aspect was made and it allows to establish that such management and is pedagogical system since it represents the ordered summation of functional components. Management is considered as not a single action, but as the series of the continuous meaningfully filled interrelated actions. Then was drawn the conclusion that direct participation in activity will provide to a young man valuable experience of realization of initiatives, and will become a factor of increase of self-confidence.

[Ygorov V.V., Yerakhtina I.I., Udartseva S.M., Smirnova G.M., Ogoltsova E.G. Characteristic features of process control of students professional education. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):380-385] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 72. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.72

 

Keywords: professional education, education process management, governance challenges

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Humanitarian expertise of the personalized model of supplementary professional education of the educational establishment principals

 

Natalya Konstantinovna Zotova, Elena Arkadjevna Ganaeva, Svetlana Viktorovna Maslovskaya

 

Orenburg State Pedagogical University (OSPU)

Sovetskaya street, 2, Orenburg, 460014, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The article discusses the experience of humanitarian expertise of the personalized model of supplementary professional education of the educational establishment principals. It demonstrates an attempt to withdraw from the regular clichés of professional competence "assessment" to the humanitarian expertise of professional difficulties of those, studying within the conditions of supplementary professional education. The authors propose the construction of humanitarian expertise on the basis of K. Rogers’s "understanding" methodology using three basic ways of acquiring knowledge: subjective cognition; objective cognition; interpersonal cognition. The presented experience of humanitarian expertise implementation, according to the authors, is an effective mechanism for humanitarian designing educational process in the system of supplementary professional education of educational establishment principals: the definition of conceptual approaches to the selection of the supplementary professional education content; choice of effective technologies for adult education; definition of appropriate diagnostic tools for tracking the results of supplementary professional education..

[Zotova N. K., Ganaeva E.A., Maslovskaya S.V. Humanitarian expertise of the personalized model of supplementary professional education of the educational establishment principals. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):386-389] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 73. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.73

 

Keywords: personalized model of supplementary professional education; expertise; assessment; humanitarian expertise of education

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Approach to parametric synthesis of a multiserver system with predefined risk

 

Anna Evgenevna Deshina, Aleksandr Grigorevich Ostapenko, Grigoriy Aleksandrovich Ostapenko, Igor Aleksandrovich Ushkin

 

Voronezh State Technical University Moscow Ave, 14, Voronezh, 394026, Russia

 

Abstract. This paper proposes an approach to parametric synthesis of a multiserver system with a predetermined range of risk non-uniformness. By the type of the risk function of the whole system, and, consequently, the maximum allowable number of damages, analytical expressions for finding risk parameters for components were obtained so that the found overall risk of the system corresponds to the desired type. Some ways of specifying the type for overall system risk are defined, as well as points of extremes, while the number of maximums of the defined function whose graph fluctuates within the unevenness band is to be equal to the number of servers in the system. An algorithm is proposed for еру implementation of synthesis with a predefined level of risk.

[Deshina A.E., Ostapenko A.G., Ostapenko G.A., Ushkin I.A. Approach to parametric synthesis of a multiserver system with predefined risk. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):390-393] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 74. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.74

 

Keywords: Risk, damage, multiserver system, parametric synthesis, extreme values

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The statics and dynamics of moral consciousness

 

Svetlana Paramonova

 

Perm National Research Politechnical University, Komsomolskiy street, 29, Perm, 614000, Russia

 

Abstract. The horizontal dynamics of the value worlds in the stable society. The type of moral consciousness is a detailed characteristics of the personality based on the active, creative essence of the person, on the historical succession of moral, on the prevailing in the moral consciousness of such values as: communitarism, hedonism or pragmatism. The types of moral consciousness – communitarist, pragmatist, hedonist are the measure for the definition of the changeable value world. The horizontal and vertical dynamics create the picture of the change of the institutional forms of the moral consciousness of the society: the system of the value worlds.

[Paramonova S. The statics and dynamics of moral consciousness. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):394-399] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 75. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.75

 

Keywords: quality changes of moral, cultural step of the generation

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Word-building mechanism of functioning of drug addicts’ jargon (a case study of regional sociolinguistic research and data of substandard lexicography)

 

Ludmila Alekseevna Araeva, Tatiana Viktorovna Artemova, Pavel Alexeevich Katyshev, Stanislav Vladimirovich Olenev, Julia Sergeevna Pauli, Svetlana Konstantinovna Sokolova

 

Kemerovo State University, Krasnaya Str., 6, office 6216,Kemerovo City, 650043, Russia

 

Abstract. This article reveals the role of word-building in the performance of such drug addicts' jargon functions as nominative, utilitarian, worldview, pseudo-aesthetic, playing, agitational, symbolic, identification, and conspiratorial. Based on a material of vocabulary gathered during the regional sociolinguistic studies, as well as in the analysis of dictionaries of drug addicts’ jargon the word-building means of implementing of named functions are studied; the issue of natural causes of drug addicts' jargon "conspiracy" is discussed; it is concluded that drug addicts' jargon is not a primitive subsystem of their language, and its negative assessment on the part of scientists is often caused by a negative attitude to the phenomenon of drug addiction.

[Araeva L.A., Artemova T.V., Katyshev P.A., Olenev S.V., Pauli J.S., Sokolova S.K. Word-building mechanism of functioning of drug addicts’ jargon (a case study of regional sociolinguistic research and data of substandard lexicography). Life Sci J 2014;11(12):400-404] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 76. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.76

 

Keywords: jargon of drug addicts, slang, word building, jargons functions, substandard, Sociolinguistics.

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Pedagogic Conditions and Methodological Aspects of Education Intensification on the Course “Theoretical Mechanics”

 

Rais Mingalievich Timerbaev and Viktor Yurjevich Shurygin

 

Yelabuga Institute of Kazan Federal University, Kazanskaya Str., 89, Yelabuga, 423604, Republic of Tatarstan, Russia

 

Abstract. The article covers the questions about the pedagogic conditions and methods of education intensification on the “Theoretical Mechanics” course at university. After this course students must have not only theoretical knowledge but also skills in various engineering tasks. Thus all participants of education should be provided with information support. The article shows that this can be efficiently implemented only on the basis of electronic learning resources worked out, for example, in Moodle LMS with the help of application programs. Interactive forms and the elements of distance learning make student’s work more active and efficient. In its turn, this intensifies the whole education.

[Timerbaev R.M., Shurygin V.Y. Pedagogic Conditions and Methodological Aspects of Education Intensification on the Course “Theoretical Mechanics”. Life Sci J 2014; 11(12):405-408] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 77. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.77

 

Keywords: pedagogic conditions, intensification, learning process, theoretical mechanics, electronic learning resource, LMS Moodle, computational and graphical work.

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Youth on the labour-market worldwide and in Kazakhstan

 

Madina Tuzubekova1, Mensulu Amangaliyeva1, Zhazira Baizhanova1, Alken Bissekov2, Galymzhan Praliev3

 

1Kazakh University of Technology and Business, 58/4 Republic avenue, Astana, 010000, Kazakhstan

2L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, 11 Kazhymukan Str., Astana, 010008, Kazakhstan

3Shymkent University, 32 A. Kaldayakov Str., Shymkent, 486002, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract.This paper presents modern condition, problems and prospects of youth employment worldwide and in Kazakhstan. Support and development of youth competitiveness is an urgent and strategic priority for state policy of any country and the Republic of Kazakhstan. The main factor for formation and future stable development of a socially-oriented state is formation and development of the local competitive youth meeting up-to-date international needs and standards under conditions of increasing globalization.

[Tuzubekova M., Amangaliyeva M., Baizhanova Zh., Bissekov A., Praliev G. Youth on the labour-market worldwide and in Kazakhstan. Life Sci J 2014; 11(12):409-411] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 78. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.78

 

Keywords: youth, employment, competitiveness, qualification, labour-market, globalization, state.

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The management of regional tax potential

 

A.N. Maloletko1 , O.V. Kaurova1,2, A.А. Grunin1, A.I. Zotova1, T.V. Kourbanov1 , T.Y. Revyakina2

 

1Russian State Social University, Wilhelm Pieck str., 4, p.1, Moscow, 129226, Russian Federation

2 Russian State University of Tourism and Service, Glavnaja str., 99, Cherkizovo, 141221, Pushkinskij distr., Moskovskaja oblast', Russian Federation

 

Abstract. Socio-economic development currently varies in all of Russia’s regions. This imbalance in regional development is related to levels of use, and to the formation of fiscal capacities. These capacities are reflected in the level of employment, the level of financial resources available for capital investment, and in the risk of payable priority obligations—levels of which are currently quite high—compared to the average level in the Russian Federation, relative to the fiscal income of the regions. These trends result from the poor quality of budget management and financial planning, as well as from poor quality control of tax potentials and available resources in the regions.

[Maloletko A.N., Kaurova O.V., Grunin A.А., Zotova A.I., Kourbanov T.V., Revyakina T.Y. The management of regional tax potential. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):412-414] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 79. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.79

 

Keywords: management, tax, of regional tax potential, tourism, regional economy

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Emissions of electrons in metals due to ultrasonic effect

 

Adolf Ivanovich Trofimov, Sergei Ivanovich Minin, Maxim Adol'fovich Trofimov

 

Obninsk Institute for Nuclear Power Engineering of the National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI», Campus, 1, Obninsk, 249040, Kaluga region, Russia

 

Abstract. In the presented paper physical principles of thermoionic emissions phenomenon and principles of thermoemission converters' construction are presented. Also, ultrasonic electronic emission phenomenon and its application in thermoemission converters are justified. Ultrasonic electronic emission phenomenon is similar in nature to thermoionic emission, and ultrasonic effect allows to increase emissions current with a reduction of operating temperatures of a converter. Ultrasonic effect also would greatly increase efficiency of converter and its service life, because its elements will be able to work at lower temperatures.

[Trofimov A.I., Minin S.I., Trofimov M.A. Emissions of electrons in metals due to ultrasonic effect Life Sci J 2014;11(12):415-418] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 80. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.80

 

Keywords: emissions, ultrasonic, thermoionic emissions, ultrasonic emissions, nuclear reactors.

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Mathematical modeling of thermic welding process

 

Adolf Ivanovich Trofimov, Maxim Adol'fovich Trofimov, Dmitry Andreyevich Egorov, Sergei Ivanovich Minin

 

Obninsk Institute for Nuclear Power Engineering of the National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»

Campus, 1, Obninsk, 249040, Kaluga region, Russia

 

Abstract. A mathematical description of physical processes in a process of thermic welding, allow to conduct computing experiment instead of full-scale experiment. During a computing experiment, without significant material expenditures and in shorter time, a greater number of welding modes can be considered and the most optimal one can be selected. There are software products that allow to conduct computing experiment of different modes of thermic welding. The most interesting are those that allow to independently expand a database of materials, heat sources and various types of pre-processing of welded elements. In the presented paper methods of a mathematical description of thermic welding are discussed. Realized mathematical models in software application packages are presented.

[Trofimov A.I., Trofimov M.A. Egorov D.A., Minin S.I. Mathematical modeling of thermic welding process. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):419-422] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 81. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.81

 

Keywords: Welding, Mathematical Model, Optimization of Welding Process, Quality of Welded Joint.

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Review of up-to-date evaluation techniques of creative industries and their effect on development of terrirories

 

Elizaveta Ruberovna Khackimova

 

Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Komsomolskiy prospect, 29, Perm, 614990, Russia

 

Abstract. Contemporary evaluation techniques to assess the contribution of the creative economy in the innovative development of the territories are quite diverse and include most of the important approaches to the study of the structure and effect of the creative industries. The models are built based on the evaluation of the statistical data array from different countries and territories. These models have shown practical importance for the elaboration of the regional development strategy. At the same time adapting foreign techniques is not always possible due to the lack of statistical information, the measurement errors or the impossibility of direct transferring of a particular methodology. The article considers the up-to-date techniques to evaluate the effect of the creative industries, with consideration of possibility to apply these techniques to analyze the effect of the creative economy in the development of the Russian regions.

[Khackimova E.R. Review of up-to-date evaluation techniques of creative industries and their effect on development of terrirories. Life Sci J 2014; 11(12):423-425] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 82. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.82

 

Keywords: creative economy, creative city, creative milieu, innovative development of territories, urban studies.

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Management of the objects with a negative self-regulation

 

Vadim Pavlovich Lukonin, Ernst Markovic Moncarz, Tatiana Aleksandrovna Ryabkova, Anatoliy Arkadievich Popov

 

Dzerzhinsky Polytechnic Institute (branch), Federal State Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education «Nizhniy Novgorod State Technical University n.a. R.E. Alekseev», Minin street, 24, GSP-41, N.Novgorod, Russia

 

Abstract. The article considers methodical issues of sustainable management of objects with negative self-regulation using both conventional methods and original approaches, consisting in the application of two functions additional to PID-control. The first control function is associated with the binding of the controlled variable in a predetermined range, while the second one is related to correction of this variable to achieve the required control precision. The methods of mathematical modeling of control processes in closed systems serve to test the effectiveness of the proposed additional control functions. Author proposes correlations for optimal tuning of PID-controller in the management of the object with a negative self-regulation with and without application of the additional control functions. It is shown that, when using additional functions, management quality of the object with a negative self-regulation is not inferior to that of the objects with a positive self-regulation, when using conventional methods.

[Lukonin V.P., Moncarz E.M., Ryabkova T.A., Popov A.A. Management of the objects with a negative self-regulation. Life Sci J 2014; 11(12):426-430] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 83. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.83

 

Keywords: negative self-regulation, sustainability, control, PID-controller, tuning, control functions.

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Aral-Caspian Region the Contact Area of the Early Iron Age Cultures and Civilizations (The analysis of the archaeological sites investigated as a part of the "Cultural Heritage" National Program)

 

Yerdan Kuanyshbekuly Oralbay, Zainolla Samashev, Yeldos Maksatovich Kariyev

 

Аl-FarabiKazakh National University, al-Farabi Avenue, 71, Almaty, 050038, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. In this article the archaeological sites of the early Iron Age of the Aral-Caspian region studied as a part of the "Cultural Heritage" national program of the Republic of Kazakhstan, in the context of some integration and migration processes within the marked area in the times of the early nomads are analyzed. All of these aspects are considered in a view of the diverse contacts of the local cultures and the advanced civilizations of Central Asia, Middle East and the Eurasian continent as a whole, during the indicated historical period.

[OralbayY.K., Samashev Z., Kariyev Y.M. Aral-Caspian Region the Contact Area of the Early Iron Age Cultures and Civilizations (The analysis of the archaeological sites investigated as a part of the "Cultural Heritage" National Program). Life Sci J 2014; 11(12):431-433] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 84. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.84

 

Keywords: Aral-Caspian region, "Cultural Heritage", early Iron Age, archaeological sites.

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The integrated design of the combustion chamber for a gas-turbine engine using cad/cae systems

 

Mikhail Y. Orlov1, Sergey S. Matveev1, Ivan A. Zubrilin1, Yury I. Tsibisov2

 

1Samara State Aerospace University (SSAU) Named after Academician S.P. Korolev (National Research University), 34, Moskovskoye shosse, Samara, 443086, Russia

2 JSC “Kuznetsov” plc., Samara, Russia

 

Abstract. At the moment the combustion chamber (CC) is the major unit of a gas turbine engine (GTE), the improvement of which in the long term will determine the improvement of its environmental, resource and others characteristics. The combustion chambers have been designed using conventional methods for quite a long time, where the CC basic geometrical dimensions, the air distribution law and the integral parameter distribution in the basic sections have been determined by calculations. As the design of both the GTE and its combustion chambers became more complicated, there appeared a need to assess at the design stage not only the integral parameters distribution, but also their local values. It provides, for example, a longer fault-free performance of the flame can wall or the turbine engine, and, consequently, a longer engine lifetime in general. In this paper, the approaches to the CC integrated design of the aircraft GTE are expounded in the form of the implemented solution of the designer’s objectives. These approaches will ensure the implementation of the main requirements to them. It has been shown how to achieve the desired characteristics of the combustion chamber by improving the performance of its main elements, such as a diffuser, and in case of a multi- injector circuit also by optimizing the distribution of fuel between the injector circuits. The outlined approaches allow solving practical objectives to reduce emissions of air pollutants by a projected combustion chamber and to improve the engine service life rate.

[Orlov M.Y., Matveev S.S., Zubrilin I.A., Tsibisov Y.I. The integrated design of the combustion chamber for a gas-turbine engine using cad/cae systems. Life Sci J 2014; 11(12):434-438] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 85. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.85

 

Keywords: gas turbine engine, combustion chamber, diagram of the temperature distribution, packets of engineering analysis, combustion chamber diffuser, nitrogen oxides, flame can.

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The results of the experimental research of ethno-cultural competence of the students of pedagogical higher education institution

 

Svetlana Nikolaevna Gorshenina, Mikhail Alexandrovich Yakunchev

 

FSBEI HPE “Mordovian State Pedagogical Institute named after M. E. Evseviev”, Studencheskaya Street, 11 A, Saransk, 430007, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. In a modern sociocultural situation a man is situated in the field of cultures interaction with which demands from him dialogueness and tolerance. Ethnoses function due to the fact that they “produce” a certain system of preservation and transmission of ethno-cultural experience to the new generations. The problem of a gap and succession of generations is one of the most important for society, and the problem of formation of cultural generation on the basis of multicultural education and access to the wealth of ethnoculture appears today as a key one. The revival and preservation of ethnoculture become possible only in the case of identification, preservation and development of cultural dominants of ethnos, through its use in teaching practice. The education becomes adequate to the constantly changing demands of life of ethno- and multicultural Russian community. For organization of general education in a culturological key the high-quality ethno-cultural training of teachers is of importance. The results of an experimental research, concerning the approbation of a model of ethno-cultural training of students in the conditions of pedagogical higher education institution, are presented in the article.

[Gorshenina S.N., Yakunchev M.A. The results of the experimental research of ethno-cultural competence of the students of pedagogical higher education institution. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):439-443] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 86. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.86

 

Keywords: Ethno-cultural training, ethno-cultural competence, diagnostics of ethno-cultural competence, model of ethno-cultural training of students

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Motives of training activities as a factor of the adults training efficiency during the vocational retraining

 

Svetlana Evgenyevna Chirkina

 

Institute of Psychology and Education, Kazan (Volga) Federal University, Milowka street, 1, Kazan, 420111, The Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation

Abstract. This article examines the really acting, conscious group of motives in the training activities, which affects the efficiency of adult training during the vocational retraining. The interrelation of such motives with the needs for knowledge, affiliation, achievement and domination acts as a factor of that efficiency, determining the "power" of conscious training activities, the obtaining of successful training outcomes, the structure of attitude to the whole training.

[Chirkina S.E. Motives of training activities as a factor of the adults training efficiency during the vocational retraining. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):444-447] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 87. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.87

 

Keywords: adults vocational retraining, motives of training activities, training efficiency.

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Applying modern advertising technology in the activity of organizations operating within the sphere of social-cultural services and tourism

 

Boris Moishevich Eidelman1, Liliya Raisovna Fakhrutdinova1, Albert Ravilevich Nurtdinov1, Shamil Shagitovich Galimov1, Leysan Ismagilovna Abinova2

 

1Kazan Federal University, Kremlyovskaya Str., 18, 420008, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation

2Volga Region State Academy of Physical Culture, Sport and Tourism, Derevnya Yniversiadi st., 35, Kazan 420138, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. This article addresses topical issues in the use of advertising in the activity of organizations operating within the sphere of social-cultural services and tourism. The author devotes much attention to working out and conducting advertising campaigns in tourism institutions and the use of Internet advertising in tourism.

[Eidelman B.M., Fakhrutdinova L.R., Nurtdinov A.R., Galimov S.S., Abinova L.I. Applying modern advertising technology in the activity of organizations operating within the sphere of social-cultural services and tourism. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):448-450] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 88. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.88

 

Keywords: tourism industry, advertising in tourism organizations, advertising campaign, Internet advertising, banner advertisi

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The role of territorial organization of cities in the touristic attraction of the region on the example of the Republic of Tatarstan

 

Niyaz Kamilevich Gabdrakhmanov, Vladimir Anatolyevich Rubtzov, Svetlana Aleksandrovna Shabalina, Mihail Viktorovich Rozhko, Daniya Zakiyanovna Kucheryavenko

 

Kazan Federal University, Kremlyovskaya Str., 18, Kazan, 420008, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The concepts of an image, state, region and cities turned out to be an effective instrument in the tourist industry since it handles these concepts. Tourism has an advantageous multiplier effect and serves as an accelerator of the social-economic development. As the social development is taking place within the territory and the change of the functional status of territories and cities' image is an all-around and continuous process, the evaluation of cities' role in the touristic attraction of the region is an urgent task. This article studies main functional components of a city from the viewpoint of a touristic attraction (presence of recreation resources, ease of travel to the touristic object, presence of foodservice outlets and accommodation means) and their significance in the formation of the touristic brand. Basing on the numerical score the authors calculated an integral index which shows the level of touristic-recreation sphere development of the cities in the Republic of Tatarstan. As the result of the conducted investigation the authors pointed out some problem issues which are connected with the insufficient or limited resource base, unsuccessful system of the tourist services of tourists and visitors. The capital's break-off of the other cities of the Republic according to the main indices forms the feeling of capital hegemony. An even development of the touristic infrastructure in all the cities of the Republic is necessary to create a single regional tourist-recreation field.

[Gabdrakhmanov N.K., Rubtzov V.A., Shabalina S.A., Rozhko M.V., Kucheryavenko D.Z. The role of territorial organization of cities in the touristic attraction of the region on the example of the Republic of Tatarstan. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):451-455] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 89. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.89

 

Keywords: tourism, the Republic of Tatarstan, urbanization, touristic infrastructure.

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Sparkling wine market analysis

 

Vladimir M. Kiselev1,  Tatiana F. Kiseleva2, Alexander Y. Prosekov2,  Valery M. Poznyakovsky 2

 

1Plekhanov Russian University of Economics. Kemerovo Institute (branch), Kuznetsky Prospect, 39, Kemerovo, 650992, Russia

2Kemerovo Technological Institute of Food Industry, Boulevard Builders, 47, Kemerovo, 650060, Russia

 

Abstract. The data on sparkling wine market size and structure are presented in relation to Russian and global markets. The structural analysis of the Russian market of sparkling wine is conducted on the basis of realized consumer demand.. National market of sparkling wine is formed mainly on the basis of secondary wine-making, based on imported wine-making materials. Imported bottled wines come mainly from Italy. Detailed characteristics of the structure of realized consumer demand for sparkling wine are presented; these include the weighted average price, consumer preferences of color, taste, and geographical appellation of origin. Each of these parameters is characterized both by physical volume and monetary terms. It is concluded that the traditional preferences of Russian consumers is rather conservative in terms of choosing varieties of sparkling wine.

[Kiselev V.M., Kiseleva T.F., Prosekov A.Y., Poznyakovsky V.M. Sparkling wine market analysis. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):456-462] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 90. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.90

 

Keywords: sparkling wine, champagne, Russian consumer market, system analysis, forecasting.

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91

The use of "ant" algorithm in constructing models of objects that have maximum average values of the scattering characteristics

 

Yakov Yevseevich Lvovich, Igor Yakovlevich Lvovich, Andrey Petrovich Preobrazhenskiy, Oleg Nikolaevich Choporov

 

Voronezh Institute of High Technologies, 73а Lenina Str., Voronezh, 394043, Russia

Pan-European University, Tomášikova 20, SK-821 02 Bratislava, Republic of Slovenia

 

Abstract. The paper shows the possibility of constructing models of objects that have the highest average values of scattering characteristics in certain sectors of observation angles. With the use of the designed algorithm, we made the calculation of the dependencies of the characteristic dimensions of the hollow structure with maximum average values of the scattering characteristics.

[Lvovich Y.Y., Lvovich I.Y., Preobrazhenskiy A.P., Choporov O.N. The use of "ant" algorithm in constructing models of objects that have maximum average values of the scattering characteristics. Life Sci J 2014; 11(12):463-466] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 91. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.91

 

Keywords: hollow structure, optimization, scattering characteristics

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92

Development of the public-private partnership in Russia: the issues of reconciling the interests

 

Svetlana Alexandrovna Konshakova1, Sergey Grigorievich Kuznetsov1, Irina Anatolievna Kuzovleva1, Nikolay Petrovich Kogemyako2

 

1Bryansk State Technological Academy of Engineering, Stanke Dimitrova prosp., 3, Bryansk, 241037, Russia

2Federal State Unitary Enterprise «State Scientific Center of Timber Industry Complex», Lower Syromyatnicheskaya street, house 5, building 3, Moscow, 107120, Russia

 

Abstract. The article is devoted to consideration of the theory and practice of implementing the institutional mechanism of the public-private partnership in Russia. The article reveals the content of the issue of reconciling the interests of the public-private partnership members in terms of the contemporary institutional theory. The capabilities of interaction between the public and private participants is assessed, a model for evaluating the positive and negative effects, which influence the conditions of implementing the public-private partnership projects is suggested. The authors offer the analytical data on the sectoral and regional structure of the projects, which characterize the practice of developing the public-private partnership in Russia.

[Konshakova S.A., Kuznetsov S.G., Kuzovleva I.A., Kogemyako N.P. Development of the public-private partnership in Russia: the issues of reconciling the interests. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):467-472] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 92. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.92

 

Keywords: Public-private partnership, concession, the project, institutional interests, globalization, harmonization, government, business, institutional mechanism, analysis, economic policy

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Management of Russian business entities: the peculiarities of legal regulation 

 

Georgi Leonidovich Rubeko 

 

Kalmyk State University Pushkin Street, 11, 358000, Elista City, Republic Kalmykia, Russia

 

Abstract. The paper investigates the problems of a legal regulation of the Russian business entities' management. A brief comparative analysis of Russian business companies and their counterparts in foreign countries is given. The legal nature of business entities is investigated. In particular, the definition of business entities is offered. The bodies that are formed in business entities are defined as well. Various models of business entities' management are analyzed. The shortcomings of the Russian legislation are revealed, which regulate the management of business entities. In this regard, it is offered to amend the Russian legislation in changing the ratio of the management bodies of business entities.

[Rubeko G.L. Management of Russian business entities: the peculiarities of legal regulation. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):473-476] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 93. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.93

 

Keywords: business companies, bodies of business companies, management model, board of directors.

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Self-conception, personality traits, and evaluations of cinematic violence

 

L.Ya. Dorfman1 and M.V. Zubakin2

 

1Perm State Academy of Art and Culture, Gazeta “Zvezda” str., 18, Perm, 614000, Russia

2Perm State University, Bukirev str., 15, Perm, 614068, Russia

E-mail: dorfman07@yandex.ru

 

Abstract. Drawing upon existing conceptions of how violence in mass media influences spectators and previous efforts to provide relevant research, the new framework examines the perception of violence in films. An integrative mediational framework is developed to explicate some personality variables as mediators between self-conception (plural self) and psychosemantic evaluations of films with violent scenes. 3 levels of integration are suggested. They are specified as low, middle, and high. Raw data were gathered from a sample of 199 participants recruited from Perm universities (100 men and 99 women), with an age range from 18 to 24. Research hypotheses were tested by means of structural equation modeling. Only the models of low and middle levels of integration fit the data. They evidence that self-actualization and sensation seeking, rather than neuroticism and hostility, yield a mediator function. The first pair of variables is mediators between some subselves of the plural self and psychosemantic evaluations of films with violent scenes. Conversely, neuroticism and hostility did not operate as appropriate mediator variables. A path from plural self to self-actualization and sensation seeking to psychosemantic evaluation of films with violent scenes reveals a significant chain.

[Dorfman L. Ya., Zubakin M. V. Self-conception, personality traits, and evaluations of cinematic violence. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):477-485] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 94. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.94

 

Keywords: self-conception, plural self, self-actualization, sensation seeking, psychosemantic evaluation, violence in films.

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Research of thermal fields in the tools under end milling of titanium alloy BT6 with cooling

 

Dmitry Viktorovich Evdokimov, Dmitry Leonidovich Skuratov, Dmitry Gennadievich Federov

 

Samara State Aerospace University named for academician S.P.Korolev (national research university) (SSAU)

Moskovskoe chaussee, 34, Samara, 443123, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The procedure of thermal field calculation in the end mill with considering of cooling lubricant supply to the cutting zone, based on CAE technology, which can be used to calculate the thermal fields in almost any edging cutting tools. An example of calculation of the thermal field in the end mill is given when processing of constructive titanium alloy BT6.

[Evdokimov D.V., Skuratov D.L., Federov D.G. Research of thermal fields in the tools under end milling of titanium alloy BT6 with cooling. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):486-490] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 95. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.95

 

Keywords: End mill, cooling lubricants, thermal field, method of calculation, CAE technologies.

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96

Computer analysis and visualisation of non-linear dynamic system (NDS) in plane

 

Larissa Gennadievna Gagarina, Alexey Vladslavovich Gorodilov, Oleg Olegovich Kondrashov, Aleksandra Igorevna Kononova, Yana Olegovna Teplova, Oleg Ivanovich Lisov

 

National Research University of Electronic Technology, Zelenograd, 4806 passage, 5, Moscow, 124498, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The research of non-linear dynamic system (non-linear DS,NDS) behavior is a widespread task in many fields of human activity. For effective management of NDS it is necessary to know its free behavior (without influence of external effects), conditions which allows NDS to reach stable state, necessary parameter values for the system to provide the required functional characteristics. A phase-plane portrait describes a behavior of DS in the most obvious way. The modern development of computer engineering allows usage of computer heuristic devices as addition to classic analytical methods to create the phase-plane portrait.

[Gagarina L.G., Gorodilov A.V., Kondrashov O.O., Kononova A.I., Teplova Y.O., Lisov O.I. Computer analysis and visualisation of non-linear dynamic system (NDS) in plane. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):491-495] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 96. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.96

 

Keywords: non-linear dynamic system, a phase-plane portrait, classic analytical methods.

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97

The climate cooling of 536 – 545 AD and the rise of the Turkic Empire

 

Rustam Talgatovich Ganiev

 

Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Mira St. 19, Yekaterinburg, 620002, Russia

 

Abstract. The work analyses the natural anomalies of 536-546 AD with the help of modern climate data and written sources. The period in question was noted for its sharp and long lasting cooling that led to global ethno-political changes in the Medieval Ages. It exerted a strong influence on Central Asia and the nomads who peopled it – the Turks (Tujue). This work is the first to advance the thesis on the influence of natural and climatic anomalies of 536 – 545 as being the main prerequisite for the birth and rise of the ancient Turkic state – the Turkic Empire. The Turks took advantage of the complicated political situation in the region and set up a powerful and military efficient state. Thus the Turkic Empire became a stronghold together with other powerful states of the time, namely: China, the Sasanian Empire and Byzantium which grew weaker due to extreme climate impact (starvation and plague).

[Ganiev R.T. The climate cooling of 536 – 545 AD and the rise of the Turkic Empire. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):496-499] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 97. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.97

 

Keywords: Turks (Tujue), Turkic Empire, China, climate change, dendrochronology, volcanic eruption.

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The design of ore overloading and reclaiming warehouse at application the cyclical and continuous method of ore transportation

 

Dmitry Andreevich Ikonnikov

 

National Mineral Resources University (University of Mines), V.O., 22 liniay, 2, Saint-Petersburg, 199106, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. In the article performed an analysis of ore reclaiming and overloading point characteristics at modern opencast mines. Advantages and disadvantages of using mechanical shovel excavator and hydraulic excavator "backdigger" as a reloading and reclaiming equipment were compared. Ore reclaiming and overloading point construction at cyclical and continuous method of mining using a hydraulic excavator "backdigger" is proposed. Parameters and method of formation this warehouse are shown.

[Ikonnikov D.A. The design of ore overloading and reclaiming warehouse at application the cyclical and continuous method of ore transportation. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):500-502] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 98. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.98

 

Keywords: ore reclaiming point, ore overloading point, cyclical and continuous method of mining.

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Thermoelectric generators of motor vehicle powertrains, problems and prospects

 

Nikolay Khripach, Boris Papkin, Viktor Korotkov

 

"Moscow state university of mechanical engineering (MAMI)", Bolshaya Semenovskaya street, 38, Moscow, 107023, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. At present, considerable efforts of vehicle manufacturers are directed towards improving efficiency and reducing emissions. For example, a system of energy recuperation during braking is often used in electric and hybrid vehicles. It improves energy efficiency, but a significant part of the energy released from the fuel by the internal combustion engine, forming a component of a hybrid power plant or used to recharge the batteries of an electric vehicle, is lost in its cooling system and discharged with the exhaust gases. This energy can be converted into electricity and used to recharge the batteries. This paper provides an analysis of the development of direct exhaust gas heat to electricity conversion systems, used in hybrid vehicles and, more generally, in any vehicle with an internal combustion engine, where energy recovery will reduce the load on the generator. Currently, considerable efforts of vehicle manufacturers seek to improve their efficiency and reduce emissions. For example, in vehicles with electric and hybrid powertrains  often applicable system of energy recuperation during braking, which improves energy efficiency, but the internal combustion engine, a component of the hybrid powertrain or used to recharge the battery electric vehicle, a significant part of the energy consumed in the fuel is lost its cooling system and is discharged with the exhaust gases.  This energy can be converted into electricity and is used for recharging the batteries. This article provides an analysis of the development of systems of direct conversion of thermal energy of exhaust gases into electricity, in vehicles with hybrid powertrain and, more generally, in any vehicle with the engine, where energy recovery will reduce the load on the generator.

[Khripach N., Papkin B., Korotkov V. Thermoelectric generators of motor vehicle powertrains, problems and prospects. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):503-507] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 99. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.99

 

Keywords: thermoelectric generator, recuperation of heat energy, direct conversion of heat into electricity.

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Hydrodynamics research of bubble mixing biomass process in biogas plants

 

Leonid Anatolyevich Kuschev, Valeriy Anatolyevich Uvarov, Vladimir Grigoryevich Shaptala, Denis Yuryevich Suslov, Galina Leonidovna Dronova, Rafshan Salmanovich Ramazanov

 

Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shuchov, Kostyukova street, 46, Belgorod, 308012, Russia

 

Abstract. This paper is devoted to the process of the bubble mixing biomass in biogas plants and its constructive ensuring. Bubble bioreactor is designed & equipped with a gas distributor made of pipe as a vertical spiral cone-shaped base facing down, with evenly placed openings for biogas output. The proposed design of the gas distributor ensures a spatial uniformity of distributing the bubbling gas, reduces stringency of moving chains of pop gas bubbles, what leads to intensification of interfacial bubbles interaction with the fermentation liquid mass, thereby the intensity of stirring is increasing. The hydrodynamic characteristics of the mixing system on the basis of the bubble gas distributing device are studied. There are the equations for determining the basic structural and technological parameters of the bubble mixing system: radial and axial steps between turns of bubbler, bubble pipe length, the relative volume content of the bubble phase, bubbles ascent rate, duration and energy expenses for one cycle of the bubble mixing. The expressions obtained were used for developing and designing industrial biogas plant.

[Kuschev L.A., Uvarov V.A., Shaptala V.G., Suslov D.Y., Dronova G.L., Ramazanov R.S. Hydrodynamics research of bubble mixing biomass process in biogas plants. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):508-512] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 100. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.100

 

Keywords: biogas, bioreactor, mixing, bubbling

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Model of vortex boundary of plane laminar hydraulic jet

 

Julia Anatolyevna Kuznetsova and Anatoly Gennadiyevich Pozdeev

 

Volga State University of Technology, Lenin Square, 3, Ioshkar Ola, 424000, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. Reason for interest in jet streams is their great importance for various branches of engineering. Liquid and gas jet streams occur in rockets, airplanes, heat engines, turbines, boilers, combustion chambers, furnaces, ovens, hydraulic facilities, chemical and technological devices, ventilation devices and fluidics. In particular, during the hydrosystem operation, environmental problems arise associated with the erosion pool formation in the tailrace at considerable velocities of the flow. Riverbed erosion in the tailrace leads to emergency situations by the loss of hydraulic structures stability. Development of the hydrosystem stability assessment is complicated by the lack of an integrated approach to the analysis of riverbed processes, agreed with the plane hydraulic jet theory. To solve the problem of the plane laminar hydraulic jet propagation, the vortex boundary model, based on the scheme of rolling vortices, is applied in this paper. It is found that the geometric locus of equilibrium centres of vortices rolling without sliding along the jet boundary is a catenary line. To assess the adequacy of the proposed vortex model, it is compared with known solutions of the problem of the infinitely thin jet-source motion based on the boundary layer theory. The proof of the hypothesis about the identity of dependencies for the kinematic characteristics of the plane laminar hydraulic jet, which are derived from the vortex theory and the boundary layer theory, is associated with the phased development of new hydromechanics propositions and the analysis of existing ones. First of all, an equation of the plane laminar hydraulic jet boundary, based on the scheme of rolling vortices, is formulated. Then we investigate the statement of the problem of the infinitely thin jet-source motion in terms of the boundary layer theory. The self-similarity (affine similarity) of the longitudinal jet velocity profiles, based on the law of conservation of momentum carried through the jet cross-section, is proved. There is provided information on the application of the similarity and dimension theory to the formulation of partial differential boundary layer equations and a ordinary differential third-order equation for the boundary layer flow function in a dimensionless form. As a result of substitution, a dimensionless ordinary differential equation is formulated, based on the vortex jet boundary model. Conversion of the partial differential third-order equation into the ordinary differential equation for the flow function is generalized by calculating invariants. The partial differential boundary layer equation and the ordinary differential equation in regard to the flow function under the given vortex jet boundary nature are integrated in MathCad. Conditions of conversion of solutions of the dimensionless plane hydraulic jet equations, obtained by different authors, into a dimensional form are estimated.

[Kuznetsova J.A., Pozdeev A.G. Model of vortex boundary of plane laminar hydraulic jet. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):513-531] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 101. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.101

 

Keywords: laminar boundary layer, plane hydraulic jet, rolling vortex, thread, point source, jet boundary, generalized functions, delta function, MathCad

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Accreditation and other factors of supply and demand for high education programmes in the area of public sector management

 

Juraj Nemec1, Štefan Hronec2, Beáta Mikušová Meričková2, David Špaček1

 

1Masaryk University, Faculty of Economics and Administration, Lipová 41a, Brno, 602 00, Czech Republic

2Matej Bel University Banská Bystrica, Faculty of Economics, Tajovského 10, Banská Bystrica, 975 90, Slovakia

 

Abstract. Based on the qualitative and quantitative analysis, this study aims at analyzing the absence of public sector management (so needed for the practice of public administration), as one of the essential subjects of the educational offer in the Czech and Slovak Republic. The qualitative analysis examines an assumption that the offer of programs in the management of public sector area is affected by the procedure of national accreditation. The quantitative part analyses the impact of selected indicators as an unemployment trend or nominal wages per number of students. The analysis was performed in Slovak setting. It is highly probable that the national system of accreditations, especially the Slovak one, considerably affects the study offer of the field in question. The conclusion hints at the fact that potential influencing factors – as unemployment growth or wage stability – do not act as motivation to study public area management.

Nemec J., Hronec Š., Meričková B.M., Špaček D. Accreditation and other factors of supply and demand for high education programmes in the area of public sector management. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):532-536] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 102. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.102

 

Keywords: Accreditation, public sector management, supply and demand for studying public management

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Public financing of sports in the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic: processes and their evaluation

 

Juraj Nemec1, Miroslav Nemec2, Marek Pavlík1

 

1Masaryk University, Faculty of Economics and Administration, Lipová 41a, Brno, 602 00, Czech Republic

2Faculty of Arts, Matej Bel University, Tajovského 10, Banská Bystrica, 975 90, Slovakia

 

Abstract. Our paper investigates issues where sports management and public finance intersect. Both in the Czech Republic and Slovakia sports are significantly dependent on grants from different levels of public administration. But to access and use this money is not straightforward. In the first part of our paper we analyse the system of allocation of the public finance grants to sport organizations in both countries. The second part deals with two selected problems of resource allocation – transparency of allocation of public resources to sports and financial management problems connected with rigid rules regulating the use of public resources allocated to sport organizations (on the Slovak example). The results are interesting – the allocation of resources from central level is transparent, predictable, program and performance based, however this is not valid for local government grants. The obligation to use public grants to sport organizations in the same way as state budgetary organizations causes real problems form financial managers of sport bodies.

[Nemec J., Nemec M., Pavlík M. Public financing of sports in the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic: processes and their evaluation. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):537-541] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 103. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.103

 

Keywords: Sport, public finance, transparency

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The characteristics of the model for development of communicative deontological culture of school principals in the system of their refresher training

 

Natalya Ivanovna Nikitina1, Tatiana Engersovna Galkina1, Svetlana Nikolaevna Tolstikova1, Natalia Vladimirovna Avtionova1, Olga Ivanovna Volenko1, Veronica Michailovna Grebennikova2

 

1Russian State Social University, V. Peak Street, 4, Moscow, 129226, Russian Federation

2Kuban State University, Stavropolskaya Street, 149, Krasnodar, 350040, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. In the article there are characteristic of model of development of communicative ethics (deontological) culture of schools heads (a school director and his deputies, chairmen of methodical association of teachers) in the system of refresher training and professional retraining. The article discusses methodological approaches, principles, stages of implementation of this model, and provides a brief description of realization results of the designed model in real conditions of operation (activity) of Kuban State University (Russia, Krasnodar) and Russian State Social University (Russia, Moscow).

[Nikitina N.I., Galkina T.E., Tolstikova S.N., Avtionova N.V., Volenko O.I., Grebennikova V.M. The characteristics of the model for development of communicative deontological culture of school principals in the system of their refresher training. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):542-546] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 104. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.104

 

Keywords: professional development, the process model, the Manager of education, communicative culture

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Linguocultural study of a linguistic personality in the process of intercultural communication

 

NadezdaVladimirovna Pospelova and Natalja Sergeevna Subbotina

 

Elabuga Institute of Kazan Federal University, Kazanskya Street, 89, Elabuga, 423630, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. One of the most interesting questions in the theory and practice of intercultural communication, concept of (American) language personality is regarded in the article. Language personality is the term of interdisciplinary nature. Each language personality is unique, it has its own "knowledge" of the language. However, it is necessary to allocate national and invariant part in the structure of language personality. The notion of the language personality is backbone in the process of describing the American variant of a national language The author tries to achieve a new synthesis of knowledge about the American variant of the English language, refracted through the structure of the American language personality.

[Pospelova N.V., Subbotina N.S. Linguocultural study of a linguistic personality in the process of intercultural communication. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):547-549] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 105. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.105

 

Keywords: language personality, communicative personality, American language personality, nationally-labeled elements, ethnic diversity, linguistic culture, semantic imagery, communication, intercultural communication, extralinguistic interpretation, method of semantization.

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Publishing organ of Alashorda government and its editor in revolution period

 

Menlikul Shindaliyeva1, Aizada Utanova2, Elmira Ibrayeva1, Zhanat Aimukhambet1

 

1L.N.Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Munaitpasov street, 5, Astana, 010000, Republic of Kazakhstan

2Kazakh University of the Humanities and Law, Korgaljyn street, 8, Astana, 010000, Republic of Kazakhstan

Tel.: +77016620433, e-mail: astana02@yandex.ru

 

Abstract. This article is about social and political potention of “Kazakh” newspaper which was the publishing organ of Alashorda government (1917-1920). Also the creativity of alash activist Zh.Zhanibekov who was at the head of “Kazakh” newspaper in post revolutionary years was studied. Historical manuals and archive materials written after Republic of Kazakhstan got independence used in original version in the scientific article.

[Shindaliyeva M., Utanova A., Ibrayeva E., Aimukhambet Z. Publishing organ of Alashorda government and its editor in revolution period. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):550-554] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 106. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.106

 

Keywords: Alashorda, publishing organ, “Kazakh” newspaper, anticolony, Zh.Zhanibekov – editor

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Portfolio management technology of innovations distribution in social and economic system

 

Vaycheslav Mihajlovich Avramchikov, Nadezhda Timofeevna Avramchikova, Alexandr Nikolaevich Antamoshkin, Juri Vladimirovich Erigin

 

Samara State Aerospace University named after the academician M.F. Reshetnev, the ave. of gas. "The Krasnoyarsk worker", 31, Krasnoyarsk, 660014, Russia

 

Abstract. A new management technology of innovations distribution based on building of the portfolio of interacting innovations is submitted by authors. To building the portfolio the functional interdependences and the complementarity of various types of innovations are defined, the aggregate effects arising in case of their interaction are established. Using the system effects arising in case of interaction of innovations the portfolio technology allows considering also investment risks, which act to raise the efficiency of innovations promotion in social and economic system.

[Avramchikov V.M., Avramchikova N.T., Antamoshkin A.N., Erigin J.V. Portfolio management technology of innovations distribution in social and economic system. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):555-557] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 107. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.107

 

Keywords: innovations, innovations distribution, interaction of innovation waves, a portfolio of interacting innovations, multiplicative effect, synergistic effect, investment risks

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Potentialities of ensuring the resource efficiency of the regional economy

 

Elena Leonidovna Chizhevskaya, Oksana Borisovna Fedorova, Liubov Leonidovna Tonysheva

 

Tyumen State Oil and Gas University, Volodarskogo street, 38, Tyumen, 625000, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The resource-efficiency of the development of the regional economy is in a way a universal criterion used for both making managerial decisions and assessing their efficiency. This category is grounded in the concept of the territory’s resource potential, the composition, structure, and state whereof determines the region’s capabilities and its place in the national economic system. The author provides a classification of factors that determine the potentialities of the effective use of the region’s resources, examines the characteristics for the conditions of a single-raw-material territory, and determines the nature of interaction between corporations and the regional (local) authorities within the frame of implementing resource-efficiency projects.

[Chizhevskaya E.L., Fedorova O.B., Tonysheva L.L. Potentialities of ensuring the resource efficiency of the regional economy. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):558-561] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 108. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.108

 

Keywords: resource efficiency, regional resource potential, territory’s economic potential, factors in ensuring resource efficiency

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The role of high education institutions in modern Russian metropolis development using as an example Vladivostok city

 

Vladimir Vladimirovich Glukhov and Vadim Gennadievich Vavrenyuk

 

Far Eastern Federal University, Sukhanova street, 8, Vladivostok, 690950, Russia

 

Abstract. Transition to market economy, management rigidity, became the main reason of many economic entities’ stagnation and stable functioning with planned-directive managerial system, which turned out to be incapable to continue its productive activity in new economic conditions, which have predetermined their further development. With this the role and the meaning of education in modern Russian society have changed, which becomes more and more integrated in the world society. In process of Russian society shift to market relations, in large inhabited localities, an understanding and importance accent of local economic mainstay with economic entities shift from business entities to the system of educational and scientific institutes, which started dominating over other branches of economy on the quantity of population, involved in it.Nowadays the role and the place of educational system, and high educational institutes as its structural element in particular, in the modern Russian society can be identified as one of important components of national economy, which final functioning result is human capital generating of each graduate.

[Glukhov V.V., Vavrenyuk V.G. The role of high education institutions in modern Russian metropolis development using as an example Vladivostok city. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):562-565] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 109. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.109

 

Keywords: local economic mainstay, educational system, educational institutions, students

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Drug addiction prevention: experience of high education institute

 

Viktor Ivanovich Pishchulin, Lyubov Ivanovna Rogacheva, Lyudmila Viktorovna Fokina,  Olesya Mikhaylovna Fadeeva, Roman Anatolyevich Novikov, Roman Vladimirovich Kolupaev

 

The branch of Russian State Social University, Gagarin street, 16, Dedovsk, 143530, Istra district, Moscow region, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. This article is represented as a review. An experience of social drug addiction prevention with participation of affiliate of Russian State Social University in Dedovsk city in Moscow region. There are described implemented social programs, including prevention and technologies of social rehabilitation of drug addicted persons as well. Participation of institutes in counteraction to narcotization and drug business becomes actual. Key success in prevention of drug addiction, which become possible with collaboration of high educational institution with municipal power, institutes of civil society and security agencies are described.

[Pishchulin V.I., Rogacheva L.I., Fokina L.V., Fadeeva O.M., Novikov R.A., Kolupaev R.V. Drug addiction prevention: experience of high education institute. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):566-569] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 110. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.110

 

Keywords: Narcotization prevention, drug-addicted rehabilitation, drug-addicted resocialization, drug-addicted prevention technologies, addiction prevention programmes

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The problem of paradigm in negotiation of social narcotization

 

Viktor Ivanovich Pishchulin, Evgeniya Vladimirovna Loginova, Lyubov Ivanovna Rogacheva, Lyudmila Viktorovna Fokina, Roman Anatolyevich Novikov, Roman Vladimirovich Kolupaev

 

The branch of Russian State Social University, Gagarin street, 16, Dedovsk, Istra district, Moscow region, 143530, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. In the article the necessity of paradigm organization, which encourages negotiation of social narcotization threat and a fight with drug business. The author offers a fundamental condition, a method, which may be included in idea system, directed on changing of correction of value world outlook for the purpose of global threats’ negotiation, routed in destructive bondages of a human. The importance of international cooperation for a struggle with social narcotization and drug business becomes actual.

[Pishchulin V.I., Loginova E.V., Rogacheva L.I., Fokina L.V., Novikov R.A., Kolupaev R.V. The problem of paradigm in negotiation of social narcotization. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):570-573] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 111. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.111

 

Keywords: Struggle with social narcotization, threat of narcotization, new world vision, new paradigm, narcotization precaution, struggle with drug business, national ideology, state ideology

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Value of Combined Facial Rehabilitation Techniques and Temporomandibular Osteopathy in a Cohort of Egyptian Patients with Systemic Sclerosis

 

Enas A. Elattar1, Takwa. B. younes1, Sherin M. Hosny2 and Mohammed S. Hassan 3

 

1Physical Medicine, Rheumatology and Rehabilitation Department,2Internal Medicine Department, and 3Radiology Departments,Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo. Egypt.

Enasattar2@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Systemic Sclerosis (SSc), is an autoimmune connective tissue disease, with fibrosis of soft tissues Objective: to evaluate the value of the combined rehabilitation techniques [facial stretching exercises & connective tissue massage, Kabat’s method, and kinesitherapy and manipulative osteopathy] in patients with systemic sclerosis; both clinically and ultrasonographically. Methods: 20 patients were subjected to combined rehabilitation technique and home exercise program (group A) for 8 weeks, and 20 patients (group B) were assigned only for home exercise program for 8 weeks. All patients were assessed at baseline (F0), at the end of the treatment (F1) and after 8 weeks of follow-up (F2). They were evaluated with SF-36, health assessment questionnaire (HAQ), modified Rodnan skin score, mouth opening and Mouth Handicap in Systemic Sclerosis scale (MHISS). TMJ ultrasonography was done for the both groups and for 20 normal controls for comparison. Results: In both groups, SF-36 and HAQ were not affected by the treatment. At F1, both groups improved in mouth opening (p<0.05), and the improvement was maintained at for both groups. Facial skin score improved in (group A) at F1, and maintained at F2 (p<0.05 versus F0), while no change was observed in (group B). MHISS scale improved significantly in (group A) at F1 (p<0.001) only, while no change was found in (group B). Tempromandibular joint (TMJ) ultrasonography data didn’t show any difference neither from the controls nor the two groups at different assessments. Conclusion: The combination of rehabilitation techniques, is more effective than home exercise program alone in the rehabilitative treatment of SSc facial involvement.

 [Enas A. Elattar, Takwa. B. younes, Sherin M. Hosny and Mohammed S. Hassan. Value of Combined Facial Rehabilitation Techniques and Temporomandibular Osteopathy in a Cohort of Egyptian Patients with Systemic Sclerosis. Life Sci J 2014; 11(12):574-585] (ISSN: 1097-8135).http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 112. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.112

 

Key words: Systemic Sclerosis, combined rehabilitation techniques, & ultrasound of TMJ.

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Expanding the territory of the Western Turkic Khanate (VII-VIII centuries)

 

Galiya Iskakova1,Talas Omarbekov1, Ahmet Tashagil2, Moldir Oskenbay1

 

1Al-Farabi Kazakh National University Faculty of History, Archaelogy and Ethnology, Al-Farabi Avenue, 71, Almaty, 050040, Republic of Kazakhstan

2Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University Faculty of Science, Meclis-i Mebusan Str., 24, Turkey.

 

Abstract. The main purpose of the paper is to analyze main directions of khaganat`s expansion. The problem statement is to understand the concept of the influence of space on the development of history is not enough just to study historical events. The close relationship of human being, land and space requires deep study of this issue. For the nomad and sedentary people the notion of belonging to a specific space, the definition of its territory and their boundaries were not identical. Often uncertainty of the territory, the boundaries of the territories in these matters gave rise to various conflicts and wars. Currently these relationships are defined and regulated by law. In this regard, the question arises: how the nomads of Eurasia defined territory and boundaries of individual tribes and the state as a whole 1300-1400 years ago,? In this article the author suggests to consider this issue on the sample of West Khaganat. This is one of the strongest states of Central Asian in VII-VIII centuries.The research allows all parties to consider and determine the features of the development of the surrounding space of nomadic Turks. Draw conclusions about their understanding of state, tribal territories and borders.

[Iskakova G., Omarbekov T., Tashagil A., Oskenbay M. Expanding the territory of the Western Turkic Khanate (VII-VIII centuries). Life Sci J 2014;11(12):586-593] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 113. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.113

 

Keywords: nomads; identity; nature, tribes, Central Asian history, turks kings, turks, environmental history, historical geography

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Value of mathematical modeling for genetically modified crops

 

Irina Arturovna Lyapunova, Tatyana Alexandrovna Bokareva, Irina Eduardovna Gamolina, Marina Nikolaevna Levchenko, Vladimir Vasilyevich Semenistiy, Elena Victorovna Tetruashvili

 

Southern Federal University, Nekrasovskiy Str., 44, Taganrog, 347928, Russian Federation,

 

Abstract: Despite the high-tech innovation level of cultivation and processing, damage by insects - pests, is still high. In this connection, a sense of urgency growing new genetically modified (GM) varieties agricultures containing the gene of the soil bacterium called transgenic or genetically modified. This article explains the importance of mathematical modeling for the cultivation of GM crops.

[Lyapunova I.A., Bokareva T.A., Gamolina I.E., Levchenko M.N., Semenistiy V.V., Tetruashvili E.V. Value of mathematical modeling for genetically modified crops. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):594-596] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 114. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.114

 

Keywords: mathematical modeling, plant resource, biomass density, transgenic corn

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Organizational mechanism for regional service economy management

 

Liubov Leonidovna Tonysheva, Oksana Borisovna Fedorova, Elena Leonidovna Chizhevskaya

 

Tyumen State Oil and Gas University, Volodarskogo Str., 38, 625000, Tyumen, Russia

 

Abstract: The article informatively describes service economy and ascertains the goals which, if solved, can make for its formation with the use of regional potential available. The authors substantiate that this process is reasonable to be carried out by using a system approach. This approach stipulates a strategy with a concrete content and implementation mechanism. The article presents the most important components of the organizational mechanism for regional service economy management, the author’s interpretation of general and subsidiary principles for strategic territorial management and the functions of regional management.

[Tonysheva L.L., Fedorova O.B., Chizhevskaya E.L. Organizational mechanism for regional service economy management. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):597-599] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 115. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.115

 

Keywords: service economy; region; organizational mechanism; principles and functions of management; management organization

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Scientific basis for the use of microwave radiation to improve the technological properties of polymeric insulating coatings

 

Elena Midhatovna Abutalipova and Elena Igorevna Bahonina

 

FSBEI НРЕ “Ufa State Petroleum Technological University” Sterlitamak branch, 2, October Av., 453118, Sterlitamak, Russia

Phone: (347) 240692, Email: elenaabutalipova.ea@gmail.com

 

Abstract. This article discusses an approach to improve technological and operational properties of polymeric insulating coatings of pipelines by their treatment by the electromagnetic field radiation of microwave range. In recent years, it has become quite widely used to find the electromagnetic radiation of a microwave (MW) range. Because it has several advantages: intensifies the energy exchange in the matter by the converting of the radiated energy into the kinetic energy of molecular vibrations; provides a uniform treatment of the substance in the irradiated volume and high stability of the energy flow due to lack of persistence within the varying its power.

[Abutalipova E.M., Bahonina E.I. Scientific basis for the use of microwave radiation to improve the technological properties of polymeric insulating coatings. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):600-604] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 116. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.116

 

Keywords: microwave radiation, the polymeric insulating coating, pipe, construction, method of calculation, the polymer, the electromagnetic field

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Technology of thermic welding with ultrasonic effect during a process of welding

 

Adolf Ivanovich Trofimov, Sergei Ivanovich Minin, Maxim Adol'fovich Trofimov

 

Obninsk Institute for Nuclear Power Engineering of the National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI», Campus 1, Obninsk, Kaluga region, 249040, Russia

 

Abstract: In the presented paper a technology of thermic welding of pipelines and pipeline fittings with ultrasonic effect during the welding process is proposed. The technology allows to significantly increase strength of a welded joint by means of residual stresses' reduction, a reduction of grain sizes and degassing of a welded joint. Effect of ultrasonic increases speed of welding with a decrease of current, which results in energy saving. Results of theoretical and experimental studies of ultrasonic effect on welded joint and heat-affected zone are presented.

[Trofimov A.I., Minin S.I., Trofimov M.A. Technology of thermic welding with ultrasonic effect during a process of welding. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):605-607] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 117. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.117

 

Key words: Welding, Residual Stresses, Effect of Ultrasonic, Heat-Affected Zone

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Drug addict social integration system in modern Russian society

 

Viktor Ivanovich Pishchulin, Evgeniya Vladimirovna Loginova, Lyubov Ivanovna Rogacheva, Lyudmila Viktorovna Fokina, Maksim Aleksandrovich Rogachev,Olesya Mikhaylovna Fadeeva

 

The branch of Russian State Social University, Gagarin Str., Dedovsk, Istra district, Moscow region, 143530, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. In modern Russia an understanding and solving of drug addiction problem is actual. Social integration of a human, who took the cure, the final stage of which is when a patient together along with specialists needs the help of his relatives, people, who close to him and his associates, is important. The stage of integration is directed on links with society renewal, that is why a support and a help of people, who surround him plays an important role at this time.

[Pishchulin V.I., Loginova E.V., Rogacheva L.I., Fokina L.V., Rogachev M.A., Fadeeva O.M. Drug addict social integration system in modern Russian society. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):608-611] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 118. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.118

 

Keywords: Social integration, drug addiction, certificate

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Technology of thermic welding with ultrasonic effect during a process of welding

 

Adolf Ivanovich Trofimov, Sergei Ivanovich Minin, Maxim Adol'fovich Trofimov

 

Obninsk Institute for Nuclear Power Engineering of the National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI», Campus 1, Obninsk, Kaluga region, 249040, Russia

 

Abstract: In the presented paper a technology of thermic welding of pipelines and pipeline fittings with ultrasonic effect during the welding process is proposed. The technology allows to significantly increase strength of a welded joint by means of residual stresses' reduction, a reduction of grain sizes and degassing of a welded joint. Effect of ultrasonic increases speed of welding with a decrease of current, which results in energy saving. Results of theoretical and experimental studies of ultrasonic effect on welded joint and heat-affected zone are presented.

[Trofimov A.I., Minin S.I., Trofimov M.A. Technology of thermic welding with ultrasonic effect during a process of welding. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):612-614] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 119. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.119

 

Key words: Welding, Residual Stresses, Effect of Ultrasonic, Heat-Affected Zone

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Seismic microzoning of the industrial platform of the mining – concentration plant

 

Nikolay Nikolaevich Grib, Andrey Aleksandrovich Syasko, Andrey Viktorovich Kachaev, Galina Vladislavovna Grib

 

Technical Institute (branch) of the North-Eastern Federal University, Kravchenko, 16, Neryungri, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The results of seismic micro zonation on the site of construction of the Elginsky ore mining and dressing plant are represented. Forecasting of increment of the seismic impact for the platform of construction has been carried out. According to the results of the direct instrumental observations and calculations a map of seismic microzoning has been developed.

[Grib N.N., Syasko A.A., Kachaev A.V., Grib G.V. Seismic microzoning of the industrial platform of the mining – concentration plant. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):615-619] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 120. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.120

 

Keywords: Seismic microzoning, seismometric method of observation, three component accelerometer, method of seismicimpedances, map of seismic microzoning

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Implementation Proposal of an IMS-Based IPTV System over an IPv6/MPLS Network Using Open Source Software

 

Nancy Yaneth Gelvez García, Nelson Enrique Vera Parra, Danilo Alfonso López Sarmiento

 

Faculty of Engineering, Full time professor at Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas, Bogotá, Colombia

nygelvezg@udistrital.edu.co, neverap@udistrital.edu.co, dalopezs@udistrital.edu.co, ingeniero24@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: The continuous development of communication  networks has allowed the emergence of IPTV as an innovative service which together with IMS, promises to change radically the TV experience for consumers. The main intention of this paper is to propose the design of an IMS-based IPTV system using open source software for its development and using an IPv6/MPLS core network to provide multimedia content transportation. For this purpose, we first study the related work in the area, and then we present the proposed design describing all the devices and software available for the implementation of the prototype. We have identified a lack of research in IPTV concerning IPv6 and we propose a prototypical implementation as a way to deepen into this subject and generate more research in the area.

[Gelvez NY, Vera NE, López DA. Implementation Proposal of an IMS-Based IPTV System over an IPv6/MPLS Network Using Open Source Software. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):620-627]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 121. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.121

 

Keywords: Core Network; IMS; IPTV; NGN; Open Source

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Implementation of a Communication System Between the (IP) Internet Protocol and the Profibus Standard for General Application Using Programmable Development Systems

 

Cristian Caballero 1, Rodolfo Romero 1, Danilo Alfonso López Sarmiento 2

 

1. Electronic Enginner, Graduate at Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas, Bogotá, Colombia

2. Faculty of Engineering, Full time professor at Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas, Bogotá, Colombia

k4balleroQgmail.com, rrromero71@gmail.com, dalopezs@udistrital.edu.co, ingeniero24@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: The article shows the development of an interconnection application between IPv4 and Profibus protocols, trying to implement a PA fieldbus type non intrinsically safe and be monitored from the Internet using a web service called ThingSpeak, which serves as the basis for the preparation of the study concerning the protocols set forth at the beginning, appreciating the limitations of the industrial systems and their trends into the future, where they will come to merge with the Ethernet protocol, giving rise to a new generation of standardized fieldbuses.

[Caballero C, Romero R, López DA. Implementation of a Communication System Between the (IP) Internet Protocol and the Profibus Standard for General Application Using Programmable Development Systems. Life Sci J  2014;11(07):628-642]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 122. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.122

 

Keywords: Arduino; Ethernet; IPv4; profibus

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Prostate Cancer Detection in Patients with Elevated and/or Rising Serum Prostate-Specific Antigen Values and Negative Initial Prostate Biopsy: Value of Repeat Saturation Prostate Biopsy.

 

Mohamed M Wishahi and Hossam M Elganzoury. and Mohamed M Badawy.

 

Urology Department, Theodor Bilharz Research Institute Cairo. Egypt

wishahi@gmx.net

 

Abstract: Introduction: Patients with elevated values of serum total prostate-specific antigen (PSA) without clinical evidence of prostate carcinoma (PCa) on digital rectal examination (DRE) has to have prostate biopsy (PB) for the diagnosis of PCa. When PB results are negative there are controversies exist over further assessment either by antibiotic therapy. Repeat saturation biopsy (SPBx) with 30 cores, detection rate of PCa in repeat SPBx is 11-28%.The study aimed at detection of PCa in patients with negative initial prostate biopsy with an elevated or rising PSA. Method: A retrospective observational and prospective study was done to evaluate the diagnostic values of repeat saturation prostate biopsy in the detection of PCa with an initial negative PB. Inclusion criteria were patients who had evaluated had persistently increased trend of serum PSA of 4-20 ng/mL. Their initial prostate biopsy of 10 cores taken through trans-rectal ultrasound (TRUS) was negative for PCa, prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN), or atypical small acinar proliferation (ASAP). Eighty seven patients 87/115(75.6%) had benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), 28 patients 28/115(24.3%) had inflammation of the prostate in histopathological assessment, whom they received antibiotic for 7 days. As PSA was elevated or rising, 64 patients approved to have had repeat PB with saturation prostate biopsy with 30 cores. Results: 115 patients with elevated PSA, had initial PB that that negative for PCa, PIN, or ASAP. 87 patients (75.6%) had (BPH). 28 patients (34.4%) had different degrees of inflammation for which they received antimicrobial therapy with quinolone for one week. These 115 patients had elevated PSA in 68 and rising in 47 after the initial PB. All were offered to have repeat biopsy. 64 patients agreed to have SPBx . Eleven patients 11/64 (17.2%) had PCa in the repeat prostate biopsy. Conclusion: Elevated and or rising PSA values in presence of initial negative prostate biopsy indicate repeat saturation prostate biopsy with 30 cores. Proven aggressiveness of inflammation evident with pathological findings would explain the elevated PSA without PCa. Repeat SPBx was positive for PCa in 17.2% patients.

[Mohamed M Wishahi and Hossam M Elganzoury and Mohamed M Badawy. Prostate Cancer Detection in Patients with Elevated and/or Rising Serum Prostate-Specific Antigen Values and Negative Initial Prostate Biopsy: Value of Repeat Saturation Prostate Biopsy. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):643-646]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 123. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.123

 

Keywords: prostate cancer, negative prostate biopsy, Elevated PSA level. Saturation prostate biopsy.

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Mid Infrared spectroscopy and PLS to predict soil contaminant under different soil conditions

 

Ahmed A. Afifi and Refat A. Youssef

 

Soils and Water Use Dept., National Research Centre, El-Behouse st., Dokki, Giza, Egypt

a.afifinrc@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Soil contamination by naturally occurring and anthropogenic organic and inorganic chemicals is a serious human health and environmental problem in many industrialized and non-industrialzed nations.  This process has dramatically increased in their extent and intensity over the last decades. Progressively, actions have been taken in order to evaluate and reduce the major threats that have already done devastation on soil conditions. The objective of the present study is to examine critically the suitability of Mid infrared reflectance spectroscopy (MIRS) as a tool for soil contamination assessment. A quicker method is developed based on a multivariate calibration procedure using partial least squares (PLS) regression to establish a relationship between reflectance spectra in the mid infrared (MIR) region and spectral of soil characteristics, that are inter-correlated with concentration levels of Cd and Pb. Several spectral pre-processing methods (normalization, multiplicative scatter correction (MSC), derivation, standard normal variant (SNV) transforms) were employed to improve the robustness and performance of the calibration models. The principal component analysis (PCA) was performed prior to MIR-PLS regression analysis that identified spectral outliers in the absorbance spectra of soil samples. Pearson correlation identified two elements (Cd, Pb). The obtained calibration models showed high regression (r) for Pb, and relatively high (r) for Cd  (r > 0.95), while for Cd (r>0.98). Based on this result support the conclusion that mid-infrared spectroscopy could aid conventional method analyses of soils heavily contaminated with certain heavy metals after a robust model is developed.

[Ahmed A. Afifi and Refat A. Youssef. Mid Infrared spectroscopy and PLS to predict soil contaminant under different soil conditions. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):647-654]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 124. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.124

 

Keywords: MIR, PLS, Soil contaminant, soil condition, chemometric

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Histological And Histochemical Study Of The Skin Of Female Guinea Pig Under The Influence Of Retinoid

 

Essa Agmi Alodeani, Madiha M. M. Makhlouf 2 and Eman Abu Daef 3

 

1- Department of Dermatology, Dean of Faculty of Medicine in Al- Dawadmi, Shaqra University. KSA. E.alodeani@su.edu.sa

2- Department of Histology and Cell Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University. Egypt, Collage of Applied Medical Sciences in Al- Dawadmi, Shaqra University, KSA)

3- Department of Histology and Cell Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University.

mmakhlouf@su.edu.sa

 

Abstract: Introduction: Vitamin A is important for epithelial cell proliferation and differentiation. Synthetic vitamin A derivatives, known as isotretinoin, have been extensively used in the last few years to treat a variety of clinical skin conditions. Aim of the Work: The aim of this study was to evaluate the histological changes in guinea pig thin skin that might result from long term exposure to isotretinoin and the possibility of recovery after its withdrawal. Material and Methods: 25 female guinea pig (Cavia sp.) were used in this study, 15 of them were adult animals (about 6 months old) and the other 10 were old animals (2- 4 years old). They were divided into five equal groups;1- control group, 2- adult isotretinoin-treated group, 3- the third group was topically treated with isotretinoin for four weeks, then the animals were left without treatment for another four weeks.4- Old control group, 5- Old isotretinoin-treated group. Skin specimens from the back were processed and examined histologically and histochemically. The epidermal thickness was measured and the results were statistically analysed. Results: Specimens from isotretinoin-treated animals showed antiproliferative effect on the cells having highly proliferative potentiality. The sebaceous glands showed significant decrease in their size. There was also a statistically highly significant decrease in the epidermal thickness. The dermis showed decreased collagen content. It was found that all the effects of isotretinoin are time dependent and all the histological and histochemical manifestations of isotretinoin are reversible. Conclusion: Isotretinoin has a time dependent and reversible potent antiproliferative and enzymatic activating effects. Long-term exposure to systemic isotretinoin may induce structural changes in the guinea pig skin, being partially reversible after withdrawal of the drug. Therefore, the use of tretinoin should be restricted to the advice of dermatologists.

[Essa Agmi AL-Odeani, Madiha M.M. Makhlouf and Man Abu Deaf. Histological And Histochemical Study Of The Skin Of Female Guinea Pig Under The Influence Of Retinoid. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):655-666]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 125. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.125

 

Key Words: Isoretinoin, Thin skin, Sebaceous glands.

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Pyrolysis Of Saudi Arabian Date Palm Waste: A Viable Option For Converting Waste Into Wealth

 

Ahmad Hussain1, Aamir Farooq2, Mohammad Ismail Bassyouni3, Hani Hussain Sait4, Mahmoud Abo El-Wafa5, Syed Waheedul Hasan3, Farid Nasir Ani6

 

1Department of Nuclear Engineering, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia

2Clean Combustion Research Centre, King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, Saudi Arabia

3Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, 21911, Saudi Arabia

4Department of Mechanical Engineering, King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, Saudi Arabia

5Department of Civil Engineering, King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, 21911, Saudi Arabia

6Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, UniversitiTeknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia

Email: ahassain@kau.edu.sa

 

Abstract: Saudi Arabia has about 23 million palm trees and it is the second largest producer of dates. The biomass from the trimmed branches of palm trees amount to more than 200,000 tons/year. This biomass waste can be used to produce many commercial products. There are several relevant technologies for conversion of biomass and solid wastes into higher value products. The starting point of the project is the pretreatment of palm solid wastes. Thermogravimetric analysis has been done to understand the pyrolysis behavior of palm date wastes. A fluidized bed (FB) has been designed and to study hydrodynamics and develop optimum conditions for the pyrolysis of palm wastes. A novel fluidized bed test rig has been designed and fabricated to carry out the pyrolysis of palm wastes. The pyrolysis is used to produce activated carbon and the waste can also be readily converted to liquid phenolic products. Liquid products are particularly interesting because they have a higher energy density and can be used to produce adhesives as well as biofuels for use in power generation and transport sector. Experimental results have indicated potential opportunities of using the date biomass waste as a potential fuel in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

[Ahmad Hussain, Aamir Farooq, Mohammad Ismail Bassyouni, Hani Hussain Sait, Mahmoud Abo El-Wafa, Syed Waheedul Hasan, Farid Nasir Ani. Pyrolysis Of Saudi Arabian Date Palm Waste: A Viable Option For Converting Waste Into Wealth. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):667-671]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 126. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.126

 

Keywords: date biomass waste, pyrolysis, thermogravimetric analysis, fluidized bed rig, energy production

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Arthroscopic Capsular Release In Treating Patients With Primary Frozen Shoulder

 

Dr. Ahmad Altonesy Abdel Samie

 

Assistant Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Zagazig University, Egypt

ahmad.altonesy@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Introduction: Primary frozen shoulder or idiopathic adhesive capsulitis is a painful, stiff shoulder of unknown etiology. Despite this knowledge of the pathology, there is no consensus on the most favorable method of managing the disease. Suggestions for management range from supervised neglect to corticosteroids, physiotherapy, manipulation, hydrodilatation and arthroscopic capsular release. Aim of the work: The aim of our study was to assess the effectiveness of arthroscopic capsular release in treating patients with primary frozen shoulder. Patients and Methods: twelve patients with fourteen primary frozen shoulder were treated with arthroscopic capsular release of the glenohumeral joint. Of the 12 patients, there were 4 men and 8 women; the right side was affected in 7 patients, the left side was affected in 3 patients, and two patient had bilateral affection. The mean age of the patients was 48.5 years (range 39–62 years). They were assessed preoperatively, post operatively regarding to pain, range of motion and activity level. Results: The mean duration of follow-up was 10 months. Pain was relieved in all patients. With respect to range of motion, the mean of external rotation at 0° improved by 72°, the mean forward flexion improved by 97°, the mean of abduction improved by 125°, and the mean of internal rotation at 0° increased by 7.5° points according to the constant shoulder score. The mean improvement was 57 points There were excellent score in 9 shoulders and good score in 5 shoulders. Conclusion: This study with strict inclusion and exclusion criteria has demonstrated that arthroscopic capsular release is a reliable treatment option for patients with idiopathic frozen shoulder. It was found to reliable not only in restoring motion but also in eliminating pain.

[Ahmad Altonesy Abdel Samie. Arthroscopic Capsular Release In Treating Patients With Primary Frozen Shoulder. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):672-679]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 127. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.127

 

Key words: adhesive capsulitis, frozen shoulder, capsular release

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Economic Efficiency in Wheat Production, Riyadh Region, Saudi Arabia

 

Mohammad H. Al-Qunaibet and A. M. Ghanem

 

Dept. of Agricultural Economics, College of Food Science and Agriculture King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia

aghanem@KSU.EDU.SA

 

Abstract: This article was set to estimate the economic efficiency and input demand functions for wheat production, utilizing a random sample of 150 observations (farms) in Riyadh Region, Saudi Arabia. Results showed that the unit cost of crop area, irrigation water, and labor used in wheat production was estimated to be 1670 SR/Hectare, SR 290/1000 M2, and SR 5260/worker, respectively. Whereas the marginal return for these inputs was estimated to be SR 2030/hectare, SR 358/1000 M3, and SR 6415/worker, for crop area, irrigation water, and labor, respectively. Economic Efficiency (defined as the value of marginal product, VMP, relative to the opportunity cost, OC) for crop area, irrigation water, and labor was estimated to be 1.22 for each input. This means that VMP for these inputs is more than its respected OC; and thus, farmers can increase their wheat profits by increasing these inputs until VMP equals OC for each input. Results also showed that the optimum input use of crop area, irrigation water, and labor in wheat production, was greater than the actual inputs used by 27.2%, 43.6%, and 35.4%, respectively. Price elasticity of demand for crop area, irrigation water, and labor was estimated to be -0.75, - 0.70, and -0.65, respectively. This means that a 10% increase in input cost will decrease these inputs use by 7.5%, 7%, and 6.5%, respectively. The study stresses the need to use the optimal amount of inputs in wheat production, and include the “economic value” of irrigation water in order to conserve it, given the scarcity of water in Saudi Arabia.

[Mohammad H. Al-Qunaibet and A. M. Ghanem. Economic Efficiency in Wheat Production, Riyadh Region, Saudi Arabia. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):680-683]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 128. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.128

 

Keywords: Wheat, input costs, marginal revenue, economic efficiency, demand function.

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The Effect of New Technological Development on the Modern Technology of Woven Carpet Industry

 

Hend Ahmed Amen Abdallah

 

Spinning, Weaving and knitting Dept, Faculty of Applied Arts, - Helwan University, Egypt

hend_a.a2007@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Modern technological development has become a key feature of the modern era, Where extended to include all areas of modern life, including the industry in general and the area of ​​the carpet industry in particular. It has been observed in recent years, remarkable and rapid development in the industry, especially the face to face carpet industry, which is at the present time the top of the evolution of the carpet industry in the whole world, because of what achieved from many innovative products to suit modern life requirements and other products with special specifications are used in specific areas. From here this analytical study of the impact of some technological development factors on the evolution of the modern technology of face to face carpet industry, by applying this study to all stages of the carpets production from the beginning stage study needs of the market and the development of specifications even packing stage. The results showed that modern electronics technology are the most important reasons for the evolution of the carpet industry, followed by the use of computer applications. Also one of the most important results of the application of this evolution in the industry is creating new designs and modern specifications of carpet commensurate with high functional performance complies with the requirements of modern life in addition to this the application of quality standards in the carpet industry.

[Hend Ahmed Amen Abdallah. The Effect of New Technological Development on the Modern Technology of Woven Carpet Industry. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):684-693]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 129. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.129

 

Key words: Technological development – face to face carpets - Carpet production technology

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Levels of natural radioactive nuclides in some building construction materials

 

Shadiah S. Baz and A. Abbady

 

Physics Department, Girls Faculty of Science, Jeddah, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia

ssb_998@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: The radiological hazards associated with naturally occurring radioactive nuclides in sandstone, granite and shale samples from the south of the eastern desert in Egypt had been studied using gamma spectroscopy. The average activity concentration of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K were (7.1±2.8, 27.22±3.6 and 495.4± 18.8 Bq/kg) in sandstone. For granite samples, the average concentrations were (26.2±3.7, 42.2±6.1 and 812.4 ±26.9 Bq/kg) respectively. The corresponding average values in shale were (22.1±4.3, 38.3± 5.3 and 4357 ±19.9 Bq/kg) for 226Ra, 232Th and 40K. Granite samples exhibit an enhanced activity concentrations compared to other materials, while sandstone samples had the smallest value. The 40K recorded the highest activity concentration in all measured samples. The average radium equivalent activity (Raeq: 84.1±10.3, 149.1±15.6 and 110.4±11.2 Bq/kg) for sandstone, granite and shale were found to be less than the acceptable limits for public exposure control recommended by the European Commission. The calculated average dose rates for the three types were: 42.4±3.9, 74.2±6.3, 53.6±5.1 respectively. These values are lower than the estimated average global terrestrial radiation of 55 nGyh-1 except granite samples where the obtained value was 74.2±6.3 nGyh-1.

[Shadiah S. Baz and A. Abbady. Levels of natural radioactive nuclides in some building construction materials. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):694-697]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 130. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.130

 

Key words: Natural radioactivity concentration, construction, Granite, Sandstone, Shale, Dose rate.

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On The (Co)Homology With Inner Symmetry Of Schemes

 

Alaa Hassan Noreldeen

 

Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science Aswan, Aswan University, EGYPT.

ala2222000@yahoo.com

 

Abstract. The cyclic (co)homology group is the first type of what called (co)homology with inner symmetry. The dihedral, reflexive, symmetry, bisymmetry and octahedral (co)homology are other types of (co)homology with inner symmetry [4].The cyclic (co)homology initial and studied by Connes [2] and others. The cyclic homology for schemes are studied in [11]. In this article we concerned with the dihedral and reflexive (co)homology of schemes with an involution over a commutative ring k by sheafifying the (co)dihedral and reflexive complex. We give some properties of theses (co)homologies.

[Alaa Hassan Noreldeen. On The (Co)Homology With Inner Symmetry Of Schemes. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):698-703]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 131. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.131

 

Key words: dihedral cohomology – reflexive homology-schemes.

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Effect of Microcystin-LR on cell viability and apoptosis-related proteins in primary cultured Sertoli cells for 48h

 

Jinhui Li1, Qi Wang2, Huayun Li3, Yang Li2, Lijian Xue2, Donggang Zhuang2, Xuemin Cheng2, Huizhen Zhang2*

 

1. Henan Science & Technology Exchange Center with Foreign Countries, Zhengzhou Henan 450001, China

2. College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou Henan 450001, China.

3. Henan Province Product Quality Supervision and Inspection Center, Zhengzhou Henan 450001,China.

*Corresponding Author: huizhen18@126.com

 

Abstract: Microcystins (MCs) are a group of cyclic heptapeptide toxins produced by freshwater cyanobacteria threatened to human health, which have more than 90 identified analogues. Microcystin-LR(MC-LR), with a leucine and an arginine in its molecular structure, is the most toxic and extensively studied. Some recent studies have suggested that the gonad is the second most important target organ of MCs. However, the potential mechanism of reproductive toxicity has not been reported yet. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect on cell viability and apoptosis-related apoptosis in primary cultured Sertoli cells of rats after treated with different concentrations of MC-LR. The results of cell viability using MTT method and NR method indicated that the cell viability of Sertoli cell increased in low concentration groups (0.02~1μg/ml) and decreased in high concentration groups (10, 20μg/ml) after exposed to MC-LR for 48h. After cells were exposed to 1μg/ml MC-LR for 48h, the level of P53 protein increased but had no significant difference (P>0.05), the level of Bax protein significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the level of Bcl-2 protein significantly increased (P<0.05). When cells were exposed to 10μg/ml MC-LR, the level of P53 and Bax protein in sertoli cells significantly increased (P<0.05), and the level of Bcl-2 protein significantly decreased (P<0.05). After Sertoli cells were exposed to MC-LR for 48h, Caspase-3 activity significantly increased when cells were exposed 10μg/ml MC-LR (P<0.05).These results indicated low concentrations (0.02~1μg/ml) MC-LR had stimulation effect and enhanced cell viability, high concentrations (10, 20μg/ml) MC-LR had suppression effect on cell viability. MC-LR can induce apoptosis in primary cultured Sertoli cells. Apoptosis related-proteins P53, Bcl-2, Bax and Caspase-3 played a regulatory role in MC-LR-induced apoptosis of testicular Sertoli cells.

[Li JH, Wang Q, Li HY, Li Y, Xue LJ, Zhuang DG, Cheng XM, Zhang HZ. Effect of Microcystin-LR on cell viability and apoptosis-related proteins in primary cultured Sertoli cells of rats. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):704-710]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 132. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.132

 

Key words: Microcystin-LR; Sertoli cells; apoptosis; proteins

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Normal Mode Analysis of a Human Fibula

 

J.-G. Tseng1*, B.W. Huang2, S.-H. Liang2, K.T. Yen1, Y.C. Tsai2

 

1Department of Leisure and Sports Management, Cheng Shiu University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, R.O.C.

2Graduate Institute of Mechatronics Engineering, Cheng Shiu University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, R.O.C.

E-mail: james.tseng@csu.edu.tw

 

Abstract: The human fibula is not a structural bone. It is positioned on the outer edge of the lower leg, formed part of the ankle joint and provided for stability of the lower extremity in movement. Inverse engineering technique is used to obtain a 3D complex geometry of the real human fibula by white light scanning a synthesis human fibula. Modal tests are performed to get the natural frequencies of the synthesis human fibula. The experimental data are then verified with that obtained from finite element method (FEM). After confirming the correctness of the finite element 3D synthesis human fibula model, the real human bone properties are brought into models for numerical modal analysis. Several fundamental normal modes are found. A higher frequency torsion and dilation coupled mode is also obtained to prove that the combination of bending, torsion, dilation, etc. modes can be coupled to form a normal modes.

[J.-G. Tseng, B.W. Huang, S.-H. Liang, K.T. Yen, Y.C. Tsai..Normal Mode Analysis of a Human Fibula. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):711-718]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 133. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.133

 

Keywords  Human fibula, normal mode, experiments, FEM.

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Operative Treatment of Thoracolumbar Burst Fracture with or without Computer-Assisted Pedicle Screw(s) at the Fracture Level

 

S-H Chen1, Y-C Lau2, J-Y Ko1

 

1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery

2 Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

E-mail: chensh@adm.cgmh.org.tw

 

Abstract: Objection: The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical results of operative treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures with or without computer-assisted pedicle screw(s) at the fracture level. The surgical treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures with short pedicle screw instrumentation has good results in clinical situations but failure to maintain the sagittal plane correction has been reported by several authors. Several methods have been mentioned to reduce the high fixation failure rate in the treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures with short pedicle screw instrumentation. Computer-assisted pedicle screw insertion in the fracture side is one of the methods and the success rates may be improved by inserting an additional screw at the facture level. Methods: Thirty-six patients (23 males and 13 females; mean age, 37.2 years; age range, 26-65 years) were treated with short posterior pedicle instrumentation with computer-assisted screw insertion at the fracture level in 17 cases (Group I) and without screw insertion in 19 cases (Group II). Segmental kyphosis and vertebral height were assessed by lateral view X-ray. Patients were thoroughly reexamined and the neurologic status, functional outcome and complications of both groups were assessed. Results: The average kyphotic angle before and after surgery and at latest follow-up were 16º, 2º, and 4º, respectively, in Group I and 17º, 3º, and 11º, respectively, in Group II. Mean anterior vertebral body height before and after surgery and at latest follow-up were 56%, 78%, and 75% of normal, respectively, in Group I and 54%, 75% and 63%, respectively, in Group II. Loss of kyphotic correction or vertebral height was more severe (p<0.05) and there was substantially more pain in Group II. No patients had an increase in neurologic deficit. Patients with neurologic deficit experienced improvement irrespective of treatment choice. Complications were relatively rare. Conclusions: There are high fixation failure rates associated with thoracolumbar burst fractures treated with short pedicle instrumentation. Computer-assisted pedicle screw insertion at the fracture level effectively reduces the fixation failure of thoracolumbar burst fractures treated with short pedicle instrumentation.

[S-H Chen, Y-C Lau, J-Y Ko. Operative Treatment of Thoracolumbar Burst Fracture with or without Computer-Assisted Pedicle Screw(s) at the Fracture Level. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):719-724]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 134. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.134

 

Keywords: Thoracolumbar fracture, short-segment fixation, computer-assisted screw, fracture level

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The Regeneration of the Bone Cells Under the Effect of Vibration Waves

 

J.-G. Tseng*1, B.W. Huang 2, K.T. Yen1, F.S. Wang3, P.-R. Chen4

 

1 Department of Leisure and Sports Management, Cheng Shiu University

2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Cheng Shiu University

3Department of Medical Research, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital

4Bachelor Program of Medical Engineering, Cheng Shiu University

*E-MAIL: huangbw@csu.edu.tw

 

Abstract: The morbidity of osteoporosis is increasing fast recently due to people change their daily habits from dynamic events to sedentary activities based on the progress of technology. Osteoporosis makes bones become fragile loose, which cause back pain, loss of height, kyphosis, or even very prone to fracture, fractures and other symptoms. Osteoporosis is already one of the world's largest epidemic, second only to vascular disease. And it mostly depends on chemically treatments nowadays. However, the properties of chemical drugs will lead to many problems of the cells in human body. For examples, the body will produce drug exclusion, drug resistance, and many other side effects, which cannot be ignored. Therefore many scholars explore the physical stimulation to combat osteoporosis. Non-invasive physical stimulating of the biological cells or tissues through vibration is currently potential areas of research. There are many physical therapy scholars to conduct the research of high frequency vibration. This study employs low-frequency vibration wave generated by the piezoelectric sheet to stimulate the fetal calvarias cells by different sets of durations and repeated of times. The experimental results show that different duration and number of repeat stimulation period will indeed affect the proliferation of bone cells.

[J.-G. Tseng , B.W. Huang, K.T. Yen, F.S. Wang, P.-R. Chen. The Regeneration of the Bone Cells Under the Effect of Vibration Waves. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):725-731]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 135. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.135

 

Keywords: Low-frequency Vibration Wave, Osteoporosis, Osteoblasts, Bone Cell Proliferation

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Intention Identification and Control Strategy of the Upper Limb Exoskeleton Robot

 

Chin Yu Wang1*, Cheng Kang Lee2, Jian Kai Hung1, Shu Hua Juang1

 

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Cheng Shiu University

2Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Cheng Shiu University

*Corresponding Author Chin-Yu Wang, PhD

E-mail : cywang333@yahoo.com.tw

 

Abstract: This study proposes a rehabilitation robot for upper limb exoskeleton providing power assistance to the upper limb activities. It provides people on rehabilitation a multi-functional and customized tool. The important features of this product are to correctly and quickly identify the user's intention through sensors' signals and to complete the appropriate needed power through the drive system of the mechatronic system. In particular, according to the user's recovery situations, the robot can provide three kinds of rehabilitation control strategies, namely, active control, semi-active control and passive control. By integrating the input requirements of sensors and loading conditions of user under various usage conditions, the threshold values of the critical parameters will construct and will serve as the reference for adjusting parameters of controller of the robot so that the stability of control system and the comfort of user are advanced. This study focuses on the bi-axial control arm exoskeleton and designed a flexible pressure sensor as the main bi-axial pressure sensors to sense the motion directions of the human arm. The analog signals of the flexible pressure sensor are converted into digital signal through MCP3208 and used BC2 microcomputer system to analyze and derive the torque distribution of the two joints. It allocates the power to the different joints according to the torque distribution to establish a complete arm exoskeleton control system and successfully drive the arm exoskeleton operation. It also can produce a prototype to verify the intention of a person through the sensor signals. By coordinating the drive torque of the human upper limb force and exoskeleton robot motor, we can keep the small interference force to assist the user to have a smoother rehabilitation motion.

[Chin Yu Wang, Cheng Kang Lee, Jian Kai Hung, Shu Hua Juang. Intention Identification and Control Strategy of the Upper Limb Exoskeleton Robot. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):732-737]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 136. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.136

 

Keywords : Flexible pressure sensors, Arm exoskeleton, Rehabilitation robot

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Surface Modification and Software Design of Customized Knee Joint

 

Chin YU Wang1*, Chien Fen Huang2, Yi-Lin Liou1

 

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Cheng Shiu University

2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taitung Branch

*Corresponding Author Chin-Yu Wang, PhD

E-mail : cywang333@yahoo.com.tw

 

Abstract: This paper used the medical image of a patient's knee joint as basis to assemble a complete human knee through geometric software. Because this model can’t precisely align the position, local contact will occur which would cause stress concentration. It should undergo the tension adjustment of the ligaments to adjust the relative positions of the cartilage of the femoral condyle, the meniscus and the femoral cartilage to the minimal relative position of the contact stress to comply with the lowest energy or stress allowed by the law of nature for our body needs. First, this study used the spring simulation in the ligament tension and used the software, RecurDyn, to find the relative position of the minimum contact stress of the knee system. Second, the customized man-made knee was imported in the biomechanical software called LifeMod to build muscles and the ligaments system to simulate the ligament tensions of the artificial knee under a variety of sports. Aside from being the basis for the spring coefficient setting of the human knee, the tension can also select the specific posture of the knee in the model and then convert it into a file of ANSYS stress analysis software to complete a more accurate stress analysis. Finally, we can retest the human and artificial knee joints under different postures in the above steps to know the changes in the patterns between contact stress and contact area to obtain customized artificial knee prosthesis closest to the patient’s original human knee joints. The concept is the same if the original denture tooth shape is kept, we can be able to organize the most stable and compatible peripherals, prolong the life of the prosthesis and reduce its possibility of loosening.

[Chin YU Wang, Chien Fen Huang, Yi-Lin Liou. Surface Modification and Software Design of Customized Knee Joint. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):738-744]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 137. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.137

 

Keywords : Artificial joint, Contact stress, Contact area

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Effect of Insect growth regulator, Flufenoxuron on pheromone production and perception by Agrotis ipsilon (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

 

Najat A. Khatter

 

King Abdulaziz University, Faculty of Science for Girls- Biology Department, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

najat.khatter4@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The present study aimed to evaluate the biological effect of insect growth regulator (flufenoxuron) against 3rd larval instar of Agrotis ipsilon as a chitin synthesis inhibitor. The effect of sublethal dose LC50 was used to investigate its effect on sex pheromone production and perception by Agrotis ipsilon.. Results indicated that the response of the cutworm larvae increased with increasing in pheromone concentration. The calculated 50% response threshold (RD5o) after 1 minute exposure to the sex pheromone extract was equal to 0.014 female equivalents. found that ethylether and methylene chloride were excellent and potent solvents for extracting sex pheromone from females in comparison with acetone, benzene, chloroform, methanol and 95% ethanol.

[Najat A. Khatter. Effect of Insect growth regulator, Flufenoxuron on pheromone production and perception by Agrotis ipsilon. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):745-751]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 138. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.138

 

Keywords: Flufenoxuron, Agrotis ipsilon , Insect growth regulator, sex pheromone , pest control

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Antimicrobial activity of microalgal extracts with special emphasize on Nostoc sp.

 

Olfat M.A. Salem1, Hoballah E.M.2, Safia M. Ghazi1 and Suzy N. Hanna1

 

1Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of science, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt

2Agricultural Microbiology Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt

olfatabdelhamed@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Microalgae are rich sources of biologically active compounds. In the present study, three cyanobacteria (Nostoc sp., Microcystis sp. and Oscillatoria geminata) and 2 green microalgae (Chlorella vulgaris and Scenedesmus sp.) were tested with the agar well diffusion method for their antibacterial and antifungal activity. Four Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Sarcina lutea, Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus megaterium), one Gram-negative bacteria (Klebsiella pneumonia), and five fungal strains (Fusarium solani, Fusarium oxysporum, Rhizoctonia solani, Asperigillus niger, and Candida albicans) were examined. The antimicrobial activity was tested using methanol and acetone extracts of cyanobacteria and algal species. The methanol extract was more effective against the studied bacterial strains, inhibited B. subtilis, K. Pneumonia and S. aureus while acetone extract affected S. aureus and with less impact on B. subtilis. B. megaterium was the most resistant strain in the two types of extracts. The antifungal activity of algal acetone extracts was higher than methanol extracts. C. vulgaris methanol extract exhibited no antifungal activity to all studies strains. Among all the algal species studied Nostoc sp. indicated wide spread spectrum of antimicrobial activity, so its methanol and acetone extracts were analyzed by GC/Mass and the data obtained showed that the most abundant compounds in methanol extract of Nostoc sp. were phenols, plasticizer compound, phytol and flavenoids where, in acetone extract were plasticizer compound, phytol, alkenes and esters. These results give an indication of the presence of promising antimicrobial compounds in the algal species under study. Further phytochemical studies are needed to elucidate these compounds structures and activity.

[Olfat M.A Salem, Hoballah E.M, Safia M. Ghazi and Suzy N. Hanna. Antimicrobial activity of microalgal extracts with special emphasize on Nostoc sp. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):752-758]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 139. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.139

 

Key words: Microalgae, Antimicrobial activity, Cyanophyta, Chlorophyta, Nostoc sp.

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Improving the properties of beef sausage

 

Girgis, A.Y.1 ; Sanaa, A. Hussein 2; Shahin, MF.S.A. 2

 

1 Oils and Fats Research Department , 2 Meats and Fishs Research Department, Food Technology Research Institute, ARC - Giza – Egypt

adel_y_girgis@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Palm olein was used as an alternative to sheep fat tail at different ratios in the processing of beef sausage. Fatty acids composition of the fatty materials were identified and determined using GLC and the oxidative stability of fatty blend in beef sausage treatments was measured.  The results indicated that the sausage samples contained high palm olein gave improvements in water holding capacity, the plasticity values and cooking loss compared to the control sample (100 % sheep fat tail).  The beef sausage samples were stored for three months under freezing (-18 ±2oC) and the results showed that the freezing storage occurred increments in both cooking loss and the total volatile nitrogen content. The findings appeared that beef sausage samples containing palm olein until the replacement ratio of 50% from sheep fat tail gave high quality compared to the control sample.

[Girgis, A.Y., Sanaa, A.Hussein  and Shahin, MF.S.A. Improving the properties of beef sausage. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):759-765]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 140. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.140

 

Key Words:  Beef sausage - palm olein - sheep fat tail –oxidative stability – quality attributes and sensory properties.

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Estimation of Virtual Water for Current and Target Saudi Exports for Dates

 

Mohamed H. Al-Qunaibet, Adel M. Ghanem and Sattam F. Almodarra

 

College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University PO box 2460. Riyadh 11451, Kingdom Saudi Arabia

aghanem@KSU.EDU.SA

 

Abstract: This study aimed at estimation of virtual water for current and target exports from dates to 2020. In order to achieve its goals, the study adopted partial amendment model and some economic equations. the study resulted in a set of results including the following: (1) The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia exports dates to several international markets, Arab countries are the most important of them, it reached approximately 76.4% of Saudi exports of dates during the period from 2009 to 2013, (2) the average export price of dates ranged between 2.89 thousand riyals / tons minimum for Arab league countries, and 10.0 thousand riyals / ton maximum for European countries not member in  the European Union, (3) target exports amounts from dates are expected to be increased from 91.2 thousand tons valued at 91.87 million dollars in 2015 to 131.1 thousand tons, valued at 143.06 million dollars in 2020, (4) the cumulative total of virtual water for Saudi Arabia exports reached about 4.2 billion m3 at the end of 1990-2013, (5) the mount of virtual water for target Saudi exports from dates is expected to be increased from 401.28 million m3 valued at 136.44 million riyals in 2015 to 576.84 million m3 valued at 196.13 million riyals in 2020, (6) The average ratio of virtual water value to target Saudi Arabia exports from reached about 37.9% during the period of 2015-2020, (7) this study recommends that Saudi shall not increase its exports of dates for its target level until 2020 due to the high cost of used water, which was estimated by 37.9% of the value of target exports from date by taking into account the cost of other production elements. Exportation of dates under current and expected prices will not be cost-effective for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

[Mohamed H. Al-Qunaibet, Adel M. Ghanem and Sattam F. Almodarra. Estimation of Virtual Water for Current and Target Saudi Exports for Dates. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):766-771]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 141. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.141

 

Keywords: virtual water, target exports, dates, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

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The Proposal of a Component Based Development Model to Develop Smart Home System

 

M. Rizwan Jameel Qureshi

 

Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

rmuhammd@kau.edu.sa

 

Abstract: The smart home technology controls the electronic devices in home environment using mobile phones. There are few solutions available in market to control home appliance electronic devices. One of the solutions is to control each device using a separate remote control. There are two problems associated with this solution. Firstly, it is difficult to manage separate controller for each device and secondly, the owner of devices has to be present in the vicinity to switch on/off. Another solution is to purchase off the shelf smart systems to control home appliances but the costs of smart home systems are very high. It is not affordable for majority of customers to purchase off the shelf smart home system. The objective of this research is to provide a novel economical solution to control the home appliances using mobile technology to on/off home appliances such as lights, air-conditioner, coffee maker and security cameras. A novel component based development (CBD) model is used to develop the proposed system. Survey is used as a research methodology to validate the proposed model. It is anticipated that proposed model will be cost effective and it will solve the problem in general.

[Qureshi MRJ. The Proposal of a Component Based Development Model to Develop Smart Home System. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):772-776]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 142. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.142

 

Keywords: Smart home, Mobile technology, component based development; Case Study; Household devices.

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Constructing the Organisational Learning Model for the Utility Asset Management

 

Annop Thananchana 1, Tirapot Chandarasupsang 1, Nopasit Chakpitak 1

 

1. College of Arts Media and Technology, Faculty of Knowledge Management, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand

annop.thananchana@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Under the evolving environment, a utility company is required to improve the operation and maintenance of its physical assets usually in the forms of an asset management program. In the past, conventional financial techniques were used to quantify the asset’s values and make decision relating to the asset accordingly. However, most of the time, the data and information required for the analysis are incomplete and even unavailable. This is due to the fact that it is not explicitly clear which data and information are required at the beginning of the asset’s life cycle. This paper proposes an organisational learning model for the utility companies with respect to the asset management activities. CommonKADS is utilised as a tool to capture the knowledge associated with managing the assets from the learning processes of the utility company. A case study of substations operating in the distribution network in Thailand is presented. The results show that by applying the proposed methodologies, the learning processes within the utility companies can be categorised and explained by five major learning steps of breakdown, corrective, preventive, predictive, and proactive maintenances.

[Thananchana A, Chandarasupsang T, Chakpitak N. Constructing the Organisational Learning Model for the Utility Asset Management. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):777-785]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 143. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.143

 

Keywords: Asset Management, Knowledge Engineering, Learning Organisation, Maintenance.

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Prevalence and risk factors of dental erosion among 8 to 19 - year old adolescents in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

 

Abeer Bakr Omar1, Sara Mohammed Alshiekh2

 

1King Abdulaziz University Faculty of Dentistry, P.O. Box 80209 Jeddah 21589, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

abeerbomar@yahoo.com

2 King Abdulaziz University Faculty of Dentistry, P.O. Box 80209 Jeddah 21589, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

 

Abstract: Dental erosion is defined as the progressive loss of hard dental tissues by a chemical process not involving bacterial action (Shafer, et al., 1983; Watson and Tulloch, 1985). In order to prevent its advancement, early detection is important. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of dental erosion among 8 to 19 – year old students from two different private schools in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and to determine the risk factors leading for them to acquire dental erosion. The results implicated that there is a large consumption of acidic beverages as well as fruits and candies among the adolescent samples. However, significant relationship with dental erosion has only been established with the consumption of fruits, which is higher among the girls. Being a multifactorial disease, further investigations should be established in order to determine the importance of relevant factors as to the occurrence of dental erosion.

[Abeer Bakr Omar1, Sara Mohammed Alshiekh. Prevalence and risk factors of dental erosion among 8 to 19 - year old adolescents in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):786-789]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 144. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.144

 

Keywords: enamel, dental erosion, abrasion, attrition.

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Study of the ternary complexes of Fe(III) and Uo2(II) with O-Tolidine derivatives with 2-aminopyridine and oxalic acid in the solid state

 

N.G. El-Koly

 

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science (Girl’s), Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt

amerahobiana2012@yahoo.com

 

Abstract : The ternary complexes of Fe(III) and Uo2(II) with three Schiff base ligands, -4,4-N,N-bis (furfuryllidene) O -Tolidine,- 4,4-N,N-bis (methyl-2-thienylidene)O-Tolidine, and 4,4-N,N-bis (4-hydroxy-3-methoxy benzylidene) O-Tolidine, (L1,L2 and L3) respectively with 2-aminopyridine (2-Ampy) and oxalic acid (OX) have been studied in solid state.The mixed ligand complexes have been isolated and characterized based on elemental microanalysis, molar conductance, thermal analysis and mass spectroscopy as well as spectral (UV-Vis, IR, 1HNMR, mass and magnetic moment measurements. The molar conductance measurements reveal that the complexes are non-electrolytic 1:1, and 1:2 electrolytic nature of the metal complexes. Bonding of the ligands with the metal ions is deduced from IR spectra. The ligands are coordinated to the metal ions in ternary (terdendate) manar with ONO donor sites of the carbonyl oxygen, azomethine nitrogen and phenolic oxygen. Thermal studies indicate weight loss associated with water molecules. All synthesized compounds were screened for their antimicrobial activity against gram positive, gram negative bacteria and fungi. The biological evaluation study showed low to high bacterial activity compared with the ligands and their iron and uranyl metal complexes.

[N.G. El-Koly. Study of the ternary complexes of Fe(III) and Uo2(II) with O-Tolidine derivatives with 2-aminopyridine and oxalic acid in the solid state. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):790-818]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 145. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.145

 

Key words: 2-aminopyridine , O-Tolidine derivatives , Oxalic acid , transition metal complexes, Spectral studies , Thermal study and antimicrobial activity.

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Physicochemical Characteristics that influence the meat pork quality in Supermarkets in the Central Highlands of Mexico

 

Mariezcurrena-Berasain, M.A.a; Pinzón-Martínez, D.L.b; Bernal-Martínez L.R.b; Gutiérrez-Ibáñez, A.T. b; Velázquez-Garduño, G.b; Domínguez-Vara I.A.a, Mariezcurrena-Berasain, M.D.b*

 

a Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zoothecnic, Autonomous University of the State of Mexico.

b Faculty of Agricultural Science, Autonomous University of the State of Mexico.

*e-mail address: nekkane16@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: Introduction: Twenty-two supermarkets in the Central Highlands of Mexico were sampled in order to classify them and to compare their pork meat quality based on its physicochemical characteristics. The supermarkets were classified in three types in accordance with socioeconomic status of buyers as low, medium, and high. Methods: Samples were obtained from the Longissimus dorsi muscle from 10th to 12th ribs. Results: Objective color was L* 46.97, a* 6.22 and b* 5.1. Subjective color indicated that it was red with a value of 3.06, subjective marbling was 2.8 %, and objective value was 2.9 %. Moisture varied from 690 to 739.3 g/kg, protein varied from 205.5 g/kg to 229. 6 g/kg and shear force (SF) was 2.87 kg/cm2. There were no significant differences (P≥0.05) between the variables besides subjective marbling. Tukey´s test indicated that the lowest average included low and medium socioeconomic status supermarkets, which means that the fat content found in the chop eye is less than in meat in high socioeconomic level supermarkets. Conclusions and recommendations: According to the results, pork sold in the supermarkets in the Central Highlands of Mexico was a tender meat with reddish pink color, firm texture and little exudation and with an appropriate protein and intramuscular fat contents.

[Mariezcurrena-Berasain, M.A.; Pinzón-Martínez, D.L.; Bernal-Martínez L.R.; Gutiérrez-Ibáñez, A.T.; Velázquez-Garduño, G.; Domínguez-Vara I.A., Mariezcurrena-Berasain. Physicochemical Characteristics that influence the meat pork quality in Supermarkets in the Central Highlands of Mexico. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):818-824]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 146. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.146

 

Key words: pig, shear force, meat quality, marbling.

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Methodological Research Vectors Of Personality Social Adaptation

 

A. A. Mashanov1 , M .V. Rostovtseva2, Z. V.  Khokhrina3, V. N. Yurdanova4

 

1Candidate Psychology, Associate Professor Siberian Federal University

2Candidate Psychology, Siberian Federal University

3Ped.D, Associate Professor, Moscow Psychological Social University

4Senior Lecturer, Siberian Federal University

 

Abstract: Main methodological approaches to the study of personality social adaptation, distinguished on the basis of their classification are discussed in the article. The set of theories of social adaptation associated with the description of its static or dynamic - theoretical aspects, which are aspects of human activity, are shown. Justified active nature of social adaptation as a process in which formation and development of man's consciousness, self-awareness, self-control and self-esteem, resulting in the establishment of equilibrium between external influences and internal state, various forms of human behavior are founded in the article.

[A. A. Mashanov, M .V. Rostovtseva, Z. V.  Khokhrina, V. N. Yurdanova . Methodological Research Vectors Of Personality Social Adaptation. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):825-829]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 147. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.147

 

Keywords: social adaptation of a person, subject of activity, activity-based approach, research methodology.

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Effect of different beef sausage formulas on rat liver with focusing on their nitrosodiethylamine content

 

Manar,  M. A. Farag 1,  Faten. F. Mohammed2 and Amany, A. Salem1

 

1Food Technology Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture.

2Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt

Corresponding author mail:  fatenfathy21@yahoo.com, fatenfathy@staff.cu.edu.eg

 

Abstract: This study was performed to examine the possibility for alleviating the deleterious effect of  nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) that formed during processing of beef sausage by supplementation of a mixture of herbs and beetroot juice; for this purpose a total 36 adult male rats (120±5g) were randomly divided into 6 groups (G1) negative control group that fed on basal diet, (G2) positive control that treated daily with nitrosodiethylamines in drinking water at concentrate 40ppmNA /100g b.w  for 5 weeks, (G3) rats treated with the previously described treatment protocol of G2 plus mixture of herbs and beetroot juice as protection, (G4) rats fed on standard sausage formula, (G5) rats fed on experimentally modified sausage and (G6) rats fed on  commercial sausage (unknown composition). The duration of the experimental period was 19 weeks except the G3 that was 21 weeks. Estimation of NDEA in different beef sausage formulas, serum, and urinary excretion in addition to histopathological evaluations were performed. Results indicated that NDEA level was higher in commercial sausage formula compared with other sausage formulas as NDEA content in food, serum and urine were (0.61 µg/100gm,18.10 µg /dl and 40.30 µg /dl, respectively) , significantly decreased in experimentally modified sausage formula to be 0.111µg/100gm, 0.64µg/dl and 7.848µg/dl), respectively. Various histopathological alterations were detected in all treated groups that were more sever in positive control group, the lesions include appearance of altered hepatocellular foci (AHF) and bile duct and oval cell hyperplasia, these lesions were ameliorated in G 3, while the worst histopathological lesions were recorded in rats group fed on commercial sausage compared with fed on other sausage formulas. Conclusion: The supplementation of herbal mixtures and beetroot juice in beef sausage formula able to reduce the deleterious effect of NDEA that formed during processing meat products.

[Manar, M. A. Farag, Faten. F. Mohammed and Amany, A. Salem. Effect of different beef sausage formulas on rat liver with focusing on their nitrosodiethylamine content. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):830-840]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 148. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.148

 

Key words: Nitrosodiethylamines (NDEA) - beef sausage formulas - herbs –beet root juice- serum - urine - histopathology.

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Stable Performance of the Oxidation Ditch Process in Egypt

 

Ashmawy, M.M1, Khalil. K.H2, Aly, O.H2 and Metwally, M.F2

 

1Civil Department, Faculty of Engineering, Helwan University

2Civil Department, Higher Institute of Engineering – El-Shorouk Academy

mashmawy95@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Egypt suffers from the lack of proper wastewater collection and treatment facilities especially in rural areas. Several factors have been responsible for the relatively slow progress rate in implementation of waste water collection and treatment units. The most important one is the escalating cost of providing the needed services. The continuous discussions and comparisons along the last twenty years between the centralization against the de-centralization wastewater systems did not lead to fixed conclusion due to the wide range of parameters those changes from one location to another. Not only the huge initial construction cost of the centralized waste water treatment plants and the area required are the only governing factors, but the operation and maintenance, power requirements and roots for sewage force mains from the different villages in the cluster also has to be deeply investigated. Optimization of the application of wastewater treatment techniques in their different categories primary, secondary and tertiary is a must for the strategic planning of the country. The main objective of this research is to assess the performance of the oxidation ditch technology as a treatment process applied in Delta, Egypt. Four wastewater treatment plants with different design capacities ranging between two thousand to 12000 m³/d were selected for assessment where the oxidation ditches were found to be highly recommended for the treatment of discharges less than 12000 m3/day.

[Ashmawy, M.M, Khalil. K.H, Aly, O.H and Metwally, M.F.  Stable Performance of the Oxidation Ditch Process in Egypt. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):841-845]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 149. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.149

 

Keywords: Wastewater systems, Oxidation ditch technology, Delta Egypt.

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Relationship between Serum Asymmetric Dimethyl L-arginine and Type1 Diabetes Mellitus

 

Bothina A. Fadhel, Mazin A. Zamzami, Samar Damiati, and Samir M. Khoja*

 

Department of Biochemistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

skhoja@kau.edu.sa

 

Abstract: Background: Asymmetric dimethyl-L-arginine (ADMA) acts as an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS). Several studies indicate that ADMA is a critical mediator of the adverse effects on NOS of all cardiovascular risk factors. The present study aimed to examine any associations between ADMA concentration level and Type1 diabetes in children. Methods: A total of 84 Saudi school children from both genders (42 healthy and 42 children diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus) with an age ranged from 6 to 18 years were randomly selected. Serum ADMA concentration was measured using competitive ELISA, and 6 other parameters: glucose, Total Cholesterol (TC), Triacylglycerol (TAG), High Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol (HDL-C), Low Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations were determined by enzymatic analyses, and BMI, were measured in both groups to examine any correlations with ADMA level. Results: Serum Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) concentration in diabetic children was found to be significantly higher than that in healthy children (0.91±0.03 µmol/L, 0.55±0.04 µmol/L P<0.0001 respectively). These concentrations remained significantly high even after both diabetic and healthy children were compared to their matched gender. Glucose, TC, HDL-C and LDL-C serum concentrations in diabetic children were also found to be significantly high compared to healthy children. However, only glucose and HDL-C concentrations remained significantly high in both genders of diabetic children compared to their matched group in healthy children. Conclusion: The findings of the study suggested an association between the increase of ADMA serum concentration in Type1 diabetes in children with the possibility of developing atherosclerosis or heart disease with aging, particularly in males. Moreover, our study results also suggested a strong possibility of gender differences that may lead to ADMA distribution fluctuation. Further investigation in conjunction with this type of research is therefore required.

[Bothina A. Fadhel, Mazin A. Zamzami, Samar Damiati, and Samir M. Khoja. Relationship between Serum Asymmetric Dimethyl L-arginine and Type1 Diabetes Mellitus. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):846-852]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 150. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.150

 

Key words: ADMA, children, diabetes, lipid profile.

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Clinically probable REM sleep behavior disorder: a case series and a literature review

 

Abdulraheem M Alshehri

 

Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University (KAU), P.O.Box. 80215, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia. E-mail: aalshehri@kau.edu.sa

 

Abstract: REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is a parasomnia and a movement disorder, manifested by dream enactment behaviors ranging from a simple limb movement to an aggressive kicking, punching, and yelling mirroring the dream content. It can be an idiopathic, or be the heralding event of an α-synucleinopathic neurodegenerative disorder. Diagnosis depends on polysomnographic confirmation of an active EMG correlate during REM sleep with video correlate of an abnormal REM sleep behavior, or a sleep disruptive behavior by history.The management includes measures to avoid falling of bed like bed rails, padding sharp edges, sleeping on the floor or in a sleeping bag till RBD is controlled. Medications of confirmed value include clonazepam and melatonin. In this series, three patients with Parkinson’s disease are presented. They have clinically probable RBD (pRBD) as the diagnosis was based on history of quite disruptive sleep behavior that responded dramatically to treatment with bedtime clonazepam.

[Abdulraheem M Alshehri. Clinically probable REM sleep behavior disorder: a case series and a literature review. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):853-855 ]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 151. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.151

 

Keywords: REM sleep behavior disorder, Parasomnia, Parkinson’s disease, α-synucleinopathies.

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Preparation of Imitated Processed Cheese by Using Direct Acidification Technique to Resemble Mozzarella Cheese properties

 

Hayam M. Abbas1; Mohamed, A. G1. ; Fatma M. Hassan 1; Mona A. M. Abd-El -Gawad1; Gafour W.A.2 and Nawal S. Ahmed1

 

1Dairy Department,   National Research Center, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt

2Food Technology   Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Egypt

prof.hayamabbas@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Production of new imitated process cheese similar to stretched cheese was conducted to be used as a topping material for pizza in spite of Mozzarella cheese.  Processed cheese have several advantages, compared to natural cheeses such as lower refrigerator cost, better keeping quality and longer storage stability.  Direct acidification of cow's milk using three different types of acid was applied to produce acidic curds. Milk sample was divided into four portions .The first three portions were separately acidified with 2% diluted lactic acid; citric acid or lemon juice until pH 5.3 to create T1, T2 and T3 respectively. All individual acidic curds were mixed with 2 % emulsifying salt  and cooked at 85°C, then turned to process cheese .The forth latter portion was manufactured as traditional Mozzarella and serve as control sample (C) . All samples were chemically analyzed; physically assayed and sensorial evaluated.  The obtained results showed that the new process cheese made by direct acidification with lactic acid (T1) had the highest moisture and lowest acidity than other treatments. T3 had the lowest content of calcium and the highest acidity compared with the other treatments. Control Mozzarella cheese gained the best meltability and the highest stretchability followed by (T3). Fat leakage was the highest in control samples followed by T1. For the organoleptic properties; control Mozzarella samples gained slightly highest scores followed by T3 then T2.  Data indicated that direct acidification technique succeed to produce new processed cheese which had semi- similar properties of the traditional Mozzarella cheese when used  2% diluted lemon juice.  Sensory evaluation of pizza pastry samples; which prepared and topped by all individual cheese samples; showed that (T3) which prepared by using diluted lemon juice gained the highest scores than control and other treatments

[Hayam M. Abbas; Mohamed, A. G.; Fatma M. Hassan; Mona A. M. Abd-El -Gawad; Gafour W.A. and Nawal S. Ahmed. Preparation of Imitated Processed Cheese by Using Direct Acidification Technique to Resemble Mozzarella Cheese properties. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):856-861 ]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 152. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.152

 

Key wards: Direct acidification, Lactic acid, Citric acid, Lemon juice, Mozzarella cheese, Imitated processed cheese.

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Comparative study on sucrose synthesize gene in some Saudi Arabia date Palm cultivars (Phoenix dactylifera)

 

Naif M. S. Kadasa

 

Biology Department, Faculty of Science, King Abdul-Aziz University, North Jeddah, P.O. Box: 80327, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia

nmkadasa@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) is considered as a food source in many countries as it especially affluent in carbohydrates. Sugars, particularly fructose, glucose and sucrose represent over three-quarters of the dry matter. There are differences in sucrose concentrations between the different date palm cultivars, this may be returned to the expression and activities of the sucrose synthesize gene. So this study aims to estimate the level of expression and activates of this gene and measure the level of different sugars in some cultivars widespread in Saudi Arabia. Leaf samples were collected from different Saudi Arabia date palm cultivars; Rushodia, Barhi, Khadry, Nabtatali, khalas, Ruthana, Wannana, Yellow Sakkari and Red Sakkari from different areas in the Kingdom to estimate the activity and gene expression of sucrose synthase (SS), Sucrose Phosphate Phosphotase (SPP) and Sucrose Phosphate Synthase (SPS). The date showed that sucrose concentrations were significantly deferred between the different cultivars except Barhi, Khadry and Khalas. The highest activities of previous enzymes were observed in Red and yellow sakkari while Khalase and Barhi revealed the lowest activities. Also, based on a semi-quantitative RT-PCR, the highest expressions of these enzymes were observed in Red and yellow sakkari while Khalase and Khadry revealed the lowest activities. Low or high level of sucrose concentration in some cultivars can be illustrated by genetic and environmental factors that may do impact in quantitative and qualitative installation of the sugar fraction by modify the enzymes activity involved in breakdown and processes of synthesis.

[Naif Mohamed Kadasa. Comparative study on sucrose synthesize gene in some Saudi Arabia date Palm cultivars (Phoenix dactylifera). Life Sci J 2014;11(12):862-868]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 153. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.153

 

Key Words: Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera), sugar, enzymes, gene expression.

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Clinical and Radiographic Evaluation of Composite Restorations by Dental Students
 

Mohammed K. Yousef1 BDS, MS, PhD, Mohanad F Atwa2 BDS, and Ramzi O Althubaitiy3 BDS

 

1Department of Operative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

2Dental Hospital, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

3Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

myousf@kau.edu.sa

 

Abstract: The purpose of the study was to evaluate composite resin restorations placed by students of King Abdulaziz University Faculty of dentistry clinically and radiographically. Patients who received comprehensive treatment were called for evaluation. By using modified USPHS criteria, composite restorations were evaluated clinically. Radiographic examinations were conducted if the restoration had a proximal extension with tight contact. Almost 43 % of 105 restorations were clinically deemed failed with causes as follows: non matching shade  (anterior teeth) (25.45%), weak or open contact  (23.64%), lost restoration (21.82%), compromised esthetic (anterior teeth) (12.73%), recurrent caries (7.2%), tooth loss due to caries (3.64%), restoration fracture (3.64%), and marginal staining (1.82%).  Radiographical failure represented 19% of restoration failure and reasons were : lost restoration (60%), recurrent caries (30%), and tooth loss due to caries (10%). Clinical evaluation of direct composite restoration placed by students of KAUFD demonstrated high percent of clinical failure (42.9%) compared to different published studies. Nonmatching shade, light or open contact, and loss of restoration retention were the most common causes of failure.

[Mohammed K Yousef, Mohanad F Atwa, and Ramzi O Althubaitiy. Clinical and Radiographic Evaluation of Composite Restorations by Dental Students. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):869-872]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 154. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.154

 

Keywords: Anterior composite, posterior resin restoration, Clinical evaluation, Dental Student.

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Analysis of Agricultural Enterprise Investment Appeal Factors

 

Elena Ilina1, Mariya Tyapkina1, Elena Domanova1

 

1Department of finance and analysis, Irkutsk state agricultural academy, Irkutsk, Russian Federation

ielena1771@bk.ru

 

Abstract: Purpose. Nowadays all the countries of the world are interested in development of an agro-industrial complex and agriculture as a fundamental industry thereof. The above development is impossible without investments since it’s a capital-intensive industry. It is possible to provide investment inflow through influence on investment appeal factors of agricultural enterprises. These factors shall be reasonably divided into internal and external factors (of direct and indirect influence). The internal factors include financial situation and competitiveness of the enterprise. The external factors of direct influence include factors determined by the industry specificity, namely: natural and climate conditions of operation, state support of the industry, economical potential of the agro-industrial complex sector, an agro-industrial integration level. The external factors of indirect influence include factors specific to macroeconomic conditions of operation. In order to elaborate politics aimed to strengthen investment appeal of agricultural enterprises it is required to analyse factors influencing on the investment appeal in different countries.

[Tyapkina M., Ilina E., Domanova E. Analysis of Agricultural Enterprise Investment Appeal Factors. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):873-877 ]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 155. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.155

 

Keywords. Investment appeal, agricultural enterprises, factors.

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Fish oil replacement and alternative flaxseed oil and beef tallow in male Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) diets.

 

Ahmed Kamel Ibrahim El- Hammady and AmalSobhy Saad

 

Fish Nutrition Department,National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries,Egypt.

Akelhammady@yahoo.com

 

Abstract:An experiment was performed to examine the effect of replacing partial or total of fish oil with flaxseed oil or beef tallow in male Nile tilapia were evaluated using nine isonitrogenous (31.4%), isolipidic (12.19) and isocaloric (18.85 MJ/ Vg) diets in 90 days trial. Dietary treatments consisted of : 1) Fo,containg  100% fish oil, 2) 100% flaxseed oil (Fxo), 3) 100% beeftallow (BT), 4) mixture 4) Mix. (50% Fo + 50 Fxo), 5) mix.2 (50% fish oil + 50% beef tallow) 6) Mix.3 (50% Fxo + 50% BT), 7) Mix.4 (25% Fo+ 31.5% Fxo + 37.5% BT), 8) Mix.5 (25% Fo + 75% Fxo ). 9) Mix.6 (25% Fo + 75% BT). Growth performance weight was increase, specific growth rate, growth rates per metabolic weight unit appeared signficiantly (P <0.05) between treatments. Final body weight, weight gain to fish fed Mix. 4 was increase significantly (P<0.05) compared to other treatments. However fish fed the 100% BT and 50% BT and 25% BT had lower weight gain and feed efficiency. On contrast with fish fed Mix.4 and Mix. 1 a resulted improve in feed conversion ratio and feed conversion efficiency. Fillet proximate composition was similar for all fish treatments. However energy retention, resulted in increased significant (P< 0.05) with fish fed Mix.4. Replacing fish oil with different level from beef tallow (BT. Mix.2, Mix 4) resulted  increasing in hepatosomatic index and total lipid in liver. Hematology parameters was similar respectively for all treatments. 25% fish oil + 37.5% flaxseed oil + 37.5% beef tallow in the diet male Nile tilapia was maintaining on increased growth performance and feed efficiency.

[Ahmed Kamel Ibrahim El- Hammady and AmalSobhySaad. Fish oil replacement and alternative flaxseed oil and beef tallow in male Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) diets. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):878-890]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 156. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.156

 

Keywords:Male Nile tilapia,Flaxseed oil ,Beef tallow,Growth performance,Feed efficiency.

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Complementation of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and histopathology in diagnosing focal brain lesions.

 

Mohamed Hasan Mansour1, Hamdy Behairy1, Mustafa Alwalilyi1, Hatem Elkhole1, Mohamed Shaban1, Islam Alaghory1, Mohammad Abdel-Azem2 and Ola Ahmad Bahgat3

 

Neurosurgery1, Histopathology2 and Radiology3 Departments, Faculty of Medicine, Al- Azhar University, Egypt.

E. mail: neuro_m52@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Introduction: In spite of recent advances in the used preoperative diagnostic tools, there is no single accurate diagnostic one and none of them had hundred per cent accuracy. So, misdiagnosis still occurs. Many trials were done to evaluate the accuracy of these tools individually or in combination.  Patients and Methods: This study was conducted over the last three years in Al-Azhar university hospitals (Neurosurgery, radiology and histopathology departments) on 51 patients out of total 100 patients suffering from focal brain lesions as diagnosed by CT and/or  MRI brain. All of them were requested for MRS before planning for biopsy and histopathology. Fifty patients of them were operated for biopsy and histopathology either by minimal invasive (stereotaxy) or invasive open craniotomy Mean age was 54 years; female/male ratio was 2/3.  The most frequent symptom was headache. The decision to operate was made if still no accurate final diagnosis and /or progressive deficits . Results: MRS was supporting to biopsy in 45 cases, while biopsy was mandatory after MRS  in 5 cases and MRS  was beneficial in avoiding unnecessary biopsy in 2 cases. Conclusion: Both MRS and histopathology are complementary in diagnosing focal brain lesions.  MRS must be ordered before biopsy and must be included in any tumor grading.

[Mohamed Hasan , Hamdy Behairy, Mustafa Alwalilyi, Hatem Elkhole, Mohamed  Shaban, Islam Alaghory, Mohammad Abdel-Azem and Ola Ahmad Bahgat. Complementation of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and histopathology in diagnosing focal brain lesions. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):891-899 ]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 157. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.157

 

Keyword: Focal brain lesions- MRS- biopsy -histopathology.

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Perioperative effects of anesthesia and surgery on inflammation-coagulation interaction

 

Hanan F. Khafagy1, Nadia A. Hussein2, Mona E. Madkour2, Ola M. Mahmoud2, Amr Z. Mansour3, Mohamed F. Yussif 3, Ahmed A. Abbas1 and Yasser M. Samhan1

 

1Department of Anesthesiology, and 2Department of Hematology, Theodor Bilharz Research Institute, Ministry of Scientific Research, Egypt. 3Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Ministry of High Education, Egypt.

olamahmoud5@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: Background: The extent of perioperative cross-talk between coagulation and inflammatory markers depends on the type of surgery and anesthesia. Methods: After obtaining ethics committee approval and patients' written informed consents, 68 patients aged 2565 years of either sex, American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) physical status III were randomly assigned to one of four equal groups: Open or Laparoscopic cholecystectomy groups anesthetized with either Isoflurane (IO or IL groups) or Sevoflurane (SO or SL groups) in order to assess coagulation, anticoagulation, fibrinolytic and inflammatory markers preoperatively, immediately postoperative, 24 and 72 hours after surgery. Results: In all groups, prothrombin concentration significantly reduced while prothrombin time, partial thromboplastin time and international normalized ratio significantly increased (P < 0.05) postoperatively.  Coagulation markers including; soluble platelet selectin, von Willebrand factor, thrombin antithrombin complex, D-dimer, as well as inflammatory markers including; high sensitivity C-reactive protein, interleukin- 1 beta and interleukin-6 showed significant (P < 0.05) postoperative elevation.  Plasminogen and anticoagulation markers including; antithrombin, protein C and S significantly reduced (P < 0.05) in all groups.  Coagulation and inflammatory markers were significantly higher while plasminogen and anticoagulation markers were significantly lower in open than laparoscopic groups and after isoflurane than sevoflurane anesthesia (P< 0.05). Correlations between coagulation and inflammatory markers were observed postoperatively. Conclusions: Laparoscopic surgery under sevoflurane anesthesia was associated with less hypercoagulability than open surgery under isoflurane anesthesia probably mediated through inflammatory response.

[Hanan F. Khafagy, Nadia A. Hussein, Mona E. Madkour, Ola M. Mahmoud, Amr Z. Mansour, Mohamed F. Yussif, Ahmed A. Abbas and Yasser M. Samhan. Perioperative effects of anesthesia and surgery on inflammation-coagulation interaction. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):900-906]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 158. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.158

 

Key Words: Coagulation, Inflammation, Isoflurane, Laparoscopy, Open surgery, Sevoflurane.

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Could Alpha-Lipoic Acid Protect Against Sub-chronic Toxicity of Heavy Metals Mixture in Japanese Quails?

 

Osama S. El Okle1, Mohamed A. Lebda2

 

1Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Alexandria University, Egypt

2Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Alexandria University, Egypt.

Mohamed.a.mohamed@alexu.edu.eg

 

Abstract: Context: The toxicity of heavy metals considered a serious event in human and animals practice. Objective: The sub-chronic toxicity of heavy metals mixture was investigated in Japanese quail, and whether the administration of alpha lipoic acid (ALA) able to reverse or enhance the toxicity. Materials and methods: For this purpose 50 seven days old Japanese quail were randomly and equally divided into five groups (n=10). Group I; was kept on normal diet, birds in other four experimental groups were provided with drinking water containing a mixture of lead acetate, cadmium chloride and mercuric chloride at dose of 100 ppm for each metal for 30 days. Experimental diets for metals-treated groups were prepared to contain 0.5, 1.0, 3.0 g/kg ALA in basal diet (groups III, IV, and V respectively). Results: revealed that the administration of toxic metals mixture in drinking water for 30 days induced a significant decrease in the final body weight, increased tissues lipid peroxidation, and induced hepatic, renal and cardiac damage. Also, caused perturbation of lipid profile with increased concentration of heavy metals and copper in liver, kidneys, brain, and muscle tissues. Furthermore, the results showed that alpha-lipoic acid fails to reduce tissue concentration of heavy metals, lipid peroxidation and exert a pro-oxidant activity especially at low concentration. Only at high doses alpha-lipoic acid improved biliary and cardiac functions. Discussion and Conclusion: We concluded that alpha-lipoic acid has no metal-chelating activity and cannot protect Japanese quails from heavy metals toxicity.

[Osama S. El Okle, Mohamed A. Lebda. Could Alpha-Lipoic Acid Protect Against Sub-chronic Toxicity of Heavy Metals Mixture in Japanese Quails? Life Sci J 2014;11(12):907-917]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 159. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.159

 

Keywords: alpha-lipoic acid, body weight, Japanese quail, lipid peroxidation, toxic metals.

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Detection of Human JC Polyomavirus DNA in Patients with Solid Tumors by Semi-Nested Polymerase Chain Reaction

 

Samah Aly Loutfy1, Lamiaa Hussein2, EL-Chaimaa Bilal Mohamed1, Salem Eid Salem Mohamed3, Emad Abd El-Moniem Abada2, Entsar Abd El-Moniem Ahmed2, Amira H.Soliman4

 

1Virology and Immunology Unit, Cancer Biology Department, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University

2Botany&Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Helwan University

3Medical Oncology Department, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University

4Clinical Pathology Department, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University

Email:  samaly183@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Background: JCV is a DNA polyomavirus identified in human cancers. In Egypt, very limited data about presence of JC polyomavirus in immunocompromised cancer patients. Here, we investigated JCV infection and viral DNA load in Egyptian patients with different tumors and its possible correlation with outcome of the disease.   Patients and Methods: Fifty blood samples were collected from cancer patients with different solid tumors, and 20 blood samples were collected from apparently healthy individuals as a control group. All samples were subjected to detection of JC polyomavirus by seminested PCR (snPCR) assay using primers targeting large T antigen and real time PCR to measure viral load. Results: The sensitivity level of snPCR assay was 100 copies/ul for JC polyomavirus, while the sensitivity level of quantitative PCR assay was found to be 10 copies/ul. Our snPCR assay was highly specific. JC polyomovirus DNA could be detected in 6 of 51 (11.8%) patients with solid tumors, but none of control was positive for JC polyomavirus DNA. Median viral load was found to be 200 copies/ul of serum. Conclusion: Elevation of JC polyomaviruses copies in patients with different human cancers suggesting its correlation with pathogenesis of disease, but further analysis is required on a larger scale to confirm such findings.

[Samah Aly Loutfy, Lamiaa Hussein, EL-Chaimaa Bilal Mohamed, Salem Eid Salem Mohamed, Emad Abd El-Moniem Abada, Entsar Abd El-Moniem Ahmed, Amira H.Soliman. Detection of Human JC Polyomavirus DNA in Patients with Solid Tumors by Semi-Nested Polymerase Chain Reaction. Life Sci J 2014;11(12):918-927]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 160. doi:10.7537/marslsj111214.160

 

Key words: JC polyomavirus infection, snPCR assay, cancer patients.

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Optimizing the Propagation of Cinnamomum micranthum by Cuttings