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 Life Science Journal 
Acta Zhengzhou University Overseas Edition 
(Life Sci J)
ISSN 1097-8135 (print); ISSN 2372-613X (online), doi:10.7537/j.issn.1097-8135
Volume 11 - Special Issue 11 (Supplement 1111s), November 25, 2014
 Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, Author Index, lsj1111s

 

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CONTENTS

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

Full Text

No.

1

On the problem of the publication of the periodical press in German in the South of Russia (1920-1930)

 

Victor Zavenovich Akopyan, Victor Pavlovich Ermakov, Ludmila Ivanovna Milyaeva

 

Pyatigorsk State Linguistic University, Kalinina street, 9, Pyatigorsk, 357500, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The article is dedicated to the periodical press in German and the state policy in this respect on the example of the publications in the South of Russia (1920-1930 XX century). It is noted that the German structures set up under the party and state organs of power were chiefly engaged in the circulation of the press published in some towns of the country. The Russian Germans in the period under consideration showed little interest in the communist press. Religious literature published abroad was in great demand among them.

[Akopyan V.Z., Ermakov V.P., Milyaeva, L.I. On the problem of the publication of the periodical press in German in the South of Russia (1920-1930). Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):1-4] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 1 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.01

 

Keywords: The South of Russia, newspapers, magazines, periodical press, dispersed ethnic groups, national minorities, national sections, national districts, colonists, confession

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1

2

Sociality as a social-philosophical problem

 

Olga Alexandrovna Baklanova1, Igor Spartakovich Baklanov1, Alexander Ivanovich Kolomak1, Alexander Dmitriyevich Pokhilko2

 

1North Caucasian Federal University, Kulakov Avenue 2, Stavropol, 355029, Stavropol Krai, Russia

2Armavir State Pedagogical Academy, Rosa Luxemburg Str., 159, Armavir, 352901, Krasnodar Krai, Russia

 

Abstract. Sociality is a specific quality of connections, relationships and dependencies between individuals and social groups that create and reproduce many times historically conditioned model of social relations, continuously maintaining the stability and unique character of the established social order. Features of the sociality can be given on the basis of four dimensions units that characterize the irreducible to each other biological, social, cultural and psychological features of the processes deployment in social space. Each of these dimensions was studied in proper disciplinary structured fields, and philosophical aspects can be characterized in three dimensions − structural, functional and dynamic (which are correlated with each other and can provide integral description of the existing social).

[Baklanova O.A., Baklanov I.S., Kolomak A.I., Pokhilko A.D. Sociality as a social-philosophical problem. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):5-7] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 2 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.02

 

Keywords: social philosophy, social, types of sociality, social relations, social and cultural approach

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2

3

Decomposition of generalized piecewise-polynomial model of digital predistorter to suppress power amplifier non-linearity

 

Elena Borisovna Solovyeva

 

Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical University "LETI", Professora Popova Street, 5, St. Petersburg, 197376, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. A decomposed generalized piecewise-polynomial model of a digital predistorter designed for linearization of power amplifier characteristics is suggested. The digital predistorter model is designed in such a way that its non-linear distortions compensate non-linear ones in the subsequent power amplifier. Decomposition of digital predistorter model is designed taking into account the dynamics of change of signal complex envelope module. This signal is transformed in power amplifier. The accuracy of the compensation of non-linear signal distortions in the power amplifier increases at decomposition of digital predistorter piecewise-polynomial model. The comparative analysis of different models of digital predistorters is performed under the conditions of linearization of the power amplifier Winner-Hammerstein model in GSM-signal class with four carriers.

[Solovyeva E.B. Decomposition of generalized piecewise-polynomial model of digital predistorter to suppress power amplifier non-linearity. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):8-12] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 3

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.03

 

Keywords: non-linear model, digital predistorter, power amplifier linearization, non-linear compensation

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3

4

Age-related aspect of interrelations between life quality parameters and psychological peculiarities in a person with disabilities

 

Marina Vladimirovna Fedorenko1 and Faniya Mansurovna Biktimirova2

 

1Kazan Federal University, Kremlyovskaya Str., 18, Kazan 420008, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation

2Kazan State Medical Academy, Mushtari str, 11, Kazan, 420012, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The article represents the findings obtained from the empirical study of the interrelations between the indices of personal traits, emotional state and life quality in the persons with disabilities suffering from extremities deformity and dysfunction. The exploration surveyed 318 people at the age of 18 to 66. The specific character of the interrelations between emotional states, personal traits and life quality depends on the age of a human-being. At the younger age (19 to 39) the situational anxiety is most intensively attributed to the life quality and individual psychological characteristics of a personality. At the age of 40 to 49 it is replaced by the trait anxiety, while later – from 50 to 59 years old – anxiety is changed by depression. SF-36 method's factors demonstrate the greatest quantity of interrelations between the emotional states and personal traits of the patients of 40 to 59 years old, especially as concerning depression.

[Fedorenko M.V., Biktimirova F.M. Age-related aspect of interrelations between life quality parameters and psychological peculiarities in a person with disabilities. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):13-17] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 4 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.04

 

Keywords: life quality, anxiety, accentuation of personality traits, depression, extremities deformity and dysfunction

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5

The right to education in the system of constitutional rights and freedoms of man and citizen in modern Kazakhstan

 

Zhanna Kalkanova1, Auelkhan Sabirov1, Zachan Azhimetova1, Gulzagira Zharylkapova2

 

1South Kazakhstan State University named after M.Auezov, 2International Kazakh-Turkish University named after H.A. Yasavi

 

Abstract. The cultural value of education as the basis of spiritual improving the individual, as a way of asserting its dignity, means of economic human well-being and conditions of comprehensive development of society determines the constitutional enshrinement of the right to education as a fundamental human and citizen rights and entails the need toproviding of guaranteesits implementation. The problem under consideration - one of the particular questions of general human rights problem in modern Kazakhstan. The education of Kazakhstan along with largerhuman resources, territory and natural resources is one of thefundamental bases of the country, enabling it to persist as a state. However, the implementation specified norms occurs in conditions of socio-economic and spiritual crisis that engulfed the country. And this applies to fully to the field of education.

[Kalkanova Z., Sabirov A., Azhimetova Z., Zharylkapova G. The right to education in the system of constitutional rights and freedoms of man and citizen in modern Kazakhstan. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):18-23] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 5

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.05

 

Keywords: the human rights, right to education, economic mechanism

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5

6

The biogas production effectiveness increase

 

A Kurmanov

 

Kostanay State University named after А. Baityrsinov, Baityrsinov str., 47, Коstanay, 110000, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. In the article a classification of biogas units is developed, features of their functioning are disclosed, the card biogas units’ processes is developed on the basis of the system and the process approach As a result the conducted researches it is proposed the optimal biogas unit scheme for effective functioning under the conditions of northern Kazakhstan. The essence of the research is that the bioreactor recycling process is activated by double shaft mixer and a dispersing agent, whereupon there may be several mixers according to the volume of a methane tank; a processed organic material is separated in a screw press into solid and liquid fractions, the solid fraction is highly value-added, and the liquid one is returned to the recycling.

[Kurmanov A. The biogas production effectiveness increase. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):24-29] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 6

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.06

 

Keywords: biogas, methane, classification, processes’ efficient, installation diagram, system approach

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7

Lifelong learning as an actual strategy of higher professional education modernization in Russia (in case of speech therapy teachers’ training)

 

Irina Aleksandrovna Nigmatullina and Natalja Ivanovna Boltakova

 

Kazan Federal University, Psychology and Education Institute, Mezhlauk St., 1, Kazan, 420000, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. This article describes the main lines of implementation of the new strategy of development of the higher professional education – "lifelong learning" – within the framework of formation and development of the contemporary model of a higher education institution, the primary task of which is integration of education into science and production, and its orientation to the globalizing international labor market. Stating that in Russia, like in the leading European countries, the paradigm of lifelong learning is a strategic line of the education policy, the authors provide a constructive analysis of the educational activity of the Institute of Pedagogy and Education of the Kazan (Privolzhski) Federal University, which is an innovative center of technological development of the region implementing the primary task of integration of education, self-education, and research activity of students based on the analysis of the social order and requirements of the international education market within the framework of competent specialists training.

[Nigmatullina I.A., Boltakova N.I. Lifelong learning as an actual strategy of higher professional education modernization in Russia (in case of speech therapy teachers’ training). Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):30-33] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 7 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.07

 

Keywords: the "lifelong learning" education strategy, integration of education into science, interactive technology and variable forms of active learning

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8

Factors affecting the foreign language teaching quality for the students of the Russian non-linguistic higher educational institutions

 

Larisa P. Pilat1, Olga V. Solomintseva1, Elena M. Shevchenko1, Irina A. Svintorzhitskaja1, Larisa I. Ermakova2

 

1North Caucasus Federal University (branch) in Pyatigorsk, 40 let Oktyabrya Str., 56, Pyatigorsk, 357530, Russia

2Pyatigorsk State Linguistic University, Kalinina Str., 9, Pyatigorsk, 357530, Russia

 

Abstract. The processes of integration and internationalization of virtually all areas of human activity, the Russia's entry into the world community and the European educational space, and the need to develop and implement the effective bilingual education programs have made it necessary to know the foreign languages as a factor that increases the opportunities of self-fulfillment for the modern man, and, as a consequence, increasing the importance of "Foreign Language" subject in the Russian higher education system. However, despite the relevance of this academic subject some new negative phenomena and tendencies are saved and appeared, and they prevent the quality learning of foreign languages for the students of non-core (non-linguistic) higher educational institutions. In this article, we are considering the factors affecting the foreign languages teaching quality and the opportunities to make the foreign languages training more effective.

[Pilat L.P., Solomintseva O.V., Shevchenko E.M., Svintorzhitskaja I.A., Ermakova L.I. Factors affecting the foreign language teaching quality for the students of the Russian non-linguistic higher educational institutions. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):34-38] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 8 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.08

 

Keywords: State Educational Standard, communicative competence, School System’s models, language proficiency, intensification, optimization, motivation, teaching quality, computerization

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8

9

Improvement of students professional training quality (on materials of philosophical, legal, sociological, historical disciplines)

 

Bakyt Ramazankyzy Ramazan, Karlygash Temirbolatovna Kabdulina, Nurzhamal Nurzhanovna Kazieva, Gulmeyram Kayyrbekovna Rakisheva, Perizat Muhtarbekovna Kabulova

 

Pavlodar State Pedagogical Institute, Mira Street, 60, Pavlodar, 140000, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. In research the essence of improvement of students professional training quality on materials of philosophical, legal, sociological, historical disciplines is opened. Set of professionally significant qualities of future teachers which can be formed on materials of philosophical, legal, sociological, historical disciplines is proved. The model of improvement of students professional training quality on materials of philosophical, legal, sociological, historical disciplines is designed and theoretically proved. Efficiency of the developed model of improvement of students professional training quality on materials of philosophical, legal, sociological, historical disciplines and the technology of realization created on its basis is experimentally checked.

[Ramazan B.R., Kabdulina K.T., Kazieva N.N., Rakisheva G.K., Kabulova P.M. Improvement of students professional training quality (on materials of philosophical, legal, sociological, historical disciplines). Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):39-42] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 9 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.09

 

Keywords: professional training of students, improvement of students professional training quality on materials of philosophical, legal, sociological, historical disciplines

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9

10

Credibility of the Russian higher education in the world: problems and solutions

 

Dmitriy Grigorievich Rodionov1, Natalia Gennadievna Fersman1, Olga Alexandrovna Kushneva2

 

1Saint-Petersburg State Polytechnical University, Polytechnicheskaya str., 29, St.Petersburg, 195251, Russia

2Saint-Petersburg State University of Economics, Kavalergardskaya str., 7A, St.Petersburg, 191015, Russia

 

Abstract. The attractiveness of university for students and the credibility of the diploma for employers are largely determined by ranking of the education institution. Rankings of the best universities in the world are regularly compiled by various agencies. Recognition of the education institution at the international level is becoming increasingly important for universities around the world. Due to the relevance of this issue, the article examines the main methodology of well-known international rankings, namely QS World University Ranking, developed by consulting company Quacquarelli Symonds, and THE World University Rankings, based on the methodology of the British «Times Higher Education» edition. The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors affecting the international credibility of the Russian higher education. The article analyzes the ranking system of the Russian universities and identifies university priority development areas in order to increase the international outlook of the Russian higher education, as well as to enhance competitiveness in the global market for education and to enter the international rankings. Authors consider the status of the Russian higher education in the world educational process and identify the causes of unreasonably low ranking of the Russian universities according to leading ranking agencies. Also, a comparative study of the Russian and foreign universities was conducted in the context of QS ranking factors, and the necessity of the state incitement for improving competiveness of Russian universities was revealed and substantiated. The feasibility of using the estimated quantitative performance indicator to assess the scientific merit of publications is considered as well. The authors propose a set of measures that will help to ensure university departments to increase the number of publications in international scientific journals, and as a result, raise science citation index of the articles published by the Russian scientists.

[Rodionov D.G., Fersman N.G., Kushneva O.A. Credibility of the Russian higher education in the world: problems and solutions. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):43-47] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 10 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.10

 

Keywords: university ranking, ranking indicators, prestige of diploma, number of publications, citation, citation index

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10

11

Virtualization of financial reporting

 

Olga Vladimirovna Rozhnova1,2

 

1The Moscow State Technical University «MAMI», B. Semenovskaya str., 38, Moscow, 107023, Russia

2The Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Leningradsky Prospekt, 49, Moscow, 125993, Russia

 

Abstract. The article explores the issue of virtualization of financial reporting. The article argues for special financial reporting rules adequate for entities involved in the virtual economy. The article provides definition for virtual financial reporting, sets its targets and proposes relevant framework.

[Rozhnova O.V. Virtualization of financial reporting. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):48-51] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 11 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.11

 

Keywords: virtual financial statements, virtualization of financial reporting, international financial reporting standards

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11

12

Mini laparotomic technology in the diagnosis and treatment of postoperative intra-abdominal complications

 

Vladimir Arkadyevich Samartsev1, Pavel Yakovlevich Sandakov1, Yurii Borisovich Busyrev1, Sergei Igorevich Zinets2, Aleksandr Stepanovich Osokin3, Vasilii Alekrsandrovich Gavrilov1

 

1Perm State Medical Academy named after academician E. A. Wagner, Petropavlovskaya Street, 26, Perm city, 614000, Russia

2City Clinical Hospital № 2, Perm, Russian Federation

3City Clinical Hospital № 4, Perm, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The aim of the study was tо improve the results of surgical treatment of intra-abdominal postoperative complications at the expense of differentiated use of minilaparotomic and endovideosurgical technologies. Treatment of 617 patients who underwent repeated operative interventions on abdominal organs in connection with different early postoperative intra-abdominal complications were analyzed. Mini-invasive repeated medicodiagnostic operative interventions were performed in 268 (56,4%) cases for acute destructive pancreatitis and its complications, in 65 (13,7%) cases - regarding postoperative biliary complications, in 37 (7,8%) - postoperative appendectomy complications, 31 (6,1%) - postoperative stomach and bowel complications. For the purpose of making prognosis of early postoperative intraabdominal complications and diagnosis of intra-abdominal hypertensive syndrome, 95 patients underwent indirect measurement of intra-abdominal pressure. Intra-abdominal pressure monitoring with determination of the degree of intra-abdominal hypertension was the basic factor for choosing the tactics of further surgery. The developed algorithm of surgical tactics permitted to decrease the number of relaparotomies to 142 (23%).

[Samartsev V.A., Sandakov P.Y., Busyrev Y.B., Zinets S.I., Osokin A.S., Gavrilov V.A. Mini laparotomic technology in the diagnosis and treatment of postoperative intra-abdominal complications. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):52-55] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 12 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.12

 

Keywords: minilaparotomy, relaparoscopy, intra-abdominal hypertension syndrome, intra-abdominal pressure

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13

The history of creation of recreation units in Samara

 

Vsevolod Aleksandrovich Shabanov and Anna Vsevolodovna Shabanova

 

Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Molodogavardeyskaya str., 194, Samara, Russia

 

Abstract. The paper presents results of a study of the process of creating recreational units in Samara. Initial data is cartographic material of 1804-2014 period. For twelve units ways of transformation from practical use to recreation were analyzed. By using cluster analysis methods the dynamics of changes of recreational units from 1970 to 2014 was evaluated. It was shown that some recreation units acquired additional recreational functions.

[Shabanov V.A., Shabanova A.V. The history of creation of recreation units in Samara. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):56-58] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 13 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.13

 

Keywords: recreational unit, cluster analysis

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14

On organization of the inclusive educational environment in higher educational institutions of the Russian Federation

 

Aliya Tahirzyanovna Fajzrahmanova

 

Kazan Federal University, Mezhlauka Street, 1, Kazan, 420008, Russia

 

Abstract. The need to create the inclusive educational environment is considered, in particular, we discuss the relevance of higher professional education for individuals with disabilities. Organization of accessible and high-quality higher education for individuals with special educational needs is a necessary condition for successful socialization of this category of people. Today development of inclusion in education is one of the priority areas of the state policy of the Russian Federation in the field of education. The issues of legal regulation of inclusive education in the Russian Federation are investigated. The historical aspect of higher education for individuals with disabilities has been discussed. Some statistical data on the number of students with disabilities studying in Russian universities has been given. Difficulties standing in the way to inclusion in higher educational institutions are discussed. The architectural, psychological and pedagogical and cognitive barriers have been reviewed overcoming of which will allow to create the optimum conditions for implementation of inclusive education in a higher school.

[Fajzrahmanova A.T. On organization of the inclusive educational environment in higher educational institutions of the Russian Federation. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):59-62] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 14 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.14

 

Keywords: inclusive education, higher education institution (HEI), individuals with disabilities (DA), barriers in education, individuals with special educational needs (SEN), barrier-free educational environment

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15

Metallic mirrors from the sites of Bronze Age of the upper stream of Ob river (Western Siberia)

 

Alexei Alexeevich Tishkin and Nikolay Nikolaevich Seregin

 

Altai State University, Lenin Avenue, 61, Barnaul, 656049, Russia

 

Abstract. The article concerns the main aspects of studying of metal mirrors from archaeological sites of Bronze Age, investigated in the territory of the upper stream of Ob river (Western Siberia). The limited quantity of such items defined the need of their complex research assuming application both of traditional approaches of humanitarian researches, and methods of natural sciences. Judging by available data, metal mirrors in the period of late Bronze age were very valuable products and were socially significant indicator of a funeral ceremony of the ancient population of the upper stream of Ob river.

[Tishkin A.A., Seregin N.N. Metallic mirrors from the sites of Bronze Age of the upper stream of Ob river (Western Siberia). Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):63-65] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 15 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.15

 

Keywords: metal mirrors, upper stream of Ob river, late Bronze Age, complex analysis, funeral ceremony

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16

A mechanism for the realization of the social-economic functions of agricultural cooperation in Perm Krai

 

Mihail Mihailovish Tryczin and Marina Vladimirovna Trosheva

 

GBOU VPO "The Udmurt State University" in Kudymkar, Likhachev St., 62, Kudymkar, Perm Krai, Russia

 

Abstract. This article examines the theoretical fundamentals of defining agricultural cooperation. The author has identified the reasons impeding the development of agricultural cooperation, classified agricultural cooperatives by type, kind, and form, ordered functions by focus area and entity, expanded the social-economic functions of agricultural cooperation, which help realize a specific goal and attain specific objectives, and worked out a mechanism for the realization of social-economic functions, which contains special government support measures facilitating the creation of conditions for every holding.

[Tryczin M.M., Trosheva M.V. A mechanism for the realization of the social-economic functions of agricultural cooperation in Perm Krai. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):66-69] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 16 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.16

 

Keywords: agricultural cooperation, social-economic functions, realization mechanism

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Fundamental bases and key tools of personnel management within tourism enterprises

 

Nataliya Alexandrovna Zaitseva1, Natalya Nikolaevna Zubakova2, Angelica Nikolaevna Bobrovskaya2

 

1Russian State University of Tourism and Service, Glavnaya str., 99, village Cherkizovo, 141221, Pushkin district, Moscow, Russia

2Volgograd branch of “RSUTS”, Kirova, 121, Volgograd, 400067, Russia

 

Abstract. The article is dedicated to the fundamental bases and key tools of personnel management within tourism enterprises. The authors justify the need for staff development in tourism enterprises, consider the basic elements, goals, functions, roles and factors of personnel management within tourism enterprises, and on this basis constitute the author's model of personnel management at the tourism enterprises. Within the practical part of the study, the developed author’s model of personnel management at the tourism enterprises has been applied to "Elegant", LLC, Moscow in 2013-2014.

[Zaitseva N.A., Zubakova N.N., Bobrovskaya A.N. Fundamental bases and key tools of personnel management within tourism enterprises. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):70-74] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 17 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.17

 

Keywords: personnel management, human resources, tourism enterprise

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Kazakh poetry of the XIX century: problem of its translation into other languages

 

N.K. Zhussupov, K.N. Kanapianov, Z.K. Kurmanova, B.T. Batkeeva, M.N. Baratova, Z.H. Latypova

 

Pavlodar State Pedagogical Institute, Mira Street, 60, Pavlodar, 140000, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. In work all-linguistic bases of the translation of the Kazakh poetry are opened, features of language systems and regularity of functioning of languages at the heart of translation process are specified. The translation of the Kazakh poetry of the XIX century as object of linguistic research is defined, are specified difference from other types of language mediation. The essence of translation equivalence of the Kazakh poetry as bases of a communicative equivalence of texts of the original and the translation is opened. The general approaches of the scientific description of translation process of the Kazakh poetry as actions of the translator on transformation of the text of the original to a target text are developed. Impact on translation process pragmatical and the social-linguistically factors of the Kazakh poetry is opened. The Model of the translation of the Kazakh poetry of the XIX century on other languages is proved.

[Zhussupov N.K., Kanapianov K.N., Kurmanova Z.K., Batkeeva B.T., Baratova M.N., Latypova Z.H. Kazakh poetry of the XIX century: problem of its translation into other languages. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):75-78] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 18 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.18

 

Keywords: The Kazakh poetry of the XIX century, problem of the translation of the Kazakh poetry of the XIX century on other languages, target language

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Knowledge work management system in a corporation

 

Svetlana Anatolyevna Ashirova1, Mouhabbat Sharifovna Garifullina1, Natalya Vladimirovna Serikova2, Svetlana Valentinovna Iudina3

 

1Kazan National Research Technical University named A.N. Tupolev (Almetyevsk branch). Pr-t Stroiteley, 9b, Almetyevsk, 423457, Russia

2Tomsk Technology Transfer Centre. Mokrushina st., 13 – 54, Tomsk, 634045, Russia

3Academy of Labor and Social Relations. Lobachevsky st., 90, Moscow, 119454, Russia

 

Abstract. The need to form the foundations of a systematic approach to the knowledge work management seems obvious to reviewers. They associate it with the request of complex socio-economic, organizational and economic systems for a predictable and reliable reproducible performance of knowledge workers. Without denying the creative components of this work, but with an emphasis on the nature of its information, the authors insist on the need to ensure the controllability results of intellectual work, especially in corporations.

[Ashirova S.A., Garifullina M.S., Serikova N.V., Iudina S.V. Knowledge work management system in a corporation. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):79-82] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 19

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.19

 

Keywords: knowledge work, management system, corporation

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Assisting the educational process subjects in a difficult life situation as a condition for the prevention of school violence

 

Maksim Aleksandrovich Basin, Svetlana Aleksandrovna Cherkasova, Kseniya Sergeyevna Shalaginova

 

Tula State Lev Tolstoy Pedagogical University (TSPU). Lenina Prospect, 125, Tula, 300026, Russia

 

Abstract The article describes the necessity of psychological assistance to educational process subjects (teachers, parents) in a difficult life situation. The research conducted by the authors shows that both teachers and students have a difficult life situation experience connected with various life spheres and do not have clear stress controlling strategy that is manifested in the growth of anxiety, fear, frustration, desire to react aggressively to others. In this regard, rather promising direction of violence and cruelty prevention in the modern educational space is the work of a psychologist with subjects (teachers, children) in difficult life situations to form skills of their own emotional states control, decision-making and difficult life situations overcoming, their borders defending and their personal space protection.

[Basin M.A., Cherkasova S.A., Shalaginova K.S. Assisting the educational process subjects in a difficult life situation as a condition for the prevention of school violence. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):83-88] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 20 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.20

 

Keywords: difficult life situation, coping strategy, school violence, aggressive behavior, violence

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Mining production and status of geomorphological environment of the platform denudation plains (Central Kazakhstan)

 

Roza Tleulesovna Bekseitova, Larisa Konstantinovna Veselova, Oketay Sagymbay, Irina Nikolaevna Shmarova

 

Al-Farabi Kazakh National University. Al-Farabi Avenue, 71, Almaty, 050040, Republic of Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. Study of environmental management and mining production, detecting main types and characteristics of their manifestations is based on studying numerous literature and cartographical sources, results of field research and social survey data. This work for the first gives a general interrelated analytical summary of types of economic activities and degree of economic disturbance of geomorphological environment of platform-denudation plains of Kazakhstan caused by them. In accordance with the purpose and objectives of the research, general analysis was made of geographic maps with scale 1:500000 published in various years and of geological maps with the same scale, as well as three-years-long field research, during which population was questioned about presence of geomorphological disturbances, their causes and dynamics of development. The comparative assessment of geomorphological environment disturbances shown in the table was built on identification of all kinds of relief disturbances, including technogeneous forms (including buildings and engineering structures) per area unit (km2).

[Bekseitova R.T., Veselova L.K., Sagymbay O, Shmarova I.N. Mining production and status of geomorphological environment of the platform denudation plains (Central Kazakhstan). Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):89-94] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 21

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.21

 

Keywords: Geomorphological system, relief, geomorphological environment, relief environment, natural environment, relief type, nature management type, Central Kazakhstan, mining dumps, disturbed land, solid minerals, mine, ore body, mining company, mining development, terricone, mountain quarry.

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The plasma-chemical methods of decorating foam glass surface

 

Evgenij Ivanovich Evtushenko, Oleg Vladimirovich Puchka, Sergey Sergeevich Vaysera

 

Belgorod Shukhov State Technological University, Kostyukova Street, 46, Belgorod, 308012, Russia

 

Abstract. Nowadays one of the most promising directions in building industry is developing a resource-saving technology of producing new glass-composite building materials, efficient in saving the energy resources, spent for providing and maintaining the necessary temperature conditions indoors. The raised requirements to the heat insulation of buildings pose for technologists and designers the new problems concerning improving the heat retention properties of materials, used in building industry. The article describes the factors, having influence on the intensification of pore-formation processes and on the high-porosity heat-insulating materials structure formation. There were developed the technological schemes of depositing plasma-chemical coatings onto the foam glass surface. The microstructure of the received glass composite was studied with an electron microscope MIRA SCAN and X-ray phase analysis. The mechanism of plasma-chemical coatings formation on the surface of heat-insulating glass composite was found out, and it was determined that the adhesion of coating with the underlayer is conditioned by the formation of contact layer, having the vitro-crystalline structure, due to the diffusion of the coating's components into the underlayer at the plasma-chemical treating of the foam glass surface in the system underlayer - coating – plasma-chemical medium.

 [Evtushenko E.I., Puchka O.V., Vaysera S.S. The plasma-chemical methods of decorating foam glass surface

Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):95-98] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 22

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.22

 

Keywords: foam glass, heat insulation, heat conductivity coefficient, porosity, strength, water sorption, sponging, annealing, heat-insulating material, protective-decorative coating, glass composite, plasma-supporting medium, thermal shock, sputtering, fusing.

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The main trends in the development of the corporate innovation systems

 

Abdurahman Gadzhievich Guseynov and Thabit Ayad Fadhil

 

Federal State Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education "Dagestan State University”, Makhachkala, 367025, Russia

 

Abstract. The article is devoted to the trends in the development of corporate innovation systems in difficult conditions of globalization, informatization and intellectualization of society. In these conditions a corporation has become a dominant factor in both the production and reproduction process, the most important institution of the modern economy. The article views the main trends of the development of modern corporations: 1. Enlargement of corporations, increase of their role in the scientific and technological process and in the global economy. 2. Complication of property structure of corporations, concentration, floating and interpenetration of capitals. 3. Application of high-speed information and communication technologies. 4. Acceleration of the internal organizational development. 5. Regionalization, in particular, transnationalization of corporations. 6. Formation of new external alliances and strategic partnerships. 7. Innovatization of corporate organizations. The characteristics of innovation-oriented corporations are highlighted: – entrepreneurial behavior aimed at the assimilation of new innovative processes and implementation of new ideas; - global creative activity of personnel, a high degree of communication development; – transformative management, profitability and risk optimization, flexibility and adaptability of the organizational forms. The innovatization effect in the conscious innovation development of corporations, ensuring high growth in manufacturing and services.

[Guseynov A.G., Fadhil T.A. The main trends in the development of the corporate innovation systems. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):99-103] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 23

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.23

 

Keywords: Corporation, innovation, structural-functional approach, development, regionalization, innovatization, system.

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The Formation and Development of the Contractual and Legal Base for the Contemporary Relationship between Russia and Kazakhstan (1991-2011)

 

Nurlan Zhanatovich Issabayev and Tlegen Sadykovich Sadykov

 

Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Mirzoyana Str., 2, Astana, 010008, Republic of Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. In this article, the author reviews the formation of the contractual relationship between two largest states among the republics of the former USSR – Russia and Kazakhstan – since 1991 until today. The analysis does not include multilateral relations with Russia and Kazakhstan. Only bilateral relations between these two countries are studied in the article. Various stages as well as “ups and downs” in their relations were analyzed on the basis of researchers’ views. Besides, the author notes the most important trends in the relationship. These trends are determined by more than 400 bilateral agreements between the countries. Their role both in strategic aspect and in bilateral regional collaboration is shown in the article.

[Issabayev N. Z., Sadykov T.S. The Formation and Development of the Contractual and Legal Base for the Contemporary Relationship between Russia and Kazakhstan (1991-2011). Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):104-107] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 24

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.24

 

Keywords: bilateral collaboration, bilateral agreements, periodization, strategic partnership, regional agreements.

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Accounting of external economic activity of Russian companies: experience and difficulties

 

Rosa Grigoryevna Kaspina and Lyubov Alexeevna Plotnikova

 

Kazan Federal University. Kremlyovskaya Street, 18, Kazan, 420008, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. This article is devoted to topical issues of carrying out external economic activity by Russian companies in the context of membership in the World Trade Organization, historical aspects of government regulation of external economic activity, peculiarities of the assignment of transactions to currency transactions, rules for maintaining accounting records of currency transactions and their tax assessment. The authors analyze accumulated experience on currency transaction accounting, touch upon subjects of risk identification in the course of external economic activity, and arrive at certain conclusions concerning appliance of efficacious legislative and regulatory acts in the sphere of currency transaction accounting by residents.

[Kaspina R.G., Plotnikova L.A. Accounting of external economic activity of Russian companies: experience and difficulties. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):108-111] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 25

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.25

 

Keywords: External economic activity; currency transaction; currency regulation authorities; currency control agents; currency risks; residents; non-residents.

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Difficulties in studying a foreign language in a technical college and some ways of removing them

 

Lyudmila Alexandrovna Kozubovskaja and Elena Leonovna Sentebova

 

Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Komsomolski pr., 29, Perm, 614000, Russian Federation.

 

Abstract. Unfortunately the lesser number of academic hours to study a foreign language is allocated nowadays in a technical college while the need in having a command of it is increasing. This fact makes learning a foreign language more complicated. Students come across different kinds of problems while learning a language. The article is an attempt to classify psychological problems and problems connected with a foreign language as a subject and to offer some methods and ways of removing these difficulties.

[Kozubovskaja L.A., Sentebova E.S. Difficulties in studying a foreign language in a technical college and some ways of removing them. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):112-116] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 26

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.26

 

Key words: psychological problems, psychological characteristics, motivation, temperament, perception peculiarities, simplified grammatical diagrams.

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Efficiency measurement of professional football clubs: a non-parametric approach

 

Lidiya Ivanovna Kulikova, Anna Valeryevna Goshunova

 

Institute of Finance and Economics, Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University. Butlerov str., 4, Kazan, 420012, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. In this article the efficiency of professional football clubs from Australia, Brazil, England, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Scotland and Spain was investigated using data envelopment analysis (DEA). In order to assess impact of accounting policies on players’ registrations on football clubs efficiency, football clubs not recognizing professional players’ registrations as assets were added in data. The results of analysis show that capitalization of purchased players’ registrations influences efficiency of football club, but it isn't a crucial factor. Another important factors affecting on efficiency of football clubs are size of club and its capital structure.

[Kulikova L.I., Goshunova A.V. Efficiency measurement of professional football clubs: a non-parametric approach. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):117-122] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 27

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.27

 

Keywords. Efficiency; Football clubs; Financial efficiency; Sports efficiency; Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA); Regression analysis.

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The concept of the mechanism of public-private partnership in the context of development of scientific sector

 

Boris Georgievich Preobrazhenski and Marina Viktorovna Glushkova

 

Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of Russian Federation, Moscovski avenue, 143, Voronezh, 394005, Russia

 

Abstract. The purpose of public-private partnership (PPP) in the scientific sphere is development of scientific researches and creation a concept products on the basis of accumulation of resources and use of competences of subjects of partnership, coordination of their interests at all stages of implementation of the project. Features of PPP at implementation of projects in the scientific sphere consist in the solution of a complex of target tasks in need of ensuring role function of the state. The account and observance of the specified requirements and a public orientation of projects of PPP in the scientific sphere will allow to gain effects in a context of expanded use of resource potential, competences and experience of partners.

[Preobrazhenski B.G., Glushkova M.V. The concept of the mechanism of public-private partnership in the context of development of scientific sector. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):123-127] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 28

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.28

 

Keywords: public-private partnership, scientific sector, mechanism, state, business structure, conditions, principles, functions, competences, model, sphere of scientific researches, project, concept product, commercialization.

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Social and economic conditionality of the Secondary Technical Education formation in the Kazan Vicegerency in the XIX-XX centuries

 

Irina Anatolyevna Talysheva, Gallia Mikhaelovna Ljdokova, Nailya Irkinovna Ismailova

 

Kazan Federal University. Kazanskaya Street, 23, Yelabuga, 423600, Republic of Tatarstan, Russia

 

Abstract. This work is aimed at identifying the features and priority directions of the secondary technical education formation in the Kazan Vicegerency at the turn of XIX-XX centuries. We has been revealed the interrelation between the secondary technical education formation in the Kazan Vicegerency at the turn of XIX-XX centuries and the all-Russian economy and tendencies development caused by the Industrial Revolution of 30-40-years of XIX century. The social and economic prerequisites of the secondary technical education formation in the Kazan Vicegerency at the turn of XIX-XX centuries are studied and systematized.

[Talysheva I.A., Ljdokova G.M., Ismailova N.I. Social and economic conditionality of the Secondary Technical Education formation in the Kazan Vicegerency in the XIX-XX centuries. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):128-132] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 29

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.29

 

Keywords: secondary technical education, professional training, social and economic conditions, technicians, assistant engineer.

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Intensification of students’ creative activity in educational environment of higher educational institutions

 

Gulmira Tashkeyeva 1, Bakytgul Abykanova 2 and Salamat Idrissov 2

 

1Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Al-Farabi Avenue, 71, Almaty, 050040, Republic of Kazakhstan

2Atyrau State University named after H.Dosmukhamedov, Atyrau, Republic of Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. The process of intensification of creative activity can rightfully be considered as a means of engaging students into intense creative activity, presenting purpose-modeled training cases and tasks by performing which trainees can increase the level of their creativity. Educational environment aimed at intensification of students’ creative activity and based on interactive educational forms, methods, means and techniques, encourage students to improve their knowledge and skills to work with sources of information, wisely arrange communication with participants of pedagogical process and form an ability to solve various problems.

[Tashkeyeva G., Abykanova B., Idrissov S. Intensification of students’ creative activity in educational environment of higher educational institutions. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):133-137] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 30

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.30

 

Keywords: intensification of creative activity, interactive training, interactive educational methods, educational environment.

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Assessing the impact of financial crises on cross-border M&A flows in developed and developing economies

 

Olga Valerjevna Vlasenko1, Svetlana Nikolaevna Khobotova1,2, Anton Vladimirovich Pyatak 2

 

1Plekhanov Russian University of Economics Omsk Institute (branch), Str.10 years on October , 195/18, Omsk, 644009, Russian Federation

2Omsk State University. Prospect Mira, 55-А, Omsk, 644077, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. This article analyzes total value of cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&A), number of deals and average deal value from 1997 to 2012. Asian crisis in 1997 and World financial crisis in 2008 had a great impact on the world economy during this period and defined its specific features. Therefore this article analyzes key characteristics and direction of M&A flows for developed, developing and transition economies. The research is based on data from different sources, for example: IMF Research Bulletin, UNCTAD, World Investment Report, E&Y reports.

[Vlasenko O.V., Khobotova S.N., Pyatak A.V. Assessing the impact of financial crises on cross-border M&A flows in developed and developing economies. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):138-142] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 31

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.31

 

Keywords: World economy, Asian crisis in 1997, World financial crisis in 2008, cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&A), developed, developing, transition economies, value and number of cross-border M&A, characteristics and direction of M&A.

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Mashkhur Zhusip and oral historical tradition

 

Laura Zhussupova1, Kenzhe Torlanbaeva2, Nartai Zhussupov1, Estai Zhussupov1, Mukhabbat Baratova1, Ertai Zhussupov3 and Alibek Elemesov4

 

1Pavlodar State University after S.Toraigyrov, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan

2Historical Institute after Ch.Ualikhanov, Almaty, Kazakhstan

3Innovative University of Eurasia, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan

4Pavlodar State Pedagogical Institute, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan

E-mail: djakk@mail.ru

 

Abstract. In research works of Mashkhur Zhusip in studying of oral historical tradition are studied. In work it is specified that sources in oral historical traditions of Kazakhs were completely translated and in a complex considered. Materials on oral historical traditions of Kazakhs are studied in the source study plan. Influence of external historiographies on a steppe oral historiography is proved. The translations of manuscripts of M. Zh. Kopeev and introduction of sources in a scientific turn is a contribution to historical knowledge. The oral historical tradition in interpretation of Mashkhur Zhusip for justification of history of the Kazakh khanate is used. M. Zh. Kopeev's works allowed to prove influence of east and western researches on formation of the Kazakh historiography. The Model Mashkhur Zhusip and oral historical tradition is developed.

[Zhussupova L., Torlanbaeva K., Zhussupov N., Zhussupov E., Baratova M., Zhussupov E., Elemesov A. Mashkhur Zhusip and oral historical tradition. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):143-146] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 32 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.32

 

Keywords: oral historical tradition, Mashkhur Zhusip and oral historical tradition

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Mashkhur Zhusip and Turkics sources

 

Laura Zhussupova1, Kenzhe Torlanbaeva2, Nartai Zhussupov1, Estai Zhussupov1, Mukhabbat Baratova1, Ertai Zhussupov3 and Nursultan Shakirov1

 

1Pavlodar State University after S.Toraigyrov, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan

2Historical Institute after Ch.Ualikhanov, Almaty, Kazakhstan

3Innovative University of Eurasia, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan

E-mail: djakk@mail.ru

 

Abstract. In a historiography the rich oral historical tradition of Kazakhs was ignored and not perceived as a source for studying of history of the Kazakh people. Among them such well-known and recognized authors and originators of written sources and archival materials, as Mahomed Shaybani-han, Abu-l-Ghazi Bakhadur-han, Kadyrgali Zhalayiri, Mahomed Haidar Dulati, Mashkhur Zhusip Kopeev, Shakarim Kudayberdiyev, Kurbangali Halidi, etc. Therefore there are all bases to believe that actually the oral historical tradition on stories of the Kazakh khanate in the XV-XVIII centuries was recorded and in writing. Article is devoted to the analysis unexplored in a world cultural heritage of oral historical tradition of Kazakhs. Turkics sources are for the first time considered. On the basis of the analysis of Turkics sources and Mashkhur Zhusip Kopeev’s works is for the first time considered in a complex oral and written heritage of the Kazakh people. Mashkhur Zhusip’s model and Turkics sources is developed.

[Zhussupova L., Torlanbaeva K., Zhussupov N., Zhussupov E., Baratova M., Zhussupov E., Shakirov N. Mashkhur Zhusip and Turkics sources. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):147-151] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 33 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.33

 

Keywords: Oral historical tradition, Mashkhur Zhusip and Turkics sources

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Teaching geometric probability using technology of creative workshops

 

Raina Bekmoldayeva, Ryskul Medetbekova, Dosymkhan Rakhymbek, Muratbek Medetbekov, Gulzinat Orazymbetova

 

M.Auezov South Kazakhstan State University, Taukekhan avenue, 5, Shymkent, 160012, The Republic of Kazakhstan

Email: raina.bekmoldayeva@gmail.com

 

Abstract. This article describes use of creative technology workshops for teaching geometric probability in algebra courses in profile schools. Emphasis is laid on the design of individual topic, which promote not only the acquisition of requisite skills and knowledge in the target subject, but also support self-learning and improved cognitive performance in each pupil.

[Bekmoldayeva R., Medetbekova R., Rakhymbek D., Medetbekov M., Orazymbetova G. Teaching geometric probability using technology of creative workshops. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):152-156] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 34 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.34

 

Keywords: elements of probability theory, geometric probability, creative workshops

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Analysis of paleoflora composition in water bodies of Western Siberia in the Paleogene

 

Dmitry Alekseevich Durnikin and Anna Sergeevna Eremina

 

Altai State University, Lenina prosp., 61, Barnaul, Russia

 

Abstract. On the basis of paleobotanical data, analysis of paleoflora composition, taphocoenose, having a continuous series of paleocarpological data, there have been observed the main stages of development of the water body flora in the Eocene and Oligocene. The explored paleoflora of the Western Siberia water bodies almost entirely consisted of extinct and very far from the modern flora species. It is shown that the individual elements of the Oligocene hydrophilic flora remained almost unchanged in the distant shelters (refugia) and up to the present time. The paleocarpological data showed that the Oligocene water body paleoflora consisted of 109 species and was represented by 20 families and 30 genera. The ten leading families of that period, according to the recent data include 87 species, accounting for 89.6% of the total number of taxa. Climate deterioration (cooling, increasing of continentality) affected the thermophilic forms of water body Paleogene paleoflora, many species of this flora disappeared by the beginning of the Neogene.

[Durnikin D.A., Eremina A.S. Analysis of paleoflora composition in water bodies of Western Siberia in the Paleogene. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):157-160] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 35 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.35

 

Keywords: Paleogene, flora of water bodies, water and coastal plants, species composition, structure, and climate

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Age, gender and life satisfaction in early adulthood in the Far East of Russia

 

Svetlana Vladimirovna Yaremtchuk

 

Amur State University of Humanities and Pedagogy, Kirova Street, 17/2, Komsomolsk-na-Amure, 681000, Khabarovsky kray, Russia

 

Abstract. This study investigates the influence of demographic factors on life satisfaction in Early Adulthood. Personal Wellbeing Index was used as the method of data acquisition. It gives the opportunity to compare the results of this research with similar researches conducted in other countries. Participants of the study were 257 subjects from the Far East of Russia (59.9% females, aged 17-40). The research results showed that subjective well-being stays stable for Russian males and females in early adulthood. Multiple regression analysis indicated that gender is able to explain 16.3% of the variance in satisfaction with life as a whole. Males tend to be more satisfied with their life than females. Gender differences consist also in high satisfaction with different aspects of life.

[Yaremtchuk S.V. Age, gender and life satisfaction in early adulthood in the Far East of Russia. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):161-165] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 36 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.36

 

Keywords: subjective well-being, life satisfaction as a whole, life domains, early adulthood

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Competence-based approach as an effective way to increase the level of training of geographers in universities

 

Ilgizar Timergalievich Gaisin, Svetlana Ivanovna Beketova, Renat Ilgizarovich Gaisin

 

Kazan (Volga) Federal University, Kremlyovskaya, 18, Kazan, 420008, Russia

 

Abstract. The paper considers the main problem of including the competency -based approach in preparing of future geographers in universities, in particular, it considers the basic definitions of competence and competency, that ( Y.G. Tatur, E.F. Zeer , I.A. Zimnyaya , T. Hoffman) single out. Main operational programs in geography are analyzed, in particular , the subject line of textbooks "Spheres" of 5-9 classes, the first-level standard of HPE in the training area of 050100.62 teacher education. The authors highlighted the geographical competency, which includes information and cognitive competence, as well as the main directions of updating the content and structure of geographical education.

[Gaisin I.T., Beketova S.I., Gaisin R.I. Competence-based approach as an effective way to increase the level of training of geographers in universities. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):166-170] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 37 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.37

 

Keywords: competency, competence-based approach, geographical competency, integration, information and cognitive competences, practical-creative competences

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Contentious aspects of the term "Caucasian war" in the works of the North Caucasian historians

 

Nina Nurmagomedovna Garunova

 

FGBOU VPO “Dagestan State University”, Korkmasova str., 8, Makhachkala, 367029, Republic of Dagestan, Russia

 

Abstract. The article is devoted the most debating point of the domestic Caucasiology, which was and still is the problem of "Caucasian War" in the XIX century. Today this topic arouses the biggest scientific and public interest in the Russian historical science. An extended, multifaceted view of historians about the complex process of entering the mountain peoples into the Russian Empire was also reflected in the rethinking of the term "Caucasian war." Following a brief historic consideration of the term's origin, the author analyzes various theories and views of the North Caucasus authors, focuses on the fact, and focuses on the fact that in the past of our national and spiritual history we should find the answers to the burning questions of life, which now are the real topic of the day.

[Garunova N.N. Contentious aspects of the term "Caucasian war" in the works of the North Caucasian historians. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):171-177] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 38 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.38

 

Keywords: term, crisis, Caucasian War, discussion, integration, confrontation, Caucasiology, history, frontier, highlanders, Russia

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The principle of professionalism as the basis for the contractual system in the sphere of procurement of goods, works, and services for state and municipal needs

 

Irina Petrovna Gladilina, Nicolaj Alexandrovich Acimov, Svetlana Alexandrovna Sergeeva

 

“Moscow`s Municipal Management University under the Moscow Government”, Sretenka str., 28, Moscow, 107045, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The contractual system in the sphere of procurement of goods, works, and services for state and municipal needs is based on a whole number of principles. This article examines the principle of procurers’ professionalism. The principle of professionalism is foundational to foreign procurement practices. Currently, the procurement system in Russia still has no uniform requirements for the professional preparation of procurers, which is one of the foremost priorities in the theory and practice of the development of the contractual system in the procurement sphere. The article touches upon the experience of instructors in the Department of State and Municipal Order Management at the Moscow City Government University of Management in terms of activity aimed at improving procurers’ professionalism level.

[Gladilina I.P., Acimov N.A., Sergeeva S.A. The principle of professionalism as the basis for the contractual system in the sphere of procurement of goods, works, and services for state and municipal needs. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):178-182] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 39 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.39

 

Keywords: contractual system, procurer, career enhancement, professionalism, master’s program

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Tutoring of pedagogical activity and new ideology of teacher training in the higher education institution

 

Aydar Minimansurovich Kalimullin and Valerjan Faritovich Gabdilkhakov

 

Kazan Federal State University, Meglauka str., 1, Kazan, 420111, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The research aimed at determining the place of tutoring in new ideology of teacher training. Thus the object of the research was experience of carrying out tutoring in Russia and abroad. The experiment was conducted in Kazan University. In the role of mentors were the teachers themselves. Separately participants discussed the questions of support of the educational activities. Were studied the issues of support of creative activity. The study established regularities of tutoring students’ creative activity. These patterns can be taken into account when building a new ideology for teacher training.

[Kalimullin A.M., Gabdilkhakov V.F. Tutoring of pedagogical activity and new ideology of teacher training in the higher education institution. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):183-187] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 40 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.40

 

Keywords: tutoring, ideology of teachers training, the regularities of tutoring students’ creative activity

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The systemic-activity approach as a means of students perceiving their activity

 

Elmira Mindyhatovna Karaseva, Olessya Valerjevna Rak, Anastasia Korsak

 

Kostanay branch of Chelyabinsk State University, Borodin str. 168a, Kostanay, 111100, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. This article provides a characterization of the systemic-activity approach in education, describes approaches to interpreting the concept, points up the components and principles of implementing it, and defines the correlation between the systemic-activity and competence approaches. The author provides a rationale for the diversity and ambiguity of apprehending the essence and purport of the systemic-activity approach in education.

[Karaseva E.M., Rak O.V., Korsak A. The systemic-activity approach as a means of students perceiving their activity Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):188-190] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 41 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.41

 

Keywords: systematic and active approach; competence approach; principles of systematic and active approach; components of systematic and active approach; the essence of systematic and active approach

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Training pedagogical shot in the universities of Kazakhstan to implement profile education in the 12-year school

 

Ulzhamal Zhandaralievna Konakbaeva, Ryskul Ashimaliyevna Medetbekova, Muratbek Mukhalbekovich Medetbekov

 

M. Auezov South Kazakhstan State University, Shymkent, Kazakhstan

E-mail: ukonakbaeva@mail.ru

 

Abstract. The article reflects the results of sciеntific and pedagogical research of the modernization of professional training system of pedagogical personnel in Republic of Kazakhstan during the transition to 12-years of education. It justified the priority areas to improve the system of professional training of pedagogical personnel; the author’s point of view is presented for the preparation of competitive specialists; the work experience at the university is described taking into account the training of pedagogical personnel during the transition to 12-years of education.

[Konakbaeva U.Z., Medetbekova R.A., Medetbekov M.M. Training pedagogical shot in the universities of Kazakhstan to implement profile education in the 12-year school. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):191-197] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 42 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.42

 

Keywords: profile education, pedagogical shot, preparation in Kazakhstan, the transition to 12 years of education

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The methods and technology for solid domestic waste neutralization in mine workings with the usage of processed products

 

Marina Vasiljevna Rossinskaya and Nicholay Petrovich Rossinskiy

 

Institute of the Service Sector and Entrepreneurship (branch) DSTU, Shevchenko str., 147, Shakhti city, 346500, Rostov region, Russia

E-mail: rossmv@mail.ru

 

Abstract. The authors of this article study, develop and recommend innovative, economical and environmentally safe methods, technology and engineering for the transportation, storage, neutralization and utilization of solid domestic waste in mines obtaining and using the combustible gas and digested product suitable for fertilizing. Besides, they show the advantages of this method. According to the preliminary calculations, the payback period for all costs connected with adoption and mastering will be from 3 to 12 years.

[Rossinskaya M.V., Rossinskiy N.P. The methods and technology for solid domestic waste neutralization in mine workings with the usage of processed products. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):198-200] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 43 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.43

 

Keywords: waste, liquid, solid, gaseous, influence, neutralization, utilization, usage, ecology, safety, environmental management

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44

Legal base for implementation of the principles of rendering medical services to juveniles in the Russian Federation

 

Evgeniya Sergeevna Sagalaeva, Olga Nikolaevna Amvrosova, Fatima Ruslanovna Gadgieva

 

FGAOU VPO “The North Caucasus Federal University”, Kulakov Avenue, 2, Stavropol, 355029, Russia

 

Abstract. The article contains analysis of the effective Russian legislation with respect to juveniles at rendering medical services to them, as well as the practice of its application in certain cases. The theoretical research mainly uses two approaches – the complex and problem-oriented ones. Following the results of the carried out analysis, we emphasized the main principles of rendering medical services to juveniles. Some of these principles are the principle of priority, the principle of accessibility and quality of medical aid, the principle of orientation to the personality of a child at his health protection. The article contains interpretation of the "capacity" and "competence" terms with regard to juveniles, determines their special social and legal status. In the course of the research, the author approaches the problem of enjoyment of the rights of juveniles for informed consent to medical intervention.

[Sagalaeva E.S., Amvrosova O.N., Gadgieva F.R. Legal base for implementation of the principles of rendering medical services to juveniles in the Russian Federation. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):201-203] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 44 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.44

 

Keywords: juvenile patients, juvenile's capacity, juvenile's competence, quality of medical aid, legal principles of rendering medical services to juvenile

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45

Advertising “tree” of Krasnoyarsk city and prospects of its development

 

Julija Jurjevna Suslova, Eva Vladislavovna Shherbenko, Nadezhda Vasiljevna Ananjeva

 

Siberian Federal University, Institute of Economics and Trade, Svobodny, 79, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Krasnoyarskiy region, Russia

 

Abstract. This article is dedicated to the advertising "tree" of Krasnoyarsk city. Under the advertising "tree" term we understand the basic directions of promotional activities and methods of its implementation in the Krasnoyarsk city. There is given an insight into the advertising market, which allows to identify the new and more contemporary ways to promote your organization. There are shown the main directions of the advertising “tree” and analyzed their interaction (synergy effect).

[Suslova J.J., Shherbenko E.V., Ananjeva N.V. Advertising “tree” of Krasnoyarsk city and prospects of its development. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):204-209] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 45 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.45

 

Keywords: advertising “tree”, synergy effect, Krasnoyarsk, advertising communications, advertising, marketing, and advertising tools

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46

Estimates when parametrical hypotheses are accepted and comparison them with maximum likelihood estimates

 

Victor Aleksandrovich Vlasov1, Svetlana Victorovna Vlasova2, Andrey Olegovich Tolokonsky1

 

1National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI» (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Kashirskoye, 31, Moscow, 115409, Russian Federation

2All-Russian Research Institute for Nuclear Power Plants Operation, 1Ferganskaya str., 25, Moscow, 109507, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The estimation task of unknown parameters based on experimental data is proposed to solve taking into account the consequences of estimation errors. For this purpose the criterion of optimality which includes the weights (costs) of errors should be stated. This allows us to construct the optimum critical regions for testing competing parametrical hypotheses using variation methods. Applying the variation approach there is no more need in using confidence levels and confidence intervals as there is an opportunity to find the optimum values of estimates which are best corresponded to available experimental information. In general the optimum estimates received in this way should not coincide with maximum likelihood estimates. The examples are given below in the work.

[Vlasov V.A., Vlasova S.V., Tolokonsky A.O. Estimates when parametrical hypotheses are accepted and comparison them with maximum likelihood estimates. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):210-213] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 46 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.46

 

Keywords: sample values, estimate of parameter, parametrical hypothesis, criterion of optimality, variation of functional, consequences of errors, the maximum likelihood method, Pearson theorem

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47

The formation of Tatars ethnic groups in the Southern Urals and Trans Urals region

 

Radif Rifcatovich Zamaletdinov, Ferits Yusupovich Yusupov, Irina Sovetovna Karabulatova, Аyrat Faikovich Yusupov, Damir Haydarovich Husnutdinov

 

Kazan Federal University, Tatarstan str., 2, Kazan, 420021, The Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The formation of the Tatar people and the Tatar nation occurred at the basin of the middle current of the Volga and the bottom current of the Kama rivers. The authors examine the evolutionary nature of the formation of the Tatar ethnic group on the basis of ethnographic, historical and linguistic data. Linguistic data enable us to refine the process of settlement of the Tatar tribes in the study region. The authors conducted an expedition to the places of compact residence of Tatars, they revealed new folklore materials about the time of the Tatars in this or that region. These materials make it possible to make adjustments to substantiate the formation of the Tatar ethnic group.

[Zamaletdinov R.R., Yusupov F.Y., Karabulatova I. S., Yusupov А.F., Husnutdinov D.H. The formation of Tatars ethnic groups in the Southern Urals and Trans Urals region. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):214-217] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 47

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.47

 

Keywords: Tatar ethnic groups, regional linguistics, The History of the Turkic peoples, resettlement, turkology, archival materials

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48

The role of jury in the contemporary Judicial System of the Republic Kazakhstan

 

Larissa Valerievna Zheldikova

 

Academy of Economics and Law Named after U.A. Dzholdasbekov, Tauelsizdyk Str., 77, Taldykorgan, 040000, Republic of Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. This article reflects the current and ongoing legal system within the Republic of Kazakhstan from 2007 to 2024. The justice system of the Republic of Kazakhstan embodies the people’s independence in the fulfillment of the legal process. It is universally accepted that trial by jury is the most effective method to eradicate corruption from the legal system. In order for this system to function the neutrality of jury members must be given priority. It is necessary for detailed investigation of every candidate to take place before selection of the panel. Minimising jury prejudice increases public confidence and support of the judicial process and out comes.

[Zheldikova L.V. The role of jury in the contemporary Judicial System of the Republic Kazakhstan. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):218-221] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 48 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.48

 

Keywords: court, jurors, trial by jury, rule of law, humanity, human rights

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49

The use of J. Guilford social intelligence test as a social competence readiness indicator

 

Anzhela V. Sokolova1, Konstantin G. Krechetnikov1, Vladimir V. Chernenko2

 

1Far Eastern Federal University, School of Business and Public Administration, Service and Tourism Department, Management in Social Sphere Department, Sukhanova Street, 8, FEFU campus, Vladivostok, 690950, Russia

2The branch of Military-Study-Scientific Center “Military-Marine Academy” by Nickolay G. Kuznetsov

Radio electronics Department, Kamskiy Pereulok Str., 6, Vladivostok, 690022, Russia

 

Abstract. The problem of relevance of using J. Guilford social intelligence test to analyze results of readiness of social competence of Tourism and Hospitality Sphere bachelors by planning a course of culturological disciplines. Elements of conceptions of “social intellect” and “social competence” are revealed. Basing on the analysis of opinions of some scientists the authors conclude that psychological conception “social intelligence” may be joined and correlated with pedagogical conception “social competence”.

[Sokolova A.V., Krechetnikov K.G., Chernenko V.V. The use of J. Guilford social intelligence test as a social competence readiness indicator. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):222-226] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 49 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.49

 

Keywords: social competence J. Guilford social intelligence test, social intelligence, competence, expertise, Tourism and Hospitality Sphere bachelors, social competence development model

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50

Political leadership and its role in Russian - Central Asian relations

 

Vladimir Germanovich Burkov

 

Saint-Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya Embankment, 79, Saint-Petersburg, 199034, Russia

 

Abstract. This article investigates the role of political leadership in Russia’s foreign policy towards Central Asia from 1991 through 2014. It lays out the goals, the main achievements and failures of Russian diplomacy during the presidencies of Boris Yeltsin (1991-1999), Vladimir Putin (2000-2008), Dmitry Medvedev (2008-2012), and Vladimir Putin’s second term (2012 – present). The author concludes that the heads of state have always played a central role in the process of shaping and implementing Russia’s foreign policy towards the region.

[Burkov V.G. Political leadership and its role in Russian - Central Asian relations. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):227-228] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 50 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.50

 

Keywords: Foreign policy, Soviet Union, Russia, Central Asia, International Relations, President, Diplomacy

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51

Russia’s attitude toward integration associations in the post-Soviet space

 

Vladimir Germanovich Burkov

 

Saint-Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya Embankment, 79, Saint-Petersburg, 199034, Russia

 

Abstract. This article examines the characteristics of interactions between Russia and integration associations in the Post-soviet space since 1991. The author concludes that this direction was one of the most important in Moscow’s foreign policy during the presidency of the four Russian leaders. А key task for Russian leadership has always been the enhancement of integration within the framework of the Customs Union, Eurasian Economic Community, EURASEC Customs Union, and Single Economic Space, as well as within the Collective Security Treaty and Collective Security Treaty Organization.

[Burkov V. G. Russia’s attitude toward integration associations in the post-soviet space. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):229-232] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 51 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.51

 

Keywords: Foreign policy, Diplomacy, International relations, International organizations, Soviet Union, Commonwealth of Independent States, Military alliance, Single economic space, Customs union, Integration

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52

Russia's national interests in Central Asia in the context of changes within the international system

 

Vladimir Germanovich Burkov

 

Saint-Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya Embankment, 79, Saint-Petersburg, 199034, Russia

 

Abstract. This article explores Russia’s national interests in Central Asia in the context of the fundamental changes in the international system from 2008 through 2014. The author divides these changes into geopolitical, strategic, economic and political, and concludes that the development of broader cooperation with the “Sunshine republics” remains of vital importance for Moscow.

[Burkov V.G. Russia's national interests in Central Asia in the context of changes within the international system. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):233-235] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 52 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.52

 

Keywords: Foreign policy, Diplomacy, International relations, Central Asia, Soviet Union, National interests, Military bloc, Unified economic space, Customs union, Integration, International security, Geopolitics

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53

Russian-Kazakhstani and Russian-Uzbekistani relations: opposing models of political and military alliances

 

Vladimir Germanovich Burkov

 

Saint-Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya Embankment, 79, Saint-Petersburg, 199034, Russia

 

Abstract. This article compares Russian-Kazakhstani and Russian-Uzbekistani relations as two opposite models of political and military alliances. It analyses the evolution of interactions between Moscow and each of its partners, explores the nature of their relationships, and compares the national interests of Russia, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. It concludes that the Russian-Kazakhstani union reflects its political and legal status while the Russian-Uzbekistani coalition exists mainly on paper.

[Burkov V.G. Russian-Kazakhstani and Russian-Uzbekistani relations: opposing models of political and military alliances. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):236-238] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 53

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.53

 

Keywords: Foreign policy, Diplomacy, International relations, Central Asia, Soviet Union, National interests, Military-political bloc, Allied relations, Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan

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54

The usage experience of typological analysis method in deviation research of youth subcultures

 

Tatiana Vladimirovna Gavrilyuk

 

Tyumen State Oil and Gas University, Volodarskogo Street, 38, Tyumen, 625000, Russia

 

Abstract. The article analyzes the specifics of youth subcultural differentiation in a multicultural society; shows the relationship of subcultural discourse and deviation theories; the methodology of empirical typology to identify the modal typological syndromes inside the Russian “dark-movement” is approbated; the correlation between typological characteristics of the respondents and their propensity to such type of deviant behavior, as the drug is pointed out; the importance of the methodology using in the practice of social management is proved.

[Gavrilyuk T.V. The usage experience of typological analysis method in deviation research of youth subcultures. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):239-242] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 54

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.54

 

Keywords: youth subcultures, youth movements, typological analysis, deviant behavior

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55

Motivational peculiarities of schoolteachers in Russia 

 

Natalya Nickolaevna Kalatzkaya, Nadezhda Jurievna Kostyunina, Albina Rafailovna Drozdikova-Zaripova 

 

Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Kremlyovskaya Street, 18, Kazan, 420008, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The objective of this research is to study the subject matter and the structure of motivation of Russian teachers at schools of Kazan (Russia). Collection of information was arranged using the "Diagnostics of Partial Orientation of a Teacher's Personality" guideline, the "Motivation for Success and the Fear of Failure" poll by A.A. Rean, the "Diagnostics of Polymotivational Trends in the 'Self-Concept' of Personality" guideline by S.M. Petrov. The ascertaining experiment resulted in estimation and comparison of educators depending on their primary orientation. The motivational orientation as well as motivational preferences of schoolteacher of Kazan (Russia) were studied. Besides, the problem areas in the work of teachers were revealed and further path of professional development of teachers was singled out. The results of the research can be used for rendering psychological aid to teachers, for certification of teachers, and for recruitment.

[Kalatzkay N.N. Motivational peculiarities of schoolteachers in Russia. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):243-247] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 55 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.55

 

Keywords: motive, motivation, orientation, motivational orientation, schoolteachers

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56

Cultural identity of a person in the polycultural space terms: its social aspect

 

Liliya Featovna Khabibulina

 

Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Tatarstan Street, 2, Kazan, 420021, Russia

 

Abstract. The article highlights an issue to preserve the cultural identity in the terms of modern globalization processes. The study’s objective is to reveal strategy of ethnic and personal identification, the ways of overcoming of confrontation in the course of intercultural communication and inculturation. The study shows, that a cultural self-identification possibility warrants sovereignty of a person, his value as individuality and his transformations into an equal member of the universal culture. The study’s keynote is that the cultural identity of a person expressed in the form of integrity’s recognition is writhed by the human being and seriously challenged as well. A person can only preserve its cultural identity, meanwhile establishing himself as a person of culture under the condition of sufficient flexibility and tolerance.

[Khabibulina L.F. Cultural identity of a person in the polycultural space terms: its social aspect. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):248-251] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 56 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.56

 

Keywords: cultural identity, intercultural communications, globalization, dialogue of cultures, self-identification, person of culture

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57

Sorption of chromium (VI) ions by anionites based on epoxidized derivatives of aniline and benzylamine

 

Yevgeniy Aleksandrovich Melnikov1, Edil Ergozhayevich Ergozhin2, Tulegen Kamenovich Chalov2, Anna Ivanovna Nikitina2

 

1Kazakh-British Technical University,Tole bi Street, 59, Almaty, 050000, Republic of Kazakhstan

2JSC "Institute of Chemical Sciences named A.B. Bekturov", Ualihanov Street, 106, Almaty, 050010, Republic of Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. This work is devoted to studying the basic regularities of sorption of chromium ions (VI) by new anionites from standardized test solutions of potassium dichromate. They have been synthesized by polycondensation of epoxidized aniline derivatives and benzylamine with polyamines (polyethylene polyamine and polyethyleneimine). In order to determine optimal parameters for sorption of chromium (VI) ions, dependence of anionites exchange capacity on the pH value of K2Сr2O7 solution, concentration of metal ions in the solution and the duration of ion exchanger contact with the solution has been studied. It has been found that in a more acidic medium at pH equal to 2.0 (sorption capacity is 499.2 mg Cr/g), anionites based on aniline absorb dichromate ions better than the anionites obtained from benzylamine, which exhibit their maximum sorption capacity at pH equal to 3.4 (468.0 mg Cr/g). Anionites feature high kinetic properties; the equilibrium state is reached after 1 to 5 hours.

[Melnikov Y.A., Ergozhin E.E., Chalov T.K., Nikitina A.I. Sorption of chromium (VI) ions by anionites based on epoxidized derivatives of aniline and benzylamine. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):252-254] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 57 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.57

 

Keywords: Anionites, benzylamine, aniline, polyamines, sorption, chrome

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Psychophysiological singularities of children development in rural areas

 

Zh.M. Mukatayeva

 

Pavlodar State Pedagogical Institute, Mira street 60, Pavlodar, 140002, Republic of Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. The article deals with psychophysiological development singularities of children and teenagers of 7-15 years of age living in the rural area of the Pavlodar Region. The following methodology was used for the research: determination of short-term mechanical memory using numerical rows; determination of short-term semantic memory; determination of logical memory using meaning-bearing phrases of various length; determination of mental capacity using correction test; determination of trait anxiety (C.D. Spilberger & Y.L. Khanin); diagnostics of the level of anxiety at school (Phillips' methodology). Analysis of the obtained data gave reasons to conclude that rural girls were ahead of their peers by the index of mental capacity. The article proves based on data obtained in the result of the experiment that rural schoolchildren are in the state of moderate anxiety (at that, girls have somewhat higher anxiety than boys do), and that the volumes of verbally logical and mechanical memory increase over age.

[Mukatayeva Zh. M. Psychophysiological singularities of children development in rural areas. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):255-257] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 58 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.58

 

Keywords: Psychophysiological singularities of development, short-term mechanical memory, social-environmental ill-being, mental capacity, personal anxiety, memory volume

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59

Features of risk management organization for certain types of credit institution`s risks

 

Natalia Ewaldovna Sokolinskaya

 

Department of Banks and Banking Management, Financial University under the Government of Russian Federation, Leningradsky prospect, 49, Moscow, 125993, Russia

 

Abstract. This paper summarizes the approaches to risk management system in credit institutions, defines the risk management system, and highlights its basic principles and main elements. The main attention is focused on systematization and identification of credit and foreign exchange risks and risks of bank's operations with securities, as well as the choice of methods of regulation and restrictions within the considered types of risks.

[Sokolinskaya N.E. Features of risk management organization for certain types of credit institution`s risks. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):258-263] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 59 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.59

 

Keywords: credit risk, currency risk, the bank's operations with securities regulatory methods, credit policy, risk management, methodological base

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60

Legal analysis of the convention on International liability for damage caused by space objects (March 29, 1972)

 

Svetlana Myhailovna Sylkina, Mariyam Sultanovna Dosymbekova, Almagul Zhagaltaevna Tusupova, Elmira Serikkeldinovna Abdrakhmanova

 

Kazakh National University named by Al-Farabi, Karasay batyr Street, 95а, Almaty, 050000, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. The article considers the main definitions and legal provisions of Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects, and the main problems of its effective application detected in theoretical discussions with wide participation of legal scholars and other sciences representatives. International law focuses on rules allowing for the payment of damages for harm caused by space objects and their component parts. Principal attention is given in this analysis to the claims for compensation for damage which are presented and considered as international clams, or civil claims in the courts of the launching State.

[Sylkina S.M., Dosymbekova M.S., Tusupova A.Z., Abdrakhmanova E.S. Legal analysis of the convention on International liability for damage caused by space objects. (March 29, 1972). Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):264-266] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 60 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.60

 

Keywords: space objects, damage, compensation, launching State

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61

The orientation basis for action and the skill of study

 

Rufiya Mahmutovna Yakupova

 

Kazan State Federal University, Institute of Psychology and Education, Mezhlauk, 1, Kazan, 420021, Russia

 

Abstract. Activity approach as a basis for the Federal State Educational Standard of the Russian Federation demands the analysis of how important is the existent system of versatile educational actions and how it can be used and extended. The extension here means that students actively appropriate social experience and acquire the skill to study. This paper is aimed at discussing the main development stages of psychic on the basis of such categories as “ontogenesis”, “phylogenesis”, “biogenetic law” and the structural elements of actions within the framework of the general psychological theory of activity. Versatile educational actions broaden the sphere of orientation basis for any action. Besides, they present the fostering component of consciousness and characterize the deliberateness of knowledge acquisition.

[Yakupova R.M. The orientation basis for action and the skill of study. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):267-271] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 61 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.61

 

Keywords: educational action; activity; environment; psychic; orientation basis of actions

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62

Formation of the value-oriented polycultural personality of a future teacher in the contemporary education space

 

Guzaliya Zhevdyatovna Fahrutdinova and Elena Gennadievna Solovyova

 

Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kremlyovskaya Street, 18, Kazan, 420008, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The article deals with the problem of formation of the value-oriented polycultural personality of a future teacher oriented to conceptualization of worldly and professional problems that exist in the contemporary polycultural space and understanding the sociocultural sense of his professional activity. It shows the role of integration of culturological and pedagogical knowledge in forming axiological competences, enculturation, and socialization of the personality of future teachers; introduces the pedagogical model reflecting the regional specificity of the integrative approach based on cultural competence to formation of the value-oriented polycultural personality; interprets the technology of its practical implementation. The conceptual core of integration of culturological and pedagogical knowledge are the basic values and traditions of national cultures encrypted in education and art being cultural activity. The peculiar feature of this research is that it projects the theoretical model, which has not been used by other authors before. The research determines structural elements of the model and pedagogical conditions of its practical operation.

[Fahrutdinova G.Z., Solovyova E.G. Formation of the value-oriented polycultural personality of a future teacher in the contemporary education space. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):272-276] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 62 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.62

 

Keywords: Polycultural personality, value-related orientations, axiological competences, model based on cultural competence

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63

Spiritual lumpenization of the Russian society as a subject of socio-philosophic research

 

Diana Vladimirovna Filyushkina

 

Pyatigorsk State Linguistic University, Russia

 

Abstract. The article covers author's methodological references of the research of such a problem, which is urgent for the modern Russian society, as spiritual lumpenization that has not yet become a subject of socio-philosophical analysis at a deep conceptual level. According to the author's interpretation, spiritual lumpenization is considered a process of reduction of the spiritual potential of a society associated with primitivization and impoverishment of forms of spiritual life, devaluation of supreme spiritual values, collapse of spiritual ideals in the spheres of culture, education, science, art, and creativity, and threatening the spiritual security of the society. The conceptual basis of the spiritual lumpenization research includes the following parameters of the study of its displays in the Russian social reality: the determining factors of spiritual lumpenization of the society; the forms of displays of spiritual lumpenization in the circumstances of sociocultural changes and in the course of implementation of social practices in the spiritual sphere; and the dynamics of the society values accompanied by the loss of life sense references and spiritual alienation.

[Filyushkina D.V. Spiritual lumpenization of the Russian society as a subject of socio-philosophic research. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):277-281] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 63 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.63

 

Keywords: spiritual lumpenization, spiritual crisis, spirituality, spiritual culture, sociocultural changes

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64

Diffusion at low-temperature moisturization and high-temperature cooking of wheat

 

Svetlana Yurievna Ksandopulo1, Tatiana Germanovna Korotkova1, Sergey Vladimirovich Cherepov2, Evgeny Nikolayevich Konstantinov1 

1Kuban State Technological University, Moskovskaya str., 2, Krasnodar, 350072, the Russian Federation

2Maikop State Technological University, Pervomaiskaya str., 191, Maikop, 385000, Republic of Adygeya, Russia 

 

Abstract. A review has been made of studies in diffusion coefficients values and their dependence on temperature of wheat moisturization (whole grain, scoured grain, grain kernel, endosperm, and pericarp). Experimental research was performed at temperatures between 10 ºС and 98.3 ºС. Values of diffusion coefficients were found by using approximated solutions to the unsteady-state diffusion equation. The values of diffusion coefficients vary over a wide range between 1.1·10-12 m2/sec (at 10 ºС) and 1.4·10-10 m2/sec (at 98.3 ºС). The relation between the diffusion coefficient and the temperature is described by the Arrhenius equation. Studies in this work were performed at higher temperatures between 105 and 140 ºC. At these temperatures, wheat is cooked, and in order to determine diffusion coefficients one has to use solution of unsteady-state diffusion by the numerical grid method in an implicit scheme. This solution made it possible to take into account changing diffusion coefficient with changing temperature, as well as separation of the outer starch layers and reduction of material particles size to complete cooking. In order to compare calculation results obtained using grids method and the steady-state conditions approximate equation that is used by authors of previous works, we performed analytical solution of transient diffusion equation for an infinite plate using the method of variable separation. It has been shown that calculation results of the analytical solution are consistent with results of the grid method and are different from the results for regular mode only during the initial period. The greatest computer time consumption corresponds to analytical solution. It has been shown that diffusion coefficients during cooking can only be defined when a mathematical model is used, which is based on numerical method of solving unsteady diffusion equations. It has been established that during cooking, diffusion coefficient is substantially lower than that in case of material moisturization, and is equal to 8.273·10¹²m²/s at 138 ºC. This can be explained by the fact that changes in starch granules occur in course of cooking.

[Ksandopulo S.Y., Korotkova T.G., Cherepov S.V., Konstantinov E.N. Diffusion at low-temperature moisturization and high-temperature cooking of wheat. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):282-287] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 64 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.64

 

Keywords: diffusion coefficient; wheat; high temperature cooking, unsteady-state diffusion equation, numerical solution

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The financial development perspective of funded pension systems

 

Alexander N.Nepp1, Paulina V.Kryuchkova2, Alexander N.Semin1, Vitaly A.Kopnov1,3

 

1Ural Federal University (Ekaterinburg, Russia), Graduate School of Economics and Management

Mira Str. 19, Ekaterinburg, 620 000, Russia

2Lomonosov Moscow State University (Moscow, Russia), Leninskiye Gory, Moscow State University named after Lomonosov, 3 rd new building, GSP-1, 119991, Moscow, Russia

3Russian State Vocational Pedagogical University, Mashinostroiteley str. 11, 620012 Ekaterinburg, Russia

 

Abstract. The current distribution pension system is on the verge of financial sustainability, which resulted in a budget deficit of the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation and the redirection of pension funds to the distribution system in 2014. One of the main reasons for this is the demographic risks. One of the tools for solving the demographic problem of the distribution pension system is funded systems. However, they are exposed to demographic risks as well. The paper provides an analysis of the impact of demographic risks on funded pension systems. It offers conditions for the financial sustainability of the funded pension system under the influence of demographic and macroeconomic factors. It investigates the compliance with the conditions of the financial sustainability of funded pension systems of Russia and OECD countries in the period from 1958 to 2012, making the forecast for the financial sustainability of funded pension systems until 2050, and the comparative dynamic analysis is held.

[Nepp A.N., Kryuchkova P.V., Semin A.N., Kopnov V.A. The financial development perspective of funded pension systems. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):288-293] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 65. 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.65

 

Keywords: funded pension systems, financial sustainability, demographic risks, retirement age, the duration of pension payments

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The integration of financial markets amid the formation of the Eurasian Economic Union

 

Gulmira Bulatovna Nurlikhina1, Gani Kalikulovich Turabaev1, Marlen Kapashevich Kolbayev2, Raziya Maratovna Ashimova1, Ermek Amantaevich Alpisov3

 

1Institute of Master and PhD Doctoral Programs of Kazakh National Pedagogical University named after Abay, Kazakhstan

2Zhetisu State University named after I.Zhansugurov, Kazakhstan

3Administration of Taldykorgan, Kazakhstan

Email: rector@kaznpu.kz

 

Abstract. This article examines the major stages in the process of integration in the Eurasian space. The author explores the trends in and indicators of the development of the financial markets of the Customs Union (CU) and Common Economic Space (CES) states, including the dynamics of state budget revenue and deficit, the volume of the monetary base and liquid funds, and the volumes of lending and currency trading in the CU and CES states. The author’s findings indicate an increase in the level of integration of the CU and CES states in the sphere. The author points up the persisting barriers to the creation of a common financial market and the major focus areas of work on enhancing the integration of the financial markets of the CU and CES states, which will help to more fully realize the potential of the financial systems of the CU and CES member states: speeding up the processes of harmonizing legislation, removing barriers to the operation of the branches of financial institutions, forming an integrated CES payment system, and harmonizing and unifying the legislation of the CES member states in the insurance area.

[Nurlikhina G.B., Turabaev G.K., Kolbayev M.K., Ashimova R.M., Alpisov E.A. The integration of financial markets amid the formation of the Eurasian Economic Union. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):294-298] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 66 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.66

 

Keywords: Eurasian Economic Union (EaEU), Customs Union (CU), Common Economic Space (CES), integration, financial globalization, financial market

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Animistic beliefs and totemic personal names in the world picture

 

Guldarkhan Rysbayeva1, Bibigul Rysbay2, Bainesh Sholpan1, Nazyken Yegizbayeva2

 

1Kazakh State Women’s Teacher Тraining University, Aiteke bi, 99, Almaty, 050000, Republic of Kazakhstan

2Kazakh National University named after Al-Farabi, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. The article deals with anthroponyms of the Arab-Persian origin that are devoted to the cults of the Moon, Sun and God, and related to them cognitive phraseologisms in Turkic languages. The main cognitive concepts that are reflected in the national Turkic in verbal phraseological units from linguo-cultural and ethnolinguistic aspects are analyzed. Now consider the language picture of the world in general human cognition in the unity of the world model, and with the same conceptual view of the world is a philosophical and philological concept. The study "Language world" and "Conceptual picture of the world" in the trinity "Language-thought-world" is one of the urgent problems of modern linguistics. Language world – a specific method for the language of reflection and representation of reality in language forms and structures in its relation with the person who is the central figure of the language. From this point of view, we will consider the totemic and animist beliefs into anthroponymic worldview. Anthroponomy (from the Greek. Anthropos – man, onyma – name). Section onomastics that studies proper names: patronymics, names, aliases, etc. cryptonyms Anthroponimics English. Study of personal names, fr. anthroponymie, it. Anthroponymie, App. antro-ponimia. Section lexicology that studies the proper names of people.

[Rysbayeva G., Rysbay B., Sholpan B., Yegizbayeva N. Animistic beliefs and totemic personal names in the world picture. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):299-302] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 67

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.67

 

Keywords: Anthroponomy, anosmatic, totemic, animism, Conceptual picture of the world, the cults of the Moon, Sun and God

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Traditionalism as a factor in the making and development of social and civilization systems 

 

Ekaterina Igorevna Shapovalova 

 

Moscow Institute of Economics and Humanities (North-Caucasian branch Mineralnye Vody), Drugby str., 39A, app, 14, Mineralnye Vody city, 357210, Stavropol region, Russia 

 

Abstract. This article provides a brief analysis of the social-philosophical aspects of the development of various forms of traditionalism and the role and significance of traditions in terms of ensuring the sustainability of social systems. Traditions are viewed as a factor in the stabilization of social relations and the kernel of the civilizational foundations of society. The study’s novelty is in reconsidering the role and significance of traditionalism in the making and development of society. Traditionalism has been construed as a sort of stereotypized orientation of individuals and social groups aimed at preserving loyalty to tradition. However, having said that, traditionalism, in the author’s view, does not rule out the development of innovation forms in the making of the social organization of life based on the reconstruction of the mechanism of positive traditions. The findings of the study provided in the article are based on the principles of a systemic methodology.

[Shapovalova E.I. Traditionalism as a factor in the making and development of social and civilization systems. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):303-306] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 68

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.68

 

Keywords: traditionalism, tradition, socio-cultural systems, civilization

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Optical radiation research establishment and annealing nanosized defects in the crystal NaCl

 

Galym Zhaksygeldinovich Alseitov, Almukhan Baimakhanuly, Erbol Anarbekovich Ospanbekov

 

Republican State Enterprise on the Right of Waging a «Kazakh National Pedagogical University named after Abai» Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Dostyk Avenue 13, Almaty, 050010, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. Creation of radiation defects was investigated in NaCl crystals irradiated at 300 K by heavy Au ions, a particles, X-rays as well as XeCl or ArF laser radiation selectively forming in two-photon regime anion excitons or hot electron-hole pairs. The emission of self-trapped excitons and tunnel recombination of electrons (staring from two states of an F centre) with spatially close self-trapped holes were separated in cathodoluminescence and phosphorescence spectra at 6 K. The hopping diffusion of I and H interstitials is accompanied by thermally stimulated luminescence at 15-27 and 30-45 K, respectively.

[Alseitov G.Z., Baimakhanuly A., Ospanbekov E.A. Optical radiation research establishment and annealing nanosized defects in the crystal NaCl. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):307-309] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 69

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.69

 

Keywords: NaCl crystals, optical radiation, KCl, KBr, RbCl, RbBr, effectiveness of radiation.

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Plea-bargaining in the criminal procedure of the Republic of Kazakhstan

 

Anel Brovkina

 

The Academy of Financial Police of the Agency of Economic Crimes and Corruption of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Financial Police), Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. The reform of criminal procedure legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan that provides for gentle breakaway from non-democratic forms of the criminal procedure applied in the times of the USSR assumes extensive use of the positive experience of foreign countries, which have been developing as democracies for a long time. The authors of this research believe existence of the institution of pretrial agreement in the criminal procedure legislation to be one of the attributes of democratic nature of the criminal procedure. The article conceptualizes the subject matter of this institution and studies its correlation with allied institutions. It provides generalization of the tendencies of foreign legislation with regard to approaches to the introductory investigation procedure, imposition of punishment in case the person is found guilty, and entering into a pretrial agreement. In the article, the authors provide arguments that can serve as the basis for scientific discussion about the essence, the legal nature, and the subject matter of plea-bargaining agreements and pretrial agreements being a variety of the former.

[Brovkina A. Plea-bargaining in the criminal procedure of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):310-312] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 70

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.70

 

Keywords: Reform of the Criminal Procedural Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, introductory investigation, pretrial agreement, plea-bargaining agreement.

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Investigation of OIL wetting agent NG-1 influence on mechanical strength of polymineral sandstones

 

Pavel Gladkov, Mikhail Konstantinovich Rogatchev and Aleksander Valerevich Maksyutin

 

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education, “National Mineral Resources University “Mining”, 21-st line, 2, Vasilievskiy ostrov, Saint-Petersburg, 199106, Russia

 

Abstract. In the article problems of influence of saturation fluid type on mechanical strength of Priobskoe oil field natural rock samples are examined. Common characteristics of the deposit are given and reasons of wide application of fracturing treatment are explained. Some factors that influence on permeability and porosity of bottomhole formation zone are shown. In particular results of studying of rock pressure influence on permeability and porosity of Priobskoe oil field natural rock samples are given. Moreover in the article results of monoaxial compression experiments of core samples that were saturated with fresh and mineralized water, hydrocarbons and water solutions of oil wetting agent NG-1 are shown.

[Gladkov P., Rogatchev M.K., Maksyutin A.V. Investigation of OIL wetting agent NG-1 influence on mechanical strength of polymineral sandstones. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):313-316] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 71

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.71

 

Keywords: Polymineral sandstone, mechanical strength, surface effect, oil wetting agent, rock pressure, permeability, porosity

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Laboratory evaluation of desalted water influence on properties of Priobskoe oil field`s clay-containing reservoir

 

Pavel Gladkov 1, Aleksander Valerevich Maksyutin 1 and Igor Borshchev 2

 

1Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education “National Mineral Resources University “Mining”. 199106, Russia, Saint-Petersburg, Vasilievskiy ostrov, 21-st line, 2.

2St.-Petersburg State Polytechnical University, 195251, St.-Petersburg, 29 Polytechnicheskaya St., St.-Petersburg, Russia

 

Abstract. Problems of desalted water and low-permeable clay-containing Priobskoe oil field matrix interaction are considered in the paper. In order to understand and study processess in in-situ conditions several experiments were conducted among them electronic-microscopic research of core sample slides, filtration experiments of injection of water with different ions content, filtration experiment for displacement coefficient determination. Conclusions about desalted water effect on core sample permeability and final oil saturation are shown.

[Gladkov P., Maksyutin A.V., Borshchev I. Laboratory evaluation of desalted water influence on properties of Priobskoe oil field`s clay-containing reservoir Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):317-319-] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 72. 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.72

 

Keywords: Clay-containing reservoir, low permeability, kaolinite, hydration, filtration, water flooding

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Public-private partnership in the Russian Federation: interaction of theory and practice in the service sector

 

Vladimir Vladimirovich Glukhov and Elena Borisovna Gafforova

 

Far Eastern Federal University, Sukhanova street, 8, Vladivostok, 690950, Russia

 

Abstract. Under conditions of limited internal funds the state has to draw outside resources, owned by private, non-public sector of economy for better rendering socially desirable goods and services. The key role is given to Public-Private Partnership that means cooperation on a negotiable basis between public bodies and private companies to provide certain kinds of public services while retaining the state’s control of their scope and quality of performance.

[Glukhov V.V., Gafforova E.B. Public-private partnership in the Russian Federation: interaction of theory and practice in the service sector. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):320-324] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 73

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.73

 

Keywords: state, service sector, public-private partnership, compulsory payment.

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Social implication and functions of tax in market economy conditions

 

Vladimir Vladimirovich Glukhov1, Yuri Vladimirovich Rozhkov2

 

1Far Eastern Federal University, Sukhanova str., 8, Vladivostok, Russia

2Khabarovsk State Academy of Economics and Law

 

Abstract. Despite long-term theoretical generalization of various aspects of taxation, there’s still no unified consistent conception that could unambiguously describe the social role and significance of tax as an instrument of public power bodies for levelling income differentiation among population strata, different in their welfare standards. Primacy of fiscal function of taxes distorts the hierarchy of tax functions, their sequence and co-subordination, and prevails over their social implication in the life of modern society.

[Glukhov V.V., Rozhkov Y.V. Social implication and functions of tax in market economy conditions. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):325-328] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 74

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.74

 

Keywords: state, social essence and functions of taxes, taxpayers, social contradictions.

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Tax a form of resolving social contradictions of the Russian society

 

Glukhov Vladimir Vladimirovich, Glukhov Egor Vladimirovich

 

Far Eastern Federal University, Sukhanova str., 8, Vladivostok, Russia

 

Abstract. The essence of tax as a form of resolving social contradictions is to find equilibrium between the interests of the state and concerns of its taxpayers. To preserve the balance of interests, the state has to set the upper limit of taxation and return part of the collected taxes to its uncompetitive (low income) strata in the form of certain material and non-material socially desirable benefits and services. As a result, the social function of taxes begins to prevail over the rest of the functions, and this becomes an obligatory condition, without compliance with which modern society can’t live and develop.

[Glukhov V.V., Glukhov E.V. Tax a form of resolving social contradictions of the Russian society. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):329-333] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 75

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.75

 

Keywords: state taxes, taxpayers, social contradictions, fiscal interests.

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Essential characteristics of corporate training

 

Gasanguseyn Ibragimovich Ibragimov1 and Elena Mickhailovna Ibragimova2

 

1Institute of Pedagogy and Psychology of Professional education RAO, Isayev str., 12, Kazan, 420039, Russia

2Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kremlevskaya str., 18, Kazan, 420008, Russia

 

Abstract. There are two highlighted approaches to the correlation of " corporate education " and " corporate training " concepts , treat them accordingly as identical and differing concepts; the essential characteristics of corporate training are disclosed on the basic structural components and subjects of learning: targets extremely particular on content and time parameters are distinctly focused on requirements of one customer; the content dependence of corporate training on state and development demands of personnel policy in a particular organization, flexible and variable structure ; a concentrated form of training organization, applying active and interactive teaching methods; involvement in the training of all employees.

[Ibragimov G.I., Ibragimova E.M. Essential characteristics of corporate training. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s)334:-336] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 76

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.76

 

Keywords: corporate education, corporate training, training objectives, content of training, corporate training forms.

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Designing drives of a medical robot actuator

 

Alexander Kondratievich Kovalchuk

 

Bauman Moscow State Technical University, 2-nd Baumanskaya str., 5, 105005, Moscow, Russian Federation

E-mail: aleksandr.alexkov@yandex.ru

 

Abstract. The paper presents the results of a study that makes it possible to calculate power of drives in the degree of freedom of a medical robot with regard of dynamics of its actuator. Kinematic scheme of the robot is proposed, shown as a direct graph that contains no cycles. Values of the Denavit–Hartenberg parameters and reachability matrix have been obtained. The SolidWorks design system, elements of robot's design were developed, and values of masses, Torques of inertia, center of mass coordinates and other parameters of its main units required for simulation were obtained. Using an application specially developed in the MATLAB software package, a simulation was made, and numerical values of the matrix elements that are included into equation of the robot dynamics, as well as values of drives power in degrees of freedom were obtained.

[Kovalchuk A.K. Designing drives of a medical robot actuator. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):337-340] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 77

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.77

 

Keywords: robototronics, actuator, medical robot, robot drive design, kinematic tree structure, kinematic linear structure, equation of robot dynamics, mathematical modeling.

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Implementation of international standards to the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan: definition and mechanisms

 

Yevgeniya Oralova, Aray Rakisheva

 

Kazakh Humanities and Law University, Astana, Kazakhstan

eugenia_arenova@mail.ru

 

Abstract. The article is devoted to the consideration of mechanisms and forms of implementation of the international standards in the field of space activities and education sphere to the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan. For this purpose, the article provides a comparative analysis of the provisions of international standards and the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Purposethe authors have tried to define the mechanisms of implementation of international standards applied by the Republic of Kazakhstan. Methodology–theoretical methods, induction and deduction, method of comparative analysis, legalistic method. Value–authors have tried to give the definition of the term “implementation”in doctrine of international law and the analysis of the most widespread ways of implementing of international standards to domestic law in different spheres of public relations. Results–the most widespread implementation mechanisms in the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan are incorporation and transformation. Sometimes specification and reference are also used.

[Oralova Y., Rakisheva A. Implementation of international standards to the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan: definition and mechanisms. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):341-347] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 78 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.78

 

Keywords: implementation, international standards, obligations, domestic law, space activities, education sphere

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State financial control: comparative analysis of Russia and France

 

Galina Viktorovna Stankevich1, Tatiana Valerievna Kara-Kazaryan1, Ekaterina Viktorovna Kasevich2

 

1Pyatigorsk State Linguistic University, Kalinin ave., 9, Pyatigorsk, 357500, Stavropol region, Russia

2North Caucasus Federal University, Kylakova ave., 2, Stavropol, 355029, Stavropol region, Russia

 

Abstract. The article provides a comparative analysis of systems of state financial control in Russia and France, including the functions and activities of chambers of accounts. An extensive description of the legal status and efficiency of the audit and control systems in the two countries is given. The comparative legal analysis reveals common tendencies and outlines the possible directions of perfecting the work of audit and control bodies.

[Stankevich G.V., Kara-Kazaryan T.V., Kasevich E.V. State financial control: comparative analysis of Russia and France. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):348-352] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 79

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.79

 

Keywords: financial control, public finances, auditing activity, state audit, audit and control bodies. 

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Dialogue as a means of creating a stereotyped image of Russian in jokes

 

Zhanara Berikovna Abildinova and Gulfiya Seitsharifovna Mullagayanova

 

Pavlodar State Pedagogical Institute, Mir Street, 60, Pavlodar, 140000, Kazakhstan

E-mail: abildinova_zhana@mail.ru; Tel: 8-7182-54-08-76, 8777285 24 44

 

Abstract. Joke is one of those productive genres of modern folklore, which reflects national and cultural peculiarities of a certain lingual cultural environment. Jokes texts contain norms of behavior, traditional worldview and social psychological patterns as well as ethnic representation. Therefore the current research introduces a certain contribution to the problem of stereotypes description that fills consciousness of joke’s reader and listener. This article is devoted to studying dialogue organization of jokes which is a means of creating a stereotyped image of Russian ethnicity. The authors have worked out a methodology of presupposition and contextual analysis, directed at studying pragmatic peculiarities of a dialogue within a joke structure. According to the authors’ opinion, joke characters’ dialogue speech makes them recognizable and induces certain ethnic characteristics. Identified linguistic peculiarities of dialogues in jokes demonstrate them as one of major ways to create a stereotyped image, though the features included into this image do not reflect the whole ethnic stereotype picture and serve as just a stereotypical fragment. The choice of the stereotype fragment is determined by the joke genre.

[Abildinova Z.B., Mullagayanova G.S. Dialogue as a means of creating a stereotyped image of Russian in jokes. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):353-357] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 80 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.80

 

Keywords: joke, dialogue, dialogue speech, cue, character, stereotype, ethnic stereotype, auto- and hetero-stereotype, ethnic group

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Training of future teacher-psychologist for use of multimedia tutorials 

 

Bibisara Aubakirovna Amirova1, Saltanat Kuatovna Abildina1, Rosa Mukantaevna Aytzhanova1, Zharkyn Amangeldievna Shirinbekova1, Natalia Vikentievna Nikolaeva2 

 

1Karaganda State University named after E.Buketov, Karaganda, Kazakhstan, Mira Street, 60-303, Pavlodar, 140006, Kazakhstan

2Pavlodar State Pedagogical Institute, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan

Toraygyrov Str., 113-30, Pavlodar, 140006, Kazakhstan 

 

Abstract. In research determination of readiness of future teachers-psychologists to use of multimedia tutorials in which specifics of professional activity of future teacher are reflected is given. Criteria (existence of steady motives to application of multimedia tutorials at school are proved; depth and durability of scientific-theoretical knowledge of multimedia tutorials and techniques of their application at school; extent of mastering methods of use of multimedia tutorials for the solution of standard tasks of future teacher-psychologist) also allocated levels (high, average, low) readiness of future teacher-psychologist for use of multimedia tutorials. The Model of training of future teacher-psychologist to use of multimedia tutorials where the structure of professional competence of future teacher-psychologist as the expert in the field of use of multimedia tutorials is reflected is theoretically proved.

[Amirova B.A., Abildina S.K., Aytzhanova R.M., Shirinbekova Z.A., Nikolaeva N.V. Training of future teacher-psychologist for use of multimedia tutorials. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):358-362] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 81 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.81

 

Keywords: Multimedia tutorials, training of future teacher-psychologist for use of multimedia tutorials

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Intellectual capital management as the aspect of upgrading of modern companies management

 

Andrey Leonidovich Poltarykhin1, Oksana Viktorovna Shumakova2, Olga Nikolaevna Alkhimenko1 and Pavel Valerievicn Mikhaylushkin3

 

1Plekhanov Russian University of Economics Stremyanny per. 36, 117997, Moscow, RF

2FGBOU VPO Omsky state agrarian university of P. A. Stolypin, Institutskaya Square, 2, 644008, Omsk, RF

3FGOU VPO Kuban state agrarian University, Kalinina street, 13, 350044, Krasnodar, RF

 

Abstract. The main tendency of the social labour development today is its intellectualisation which shows up in the increase of specific gravity of people involved in intellectual labour, increase of the intellectual labour significance in the society. Intellectual labour plays a significant role in all the spheres of modern production. Performing functions of intellectual labour demands a worker's corresponding abilities, definite intelligence level, high level of professional and general knowledge and company administration's reasonable use of intellectual potential with a view of transforming it into the company's intellectual capital. The goal of this article is the systematization of modern approaches to the concept of intellectual capital, its structure as well as interrelation and difference between various terms used in this sphere (e.g. intangible assets, intellectual potential and goodwill). A special place is occupied here by investments to intellectual capital, their types and peculiarities.

[Poltarykhin A.L., Shumakova O.V., Alkhimenko O.N., Mikhaylushkin P.V. Intellectual capital management as the aspect of upgrading of modern companies management. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):363-366] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 82.

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.82

 

Keywords: Intellectual capital, intellectual potential, intellectual labour, intangible assets, goodwill, investments to intellectual capital, knowledge

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Cultural heritage (literary, linguo-stylistic and psycho-pedagogical features)

 

Marat Azhgaliev1, Karlygash Kurmambayeva2, Galiya Tusupbekova2, Raushan Sabyrbaeva2, Samal Kaliyeva2, Karshyga Mukanova2, Zhanbota Sekey2, Kenzhegul Esirkepova3

 

1West - Kazakhstan University of Engineerring and Humanities, G.Karash str., 12, city Uralsk, Kazakhstan

2State University named after Shakarim, Semey Glinka str., 20А, Semey city, 071400, Kazakhstan

3Kostanai State Pedagogical Institute, Taran str., 118, city Kostanay, Kazakhstan

E-mail: marat_ajigaliev@mail.ru

 

Abstract. The article deals with the general review of unexplored material in world cultural, historical and literary heritage, devoted to the creative work of famous word painters of the XII century of the Islamic and Turkic poetic world: Zhusip Balasaguni and a poet of the beginning of the XX century Mashkhur Zhusip, Shahkarim. The problems of style peculiarities, pedagogical and methodological study of poems of Turkic and Eastern poetry are studied on the basis on definite facts. Genre, linguistic and style varieties of Turkic poets works are fundamentally studied in correlation with the poetry of Islamic world. Based on the analysis of works of Turkic Islamic world Zhusip Balasaguni, and the poet Mashkhur Zhusip, genre and style peculiarities of works of kindred Turkic nations, which were not studied in the epoch of government of the Soviet Union Communist Party, were for the first time subject to critical re-evaluation purposefully and in complex. Studying the artistry of word-painters' works, we determine the individual handwritings, i.e. style: show the role of pieces in justification of genre identity, ideological and thematic peculiarities; in the course of determination of artistic peculiarities, we determine their function in development of their genre nature and reflecting the problems in modern poems of Turkic nations.

[Azhgaliev M., Kurmambayeva K., Tusupbekova G., Sabyrbaeva R., Kaliyeva S., Mukanova K., Sekey Z., Esirkepova K. Cultural heritage (literary, linguo-stylistic and psycho-pedagogical features). Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):367-370] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 83 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.83

 

Keywords: literary heritage, style, language, Mashһur-Zhusip, Shahkarim, pedagogical and methodical study

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Use of blended learning elements for formation of a humanitarian student’s creative initiative at learning modern information technologies

 

Ruslan Ivanovich Bazhenov and Dmitry Vasilyevich Luchaninov

 

Sholom-Aleichem Priamursky State University, Shirokaya Street, 70a, Birobidzhan, 679015, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The article describes the results of the experiment on formation of creative initiative of humanitarian students during the study of disciplines related to use of modern information technologies in professional activity by means of the informational and educational environment in its function as a remote part of the blended learning method. It describes the infrastructure of informational and educational environment, determines the methodical system of education used in the experiment, and analyzes the outcomes of the experiment. It was revealed that use of the blended learning method was capable to raise the level of creative initiative.

[Bazhenov R.I., Luchaninov D.V. Use of blended learning elements for formation of a humanitarian student’s creative initiative at learning modern information technologies. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):371-374] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 84 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.84

 

Keywords: informational and educational environment; the Moodle learning management system; purposes, content, methods, and tools of education; organizational forms of the education process; creative initiative of a student

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Contemporary cultural dialogue: institutional frameworks and new opportunities for the technologies of international public relations

 

Mikhail Alexseevich Bogoliubov, Natalia Stanislavovna Kharevich

 

Saint Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7-9, St. Petersburg, 199034, Russia

 

Abstract. The article shows the role of culture in international relations. The authors describe the activities of various organizations whose mission is to develop the intercultural dialogue. The conclusion is made that contemporary examples of mutual enrichment of culture and politics, culture and economy prove the value and opportunities of culture in contemporary international relations. Today’s culture is an independent branch of foreign cultural policy, basis for active multilateral cooperation. However, culture and cultural events have also a specific social significance and are able to give a new status to any political and economic developments and to actualize a business program. Today it is possible to note the consistent expansion and adoption of various cultural projects in international public relations projects.

[Bogoliubov M.A., Kharevich N.S. Contemporary cultural dialogue: institutional frameworks and new opportunities for the technologies of international public relations. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):375-378] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 85 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.85

 

Keywords: cultural diplomacy, cultural centers, international public relations, international sports interaction, Olympic games

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Concept “visual perception” as verb taxonomy (on the example of english verbs)

 

Nikolaj Nikolaevich Boldyrev, Ludmila Vladimirovna Babina, Nelli Alexandrovna Budantseva

 

Tambov State University named after G. R. Derzhavin, Sovetskaya Str., 181 I, Tambov, 392000, Russia

 

Abstract. The article deals with verb representation of visual perception in the English language on the basis of construction of a complex cognitive model called verb taxonomy of the concept VISUAL PERCEPTION. The model allows us to present a part of the lexical system of the English language with account of the conceptual level, namely the concepts represented by verbs of visual perception. The verb taxonomy of the concept VISUAL PERCEPTION consists of two focuses and three levels of categorization. It is important to note that categorization of the perceptual process is mainly dependent on communicative conditions, i.e. verbal context. The context activates specific linguistic and cognitive mechanisms that provide a certain interpretation of a visually perceived situation and determine the functional categorization of a verb. The analysis presented in the article demonstrates the way native speakers conceptualize and categorize different situations of visual perception.

[Boldyrev N.N., Babina L.V., Budantseva N.A. Concept “visual perception” as verb taxonomy (on the example of english verbs). Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):379-383] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 86

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.86

 

Keywords: concept, visual perception, actualization, re-categorization, polycategorization, transition zones.

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Analysis, classification and detection methods of attacks via wireless sensor networks in SCADA systems

 

1Pavel Viktorovich Botvinkin, 1Valery Anatol’evich Kamaev, 2Irina Sergeevna Nefedova, 2Aleksey Germanovich Finogeev, 2Egor Alekseevich Finogeev

 

1Volgograd State Technical University, Lenina avenue, 28, Volgograd, 400005, Russia

2Penza State University, Krasnaya str., 40, Penza, 440026, Russia

 

Abstract: Effectiveness of information security of APCS (automated process control systems), as well as of SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) systems, depends on data transmission’s protection technologies applied on transport environment’s components. This article investigates the problem of detecting attacks on WSN (wireless sensor networks) of SCADA systems. As the result of analytical studies the authors developed the detailed classification of external attacks on sensor networks and brought the detailed description of attacking impacts on components of SCADA systems in accordance with selected directions of attacks. Reviewed the methods of intrusion detection in wireless sensor networks of SCADA systems and functions of WIDS (wireless intrusion detection systems). Noticed the role of anthropogenic factors in internal security threats.

[Botvinkin P. V., Kamaev V.A, Nefedova I.S, Finogeev A.G., Finogeev E.A. Analysis, classification and detection methods of attacks via wireless sensor networks in SCADA systems. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):384-388] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 87

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.87

 

Keywords: information security, SCADA system, wireless sensor network, WSN, network attacks, network attacks detection, intrusion detection system, WIDS, anthropogenic security threats.

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Algorithm of entrepreneurial risk management at the enterprises of information technologies: The Russian experience

 

Uliana Valentinovna Danilova

 

Far Eastern Federal University, Sukhanova street, 8, Vladivostok, 690000, Russia

 

Abstract. This article identifies the peculiarities of the risk management at the Russian enterprises of information technologies. During my investigation, I analyzed the Vladivostok market of computer and information technologies and identified endogenous risks of the company. Also this article justifies management methods connected with the specific features of the company activity. The results suggests risk management algorithm which can be used at the analogous enterprise.

[Danilova U.V. Algorithm of entrepreneurial risk management at the enterprises of information technologies: The Russian experience. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):389-392] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 88 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.88

 

Keywords: Risk management; Information technology products; Pricing on the software market; Risk register

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Kazakhstan expirience of introducing performance budgeting: case study on Ministry of education and science

 

Asset Dulatbekov

 

Academy of PublicAdministration under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Abay Street, 33 a, Astana, 010000, Kazakhstan. E-mail: vip2030@mail.ru, +7701779799

 

Abstract. Over the last years, the Republic o Kazakhstan come to an understanding on the requirement of change of state management system concepts and predominantly of financial resources control. These changes require planned improvement of the effectivenesss of budget funds management, as existing approaches not corresponding the needs of efficient management of budget funds. Restructuring of budgetary process in the Republic of Kazakhstan is the most important part of the policy of competitive growth of the state and of international stability. The author of this article analyse problems and aspects of performance budgeting of the Republic of Kazakhstan in educational sphere. Performance budgeting could be very important tool to increase efficiency and effectiveness of the budget expenses. Author analyse implementation problems and provide recommendations on the implementation of the performance budgeting on case study of Ministry of education and science. As of today the process of implementation of performance budgeting in Kazakhstan is in very early stage, but the government clearly understands the potential of this important instrument.

[Dulatbekov A. Kazakhstan expirience of introducing performance budgeting: case study on Ministry of education and science. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):393-397] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 89

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.89

 

Keywords: performance budgeting, education, science, planning, program, stratagy, Kazakhstan.

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Results of research of corruption`s problem in the health care system of Tatarstan

 

Irina Ivanovna Frolova1, Leysan Mudarisovna Zakirova2, Landish Mudarisovna Khamitova1

 

1Institute of Economics, Management and Law (Kazan) branch in Naberezhnye Chelny, Naberezhnochelninskaya street, 31, Naberezhnye Chelny, 423810, Russia

2Branch of Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University in Naberezhnye Chelny, Mira Street, 68/19, Naberezhnye Chelny, 423810, Russia

 

Abstract. One of the important components of the living standards is health. The population health is an important indicator of socio-economic development of modern society. The health indicators of the population depend on the quality of medical aid and level of development of the health care system at the modern stage. Medical assistance in state and municipal institutions of health care provides to citizens free, at the expense of the appropriate budget, insurance premiums and other proceeds. There are acts of public law and order in the public health, that is, everything is prohibited, except prescribed, or allowed only what the law expressly provided. In other words, the law is manifested according to its public institutions. Health indicators of the population depend on the quality of medical care. A large share of corruption observed in the sphere of health, conducted a number of studies on issues of corruption. Purpose of work is the study of opinions of the population and experts about the forms and manifestations of corruption in the health care sector. Studies were carried out from 2007 to 2013. The results showed that 95% of doctors and 77% of nurses have additional sources of income.

[Frolova I.I., Zakirova L.M., Khamitova L.M. Results of research of corruption`s problem in the health care system of Tatarstan. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):398-402] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 90 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.90

 

Keywords: health, health indicators, health care system, medical workers, corruption

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System specifications of transboundary development of industrial clusters 

 

Svetlana Galazova1, Elena Panfilova2 

 

1North Ossetian State University. K.L.Hetagurova (SOGU), Levchenko str., 25, Vladikavkaz, 362030, Russia

2Rostov State Economic University (RINH), Strikes str., 233, app.117, Rostov-on-Don, 344091, Russia

 

Abstract. This article examines the specifics of the formation and development of cross-border industrial clusters as a system-specific configuration of the spatial forms of economic space regions, defined by their system characteristics considered. In the article featuring cross-border industrial clusters of vertically integrated structures and special economic zones, identifies sources of competitive advantage such clusters within international integration of the Euro region.

[Galazova S., Panfilova E. System specifications of transboundary development of industrial clusters. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):403-407] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 91 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.91

 

Keywords: industrial clusters, cross-border integration, Euro regions

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Impact of WTO on the results, prospects of development of AIC and food industry in Russia

 

Marat Mirsayafovich Galeev1, Oleg Ilyasovich Katlishin1, Alexander Sergeevich Baleevskih2, Aduard Rashitovich Urazaev1

 

1Perm State Agricultural Academy, Petropavlovskaya str., 23, Perm, 614000, Russia

2Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Komsomolskaya str., 29, Perm, 614000, Russia

 

Abstract. The study analyzes the current results of the Russian Federation joining the World Trade Organization on the basis of operational statistics. It is revealed that in 2013 the impact of this factor on the dynamics of production indicators of Agriculture of Russia, as we made as the balance of exports and imports were insignificant. A comparative evaluation of different points of view on this issue in a number of publications of scientific and expert nature is made. In the scientific literature there are as sharply negative and relatively positive reviews on the impact of membership in the World Organization for opportunities to develop the agricultural sector in Russia. All the experts agree with the need to change government support measures. The paper presents possible scenarios of development of agriculture of the country under the World Trade Organization. The measures to support agriculture in the new environment are proposed. In credit and financial measures we can identify the need to reduce interest rates on loans and smooth trend depreciation of the domestic currency. Organizational and administrative measures should include: - increasing the efficiency of the Federal Customs Service, Russian agricultural oversight, Russian consumer surveillance (including strengthening laboratory capacity).

[Galeev M.M., Katlishin O.I., Baleevskih A.S., Urazaev A.R. Impact of WTO on the results, prospects of development of AIC and food industry in Russia. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):408-411] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 92 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.92

 

Keywords: WTO (World Trade Organization), the pros and cons of joining the WTO, AIC (agribusiness), agricultural and food products, current results of AIC development, foreign economic activity, state support

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The improvement of the technology of the service processes for the development of barrier-free Russian market of services

 

Zhanna Victorovna Gornostaeva

 

Institute of Service and Business (branch) Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education «Don State Technical University», Shevchenko str., 147, Shakhty, 346500, Rostov region, Russia

 

Abstract. The author defines the role of the sector of services in the economy, analyses the barriers in the Russian market of the services and considers promising aspects for the improvement of the technology of services processes in the Russian market in the field of implementation of quality management system of the production and services, as well as applications of the automation of business processes for formation of the barrier-free Russian market of services. The author of this research offers effective measures for improvement of the quality management and of the technology of the services processes of the Russian market. The by the author offered measures for the improvement of the technology of services processes of the Russian market allow to eliminate financial and technological barriers and create barrier-free market environment.

[Gornostaeva Z.V. The improvement of the technology of the service processes for the development of barrier-free Russian market of services. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):412-416] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 93 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.93

 

Keywords: technologies of service processes, barrier-free market environment, The Russian market of the services, company services, services

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Psychological study of higher mental functions of students with general underdevelopment of speech (GUS)

 

1Mira Sadvakasovna Iskakova, 2Bakzhan Serikovna Dlimbetova, 3Nurzhamal Moldabekova, 4Marina Vladimirovna Kolyaeva, 5Elmira Kuanyshovna Bekmurzayeva

 

1M.Auezov South-Kazakhstan State University, Tauke-khan str., 5, Chimkent sity, 160012, Kazahstan.

2Miras University, Lomonosova str., 7, Chimkent sity, 160000, Kazahstan.

3South-Kazahstan State Pedagogical institute, Baitursinov str.,13, Chimkent sity, 160000, Kazahstan.

4Eurasian Institute of Practical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Zheltoksan str., 20, Chimkent sity, 160000, Kazahstan.

5South-Kazakhstan State pharmaceutical Academy, Al`-Farabi str.,1, Chimkent sity, 160019, Kazakhstan.

 

Abstract: This article is devoted to a problem of children’s thinking formation that suffer from lag in speech development. Relying on P. K. Anokhin, A.R. Luriya, A. Leontyev, V. N. Myasishchev's researches ¸ L.S. Vygotsky, the author states a hypothesis that thinking, memory, attention and speech development are closely connected. For confirmation of it he conducts a special research with the help of testing, interviewing and supervision to examine a cogitative activity of pupils of the high school who suffers from the lag in development of the speech. 200 pupils of correctional and general education schools took part in experiment at the age of 11 years having speech lag. Features of cognitive activity of this group of children, and also their personal features are depicted in article. The results received during research were subjected to statistical processing. Positive correlation between verbal, logical and visual creative thinking, and also negative correlation between long-term memory and attention was revealed. Thus, the hypothesis stated by the author was confirmed partially.

[Iskakova M.S., Dlimbetova B.S., Moldabekova N., Kolyaeva M.V., Bekmurzayeva E.K. Psychological study of higher mental functions of students with general underdevelopment of speech (GUS). Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):417-420] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 94

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.94

 

Keywords: the highest mental functions, memory, verbal thinking, logical thinking, attention, speech development.

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Approaches to forecasting the evolution of institutions of the innovative environment

 

Vadim Faruarovich Islamutdinov

 

Yugra State University, Chehova Str.,16, Khanty-Mansiysk, 628012, Khanty-Mansy autonomous region, Yugra, Russia

 

Abstract: The paper considers the existing approaches to forecasting development of institutions. It shows drawbacks of the existing approaches and proposes an approach to forecasting the evolution of institutions based on assessment of their impact on the level of transaction costs of economic agents. The possibilities of the proposed approach to explain the phenomena and issues of the domestic innovative environment development and to develop an adequate model of the institution dissemination among economic agents are shown.

[Islamutdinov V.F. Approaches to forecasting the evolution of institutions of the innovative environment. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):421-425] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 95

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.95

 

Keywords: innovative environment, evolution of institutions, forecasting, transaction costs

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Magnetic bearings external magnetic field functional diagnostics and controlling systems synthesis

 

Flur Rashitovich Ismagilov, Diana Yuryevna Pashali, Vyacheslav Evgenevich Vavilov, Oksana Alexeevna Boikova, Irek Kh. Khayrullin

 

Ufa State Aviation Technical University, Karl Marx Str., 12, Ufa, 450000,The Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia

 

Abstract: The paper presents the description of developed experimental installations for the axial and the radial controlled magnetic bearings studies; the method of controlled magnetic bearing external magnetic field (CMB EMF) experimental research; CMB experimental studies with the influence of external magnetic fields and environmental conditions; influence assessment of external magnetic field foreign sources, such as number of people, quantity of foreign magnetic fields sources (cell phones in particular were used), a temperature mode and relative air moisture on the accuracy of diagnosing by the presented method; numerical characteristics of the CMB diagnostic criterion with specific geometric dimensions obtained. Also the paper contains the expressions for the main types of electric machines such as induction motors, direct current (DC) machines and electric machines with a distributed secondary system external magnetic field coefficients were determined. The operational and technological factors influence was taken into account in determining the external magnetic field coefficients to improve the external magnetic field calculating accuracy for the electric machines technical condition diagnostics problems. The external magnetic field experimental dependences from different parameters for the induction motors, DC machines and electric machines with a distributed secondary system were obtained. Reynolds magnetic number essential influence on the electric machines with a distributed secondary system external field is established.

[Ismagilov F. R., Pashali D. Y., Vavilov V. E., Boikova O. A., Khayrullin I.Kh. Magnetic bearings external magnetic field functional diagnostics and controlling systems synthesis. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):426-430] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 96

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.96

 

Keywords: high-speed technical systems, controlled magnetic bearing, external magnetic field, diagnostics, eccentricity, external magnetic field coefficient, electric machine, technical condition diagnostics, Reynolds magnetic number, operational and technological factors.

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The Impact of Landscape Conditions Upon the Grain Crops Productivity

 

1Dmitry Anatoljevich Ivanov and 2Vladimir Aleksandrovich Tjulin

 

1Federal State Institution All-Russian Research Institute of Reclaimed Lands of the Federal Agency of Scientific Organizations; Kalinin district, Emmaus, 27, 170530, The Tver area, The Russian Federation.

2Tver State Agricultural Academy; Vasilevsky's Str.,7, Sacharovo, Tver, 170904, The Russian Federation

 

Abstract: This paper presents results of long-term monitoring over the yields of small grain crops in the agricultural landscape of terminal moraine hills. We highlight the correlation between the varied in scale structures within the landscape such as particular slopes, their morphological parts (elementary geochemical landscapes), soil phases and space fluctuations and productivity of winter rye and spring barley with grass underseeding. It is ascertained that barley has a significantly more pronounced reaction towards variations in landscape than that of the winter rye. Also there was identified a range of measures geared at optimizing the processes in growing those cultures in different landscapes.

[Ivanov D.A., Tjulin V.A. The Impact of Landscape Conditions Upon the Grain Crops Productivity. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):431-434] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 97

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.97

 

Keywords. Winter Rye, Spring Barley with Grass Underseeding, Agro-Landscape, Transect, Dispersion Analysis.

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Parallel modular technologies in digital signal processing

 

Igor Anatolyevich Kalmykov, Konstantin Aleksandrovich Katkov, Naumenko Daniil Olegovich, Artem Bronislavovich Sarkisov, Alena Vasilyevna Makarova

 

North-Caucasian Federal University, Str., Kulakova, 2, Stavropol, 355029, Russia

 

Abstract: The research objective is to increase the rate of performing the digital signal processing (DSP) operations. It is possible to achieve this objective due to the computing parallelism. The work shows, that for ensuring real-time signal processing the algebraic structures which exhibit the ring and field properties, are to be used, particularly the residue number system (RNS) and the polynomial system of residue classes (PSRC). The application of the new modular technologies in the DSP tasks allows not only increasing the computing rate, but also ensuring the correct result achievement under the influence of disturbances during the data communication and an equipment failure due to the operation - level parallelism and low-bit data processing.

[Kalmykov I. A., Katkov K.A., Naumenko D., Sarkisov A.B., Makarova A.V. Parallel modular technologies in digital signal processing. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):435-438] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 98

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.98

 

Keywords: Digital signal processing, residue number system, polynomial system of residue classes, error correction, positional characteristics.

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Bilingualism and multilingualism in a globalized society

 

Firaz Fakhrazovich Kharisov and Chulpan Mukharramovna Kharisova

 

Kazan Federal University, Kremlyovskaya Str., 18, Kazan, 420008, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The peculiarities of modern linguistic situation of the modernized country are discussed in this article; unilateral and bilateral (parity or harmonious) bilingualism are marked; linguistic, psychological, sociological, educational and other aspects of bilingualism are justified. Multilingualism is characterized as the functioning of several (3 or more) languages in a multinational area and speaking several languages based on the needs of communication. There are several forms of multilingualism: a closely related and not closely related. Establishing two or more languages as state ones predetermines multilingualism as a mass phenomenon within certain society. Based on the analysis, authors provide conclusions on building a harmonious, socially effective bilingualism.

[Kharisov F.F., Kharisova C.M. Bilingualism and multilingualism in a globalized society. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):439-443] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 99 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.99

 

Keywords: bilingualism, multilingualism, ethnicity, language, teaching

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Increasing positioning accuracy of moving objects using an adaptive algorithm based on diagnostic filtration

 

Sergey Anatolevich Khrul and Dmitry Mikhailovich Sonkin

 

National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Lenina avenue 30, Tomsk, 634050, Russia

 

Abstract: This article describes different filtering methods of navigation data that accessing optimization of navigation data. The adaptive algorithm, based on diagnostic filtration, of dropout redundant and erroneous data in real time mode is worked out. This algorithm can reduce the workload of transmission path significantly and increase usability of navigation system. An example of practical use in existing active system of monitoring city passenger transport is described.

[Khrul S.A., Sonkin D.M. Increasing positioning accuracy of moving objects using an adaptive algorithm based on diagnostic filtration. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):444-448] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 100

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.100

 

 Keywords: Filtering navigation errors, data filtration, mobile objects, navigation system.

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101

The opportunities for the new round of the modernization of the North Caucasus in the plans of the Government of the Russian Federation

 

Yuri Yurievich Klychnikov, Victor Pavlovich Ermakov, Ludmila Ivanovna Milyaeva

 

Pyatigorsk State Linguistic University, Kalinina street, 9, Pyatigorsk, 357500, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The article presents the appreciation of the intentions of the Russian government connected with yet another attempt at the modernization of the North Caucasus. There arise some doubts whether it is expedient to regard the tourist cluster as the locomotive of the socio-economic transformation of the region. The article also appreciates the risks to be faced with in the course of the successful realization of the constructed plan. In the authors’ view, one of the main obstacles on the way of the successful realization of the modernizational breakthrough is the ethno-clan system deeply rooted in the local republics.

[Klychnikov Y.Y., Ermakov V.P., Milyaeva L.I. The opportunities for the new round of the modernization of the North Caucasus in the plans of the Government of the Russian Federation. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):449-452] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 101 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.101

 

Keywords: modernization, cluster, tourism, region, terrorism, urbanism, ethno-clan system, business image-building projects, elite

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Environmentally compatible technology of peat extraction

 

Eldar Abdollovich Kremcheev and Dmitrii Olegovich Nagornov

 

Federal Government Budgetary Institution of higher education «National University of Mineral Resources «Mining»

Line 21, house 2, St Petersburg, 199106, Russia

 

Abstract. It is possible to receive peat from it such useful products as fuel, fertilizers, heat insulating, metallurgical fuel, sorbents, building materials, etc. In comparison with traditional methods of extraction using the offered equipment and developed technological schemes for industrial production of a peat will allows to avoid actions on drainage of developed fields, to lower negative influence on change of a natural hydrological mode of bogs; to reduce volumes of the compelled deforestation; to raise labour productivity of workers; to reduce expenses for preparation and operation of a peat deposit; to prolong a season of mining activities, and in some cases to provide an opportunity of all-the-year-round operation of a deposit.

[Kremcheev E.A., Nagornov D.O. Environmentally compatible technology of peat extraction. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):453-456] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 102

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.102

 

Keywords: peat, extraction machine, peat bog, peat fuel

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The economic expansion of Austro-Hungary into the Caucasus in the Last Third of XIX – early XX centuries

 

Igor Vladimirovich Kryuchkov1, Victor Pavlovich Ermakov2, Ludmila Ivanovna Milyaeva2

 

1North-Caucasus Federal University, Pushkina Str., 1, Stavropol, 355009, Russian Federation

2Pyatigorsk State Linguistic University, Kalinina str., 9, Pyatigorsk, 357500, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The article is dedicated to the economic relations between Austro-Hungary and the Russian Empire in the last third of XIX – early XX centuries. The authors focused their attention on the foreign trade of the Habsburg Empire and the North Caucasus. The article analyzes the economic links of Austro-Hungary and the North Caucasus and their dynamics.

[Kryuchkov I.V., Ermakov V.P., Milyaeva L.I. The economic expansion of Austro-Hungary into the Caucasus in the Last Third of XIX – early XX centuries. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):457-460] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 103 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.103

 

Keywords: the Habsburg Empire, Austro-Hungary, the Russian Empire, foreign trade, foreign investments, import, export

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Display of identity of British emigrants in Canada in the ethnic representations

 

Natalya Dmitrievna Kryuchkova1, Konstantin Victorovich Kasparyan2, Ludmila Ivanovna Milyaeva2

 

1North-Caucasus Federal University, Pushkina Street, 1, Stavropol, 355009, Russian Federation

2Pyatigorsk State Linguistic University, Kalinina street, 9, Pyatigorsk, 357500, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The article examines the ways of representation of Canadian Indians in the texts of British emigrants C. Parr Traill and S. Moodie. The main problem of the research is the manifestation of racial identity in constructing the “Other”.

[Kryuchkova N.D., Kasparyan K.V., Milyaeva L.I. Display of identity of British emigrants in Canada in the ethnic representations. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):461-464] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 104 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.104

 

Keywords: colonial discourse, power-dependence, race, identity, the native, immigration

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Psycholinguistic aspects students’ speech formation (on materials of learning of foreign language)

 

Gulzhauhar Ahmetovna Kurebaeva1, Gulnara Ahmetovna Kurebaeva2, Zhanar Utegenovna Smailova3, Aizhan Meiramzhanovna Kashkenova 1, Gulnar Saylauhanovna Tusungozhinova2 and Janat Zhantemirovich Sakenov4

 

1Kazakh Humanities and Law University, Astana, Kazakhstan

2Semey State na Shakarim, Kazakhstan

3VKGU behalf S.Amanzholov, Kazakhstan

4Pavlodar State Pedagogical Institute, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan

Ph. 8 (7182) 552798; 627606; 87014175844; E-mail: djakk@mail.ru

 

Abstract. Psycholinguistic aspects students’ speech formation on materials of learning of foreign language are proved. Process students’ speech formation is reasonable through psycholinguistic training practice. Need of the accounting of psycholinguistic aspects of speech formation for a context of its relations with mental properties and conditions of the identity of the student is proved. Efficiency of application of group psychotherapy and psychocorrection in the form of psychological trainings as innovative way of research of speech process, direction and methodological basis of formation of the foreign-language speech of the student is proved. The developed Model of psycholinguistic aspects students’ speech formation on materials of learning of foreign language.

[Kurebaeva G.A., Kurebaeva G.A., Smailova Z.U., Kashkenova A.M., Tusungozhinova G.S., Sakenov J.Z. Psycholinguistic aspects students’ speech formation (on materials of learning of foreign language). Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):465-468] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 105 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.105

 

Keywords: Formation of the speech of students, psycholinguistic aspects of formation of the speech of students on materials of learning of foreign language

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Еlectro-hydraulic pulse technology of drilling wells for installation of heat exchange elements of heat pumps 

 

Kappas Kussaiynov, Nurgul Naizabekovna Shuyushbayeva, Guljan Meiramovna Shaimerdenova, Gulden Aitpaevna Bulkairova, Didar Asilovna Ospanova 

The Karaganda State University of the name of academician E.A.Buketov, Universitetskaya street, 28, 100028, Karaganda, Kazakhstan

E-mail: nn_shuish@mail.ru; Tel.:87011776558 

 

Abstract. The aim of the study is to develop scientific and practical principles of implementation of energy saving heat pump technology for heat and cold supply to residential, public and industrial premises on the basis of alternative and renewable sources of energy. One of the effective methods to generate heat from groundwater by means of heat pump technology is the use of wells for consolidation of heat exchange elements produced by drilling. Fundamentally new innovative method of making wells is electro-hydraulic drilling, when electrical energy directly in the bottomhole transforms into mechanical energy of shock waves that can break up rocks. This paper describes the results of studies of the impact of electro-hydraulic pulse on hard and super hard rock minerals.

[Kussaiynov K., Shuyushbayeva N.N., Shaimerdenova G.M., Bulkairova G.A., Ospanova D.A. Еlectro-hydraulic pulse technology of drilling wells for installation of heat exchange elements of heat pumps. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):469-472] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 106

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.106

 

Keywords: heat pump, heat exchanger, well, electro-hydraulic drilling

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Russia’s Northern Caucasus provinces or why the metropoly proved to be unprepared for the “Reconquista” of the provinces

 

Sergey Stepanovich Lazaryan, Victor Pavlovich Ermakov, Ludmila Ivanovna Milyaeva

 

Pyatigorsk State Linguistic University, Kalinina street, 9, Pyatigorsk, 357500, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The article is dedicated to the complicated socio-cultural and ethnic processes connected with the displacement of the inhabitants of the former provinces of the Russian state to the imperial center which proved to be unprepared for the broad flood of the ethnic groups. It discusses the historical stages, character and causes of this phenomenon, their consequences. The authors note that the so-called “reconquista” of the provinces is gaining momentum, turning into a spontaneous torrent threatening to engulf not only the imperial identity now in crisis but also to destroy the very foundation of the traditional structure of the Russian state system.

[Lazaryan S.S., Ermakov V.P., Milyaeva L.I. Russia’s Northern Caucasus provinces or why the metropoly proved to be unprepared for the “Reconquista” of the provinces. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):473-476] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 107 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.107

 

Keywords: colonization, ethnic groups, metropoly, colonial provinces, deportation, forced emigration, identity crisis, imperial superethnos

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108

Powerlifters’ ways to overcome confounding factors at competitions

 

Gallia Mikhaelovna Ljdokova, Oleg Anatolevich Razzhivin, Kadriya Rafikovna Volkova

 

Kazan Federal University, Kazanskaya Street, 89, Elabuga, 423600, Republic Tatarstan, the Russian Federation

 

Abstract. Competitive activity is accompanied by a number of factors that prevent athletes’ high performance. Like all other athletes, powerlifters find solutions to fight interference emerging at the competitions. The study aims to explore possible ways to overcome the confounding factors in powerlifting. Respondents to the questionnaire were 160 lifters (80 men and 80 women) aged from 16 to 49, with sport experience from 1 year to 34 years and sports qualifications from third junior rank to the Master of Sports, some having the title of “Master of Sports of Russia of International Class”. The study builds a hierarchy of ways to overcome the confounding factors according to the degree of their significance. The first five options were analyzed being most important in the athletes’ viewpoint.

[Ljdokova G.M., Razzhivin O.A., Volkova K.R. Powerlifters’ ways to overcome confounding factors at competitions. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):477-480] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 108

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.108

 

Keywords: powerlifting, ways to overcome, confounding factors, competition

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Ways to overcome confounding factors in powerlifters’ training workouts

 

Gallia Mikhaelovna Ljdokova, Oleg Anatolevich Razzhivin, Kadriya Rafikovna Volkova

 

Kazan Federal University, Kazanskaya Street, 89, Elabuga, 423600, Republic Tatarstan, the Russian Federation

 

Abstract. Training activities in powerlifting involve a variety of circumstances that constrain their optimal procedure. Exploring ways to overcome the confounding factors reveals possible ways to solve the problem. The study comprises observation and interviewing 80 men and 80 women involved in powerlifting. The analysis of the questionnaires shows that the top position is occupied by the method “coach’s assistance”. Following it in the hierarchy arranged according to the order of significance for athletes-powerlifters are: 2nd – mental attitude, 3d – selection of partners for training, 4th – instructional techniques, 5th – changing the training methods, 6th – medication, 7th – social isolation, 8th – selective communication, 9th – home-like behavior. The study is a discussion of the top five ways to overcome the confounding factors in the conditions of training activities that are most important from the standpoint of powerlifters.

[Ljdokova G.M., Razzhivin O.A., Volkova K.R. Ways to overcome confounding factors in powerlifters’ training workouts. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):481-484] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 109

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.109

 

Keywords: ways to overcome, confounding factor, powerlifting, powerlifter, training activities

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Development level of independent activity of undergraduates on the basis of Web-technologies

 

Elena Mikhaelovna Ljubimova and Elvira Zufarovna Galimullina

 

Yelabuga Institute of the Kazan Federal University, Kazanskaya Street, 89, Yelabuga, 423630, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. In this investigation there is considered a system of criteria and performance factors of developmental level of independent activity of undergraduates on the basis of WEB-technologies, and there was made an analysis of basic difficulties. As a result of statistical data processing of the questionnaire survey of undergraduates there was determined a self-assessment level of their readiness to independent work with the aid of tools of WEB-technologies as an unsatisfactory one. There was defined a hypothesis on the principles of organization of independent work of undergraduates on the basis of WEB-technologies by virtue of students’ immersion into real professional activities.

[Ljubimova E.M., Galimullina E.Z. Development level of independent activity of undergraduates on the basis of Web-technologies. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):485-488] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 110

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.110

 

Keywords: student, questionnaire survey, independent work, WEB-technologies

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Upcoming trends of educational systems development in present-day conditions

 

Svetlana Michailovna Markova, Ekaterina Pavlovna Sedhyh and Svetlana Anatolievna Tsyplakova 

 

FSBEI HPE “State Pedagogical University named by Kozma Minin”, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia 

 

Abstract: This article presents forecast questions of educational systems’ development in present-day conditions. Basic fundamental principles of forecasting in educational sphere are presented in this work. The analysis of advanced time education, science and education integration, social institution of upbringing and projective approach to education is given.

[Markova S.M.,Sedhyh E.P.,Tsyplakova S.A. Upcoming trends of educational systems development in present-day conditions. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):489-493] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 111

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.111

 

Keywords: forecasting, social and economic conditions, professional education development process, upbringing, educational systems

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112

Empirical valuation of economics cycles synchronization in BRICS

 

Olga V. Mezentсeva, Andrey G. Shelomentcev, Aleksandr I. Kuzmin, Ann V. Mezentсeva

 

The Ural Federal University named after the first president of the Russia B.N.Eltsin, Mira Street, 28, Ekaterinburg, 620002, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. For this paper, we studied BRICS countries’ GDP in constant prices for the period from 1980 to 2013, including the periods of world economic crises. The data was examined as a time series and researched using the GARCH-model technique. This empirical analysis has shown a relatively high level of interrelatedness between countries like Brazil and India, India and South Africa, South Africa and Brazil, whereas there was no substantial interrelation observed between Russia’s economy and other BRICS countries. Russia’s largest connections are with its closest neighbor, China, and India, while its most minor connections are with South Africa and Brazil. As a result, it can be concluded that business cycle synchronicity and economical integration among the BRICS countries is minimal.

[Mezentсeva O.V., Shelomentcev A.G., Kuzmin A.I., Mezentсeva A.V. Empirical valuation of economics cycles synchronization in BRICS. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):494-498] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 112

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.112

 

Keywords: Globalization, BRICS, GARCH-model, Economics cycle, Decoupling hypothesis

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113

Formation of professional competence of students oligophrenic-teachers

 

Altynay Kanatovna Murzatayeva

 

Pavlodar State Pedagogical Institute, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. In this work the essence of professional competence of students oligophrenic-teachers is defined. The content of professional competence formation of the student oligophrenic-teachers in pedagogical higher education institution and pedagogical conditions of efficiency of this process is developed. The model of professional competence formation of the student oligophrenic-teachers is developed and scientifically proved. Approbation of model of professional competence formation of the student oligophrenic-teachers is carried out.

[Murzatayeva A.K. Formation of professional competence of students oligophrenic-teachers. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):499-502] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 113

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.113

 

Keywords: professional competences of students oligophrenic-teachers, formation of professional competence of students oligophrenic-teachers

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Priority aspects of pedagogical innovation

 

Elena Denisovna Nelunova

 

North-Eastern Federal University, Belinskiy str, 58, Yakutsk, 677000, Russia

 

Abstract. This article introduces the concept of self- pedagogical bases student in multimedia learning environment which covers three areas -the first direction is self-preservation and self-development of personality in the rapidly changing world; second direction - multimedia educational environment has a multicultural society; third direction - study of changes in the subjects of multimedia educational environment.

[Nelunova E.D. Priority aspects of pedagogical innovation. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):503-505] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 114

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.114

 

Keywords: priority aspects, pedagogical Innovations, a multimedia learning environment, multicultural society, self-development of the student

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115

Assessment of method errors in measurement of acceleration fields in accelerating sections of charged-particle accelerators

 

Aleksandr Evgen'evich Novozhilov, Aleksandr Nikolaevich Filatov, Vladimir Kuz'mich Shilov

 

National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”, Kashirskoye shosse 31, Moscow, 115409, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The integral part of the process of creating accelerating sections is the process of their tuning which in its turn should obligatory includes the process of measurement of acceleration field intensity in the transit channel of the accelerating section. This work presents the results of numerical simulation of the processes of measuring acceleration fields in accelerating sections of various radio-frequency charged-particle accelerators operating in the mode of the running and standing wave. Method errors of various types of measurement have been assessed and the comparative analysis of the measurement methods under consideration for the acceleration field in the transit channel of the accelerating section for this type of accelerators has been performed.

[Novozhilov A.E., Filatov A.N., Shilov V.K. Assessment of method errors in measurement of acceleration fields in accelerating sections of charged-particle accelerators. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):506-510] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 115

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.115

 

Keywords: accelerating system, accelerating section, running wave, standing wave, accelerating resonator, frequency, cell, coupling coefficient, acceleration field intensity, amplitude of acceleration field intensity, acceleration field intensity phase, complex amplitude of acceleration field intensity, small resonant perturbation method, small nonresonant perturbation method

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The effectiveness of Law enforcement: economic and legal analysis

 

Bahit Moldatyayevich Nurgaliev and Aiman Kudaybergenovna Kusainova

 

Karaganda University “Bolashak”, Erubayev str., 16, Karaganda, 100000, Republic of Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. Law and economy is one of the promising areas of research. The fact that the Republic of Kazakhstan moved to a market economy promoted the penetration of basic economic notions into criminal science and practice. Nowadays the questions of studying both general social consequences of crimes and economic justification for law enforcement costs seem quite urgent. The concept of using economic methods to study law is named “the economic analysis of law”. It is popularized for the research of issues connected with contemporary jurisprudence. In the article, the authors calculate the police effectiveness and detect that funding for police and its productivity are the correlated factors.

[Nurgaliev B.M., Kusainova A.K. The effectiveness of Law enforcement: economic and legal analysis. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):511-515] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 116

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.116

 

Keywords: law and economy, crime cost, cost and benefit, law enforcement, effectiveness

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117

Cognitive derivation at formation of political phraseological modernisms

 

Gulnara Abildaevna Omarbekova1 and Dolores Abildaevna Nurgaliyeva2

 

1Kazakh State Women's Pedagogical University, Aiteke bi str., 99, Alma-Ata, 090000, Republic of Kazakhstan

2Almaty State Pedagogical University named after Abai, Dostyk Avenue, 13, Almaty, 050010, Republic of Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. In this article, phraseological modernisms in politics created by using conceptual metaphors are the subject of the research. The article studies the method of cognitive derivation of political phraseological modernisms. The objective of this article is to reveal the methods of cognitive derivation of phraseological modernisms and to describe the models of the conceptual metaphor, using which new words are built. The article uses comprehensive methodological paradigm that also includes the cross-disciplinary, anthropocentric, and cognitive principles. The methods applied in this work are: modeling, conceptual analysis, the model of conceptual metaphor in its function as a method of cognitive derivation. The following results were obtained in the process of the research: the models of conceptual metaphor used as the main method of cognitive derivation were revealed and described; it was stated that phraseological modernisms can be created by means of both secondary naming and cognitive derivation; the sub-types of ontological conceptual metaphor were identified, such as personification (the anthropomorphic model, the zoomorphic model).

[Omarbekova G.A., Nurgaliyeva D.A. Cognitive derivation at formation of political phraseological modernisms. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):516-521] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 117

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.117

 

Keywords: modeling, conceptual metaphor, schematic pattern, phraseological modernism, secondary naming

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118

Consciousness and unconsciousness in a work of art

 

Maktagul Orazbek1, Nartai Zhussupov2, Sagymbay Zhumagulov3, Karlygash Medetovna Baitanasova1, Aiman Ertayevna Mentebayeva4 and Mukhabbat Baratova2

 

1National University after L.N.Gumilev, Astana, Kazakhstan

2Pavlodar State University after S.Toraigyrov, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan

3Karaganda State University named on E.A.Buketov, Karaganda, Kazakhstan

4Suleyman Demirel University, Almaty, Kazakhstan

E-mail: djakk@mail.ru

 

Abstract. In research it is claimed that the deep esthetic image or a talented work of art are always interfaced to a semantic polysemy, and their creation to art intuition, inspiration, imagination. In the course of art creativity the scientific intuition works at base of discrete, discursive information and art generates the result having continual informative power. In article the essence conscious, unconscious, direct influence of involuntary feelings independent of will of the person on a work of art is considered. The Model conscious and unconscious in a work of art is developed.

[Orazbek M., Zhussupov N., Zhumagulov S., Baitanasova K. M., Mentebayeva A.E., Baratova M. Consciousness and unconsciousness in a work of art. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):522-525] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 118

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.118

 

Keywords: conscious and unconscious, conscious and unconscious in a work of art

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The study of the intercommunication problems of local authorities and the population

 

Irina Valerjevna Pivovarova and Igor Anatoljevich Kurashenko

 

Tyumen State Oil and Gas University, Volodarskogo str., 38, Tyumen, 625000, Russia

 

Abstract. At present the interaction process of municipal authorities and the local community is spontaneity. At the same time, at the local level we can find close enough «touch» of society and the state interests. Therefore, it is very important at the present stage to have a clear system of scientifically founded actions to improve the quality of this interaction. The article presents the results of an opinion poll of Tyumen population, which reflects the characteristics and efficiency of interaction between local governments and the public.

[Pivovarova I.V., Kurashenko I.A. The study of the intercommunication problems of local authorities and the population. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):526-529] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 119

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.119

 

Keywords: local government, population, local authorities, local self-government interaction with the public

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Management development of region's transport infrastructure

 

Larisa Nikolaevna Rudneva and Andrey Mikhaylovich Kudryavtsev

 

Tyumen State Oil and Gas University, Volodarsky St., 38, Tyumen, 625000, Russia

 

Abstract. in the article the transport infrastructure of the region as a factor of its social and economic development is considered and the need of management of the called infrastructure locates. Classification of the factors defining the development of the transport infrastructure is presented, effects of their influence and economic consequences for the region development are specified. The model of management development of the region`s transport infrastructure is offered.

[Rudneva L.N., Kudryavtsev A.M. Management development of region's transport infrastructure. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):530-533] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 120

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.120

 

Keywords: region, transport infrastructure, external and internal factors of development of transport infrastructure, control system, management control loop, model of management development of region`s transport infrastructure

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Lichen flora of the Obzhorovsk site of the Astrakhan Nature Reserve

 

1Alexey Evgen'evich Selivanov and 2Elena Vladimirovna Pogudina

 

1Institution of the Russian Academy of Sciences Tobolsk complex scientific station, Ural Branch: Str. named after academician Yuri Osipov, 15, Tobolsk, Tyumen region, 626152, Russian Federation

2Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education «Perm State Humanitarian Pedagogical University», Sibirskaja str., 24, 614000, Perm, Russian Federation

 

Abstract: The article cites results of the investigation into taxonomic biodiversity and substrate affinity of lichens inside the Obzhorovsky cluster (zone) of the Astrakhan Nature Reserve. We have compiled list of the 24 lichen species, 18 of them observed within the studied area for the first time. Identified lichen flora belongs to the two substrate-related ecological gropus: epiphytes and epilithes, epigeic lichens were not detected at all. Majority of species are crustaceous plagiotropic, fewer are leafy plagiotropic. Top family is Teloschistaceae Zahlbr. and Physciaceae Zahlbr.

[Selivanov A.E., Pogudina. Lichen flora of the Obzhorovsk site of the Astrakhan Nature Reserve. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):534-536] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 121

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.121

 

Keywords: taxonomic biodiversity, lichens, lichen flora, Astrakhan Nature Reserve, Obzhorovsky cluster

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Using cluster parallel computing in the content of information-didactic system

 

Meruert Serik, Murat Nauruzbaevich Bakiyev, Gulmira Beketovna Balgozhina

 

L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Pushkin Street, 11, Astana, 010008, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. The article examines questions the developed by the authors, information - didactic system, into the content which are incorporated into the learning process special courses, including a course on parallel computing. And also gives the experimental examples for the implementation of the cluster environment Matlab, also reflected the performance of computing tasks using customized by authors cluster parallel computing.

[Serik M., Bakiyev M.N., Balgozhina G.B. Using cluster parallel computing in the content of information-didactic system. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):537-539] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 122

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.122

 

Keywords: Parallel computing, cluster, computer science, parallel jobs, parallel programming modes, MATLAB Distributed Computing Server, parallel matrix multiplication

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The indices of the physiological norm for women of the reproductive age living in Penza city.

 

1Olga Pavlovna Vinogradova and 2Olga Alexandrovna Biriuchkova

 

1Penza Postgraduate Doctors’ Training Institute of Health Department of Russian Federation, Stasova St., 8, Penza, 440060, Russia

2Saratov State Medical University. Bolschaya Kazachya Str., 112, Saratov, 410012, Russia

 

Abstract. Under any pathological process there begin the regulation disorder of the activity and functioning of structures where it occurred. However, these disfunctions are transient, and they disappear together with or after the elimination of the pathological process and they do not represent disregulatory pathology in its full sense of this notion. For the estimation of pathological condition it is necessary to take into consideration the physiological norm, therefore, for the disregulatory abnormalities examining we have made a note of the applicability of normal dimension of organism homeostasis distinction. In our scientific work we have held the examining of the group of female donors in the reproductive age who live in Penza. Analyzing the results of the data in the investigated group, we may point out that the indices of the examined women do not differ from the values established in the medical resources for the healthy people.

[Vinogradova O.P., Biriuchkova O.A. The indices of the physiological norm for women of the reproductive age living in Penza city. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):540-543] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 123

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.123

 

Keywords: disregulatory pathology, common oxidative activity, the immune response, APTT, CRP Ultra, D-dimer test

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Molecular characteristics of cis-1.4-polyisoprene on modified titanium catalyst

 

Vadim Petrovich Zakharov1, Irina Damirovna Zakirova1, Elena Mikhailovna Zakharova2

 

1Bashkir State University, Zaki Validi, 32, Ufa, 450076, Russia

2Institute of Organic Chemistry USC of RAS, Oktyabrya prosp., 71, Ufa, 450054, Russia

 

Abstract. In the presented paper molecular characteristics of cis-1.4-polyisoprene, synthesized with titanium catalyst, which is modified by electron donor additives, temperature and a hydrodynamic treatment in turbulent flows. In microheterogeneous titanium catalyst, three fractions are marked out, which have different diameter of particles: 0.7-4.5 micron; 0.15-0.68 micron; 0.03-0.13 micron. With a decrease in particle size of a catalyst, molecular masses and a width of a molecular-mass distribution of polyisoprene are reduced. A reduction in a number of fractions and a narrowing of particle size's distribution leads to a synthesis of a polymer with a narrower molecular-mass distribution.

[Zakharov V.P., Zakirova I.D., Zakharova E.M. Molecular characteristics of cis-1.4-polyisoprene on modified titanium catalyst. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):544-546] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 124

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.124

 

Keywords: cis-1.4-polyisoprene, titanium catalyst, molecular mass, molecular mass distribution, tubular turbulent apparatus

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Visualization of Working Versions of Balanced Scorecard Strategy Maps in Managing Regional Competitiveness

 

1Viktoria Valerievna Zaviyalova,1 Anna Nikolaevna Norkina, 2Yurii Borisovich Mindlin

 

1National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Kashirskaya Str., 31, Moscow, 115409, Russian Federation

2Moscow State Industrial University, Avtozavodskaya Str.,16, Moscow, 115280, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. This article describes an approach to the study of the competitiveness and development of regions based on the use of an instrument such as the balanced scorecard. The author proposes a modified balanced scorecard for the study of regional development specifically. The author has constructed a working version of the strategy map based on the general objectives of the regional strategy and indexes of the balanced scorecard of a region of the Russian Federation.

[Zaviyalova V.V., Norkina A.N., Mindlin Y.B. Visualization of Working Versions of Balanced Scorecard Strategy Maps in Managing Regional Competitiveness. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):547-549] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 125

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.125

 

Keywords: regional economics, competitiveness, balanced scorecard (BSC), strategy map

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Innovation, investing, economics and tourism 

 

Ayagoz Erzhanovna Zhansagimova1, Amangeldy Nazhmidenovich Dogaov2, Kulyash Zhabykovna Sadvokasova2, Erbolat Kopsekpaevich Barlykov2, Turebekova Bazhan Otemaratovna2, Almagul Sahitjanovna Doshan3 

 

1Tourism Eurasian National University, Mirzoyan, 2, teaching and administration (main) body ENU, Astana city, 010000, Kazakhstan

2Eurasian National University, Mirzoyan, 2, Astana city, 010000, Kazakhstan

3Kazakh University of Economy, Finance and International Trade, Zhubanov Str., 7, Astana city, 010000, Kazakhstan

E-mail: enu@enu.kz

 

Abstract. Interactions within cluster, often entirely unexpected, leading to the development of new ways to compete and generate entirely new possibilities. Human resources and ideas form new combinations. A cluster is a means to overcome the isolation on domestic issues, inertia, intransigence, inflexibility, and collusion between competitors that reduce or completely block the beneficial effects of competition and the emergence of new firms. Thus, the presence of a cluster allows domestic industry to maintain its advantage, and not give it to those countries that are more inclined to upgrade. The presences of a cluster of industries accelerate the process of establishing the factors where there is a group of domestic competitors. All firms in the cluster of related industries are investing in specialized, but related technology, information, infrastructure, human resources, leading to a massive emergence of new firms.

[Zhansagimova A.E., Dogaov A.N., Sadvokasova K.Z., Barlykov E.K., Otemaratovna T.B., Doshan A.S. Innovation, investing, economics and tourism. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):550-555] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 126

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.126

 

Keywords: cluster, touristic- recreational resources, structure, innovation, tourism, model

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Lingvoсulturology as science at the present stage linguistics developments

 

Anara Sharipovna Zhumasheva1, Zayda Efimovna Zhumabaeva1, Alma Karisovna Zhukenova2, Ainagul Erbulatovna Ismagulova2 and Dinara Sarsembaevna Ryspaeva2

 

1Pavlodar State Pedagogical Institute, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan

2Kokshetau State University named after Sh.Ualikhanov 

 

Abstract. In research on the basis of the theoretical analysis of scientific methodological literature the content of concept a lingvoculturology as sciences at the present stage of development of linguistics is opened. Organizational and methodological aspects of a current state of studying of a lingvoculturology as sciences at the present stage of development of linguistics are revealed. The modern directions of development of a problem of interrelation of language and culture, as main components of a lingvoculturology as sciences at the present stage of development of linguistics are defined. The lingvoculturology Model as science at the present stage of development of linguistics which is executed within tradition of studying of language in interaction with culture is developed.

[Zhumasheva A.S., Zhumabaeva Z.E., Zhukenova A.K., Ismagulova A.E., Ryspaeva D.S. Lingvoсulturology as science at the present stage linguistics developments. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):556-559] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 127

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.127

 

Keywords: Lingvoculturology, a lingvoculturology as science at the present stage of development of linguistics

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128

The role of energy sector infrastructure in world economy development

 

Elena Sergeevna Akopova, Anna Alexandrovna Polubotko

 

Rostov State Economic University, Large Garden, 69, Rostov-on-Don, 344007, Russia

 

Abstract. The article is devoted to the role identification of the energy sector infrastructure in world economy development. Authors analyze key trends of energy sector development and long-term forecasts, concerning prospects for energy sector development, identify the dependence between energy sector infrastructure and world economy development, they also make a mathematical economic model of world economy sector infrastructure development.

[Akopova E.S., Polubotko A.A. The role of energy sector infrastructure in world economy development. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):560-564] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 128

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.128

 

Keywords: infrastructure, Energy sector, world economy, development, industrial output

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129

Institutional aspects of response to corruption phenomena

 

Abramov Ruslan Agarunovich

 

Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Stremiannii per., 36, Moscow, 115998, Russia

 

Abstract. In the article the institute functioning of corruption phenomena as an element of the development of public policy in general is shown. Fighting corruption is seen as a form of institutional development of public education. The relationship between the level of exposure on corruption schemes and opportunities for development of the country as a whole is shown. Social capital is defined as the need to use for development of the whole country.

[Abramov R.A. Institutional aspects of response to corruption phenomena. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):565-569] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 129

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.129

 

Keywords: corruption factors, the institution of society, social development, the effect of an economic nature, the environment of the social type

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A Procedure of remote examination with video monitoring in case of the distance mode of study in higher educational institution

 

Bakytgul Abykanova1, Salamat Idrissov1, Gulmira Tashkeyeva2

 

1Atyrau State University after Kh. Dosmuhamedov, Student Prospect, 212, Atyrau, 060011, Kazakhstan

2Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Al-Farabi, 71, Almaty City, 050040, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. The publication considers a procedure of remote examination with video monitoring in a higher education institution. Through the example of a Russian higher education institution represented by Moscow State University of Railway Engineering, the experience of applying the procedure of remote examination with video monitoring is described. Finally the article concludes that common use of informational and communicative technologies in distance education stimulates knowledge transfer and is the important driver of reformation of the traditional educational system with due regard to the requirements of the modern industrial society.

[Abykanova B., Idrissov S., Tashkeyeva G. A Procedure of remote examination with video monitoring in case of the distance mode of study in higher educational institution. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):570-572] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 130 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.130

 

Keywords: distance education, methodological video support, video monitoring, video examination, a knowledge check

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131

Reception of the English criminal novel in Russia of the 19-th century by the example of Dostoevsky’s crime and punishment

 

Irina Alexandrovna Aizikova1 and Irina Alexeevna Matveenko2

 

1National Research Tomsk State University, Lenin Avenue, 36, Tomsk, 634050, Russia

2National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Lenin Avenue, 30, Tomsk, 634050, Russia

 

Abstract. The article deals with the reception of English social-criminal novel in Russia that had special context and conditions, its stages and transformations at different levels of the Russian literature. A key moment was the beginning of the 1860s when E. Bulwer-Lytton’s novel Eugene Aram (1832) was first translated. The translation of this novel coincided with Dostoyevsky’s work on the novel Crime and Punishment (1866), in which we see the parallels to Eugene Aram. Those relations are obvious both at the level of plot and narration as well as in the images of the main heroes. Against the background of the presented comparison the artistic peculiarities of each writer are seen clearer, there appears a possibility to consider their writings from the new points of view.

[Aizikova I.A., Matveenko I.A. Reception of the English criminal novel in Russia of the 19-th century by the example of Dostoevsky’s crime and punishment. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):573-578] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 131

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.131

 

Keywords: Reception, Social-Criminal Novel, Genre, Crime Fiction, Genre Transformation, Translation, Newgate Novel, Sensation Novel, F. Dostoevsky, E. Bulwer-Lytton

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132

Influence of an antimicrobic alginate covering on a period of storage and quality indicators of the cooled beef liver

 

Igor Jurjevich Alexanyan, Albert Xamed-Xarisovich Nugmanov, Lubov Mixaylovna Titova, Mariya Alekdsandrovna Nikulina

 

Federal State-funded Budgetary Institution oh High Professional Education Asrakhan State Technical University, Department of Technological machines and equipment, Tatisheva str., 16a, Astrakhan, 414025, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. To increase the shelf life of chilled beef liver the possibility of using film-forming compositions based on sodium alginate. Developed and substantiated the composition is reported to lower shrinkage and refrigerated semi increase shelf life by 25%. Results were confirmed by sensory and microstructural analyzes, microscopy analysis

[Alexanyan I.J., Nugmanov A.X.-X., Titova L.M., Nikulina M.A. Influence of an antimicrobic alginate covering on a period of storage and quality indicators of the cooled beef liver. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):579-583] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 132

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.132

 

Keywords: microstructure, antimicrobial coating, sodium alginate, beef liver

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Training of psychologists for using of interactive tutorials

 

Arna Aplashova1, Gulzada Kapbasova2, Raihan Sabirov2, Rose Alimbaeva2, Uldar Autalipova3, Dybys Zhanserikova2 and Dastan Kosherbaev2

 

1Pavlodar State Pedagogical Institute, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan

2University named after E.A. Buketova, Karaganda, Kazakhstan

3 Kazakh Women's Pedagogical University, Almaty, Kazakhstan

Ph. 8 (7182) 552798; 627606; 87014175844; E-mail: djakk@mail.ru

 

Abstract. In research determination of readiness of psychologists to use of interactive tutorials in which specifics of professional activity of the psychologist are reflected is given. Complexes of criteria, indicators, levels of readiness of psychologists to use of interactive tutorials, such as presence of steady motives to application of multimedia tutorials at school are developed; width and stability of the academic knowledge of interactive tutorials and techniques of their application by the psychologist at school; the content of mastering a technique of use of interactive tutorials for the solution of training tasks of the psychologist. Levels of readiness of psychologists to use of interactive tutorials are defined as high, average, low. The Model of readiness of psychologists to use of interactive tutorials in which contents the essence of readiness of psychologists to use of interactive tutorials is defined is psychologically proved and almost developed.

[Aplashova A., Kapbasova G., Sabirov R., Alimbaeva R., Autalipova U., Zhanserikova D., Kosherbaev D. Training of psychologists for using of interactive tutorials. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):584-588] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 133

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.133

 

Keywords: Readiness of psychologists for using of interactive tutorials, interactive tutorials

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134

The methodology of transition on the pricing of the cost of production for budgetary institutions

 

Guzel Gabdelhakovna Derzayeva1 and Gulnara Gabdelhakovna Akhmadieva2

 

1Institute of Economics and Finance of Kazan (Volga region) Federal University

Butlerov str., 4, Kazan, 420012, Russia

2SFO "Center of Advanced Economic Research of Academy of the Republic of Tatarstan", Russia

 

Abstract. In article problems arising before the government-financed organization, which engage both budgetary activities and rendering of paid services for transition from regulated pricing to the price-list which formed on the basis of production cost are considered. Also the new methodology is offered. It allows without losses to pass from the old price-list to a new one, not only having applied pricing model on the basis of production cost, but to include additional types of paid services. It will allow for consider quality of the budgetary services requirements on the basis of calculation of economically reasonable expenses arising due to the need of attraction of labor and material resources to render paid service, and also potential expenses intended for development and improvement of organization activity regarding possibility of rendering of paid services in what follows.

[Derzayeva G.G., Akhmadieva G.G. The methodology of transition on the pricing of the cost of production for budgetary institutions. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):589-594] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 134

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.134

 

Keywords: price list; cost; government-financed organization; calculation

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135

Analysis of morphofunctional changability of adolsent students in the environment of Ural Federal District

 

Olga Aleksandrovna Dragic1, Claudia Aleksandrovna Sidorova2, Tatyana Aleksandrovna Sidorova2,

Elena Alekseevna Ivakina2, Sofya Viktorovna Zobnina2

 

1Tyumen state oil and gas University. Volodarskogo Str., 38, Tyumen, 625000, Russia

2State agrarian university of North Zauralya. Str.of Republic, 7, Tyumen, 625000, Russia

 

Abstract. The aim of the research was to study common factors of individual and typological changeability of morphofunctional parameters of students’ organism in Ural Federal District environment in dependence to the place of residence, age and gender and physical activity in juvenile period. The carried out comparative estimate of organism intergroup variability let us find out e regional norm of morphofunctional indexes. It is discovered that morphosis of young men and women corresponds general biological common factors, however, dissimilar environmental conditions influence the structural and functional range of students’ of Ural Federal District, that is why, age and gender, climate and geographic, social and economical. Conditions are a modifying factor of phenotypic variation of the organism of Ural Federal District students. At the stage of modern development of Ural Federal District, peculiarities, observed by us in morphological and functional condition of students’ organism let us purposely develop programs , directed on health improvement and somatic growth strengthening of the younger generation.

[Dragic O.A., Sidorova C.A., Sidorova T.A., Ivakina E.A., Zobnina S.V. Analysis of morphofunctional changability of adolsent students in the environment of Ural Federal District. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):595-598] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 135

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.135

 

Keywords: health, morphofunctional form, ecological situation, physical fitness indices, antropometric parameters, cardiovascular system, cardiorespiratory system, motion activity

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136

Realization of designer's creativity: methods and forms of creative thinking

 

Nadegda Enovna Kamzina

 

Innovative Eurasian University, Lomova Street, 45, Pavlodar, 140000, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. The article covers the idea of liberal knowledge in art and design. Importance of this knowledge as a factor that promotes creative thinking is defined. The idea of integration as one of the important driver of development of national cultures is studied. Today cultural situation is analyzed, design methods of well-knows artist-designers are studied. The place of liberal knowledge in educational space is defined.

[Kamzina N.E. Realization of designer's creativity: methods and forms of creative thinking. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):599-602] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 136

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.136

 

Keywords: integration, interdisciplinary, artwork, art culture, design, individuality, art

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137

Preparation of the actuarial balance sheet based on the present value of assets and liabilities of the going concern

 

Lidiya Ivanovna Kulikova and Natalia Borisovna Semenichina

 

Institute of Finance and Economics, Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Butlerov str., 4, Kazan, 420012, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The article studies the problem of applicability in the accounting practice the going concern's assets and liabilities estimation at the present value. The drawn conclusion is that it is necessary to use the present value to estimate certain assets and liabilities of the going concern and to prepare the actuarial balance. The article is the first to consider the method of preparing the actuarial balance sheet for the purpose of estimation of the financial position and future potential of the company; it describes in detail the preparation steps of actuarial balance sheet based on certain calculations (procedures).

[Kulikova L.I., Semenichina N.B. Preparation of the actuarial balance sheet based on the present value of assets and liabilities of the going concern. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):603-607] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 137

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.137

 

Keywords: Value; Discounting; Discount rate; Present value; Actuarial balance; Financial position; Going concern; Property

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138

Education in the context of China’s social and economic development

 

Ryndak Valentina

 

Orenburg State Pedagogical University. Sovetskaya Str., 19, Rm. 208, Orenburg, 460844, Russia

 

Abstract. This article describes the system of education in China; the features of modern educational standards; the role and influence of Confucianism and Sukhomlinsky’s humanistic pedagogy in modern Chinese school; the trend of education humanization; the content of vocational training; aesthetic education; and the experience of contemporary Chinese teachers. Besides, the article identifies the ways to strengthen children’s health, the main tasks in teaching of hygiene and the forms of physical education. The students of Chinese schools were not neglected. The article describes their everyday life in school and the methods for fostering the most gifted students.

[Ryndak V. Education in the context of China’s social and economic development. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):608-612] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 138

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.138

 

Keywords: the system of education; education in China; the humanistic character of Confucianism; the introduction

of Sukhomlinsky’s humanistic pedagogy into the contemporary Chinese school; teacher’s training in China

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139

The problem of interaction of decorative and applied art, artwork and design 

 

Julia Ilyinichna Mazina

 

Innovative Eurasian University, Lomova Street, 45, Pavlodar, 140000, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. The article deals with the problem of interaction of the decorative and applied art, artwork and design; the problems of traditions in culture, about the relation to cultural heritage and development of culture are considered. The analysis of notions of original and professional art is carried out. The conditions of cultural values creation, the essence of national tradition are investigated, the statements of design culture and the possibility of its modern expression are studied. The commercial and value-conscious essence of the design is determined.

[Mazina J.I. The problem of interaction of decorative and applied art, artwork and design. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):613-616] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 139 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.139

 

Keywords: cultural value, cultural heritage, originality, tradition, decorative and applied art

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140

Modeling and analysis of storage business processes 

 

Ekaterina Romanovna Miseva1, Anna Nikolaevna Norkina1, Yurii Borisovich Mindlin2 

 

1National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Kashirskaya Street, 31, Moscow, 115409, Russian Federation

2Moscow State Industrial University, Avtozavodskaya Street, 16, Moscow, 115280, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. Under the conditions of modern market the companies shall pay a special attention to the effectiveness of their business processes. The present work examines the business processes of storage goods processing of gas-concrete blocks producing companies. The modeling of processes like goods reception, goods storage, goods shipping and goods picking was made. The problems of the existing model were analyzed; the key problems of the field were determined; and the key findings on the necessity of these business processes re-engineering were made. The solutions for the warehouse operating quality were suggested.

[Miseva E.R., Norkina A.N., Mindlin Y.B. Modeling and analysis of storage business processes. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):617-619] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 140

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.140

 

Keywords: Business process, audit, re-engineering, warehouse, modeling, analysis, gas-concrete

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141

Information and political security of the democratic state - world experience and Russia

 

Ilya Leonidovich Morozov

 

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration,Volgograd Branch.

Gagarin Str., 8, Volgograd, 400131, Russia

 

Abstract. The article analyzes transformation of the new threat in the information area. The author requests for discussion the various models of information security of Russia in the modern world. The article includes recommendations and proposals aimed at strengthening the security of the democratic state. Of particular importance is information transparency of government organizations, support social movements, the strengthening of international cooperation.

[Morozov I.L. Information and political security of the democratic state - world experience and Russia. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):620-623] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 141

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.141

 

Keywords: Information theory, state security, political communication, Russia, confrontation, political extremism, discourse

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142

Youth and modern religious extremism

 

Saltanat Altaevna Mulikova1, Sanija Kuzairovna Kenzhebayeva1, Madina Kochkarovna Abdakimova1, Anatoly Mykhailovich Zatyneyko2, Dinara Ashubasarovna Kazimova2

 

1Karaganda Economic University of Kazpotrebsoyuz, Academicheskaya Street, 9, Karaganda, 100009, Kazakhstan

2Karaganda State University named after academician E.A. Buketov, Universitetskaya Street, 28, Karaganda, 100028, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. Representatives of school and student youth, and also experts-religious scholars and the teachers of schools who conduct classes in Religion Studies took part in the sociological research carried out by a method of focus group. Such selection of respondents allowed the authors of the article to investigate a problem in a complex. In the content of the article opinion of participants of discussion concerning modern religious extremism found its reflection; understanding degree by youth of need of cross-cultural dialogue which promote inter-confessional dialogue was revealed; understanding degree by youth of connection between problems of an interethnic consent and problems of inter-confessional tolerance was defined; degree of understanding by youth of the content of a state program on fight against religious extremism and terrorism in the Republic of Kazakhstan was analysed. In discussion it was revealed that modern young people have an idea of methods, forms and preventative measures and counteractions to influence of negative destructive religious associations.

[Mulikova S.A., Kenzhebayeva S.K., Abdakimova M.K., Zatyneyko A.M., Kazimova D.A. Youth and modern religious extremism. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):624-629] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 142 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.142

 

Keywords: law, religion, religious extremism, youth, state policy

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On understanding the essence of Constitution and its place in maintaining the social homeostasis

 

Igor Vladimirovich Mukhachev

 

Law Institute, North Caucasus Federal University, Pushkina Str.1, Stavropol, 355002, Russian Federation

 

Abstract: This article is devoted to consider the existing theories of essence of Constitution and to justify the essence of Constitution to guarantee the important democratic institutions and values enshrined in them. The modern society is considered as a complex social system, where the social stability and social homeostasis must be maintained. The Constitutions declare and guarantee the real existence (social severability) of fundamental rights and freedoms of the person and the citizen, democratic principles and objectives of the state and social structure in the social reality. The author considers the Constitutions as legal acts adopted to ensure the social homeostasis and stability of modern society.

[Mukhachev I.V. On understanding the essence of Constitution and its place in maintaining the social homeostasis. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):630-635] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 143

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.143

 

Keywords: essence of Constitution, guarantee of democratic institutions and values, ensuring of social homeostasis

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Youth and social policy

 

Saltanat Altaevna Mulikova1, Sanija Kuzairovna Kenzhebayeva1, Madina Kochkarovna Abdakimova1, Anatoly Mykhailovich Zatyneyko2, Dinara Ashubasarovna Kazimova2 

 

1Karaganda Economic University of Kazpotrebsoyuz, Academicheskaya Street, 9, Karaganda, 100009, Kazakhstan

2Karaganda State University named after academician E.A. Buketov, Universitetskaya Street, 28, Karaganda, 100028, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. In the sociological research conducted using focus group method took part representatives of school and university youth, graduate students, leaders of youth organizations. Such selection of respondents allowed authors of the article to investigate the problem thoroughly. The content of the article presents opinions of participants of discussion concerning state youth policy. The discussion revealed that modern young people support and approve the Concept of youth policy of the state, and consider that the state makes maximum efforts for development of youth initiatives and youth involvement as eligible members of society and state administration.

[Mulikova S.A., Kenzhebayeva S.K., Abdakimova M.K., Zatyneyko A.M., Kazimova D.A. Youth and social policy. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):636-641] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 144

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.144

 

Keywords: state, state policy, youth, youth organizations, youth social projects

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Physiological bases of improvement system of boxers sports training

 

Lyudmila Dmitriyevna Nazarenko and Igor Stepanovich Kolesnik

 

Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical University of I.N. Ulyanova (FGBOU VPO "ULGPU of I.N. Ulyanov"), 100-letiya Square since the birth of V. I. Lenin, 4, Ulyanovsk, 432700, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. Productivity of competitive activity in boxing is provided with continuous improvement of a training technique and training; search of means of increase of level of all-physical and special readiness. The insufficient attention paid to the physiological bases of rationalization of educational and training process by a choice and use of the most effective preparatory and bringing exercises with similar structure of competitive actions. These skills are formed on the basis of extrapolation of motor acts that allows reducing considerably number of acquired physical exercises, to reduce the volume of a training load and to raise level of technical readiness. Formation of skills of afferent synthesis of the motive actions which main components are: the motivation, memory, starting information, allows using more effectively motivation of occupations by boxing as means of versatile harmonious physical and spiritual and moral development. The support on physiological bases of process of improvement of sports training of boxers promotes increase of efficiency of training process.

[Nazarenko L.D., Kolesnik I.S. Physiological bases of improvement system of boxers sports training. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):642-645] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 145 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.145

 

Keywords: sport preparation, extrapolation, afferent synthesis

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Issues of application of the results of space activities of the Glonass/GPS satellite positioning systems in transport logistics (as exemplified by the Chechen Republic)

 

Magomed Yaragievich Pashayev, Ibrahim Vahaevich Hasambiev, Magomed Shavalovich Mintсaev

Grozny State Oil Technical University named academician MD Millionshchikov, Ordzhonikidze square, 100, GSP-2, Grozny, 364051, Chechen Republic, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. The article deals with the issues of application in practice of a transport logistics management system using the technology of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) and the Global Positioning System (GPS), on-line transaction processing, planning, traffic control, accounting of route deviations, and decisions support systems.

[Pashayev M.Y., Hasambiev I.V., Mintсaev M.S. Issues of application of the results of space activities of the Glonass/GPS satellite positioning systems in transport logistics (as exemplified by the Chechen Republic). Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):646-650] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 146 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.146

 

Keywords: GLONASS, GPS, logistics, technology, management, optimal route of decision-making

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147

Structure of naphthol modified urea-formaldehyde resins by using the method of nuclear magnetic resonance

 

Nikolay Pavlovich Plotnikov, Galina Pavlovna Plotnikova, Sergey Viktorovich Denisov

 

FGBOU VPO "Brotherly State University", Makarenko Str. 40, Bratsk, 665709, Irkutsk region, Russia

 

Abstract. The scale of phenol consumption is significant but to meet the industry needs not only phenol is necessary but naphthols and different phenol homologs are important either. Both naphthols (- and --type) have a great technical significance;-naphthol is the most important one among the simple intermediate products of a naphthalene number. Naphthols are used in the manufacture of azo -dyes as azo-components and they are the initial products for producing of naphtholsulfoacids which are also widely used in the manufacture of azo-dyes. In this article the main regularities of naphthol influence on toxicity of modified adhesive composition are identified. The quantitative interrelation of resin toxicity reduction from the amount of a led modifier is established. The composition and structure of naphthol modified urea-formaldehyde resins by the method of NMR spectroscopy are considered.

[Plotnikov N.P., Plotnikova G.P., Denisov S.V. Structure of naphthol modified urea-formaldehyde resins by using the method of nuclear magnetic resonance. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):651-654] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 147

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.147

 

Keywords: toxicity, urea-formaldehyde resin, naphthols, condensed benzene nuclei compound, NMR-spectroscopy

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А methodology of the study of the impact of cross-cultural differences on consumer behavior in the B2B market

 

Irina Matveevna Romanova and Elena Viktorovna Noskova

 

Far Eastern Federal University, Suhanova Street, 8, Vladivostok, 690950, Russia

 

Abstract. In this article, the author proposes an approach to the study of the impact of cross-cultural differences on consumer behavior in the business market. As part of this approach, the author puts together a model of culture based on three structural elements reflecting the values of the country’s business culture and the characteristics of the material and institutional environment adapted to the specificity of the market of industrial roundwood. The author works out a methodological toolbox to establish a link between the model of culture and the characteristics of consumer behavior. The article provides the results of an expert survey, which are used by the author to construct matrices of combination of the elements of the model of culture and consumer behavior.

[Romanova I.M., Noskova E.V. А methodology of the study of the impact of cross-cultural differences on consumer behavior in the B2B market. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):655-659] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 148

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.148

 

Keywords: cross-culture, consumer behavior, methodology of study

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Innovative transportation system as a regional development condition 

 

Natalia Yurievna Sandakova 

 

East Siberia State University of Technology and Management, Klyuchevskaya str., 40 "v", p.1, Ulan-Ude, Russia

 

Abstract. The article covers the possibility of innovative transportation system development on base of airfoil boats in regions with low density of population and special climate conditions. The place and the role of innovative transportation system in regional development are defined. Innovative projects of transportation development are analyzed. Indicators of innovative modernization of transportation system are proposed. Comparative analysis of operational and economic characteristics of different transportation means has been made. Main economic indicators of the program of development of innovative transportation system in the regions of Siberia and the Far East of Russia and Arctic are presented.

[Sandakova N.Y. Innovative transportation system as a regional development condition. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):660-663] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 149

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.149

 

Keywords: innovative transportation system, regional economy, airfoil boat

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The Natural climatic conditions for the economic activity in mountain areas (in the case of the Altai Republic)

 

Maria Gennadievna Sukhova1,2, Olga Valeryevna Zhuravleva1, Nina Alekseevna Kocheeva1, Alexander Ivanovich Minayev1, Andrey Vladimirovich Karanin1, Tatyana Vladimirovna Bolbukh1, Yury Nikolaevich Nikolchenko1, Alexey Aleksandrovich Bakulin1, Vladimir Viktorovich Roldugin1

 

1Gorno-Altaisk State University, Lenkin Str. 1, Gorno-Altaisk, Altai Republic, 649000

2Institute for Water and Environmental Problems, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IWEP SB RAS), Molodyoznaya St. 1, Barnaul, 656038, Altai Krai, Russia

 

Abstract. The work is devoted to detecting the state of the natural climatic aspect of the Altai geographic complexes. The ecological and climatic typing of the mountain landscapes for the population activity and the leading sectors of the Altai Republic economy has been carried out. The natural potential of the republic has been compared with the level of the regional industrial development using the evaluation matrix. Differentiation has been determined and four levels of the production potential compliance with the natural potential have been identified. The trends in developing the Altai natural resource management and the opportunities for the ecosystem services of the mountain terrain have been represented.

[Sukhova M.G., Zhuravleva O.V., Kocheeva N.A., Minayev A.I., Karanin A.V., Bolbukh T.V., Nikolchenko Y.N., Bakulin A.A., Roldugin V.V. The Natural climatic conditions for the economic activity in mountain areas (in the case of the Altai Republic). Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):664-668] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 150

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.150

 

Keywords: Altai, bioclimate, natural potential, mountain terrain, natural resource management

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Variable algorithms of information environment application in the educational process

 

Vera Konstantinovna Vlasova1 and Galia Ildusovna Kirilova1,2

 

1Kazan Federal University, Russia

2Institute of Pedagogy and Psychology of Professional Education of RAE, Russia

 

Abstract. From the point of view of variable algorithms of information environment used in the educational process, the article reveals the priorities of the information environment innovation development from the position of the regulation level of performed actions automation and consideration of the most significant levels of automation accepted in the chosen profession. The group of algorithms of processes automatic realization in the educational system assumes the full transference of functions from a person to a computer means or an electronic resource. The group of processes automation algorithms provides the interaction of educational process subjects and program-technical devices in the interactive dialogue. Algorithms of interactions in the process of educational system design and realization.

[Vlasova V.K., Kirilova G.I. Variable algorithms of information environment application in the educational process. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):669-673] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 151

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.151

 

Keywords: vocational school, system of vocational education, educational activity, information environment, electronic educational resources

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Optimal control of labour potential of the region

 

Irina Vladimirovna Zaytseva1,2, Eugene Andreyevich Semenchin1, Yana Vitalyevna Vorokhobina3, Marina Victorovna Popova2,3

 

1North-Caucasian Federal University, Stavropol, Kulakov prospect, 2, Stavropol, 355037, Russia

2Stavropol State Agrarian University, Stavropol, Zootekhnichesky lane, 12, Stavropol, 355017, Russia

3Nevinnomyssk State Humanitarian and Technical Institute, Mira Boulevard, 17, Nevinnomyssk, Stavropol region, 357108, Russia

 

Abstract. Human resources as a basis for economic development of a country become apparent in the labour potential of the population. Thereby, active employment policy, job hunting stimulation, training, professional skills, acquisition of a new profession is needed. When developing the regional employment policy, the labour potential must be used to get the best of quantitative and qualitative changes in the workforce, as well as methods to ensure their effectiveness. Different social and economic processes in the region influence change of the regional labour potential. Economic and mathematical modeling of the labour potential allows solving control problems at the regional level. The research highlights the key social and economic processes in the region that influence changes of its labour potential. The differential equation was stated to describe these changes and represent together with the conditions that are given to solve it, a mathematical model of the dynamics of the labour potential. The optimal control task of the amount of unemployed people of working age is studied within this model. The proposed economic and mathematical model of the labour potential of the region is tested on statistical data of the economy of Stavropol region.

[Zaytseva I.V., Semenchin E.A., Vorokhobina Y.V., Popova M.V. Optimal control of labour potential of the region. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):674-678] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 152

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.152

 

Keywords: the labour potential, the region, the mathematical model

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Ecological and agrochemical state of soil, productivity and quality of edible roots, depending on the system of vegetable fertilizers rotations in the south-east region of Kazakhstan 

 

M. Zhakashbaeva1 and T. Aytbaev2 

 

1Kazakh National Agrarian University, Almaty, Kazakhstan

2Kazakh Research Institute of Potato and Horticulture, Kazakhstan

E-mails: mulya87@mail.ru, aitbayev.t@mail.ru, kazpotato@mail.ru

 

Abstract. The results of researches of influence of fertilizers vegetable crop rotation systems on soil fertility and productivity of edible roots. Dark brown soil with prolonged use in vegetable production has changed significantly. Original humus content (3.0%) declined to 1, 60-2,46%. The total nitrogen content different - 0,112-0,168%. Gross phosphorus - 0,172-0,214%, gross potassium - 2, 61-3, 34% (at baseline). Readily hydrolysable nitrogen is very small - 20-34 mg / kg. P2O5 content is high (51-80mg/kg), which is associated with long-term use of phosphate fertilizers, K2O - low (240-295 mg / kg). Carbon content (CO2) differed sharply by type of crop rotation - 0, 33-2, 65%. Noted soil alkalization (pH from 7, 3-8,2). The cat ion exchange capacity (calcium - 85-87%) decreased from 20-21 to 15-17mg-eq./100g. Providing mobile microelements varies (mg / kg): Zn - 0,25-1,25; Cu - 0,85-1,55; Pb - 1,25-8,30; Cd - 0,25-0,75; Ni - 1,45-2,85; Mn - 62,0-90,9; Fe - 5,0-6,9. Noted weighting texture (fraction <0.01 mm, 48-57%). Fertilizers increased harvest carrots on 19, 7-67,6%, beet - by 22,8-69,3%. Nitrates in the roots are below the norm by 3-4 times, which indicates that, the ecological purity of the product.

[Zhakashbaeva M., Aytbaev T. Ecological and agrochemical state of soil, productivity and quality of edible roots, depending on the system of vegetable fertilizers rotations in the south-east region of Kazakhstan. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):679-684] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 153

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.153

 

Keywords: soil, fertility, fertilizer, crop rotation, crop yield, carrot, beetroot, root crops, yield, quality and ecology

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Writing as the aim and means in teaching a foreign language: problems of assessment

 

Boris A. Zhigalev1 and Konstantin E. Bezukladnikov2

 

1Linguistic University of Nizhny Novgorod, Minina str. 31а, Nizhny Novgorod, 603155, Russia

2Pedagogical University Perm, Russia, Sibirskaya str. 24, Perm, 614990, Russia

e-mail: admdep@lunn.ru; Tel. +7 831 436-15-75

 

Abstract. The present article is the analysis of different methods and approaches to teaching foreign languages. One of the means of teaching a foreign language is writing. One of the main challenges the authors of the present article face is revising the existing criteria of language skills evaluation and working out a new criteria system for evaluating writing as it plays a key role in assessing language skills. While treating writing as the aim of teaching the authors take into account its communicative nature: a particular type of writing, writing genre that should answer the purpose of a particular communicative situation. A new system of writing tasks evaluation within the frame of the existing five-scale marking scheme is introduced.

[Zhigalev B.A., Bezukladnikov K. E. Writing as the aim and means in teaching a foreign language: problems of assessment. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):685-689] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 154

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.154

 

Keywords: assignment, approach, assessment, teaching technique, language skills, foreign language for specific purposes, evaluation, task development, method, marking scheme

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Problems of Legal Journalism

 

Mars Janabayev, Saltanat Atakhanova, Saulegul Ermuhametova, Guliya Mukaldieva, Gulnura Hudaiberdina, Gulzagira Atakhanova and Ainur Kussainova

 

al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. The article examines the circumstance of Kazakhstan and Russian law journalism. The issue show that the idea of law journalism has not yet determined in Russia, despite a variety of materials which has been written about this subject. There are many ways to classify the subject of law journalism. But the most of them are very different and unlike from each other. Actually we cant say that we know the all aspects of law journalism. Furthermore, this trend in journalism meets many problems. For example, the incompetence of the authors, the lack of legal base and non-transparency of government and authorities.

[Janabayev M., Atakhanova S., Ermuhametova S., Mukaldieva G., Hudaiberdina G., Atakhanova G., Kussainova A. Problems of Legal Journalism. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):690-693] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 155

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.155

 

Keywords: right, state, information, journalist, journalism, society, crime, journalism

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Concept of the principle of integrity of human beings of criminal legal proceedings

 

Guldana Amangeldiyevna Kuanaliyeva, Ermek Talantuly Numagabet and Ayzhan Sundetovna Moldagaliyeva

 

Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. Protection of human rights, its legitimate interests has to become the main and main objective of criminal trial. And only then through a prism of this task it is necessary to perceive interest of society and the state, consisting in providing a due law and order. Fight against crime is carried out first of all not for ensuring stability of a political regime in the country and tranquillity of society. Main goal of this fight is protection of the citizen and society against illegal encroachments, ensuring the rights and freedoms of each person, whose rights were struck by a crime.

[Kuanaliyeva G.A., Numagabet E.T., Moldagaliyeva A.S. Concept of the principle of integrity of human beings of criminal legal proceedings. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):694-699] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 156

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.156

 

Keywords: personality, rights and freedoms of the person, concept, legal policy, principles of criminal trial, immunity, integrity of human beings, etc

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157

Integration of enterprises into vertically - integrated holding in agri- food complex of economy

 

Salima Kaspievna Mizanbekova1, Irina Petrovna Bogomolova2, Oleg Michailovich Omelchenko2, Gauchar Muratovna Rachimzhanova1

 

1Kazakh National Agrarian University, Abay street, 8, Almaty, 050010, Republic of Kazakhstan

2Voronezh State University of Engineering Technology, Revolution Ave, 19, Voronezh, 394036, Russian Federation

 

Abstract. In agro-food complex of Kazakhstan various types of associations based on vertical integration have developed, which allow to integrate all steps of technological process, optimize taxation and reduce the risks. One of the most effective forms of cross-sector integration is the formation of agro-industrial holding companies, which link agricultural production, processing and marketing of products, enhancing the efficiency of production and processing of agricultural products, stabilize national and regional food markets in the country.

[Mizanbekova S.K., Bogomolova I.P., Omelchenko O.M., Rachimzhanova G.M. Integration of enterprises into vertically - integrated holding in agri-food complex of economy. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):700-703] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 157

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.157

 

Keywords: agri-industrial complex, vertical integration, agri- holdings, financial agri-industrial groups, agrofirms, national food market, production, processing of agricultural products, prices

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Problems and ways of perfection of agroindustrial complex of Kazakhstan in terms of integration

 

A.B. Temirbekova, A.T. Uskelenova, N.B. Tastandieva, P. Orynbet, N.A. Aldabergenov

 

1International Academy of Business, Rozybakiyeva 227, Almaty, 050060, Republic of Kazakhstan

2 Аl-Farabi Kazakh National University, Al-Faraby 71, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan

 

Abstract. It is common knowledge that agricultural policy aims at the dynamic and effective development of not only agricultural production and other sectors of agribusiness, but also providing the basis for this growth in living standards and the social process in the country.New trends in the world rural economy and demography, regional integration processes, global climate changes, the creation of the Customs Union and the planned entry of Kazakhstan into the World trade Organization, necessitate a rethinking of state approaches to the implementation of agricultural policy. Low level of productivity in the industry, the imperfection of technologies used, small-scale production do not allow to conduct intensive agricultural production on the basis of ensuring the fullest possible utilization of material, labor and other resources, to comply with environmental requirements. These factors reduce the competitiveness of domestic agricultural sector, which in the WTO and Customs Unioncan lead to the dominance of imports of foreign products, exclusion of local manufacturers from sales markets.

[Temirbekova A.B., Uskelenova A.T., Tastandieva N.B., Orynbet P., Aldabergenov N.A. Problems and ways of perfection of agroindustrial complex of Kazakhstan in terms of integration. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):704-716] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 158

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.158

 

Keywords: agricultural policy, agroindustrial complex, WTO, rural development, agricultural market

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159

Study of effects appearing in the high velocity liquid flows through the tube

 

Miliya Arkad’evich Margulis, Nikolay Nikolaevich Kuznetsov, Evgeniya Evgenievna Goncharenko

 

Bauman Moscow State Technical University, 2-ya Baumanskaya street, 5, Moscow, 105005, Russia

 

Abstract. A considerable potential difference (about 1000 V) emerging in dielectric liquid from the metallic electrodes arranged along its flow through a 6mm tube in diameter has been revealed. The effect is referred to as hydrodynamic. It follows from ocillograms that an electric signal is of high frequency. It cannot be synchronized. A potential difference between the capillary inlet and outlet is as high as 200 V and 700 V, respectively, for positive and negative pulses. It has been shown that raising the temperature up to 30-350С and the backwater pressure leads to the potential difference decrease. A mechanism based on a predominant role of electro-kinetic phenomena to emerge a potential difference has been developed.

[Margulis MA, Kuznetsov NN, Goncharenko EE. Study of effects appearing in the high velocity liquid flows through the tube. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):717-721] (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 159 

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.159

 

Keywords: cavitation, cavitation bubbles, hydroelectric effect, electric signal, dielectric liquid, liquid electrification, electro-kinetic potential, Poisson equation

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Analysis of the pharmaceutical industry in the Republic of Kazakhstan subject to the international experience

 

Talasov Galymjan Musilimovich

 

Kazakh British Technical University, Almaty, 050000, Kazakhstan

kairat_phd@mail.ru

 

Abstract: This article describes the ranking of leading pharmaceutical companies in the world, analysis of the pharmaceutical industry, the competitive advantages of foreign pharmaceutical corporations, dynamics of the number of active pharmaceutical enterprises in the Republic of Kazakhstan, basic dynamics in the period 2010-2014, as well as the existing main problems of the pharmaceutical industry.

[Talasov GM. Analysis of the pharmaceutical industry in the Republic of Kazakhstan subject to the international experience. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):722-725]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 160

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.160

 

Keywords: Kazakhstan; pharmaceutical industry; production; productivity and exports

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Resetting the balance of Cytokine by Vitamin D3 in Asthmatic Patients

 

1Sonya A El-Gaaly, 1Hesham H. Radwan, 2Mohammed Yousef Attia and 2Hesha Sanad

 

1Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt.

2Immunology and Allergy Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt.

Hamdyhesham63@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Bronchial asthma is an allergic disorder characterized by excessive hyperactive nature of the airways, that depends on many cytokines as interleukin 4 and 5 (IL 4 & 5) which are responsible for the allergic inflammatory response. One of the strategies in the management of bronchial asthma is the induction of synthesis of interleukin 10. Interleukin 10 has an inhibitory effect on the synthesis of the T-helper 2 cytokines (Th2). Th2 cells are required for the development of airway eosinophilia and the secretion of interleukines 4, 5 and 13. Also, it has been demonstrated that vitamin D3 has a role in overcoming the receptor down regulation induced by glucocorticoids. The aim of this study is to assess the therapeutic effect of vitamin D3 in patients with steroid dependent asthma, as an additional option in treatment. A case control study was conducted among two groups of patients. The first group comprised 40 patients who received treatment of vitamin D3 for one month (40 patients); While the second group was the control group (40 patients) who did not receive treatment. Each participant was subjected to comprehensive assessment, skin prick test, and the level of serum calcium. IL2, 1L4 and IL 10 was measured. The results revealed that there was a statistically significant increase in the IL10 level post treatment in group I, while IL4 and IL2 decreased significantly after treatment. It can be concluded from the current study that active vitamin D3 is of benefit in patients with moderate to severe asthma, as implicated from the cytokine profile and clinical response criteria and pulmonary function tests. However this new complementary form of treatment needs to be confirmed by further studies.

[Sonya A El-Gaaly, Hesham H. Radwan, Mohammed Yousef Attia and Hesha Sanad. Resetting the balance of Cytokine by Vitamin D3 in Asthmatic Patients. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):726-730]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 161

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.161

 

Keywords: balance; Cytokine; Vitamin D3; Asthmatic; Patient

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Studies on the efficiently of some polymers based on octadecyl acrylate as crude oil additives

 

A. M. Al-sabagh(1), F. Abdel_Hai (2), A. M. M. Abd El Rhman(1), M. EL-Shafie (1), M. M. Mohammedy.(1)*

 

(1) Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute (EPRI), Cairo, Egypt

(2) Faculty of Science, AL-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

* Corresponding author. E-mail: chemist_mohammedy@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: This paper describes synthesis and evaluation of polymeric additives for improving the flow properties of crude oil. The additives were prepared by the free-radical initiated polymerization of octadecylacrylate with methyl methacrylate and acrylic acid or styrene. Polymerization was performed by initiator dibenzoyl peroxide in xylene at 90°C. The influence of additives structure, composition and molar weigh. Crude oil samples from the fields of QURON located in EGYPT were used for evaluation of the prepared additives. It was found that the additives efficiency was considerably influenced by their properties.

[A. M. Al-sabagh, F. Abdel_Hai, A. M. M. Abd El Rhman, M. EL-Shafie, M. M. Mohammedy. Economic Efficiency in Wheat Production, Riyadh Region, Saudi Arabia. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):731-737]. (ISSN: 1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 162

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.162

 

Keywords: polymer; octadecyl acrylate; crude oil additive

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Application of Oil Fractionation in Butter Blend Making

 

Nadia A. Abou-zeid

 

Dairy Science and Technology Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Menoufia University, Shebin El-kom, Egypt

nadia_abou_zeid@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Cotton seed oil (S) was fractionated into high (F1) and low freezing point fractions (F2) by the dry fraction procedure at 0°C. Cream was combined with S, F1 or F2 at 50, 40 and 30% of the fat amount in cream. Butter blends were evaluated when they have just been taken out of the refrigerator (refrigerator temp.) or one hour after they have been taken out of the refrigerator. Results illustrated that high freezing point oil fraction (F1) at the ratio 40% is the best chosen for making butter oil blend, it taste and perform like butter but are spreadable and soft right from the refrigerator and at ambient temperature. However butter blended with whole cotton seed oil (S) or with low freezing point fraction (F2) had undesirable excesses softness texture at ambient temperature. Blending butter with cotton seed oil or one of its fractions resulted in significant increase (P ≤ 0.01) in total unsaturated, polyunsaturated, omega (3 & 6) fatty acids and decrease in C16:0 and C18:1 trans-fatty acid. Furthermore F1B contain the lowest content of saturated fatty acids such as Palmitic and stearic acids,and had lower atherogenic index(AI) than F2B. Also, it had more omega -6 and omega -3 than F2B. Whereas texture profile analysis shows SB, F1B and F2B were softer and less springiness, adhesive, gummy, resistant to chew than control. In conclusion, it is feasible to produce healthy butter blends with the best sensorial, instrumental textural and spread properties,easier to use at both refrigerator and ambient temperatures and more convenient than ever, by blending cream with F1 in a ratio 40% of fat in cream.

[Nadia A. Abou-zeid. Application of Oil Fractionation in Butter Blend Making. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):738-745]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 163

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.163

 

Key Words: butter, nutritional properties, blends, cotton seed oil fractions.

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Studying the effect of adding zoledronic acid to anastrozole as neoadjuvant hormonal therapy in locally-advanced elderly breast cancer patients.

 

Fatma Zakaria1 and Sahar Mohammed2

 

1Clinical Oncology Department, Faculty of Medicine and 2Clinical Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt.

fatmaz_555@ yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Background: The management of the elderly patients with breast cancer is a challenge to the breast care team with several unresolved issues. We investigate the efficacy and safety of adding zoledronic acid to Anastrozole as reoadjuvant endocrinal therapy in elderly patients with locally advanced breast cancer (LABC). Patients and methods: The present study which recruited 31 elderly patients ≥ 65 years histopathologically confirmed locally- advanced, rich estrogen-receptors (Allerd Score ≥ 6-8), progesterone receptors positive and Her-2- negative, breast cancer, treated at Clinical Oncology Department, in cooperation with Clinical Pharmacy Department between 18/12/2011 until 29/4/2012. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either lmg /day anastrozole (Group I, n=16) or the combination of 1mg /day anastrozole plus zoledronic acid 4mg /28 days intravenous dose, given in 100 ml 0.9% normal saline over 15 minutes (Group II, n=15) (AI+ZOI), for 4 months primary end point, was clinical response rate as assessed by caliper, ultrasonic and mammographic readings and Secondly end point, were operability, residual invasive tumor size(RITS), progression free survival (PFS) and toxicity profile. Results: The median follow-up of whole study population was 25.5 months with 95% CI (21.89-29.15). Mean age were 72.6 years in Group I (range 66-80) and 70.4 years in Group II (range 67-77), P=0.11. Clinical response, partial response (PR) was seen in 18/31 patients (58.1%) in the whole study, (8/16, 50% in Group I versus 10/15, 66.7% in Group II, with P =0.6). clinical response was significantly correlated with Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA), proliferation index KI-67 basal, KI67 after 16 weeks of treatment, operability rate, Initial Tumor Size (ITS), Tumor Residual Size (TRS) and RITS, (P = 0.02, 0.01, 0.02, < 0.01, 0.02 , < 0.001 and 0.045) respectively. For pathological complete response (pCR) was 3.2%, 1/31 in the entire groups with 6.7% in Group II, (P = 0.5), As regard operability 86.7%, 13/15 of Group II versus 75%, 12/16 in group I, (P = 0.4). Median PFS was 22.3 months, 95% CI (18.08-26.52) in the entire study groups, 14.8 months for patients in group I versus 24.9 months for group II, PFS were 66% and 55% at one-year and two year respectively in Group I versus 80% at one and two year PFS in Group II (95% CI (19.80-30.07), P = 0.18. PFS was significantly correlated with CGA (95% CI (15.47-26.90), P = <0.001), KI-67 after 16 weeks of treatment (95% CI (20.95-29.44), P = 0.02) and Operability (95% CI (23.84-30.18), P = <0.001). toxicity profile was assessed according to NCI-CTCAE version 3.0 with insignificant differences in both study groups. Conclusion: Addition of zoledronic acid to neoadjuvant Anastrozole therapy in ER-+ve, PR-+ve, Her-2- negative, locally advanced breast cancer is effective, well tolerated and a logical alternative to chemotherapy with more concentric tumor shrinkage in elderly breast cancer patients and may guarantee long –term control of disease.

[Fatma Zakaria, and Sahar Mohammed. Studying the effect of adding zoledronic acid to anastrozole as neoadjuvant hormonal therapy in locally-advanced elderly breast cancer patients. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):746-761]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 164

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.164

 

Key words: Neoadjuvant endocrinal therapy, Breast cancer, elderly, zoledronic acid, Aromatase Inhibitors.

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Effects of heterogeneity of Leishmania tropica isolates in infected human macrophages

 

Narges Shahmohammad1, Lame Akhlaghi2, Reza Ranjbar3, Ramtin Hadighi2 *

 

1Department of Medical Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2Parasitology and Mycology Department, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS), Tehran, Iran

3Department of Preparation Iran Blood Transfusion Center, Tehran, Iran

* Corresponding author: hadighi.r@iums.ac.ir

 

AbstractLeishmaniasis is a disease caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania. The significance of Leishmania tropica (late ulcerative) in human cutaneous leishmaniasis has been recognized only recently, whereas can visceralize and cause systemic illness. Virulence variability was investigated by analyzing the experimental pathogenicity of nine Leishmania tropica strains. BALB/c mice were injected in the hind footpad with metacyclic promastigotes and lesion progression was recorded weekly intervals. Parasite burden, in tissue or draining lymph nodes, was determined by impression smears and limiting-dilution assay. Furthermore, human macrophages were infected with metacyclic promastigotes for 48 and 72 h, afterwards the percentage of infected macrophages and the average numbers of amastigotes per one infected macrophage were determined. A great variety of infection profiles between strains were observed; five strains showed a progressive infection about 5 weeks prior to being controlled (parasite loads in footpads swelling and lymph nodes were 104-105 and 106-108 parasites/mg, respectively). One strain produced only moderate and transient swelling, three strains never produced lesions, after which time, nonhealing and nonulcerative lesions persisted for over 6 months. The relationship was observed between profile and growth characterization in vitro. The high virulence strain was characterized by a significantly higher ability to infect human macrophages and to survive with higher replication levels within the infected macrophages. These results suggest that L. tropica isolates from the field may differ in virulence. The characterization of parasite virulence appears to be related to intrinsic parasitic factors that can affect the pathology of leishmaniasis.

[Narges Shahmohamma, Lame Akhlaghi, Reza Ranjbar, Ramtin Hadighi. Effects of heterogeneity of Leishmania tropica isolates in infected human macrophages. Life Sci J 2014;11(11s):762-767]. (ISSN:1097-8135). http://www.lifesciencesite.com. 165

doi:10.7537/marslsj1111s14.165

 

Keywords: Leishmania tropica, human macrophages, pathogenicity, variability in virulence.

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